八年级下册 Unit 1 单元笔记

  1. People will have robots in their homes. 人们家里将会有机器人。 will 助动词,表单纯的未来。用于陈述句表“将……,会……”。 e.g. I will (I'll) be 15 next month.下个月我就 15 岁了。Mr. Green will be back soon. 否定句:won't = will not eg. He won't be back before
  10. will 用于疑问句意为“会……吗?”e.g. Will you be free on Friday evening? Will people have robots?
  2. There will only be one country.将会只有一个国家。 There will be 是 there be 句型的将来时。 e.g. There won't be any paper money. (否定)Will there be less pollution? (疑问) Yes, there will./ No, there won't.There will be more people. (肯定) ※常见错误:there will 常见错误: have…
  3. I think there will be more / less pollution. 我认为将会有更多/更少的污染。 fewer 与 less 及 more 表数量的用法。 表数量的用法。 (
  1) few(形容词)“几乎没有,很少的”,修饰可数名词。其比较级、最高级为规则变化: few-fewer-fewest。“a few”表示“一些”,“few”带否定含义,“几乎没有”。 例:a few days ago, for a few weeks, He has few friends here. There will be fewer trees. (
  2)little(形容词)“很少的,几乎没有的”(“小的,幼小的”) ,修饰不可数名词。其比较 级、最高级为不规则变化:little-less-least。“a little”表“一些”,“little”带否定含义,“几乎 没有”。 例:There’s little food left. We have to buy some. There’s a little water in the cup. (
  3)many“许多”,修饰可数名词。much“许多”,修饰可数名词。 many / more 比较级、最高级为不规则变化:many / much -more-most。 例:I have many magazines. She has more magazines. But he has the most. There will be more people on the earth in future. More and more students start to exercise more every day to keep fit.
  4. in 与 after 的区别 例句:I'll be back in half an hour. 我半小时后就回来. 本句中的 in 作"以后"解,不能用 after 代替。 after 和 in 都可以表示"以后"的意思,其区别是:
  1)after 以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间以后,常用于过去时态的句子。例如: They started working after lunch. 他们是午餐后开始工作的。 The film was shown after the meeting. 电影是会议结束以后放的。
  2)in 以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间以后,常用于将来时态的句子。如: They will start working in half an hour. 他们将在半小时后开始工作。 The film will be shown in 2 or 3 days. 这部电影将在两三天后上映。
  3)在某个特定的时间以后,after 也可用于将来时态的句子。例如: They will start working after 10 am. 他们将在上午 10 点以后开始工作。 The film will be shown after 5 o'clock. 这部电影将于 4 点以后上映。
  4) “after+一段时间 或“一段时间 一段时间”或 一段时间 一段时间+later”表示 (在过去某个时间看来)一段时间之后 。 表示“( 一段时间 表示 在过去某个时间看来)一段时间之后”。 He went home after two days. 他两天后回家了。 Three years later,she had a baby. 三年后,她生了一个婴儿。
  5. fall in love with 爱上 爱上… fall in love with a girl 爱上一个女孩 fall in love with a country 爱上一个国家 [注] fall 是“陷入 的意思 它与 feel(感觉)很像。fall→fell→fallen 陷入”的意思 feel→felt→felt. 注 陷入 的意思. (感觉)很像。
  6.alone adj.(只作表语) adv. 独自;单独 He was alone in the house 他一个人在屋里 。 . I went to the movies alone,I felt lonely. 我独自去看电影了,我觉得很孤独。 [注] alone 注 表示“单独的,独自一人的”,不含感情色彩.做形容词时,只能在 be 动词或系动词之后 做表语与 lonely 不同, lonely 表示“孤独的, 寂寞的”含有丰富的感情色彩.lonely 做形容词时, 可做定语和表语。如: a lonely village 孤寂的村庄.

  7.keep vt.& vi. . keep 有好几个意思,在本课中做“饲养;喂养”讲,相当于 feed。 keep a pet parrot 养一只宠物鹦鹉 feed a cat with fish 给猫喂鱼 (
  1)保住;保留:I’ll try my best to keep my job. 我要尽力保住我的工作。 (
  2)保守(秘密) :keep a secret(这对我来说可是太难了) (
  3)保持(某状态) :Keep silent! 保持沉默! Keep top side up! 请勿倒放! (“保持上方朝上”不就是“请勿倒放”吗?) (
  4)继续;持续:They kept walking. 他们继续步行。 now. ow.那可能现在看上去不可能。
  8.That may not seem possible now. seem 是连系动词,意为“似乎”?“好像”?“看上去”,用来表示说话人内心的?有一定依据的推 测?判断或猜想?其主要用法如下:
  1. seem 后面接动词不定式 to do ,构成固定词组:seem to do sth”似乎要...”? 例: My father seemed to know the news. 我父亲好像知道这个消息?
  2. “It seems/seemed that.从句..” 例如: It seemed that you were lying. 看来你在撒谎!
语法

