单元笔记 八年级下册 Unit 5 单元笔记 年级下
I.语法小结 . 一. if 条件句
  1. if 条件句:条件句用于陈述语气,表示假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是“如果” 的意思。 构成 时态 例句 条件从句 If+ If+一般现在时 If he comes, 主句 主语+shall/will+动词 主语 + shall/will+ 动词 原形 he will take us to the zoo.

  2. 用法: (
  1)条件状语从句通常由连词 if 引导, 意为“如果、 假如”.主句用 shall 或 will。 If you leave now, you will never regret it. (
  2)if “如果”,引导条件状语从句,if 从句则用一般现在时,主句用一般将来 时。以上用法简称为“主将从现”。 If it rains tomorrow, I won’t climb the hills. If I go to college, I will never become a great soccer player. 的区别。 译为“是否” 注意宾语从句中的 if 与条件状语从句 if 的区别。宾语从句中的 if 译为“是否”,而本单 元条件状语从句中的 译为“如果” 元条件状语从句中的 if 译为“如果 I don't know if it will rain tomorrow. If it rains, I will have to stay at home 我不知道明天是否 是否会下雨.如果 如果明天下雨的话,我将不得不呆在家里。 是否 如果 二. 现在进行时表示将来的时间
  1. 用 be doing 表示将来:主要意义是表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作,常用 于位置转移的动词,如:go,come,leave,arrive 等, 也可用于其他动作动词,如: We are having fish for dinner. 我们晚饭吃鱼。 We are moving to a different hotel the day after tomorrow. 后天我们会去 另外一个旅馆。 II. II.重点难点分析
  1. too much 和 much too too much 后接不可数名词,用来表示数量太多,意思是“……太多了(数量多)”; much too 后接形容词,用来说明程度的,意思是“太……(程度深)” much too heavy 太重了 (表程度) 错误:He has drunk much too water. 正确:He has drunk too much water. 他喝了太多的水。
  2. be famous for 和 be famous as be famous for 表示“因……而出名”, for 后接表示出名的原因;be famous as 则表示 “作为…而著名”, 后接职业、 as 身份或地位, 表示作为……职业、 身份或地位是著名的, 如: France is famous for its fine food and wine. 法国以其佳肴和美酒著名。 Li Yang is famous as an English teacher. 李阳作为一名英语教师而著名。
  3. I want you to remember the rules for school parties. 我想让你记住参加学校聚会的规则。 我想让你记住参加学校聚会的规则 want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

