一、语法和词汇
  1、被动语态 ① We shall put off the meeting till Friday. The meeting will be put off till Friday. ② Not until 1989 was he set free. ③ I’m glad to be allowed to visit your school. ④ He was robbed of wallet last night.
  2、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的变化规则、不规则变化 ①程度相等: He is as busy as before. ②程度不相等:It is not so (as) cold today as yesterday. ③……许多:far, a lot, a great deal, a little, a bit, much. ④越…越…:The more, the better. ⑤最高级:The Yangtze is the longest river in China.
  3、介词 ① at 表示某一时间点,地点(小)arrive at airport ② in 表示某一时间段,地点(大)arrive in HK ③ on 表示某一天,星期几,在…之上,arrive on Friday ④ between(两个之间)与 among(三个以上之间) ⑤ for 所朝向的目标,leave for HK(去香港) ⑥ from…to…,从…到…,from9AM to 5 PM ⑦ by 后面不加冠词/完成时的标志,by air, by bus By the time I got there, the film had already begun. I have been teaching for 10 years/since 19
  90.
  4、情态公司 ① can. Two eyes. can see morethan one. They cannot have gone out because the light’s on. You can go now. ② may. May I ask you a question?/He may have seen the movie. ③ must. We must leave now./ She must have made a mistake. ④ ouht. You ought to take his advice. When I got there, the film had already begun, I ought to have got there earlier. ⑤ need. You needn’t tell him. ⑥ dare. How dare they do such a thing? ⑦ should. He should learn how to drive./ He should have been there earlier.
  5、定语似句 ①关系代词:Which, who, whom, whose, that 的用法 ②关系副词:when, why, how That is the reason why I am not taking your advice. ③介词+which/whom(仅有的两个)
The girl to whom you speak is my sister. ④非限制性定语从句:I have three types of pens in my box, each of them writes smoothly.
  6、倒装句 ①否定词在句首:Not until he told me the news, did I know he was killed lastnight. ② only 在句首:Only after class was he allowed to go. ③ so, nor, neither 在句首:The first one wasn’t good enough and neither wasthe second. ④虚拟语气中:Had they not working so hard, they wouldn’t have succeeded. Had we made up our mind, we might have succeeded. If I were you, I would consider it. 7 、 虚 拟 语 气 : 表 示 建 议 、 命 令 、 重 要 性 等 句 子 中 使 用 , 如 suggest/insist/order/propose/require+should+动词原形,should 常被省略,这些词的名词、 形容词形式也一样,如 They suggest that he not smoke here. Their suggestion was we all join the party. It’s important that we do it.
  8、强调句:It+is/was(仅此两种)+that/who(人)/which(有时)
  9、as 的用法(下册 P21-
  26)
  10、一致原则、就近原则(下册 P73-
  75)
  11、虚所语气(续) (下册 P233-P2
  36) 二、英汉互译
  1、我们拥有大量的自然资源 We have plenty of natural resources.
  2、Parents, teachers in schools, work associates and communicators in or using the mass media are all capable of arousing our potential interests. For example, the degree to which and the ways in which a school encourages participation in games, sports and cultural pursuits are likely to contribute to the shaping of leisure attitudes on the part of the students. Schools usually set as their educational objective the attainment of a balanced development of the porson.The jore seriously this is sought, the more likely positive attitude towards leisure as well as academic word will be encouraged. (P1
  62)
  3、他在纠正学生错误时总是采取积极的态度 He always takes positive attitude to correct the students’ mistakes.
  4、他的肤色与他是否是个律师无关 His color of skin is not relevant to whether his is a good lawyer or not.
  5、Some concentrated study each day is better than many study hours one day and nothing the next. As you work out your individual schedule, attempt to include a minimum of two study hours every day. This will not only keep the study habit alive but also keep
you up to date on your class assignments and projects.(P1
  75)
  6、他同现代生活不合板。He is out of step wit modern life.
  7、 Self-dsteem is what people think about themselves-whether or not they feel valued-and when family members have self-respect, pride, and belief in themselves, this high self-esteem makes it possible to tope with the everyday problems of growing up.(P2
  25)
  8、每个人都应关心自己国家的未来。 Everybody should be concerned about the future of his own country.
  9、What we dream at, night isn’t as important to how we feel in the morning as the number of people who appear in our dreams. The more people, the better we feel. Our sleep influences our mood. Our mood, in turn, affects our performance. And throughout the day, our levels of mood and performance remain cosely linked. (P3
  08)
  10、广义上说,任何人做的工作都对社会有益。 In a broad sense, the work that anyone does is of social value.
  11、在商业社会里信息对每个人都有用。 Information is of great value to everyone in the business world.
  12、门被档住了,有什么东西档在那儿。 The door was blocked, there was something in the way.
  13、他们昨天来看你时,你在干什么? What were you doing when they came to see you yesterday.
  14、他通过努力工作赢得了许多人的尊敬。 He earned many people respect by working hard.
  15、没有你的帮助,我们举取是如此巨大的成功。 Without your help, we wouldn’t have so great a success. 三、其他练习
  1、I would rather stay at home than go out.
  2、oneself education
  3、I go upstairs instead of taking the life.
  4、I couldn’t help laughing
  5、I spend 10 yuan on the bood.
  6、Spend some time/have trouble/be busy(in)(doing)sth.
  7、apply for 申请 application,申请表格 apply to 应用 applicant 申请人
  8、I remember being paid 我记得已经收了钱。
  9、I remember to pay. 我记得要去给钱的。 (但并未给) Reading comprehension(阅读理解) Passage
  1. Meals should be a sort of treat, not a nutritional(营养的)treatment, for your child For now, stop being an amateur nutritionist. Give her the sort of food she really enjoys. And
give her only very small portions. Don’t scold her if she doesn’t eat everything on her plate. If she’s eaten everything and wants more, give her only tiny additional portions. Never insist that she eats everything on her Plate. Remain, to the best of your ability, calm, unconcerned and indifferent to her habit of slowly picking away at her food. Instead, enjoy your own food, and pay no attention to her. Then, after about, say, 30 minutes, very calmly pick up al the plates and other crockery(陶器)from the table. Mealtime is over. Maybe your child will complain that she isn’t finished yet. Pay her no heed. But do say, for example; “that”s the way it’s got to be. We can’t stay at the table too long eating. Sorry, if you’re still hungry, you’ll just have to wait until lunch time, or whatever the next meal is.
  31、According to the passage, meals should be a sort of treat. “treat” means D . A. banquet C. refreshments B. mismanage D. enjoyment