  1) 一般将来时
  1.用 be doing 表示将来:主要意义是表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作,常用于位置转移 的动词。 如:go, come, leave, arrive 等,也可用于其他动作动词。 We are having fish for dinner. We are moving to a different hotel the day after tomorrow. 这种用法通常带有表示将来的时间状语,如果不带时间状语,则根据上下文可表示最近 即将发生的动作。
  2.用 be going to do 表示将来:主要意义,一是表示“意图”,即打算在最近的将来或将来进 行某事。 Are you going to post that letter? How long is he going to stay here? 另一意义是表示“预见”,即现在已有迹象表明将要发生或即将发生某种情况。 It’s going to rain.
  3. 用 will/ shall do 表示将来:主要意义,一是表示预见。 She will come to have class tomorrow. She won’t come to have class tomorrow.
  4. 用一般现在时表示。 根据规定或时间表预计要发生的动作, 在时间和条件状语从句中, 都可用一般现在时表示将 来时。如:
  1. The new term starts (begins) on August 29th. 新学期八月二十九日开学。
  2. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go out for a picnic. 如果明天不下雨,我们将出野餐。
  3. I’ll call you as soon as he gets home. 他明天一到家我就打电话通知你。
  2) There be 结构 ) 英语中,There be 句型表示“某处有某人或某物” 。 例如:There are always more than one hundred birds in the big tree every evening. 每天傍晚那棵大树上总会有 100 多只小鸟。 一、There be 句型的用法:
  1)There 与 be 中间可插入一些表示推测的情态动词、表示时态的短语和一些动词短语,以强 调某种语气。 例如:There must be some flowers in the box. 盒子里肯定有些鲜花。 There will be a meeting this afternoon.注意:be 不能换成 have 及 have 的变化形式。
  2)There be 句型常与过去时间状语连用,构成一些固定句型,用于故事发生的开头,交代故事发 生的时间。 例如:Many years ago,there was such a beautiful girl called Cindy.很久以前有一个叫 Cindy 的美 丽女孩。
  3)There be 句型中,动词 be 单复数形式要跟 there be 之后的真正的主语一致。并且要根据 就近一致原则来变换 be 的单复数形式。 例如:There is a desk, two chairs and three benches in the room. There are two chairs, a desk and three benches in the room.
八年级下册 Unit 1
Will people have robots?练习题 练习题
一丶单项选择
  1.The sports meeting will be held in our school several days. A .after B.about C.in D.till
  2. Lots of people want to to the moon. A.walk B.take C.fly D.run
  3. It’s cold outside. Please your coat..etter now. A.wear B.put on C.dress D.have on
  4. It all young people love listening to music. A.looks B.seems C.sounds D.likes
  5. I’m better. I’ll go to school tomorrow. A. can B.be able C.able D.be able to
  6. Everyone has his own dreams, but those dreams don’t always . A.come true B.come over C.keep true D.get out
  7. tourists visit Mount Tai every day. A. Thousands of B.Thousand of C.Five thousands of D.Seven thousands
  8. Last year I want to Qingdao and it. A. fell love in B.loved with C.fell in love D.fell in love with
  9. It will be bad for your health to eat food and take exercise. A.fewer,more B.more, less C.little,much D.less,less
  10. Where they will go for the vacation? A.do you think B.as for you C.as you want D.do you like
  11. She has never seen picture before. A.so a beautiful B.such a beautiful C.so beautiful D.such beautiful
  12.”The Great Wall is wonderful . I hope we will visit it again.” “” A.I agree with you B.Have a good time C.That’s OK D.It’s very kind of you
  13. ? I heard you liked small animals very much. - Yes, I a dog and a cat as pets. A.kept B.looked C.found D.felt
  14. They a meeting tomorrow afternoon. A.are having B.will have C.are going have D.is going to have
  15.- Tell him about the news when he ,John - Yes, I will. A.comes B.will come C.would come D.is coming\ 二丶句型转换
  1. She will work in Shanghai in 5 years.(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答) .
  2. My mother gets up at 6:00 every day.( 用 tomorrow 代替 every day) .
  3. They will play basketball after school.( 对划线部分提问) .

  4. She’ll clean her bedroom tomorrow moring.(改为否定句) .
  5. They did their homework at school.(改为否定句) . 三丶用所给词的适当形式填空.
  1. What’s your (predict) about the future?
  2. Nothing in the world is (possible), if you decide to do it.
  3. Most people like easy jobs and don’t like (please) work.
  4. There (be)a class meeting next Friday.
  5. My life will be a lot (good) than it is now.
  6. Kids (not go) to school in 100 years.
  7. I (fall) off the tree yesterday afternoon.
  8. I'll be a computer (programme).
  9. There will be (many) people in the future.
  10. I think there will be (little) pollution.
 

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