  32. If your child doesn’t eat everything on her plate, D . A. 4rinsist that she eats everything on her plat B. give her only very small portion C. give her the sort of food she really enjoys. D. don’t scold de
  33. Mealtime is over, but she isn’t finished yet, as her mother, you should D . A. enjoy your own food B. pick up all the plates C. pay no attention to her D. very calmly pick up the plates and crockery 30 minutes later
  34. The word “heed” here means D . A. neglect C. caution B. care D. attention

  35. The passage mainly implies A . A. let the child enjoy her food B. give everything the child wants C. meals is a nutritional treatment D. pay attention to the children’s food Passage 2 In order to lean a foreign language well, it is necessary to overcome the fear of making mistakes. If the primary goal of language use is communication, the mistakes are secondary considerations that may be dealt with gradually as awareness of those mistakes increases On the other hand, students should not ignore their mistakes. The language leaner may observe how native speakers express themselves, and how native expressions differ from the way the learner might say them. For example, a Spanish speaker who has been saying “I do it ”to express willingness to do something in the
immediate future, could, by “interacting” with native speakers of English, observe that native speakers actually say “I’ll do it”. The resulting discrepancy(分歧)car serve as a basis for the student to modify his way of sing the present thence in English. But a student who is unwilling to interact in the first place would lose this opportunity to learn by trial and error.
  36. According to the passage, foreign language students should not worry too much about making mistakes because A . A. communication is the primary goal of language learning B. native speakers will ignore their mistakes C. everyone makes mistakes when trying to communicate in a strange language. D. native speakers like foreign students who try to lean their language
  37. According to the passage, the present tense in English is C A. used with some verbs but not with others to express future intention B. basically the same as it is in Spanish C. not used to express a desire to do something in the immediate future D. not the most difficult problem for foreign students
  38. The author thinks that language reamers can reduce the number of their mistakes by D . A. asking native speakers for explanation B. reading good books in the foreign language C. speaking without regard to native speakers D. comparing their speech with what of native speakers
  39. The passage implies that foreign language students who not interact with native speakers will not A . A. latke advantage of available language models B. learn very much about the foreign culture C. learn about the history of the foreign language D. how to worry about making mistakes.
  40. The author’s major conclusion about the function of mistakes in foreign language learning is that D . A. mistakes are not important in the process of learning language B. leaders are often very afraid of making mistakes. C. mistakes do not interfere with communication D. making mistakes can help the learner discover the rules of the language. Passage 1 The students who enter a course with the best maids in qualifying examinations are not necessarily those who achieve the highest grades at college. Remember that the set work(assignments or homework) is not all that you should be doing. You must extend
yourself. See that you are playing your part in trying to develop an active interest in the work. If, soon after starting a course of study, you find the work uninteresting or not what you expected, or mush too difficult, then perhaps you should be doing something else instead. However, do not give up too easily. Talk to your academic adviser or personal tutor, who will have down other students with similar problems and may reassure you or offer advice. If you wish to change to another course, there will be a time limit for doing so. Obviously, it is best if you miss no classes and the beginning of a course is especially important. The later you join a class the harder it will be fit in and to cope with the work.
  1. A qualifying examination is one C . A. taken during a course is studied B. taken after a course is finished C. taken before cantering a course D. for those who want to enter collage
  2. In saying “you must extend yourself”, the writer means D A. you must take as many courses as you can B. you must develop an interest in all kinds of activities C. you must enter a course that may bring about a good result D. you must take an active attitude towards your course study
  3. The phrase “play part in” here refers A A. make a contribution B. be concerned in C. join in D. share
  4. Soon after starting a course of study, a student find the work uninteresting, or not what he expected, or much too difficult, then he should B A. do something else instead B. talk to his academic adviser for advisor C. give up D. change another course
  5. The author seems to encourage us to D A. help others with courses they choose B. change courses within an academic year C. miss those classes that are of no interest D. join a class as early as possible
 

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