  4. travel around the world 周游世界 Her dream is to travel around China. 她的梦想是周游全中国。
  5. If we have it today, half the class won’t come. 如果我们今天开聚会,全班有一半的同学将不来参加。 won’t 是 will not 的缩写,if 从句用一般现在时,主语用一般将来时。
  6.reasons for becoming a professional athlete 赞同成为一名职业运动员的理由 for prep. (表示赞成、支持),其反义词为 against Are you for his plan or against it? 你是赞成还是反对他的计划? Which team did you vote for? 你投票给哪一个队(组)?
  7. reasons against becoming a professional athlete 反对成为一名职业运动员的理由。 反对成为一名职业运动员的理由。 against prep. 反对,与…对抗 注意:介词后面用名词或动词 ing 的形式 Are you against my plan? 你反对我的计划吗? Our school played against No.1 Middle School at basketball yesterday. 我校和一中昨天比赛篮球。
  8.begin the story with the words. 以这些话开头讲这个故事。 以这些话开头讲这个故事。 begin … with… “以…开始(开头)” eg. The word begins with “s”.这个词以“s”开头。 Does he know that a year begins with January? 后果、
  9. consequence 后果、结果 eg. We should consider the consequences before doing.
  10. have a great time 玩得高兴 运走,
  11. take away 运走,取走 eg. Don't take it away. I'll use it. 不要将它拿走,我要用。
  12. make a living 谋生 v eg.He makes living as a driver. 他以开车谋生。
  13. make money 挣钱 eg. After he became famous, he made lots of money. 允许……进入, ……进入
  14. let in 允许……进入,嵌入 eg. Don’t let the beggar in. 不要让那个乞丐进来。 III. III.课文详解
  1. For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job. 对许多年青人来说,成为一名职业运动员可能似乎是一份理想的职业。 对许多年青人来说,成为一名职业运动员可能似乎是一份理想的职业。 ① might (表示可能性,推测) She might win the prize .她或许会获得那个奖。 The child might be home already.那孩子说不定已回家了。 ⑵seem like+ 名词 好像…,似乎… It seems like years since we last met. 我们似乎好几年不见了。
  2. You'll be able to make a living doing something you love. 你能做你喜欢的事来谋生。 你能做你喜欢的事来谋生。
be able to +动词原形,“有能力做某事” e.g. She is able to learn English well. 她能学好英语。 Doing something you love.做你喜爱的事。
  3. People all over the world will know you. 全世界的人将会认识你。 全世界的人将会认识你。 all over the world “全世界” 作定语,修饰它前面的名词 people。 chance
  4. This is a great chance that many people do not have. 这是一个许多人所不能得到的难得的机会。 这是一个许多人所不能得到的难得的机会。 that many people do not have 是一个定语从句,修饰它前面的 chance。
  5. Watch you all the time and follow you everywhere. 一直看着你,你走到哪都跟着你。 一直看着你,你走到哪都跟着你。 ①all the time 一直 Look! The monkeys are running and jumping all the time. 看,猴子们一直在跑在跳。 ②everywhere 副词(adv.)到处 The dog followed him everywhere.无论在哪,那狗都跟着他。
  6. get injured =be injured 受伤 injured (adj) 受伤的 eg. He was badly injured in the accident.他在那次事故中受了重伤。 real
  7. You'll have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are. 你将很难知道谁是你真正的朋友。 你将很难知道谁是你真正的朋友。 who your real friends are 是一个宾语从句,它作 knowing 一词的宾语。 I don’t know where he is from.我不知道他来自哪里。 house.我记不起来怎样去你家了 我记不起来怎样去你家了。
  8.I can’t remember how to get to your house.我记不起来怎样去你家了。 how to get to your house 是不定式作 remember 一词的宾语(此处不定式是指一个 特殊疑问词+to+动词原形) 这个不定式短语可以用宾语从句来替换如下: I can’t remember how I can get to your house. Can you tell me how to get to Beihai Park?
  9.get enough exercise 得到充分的锻炼 exercise 名词,“锻炼” 回到家,
  10.go back home 回到家,此句可以换成 return home sib.嘲笑某人
  11. laugh at you 嘲笑你 laugh at sib.嘲笑某人 E.g. Don’t laugh at a person who is in trouble. 我们不要嘲笑陷于困境的人。
八年级下册 Unit 5 练习题
一、用所给单词的适当形式填空。
  1. What will you do if you (not pass) the exams?
  2. I (sincere) believe that this is the right decision.
  3. She has sent her baby to the (child) hospital.
  4. Look! The children (swim) in the river.
  5. If you become a (profession) athlete like Yao Ming, you can make much money.

  6. I think I’ll have a difficult time (know) who is who.
  7. I was (surprise) to receive a (surprise) result from my English teacher.
  8. China is (fame) for its delicious food.
  9. We live (happy) with our parents.
  10. Can you answer the (follow) questions? 二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。
  1. Thank you for (tell) me the time of his coming.
  2. When I came to the check-out, I (realize) that I had no money with me.
  3. My English teacher always lets me (choose) the answer more carefully.
  4. Tom is a good football player; he is good at (play) football.
  5. The students will go to the Summer Palace if it (not rain) tomorrow.
  6. If you helped me with my English, I (not fail) the exam.
  7. It (hurt) your eyes to read in such poor light.
  8. I like watching the children (swim) and jump.
  9. Mary asked Li Ming (help) him with his Chinese.
  10. Can you finish (read) this book in five days? 三、单项选择。 ( )
  1. ?Listen! Somebody is coming. ?No, is coming. I can’t hear. A. somebody, anybody B. anybody, somebody C. nobody, anything D. somebody, somebody ( )
  2. We go on a picnic if it rain tomorrow. A. don’t, isn’t B. don’t, stop C. shall, doesn’t D. aren’t, doesn’t ( )
  3. He always thinks of more than himself. A. other B. others C. the other D. the others ( ) 4 .Get up early, or you can’t the early bus. A. catch B. catch up C. catches D. catches up with ( )
  5. Da Shan speaks Chinese for us to understand. A. good enough B. enough good C. well enough D. enough well ( )
  6. If you don’t want to go swimming, I . A. won’t; too B. also won’t C. won’t, either D. won’t, neither ( )
  7. He was tired he couldn’t go on working. A. too…to B. such…that C. so…that D. too…that ( )
  8. It’s hard the work in two days. A. finishing B. to finish C. finish D. finishes ( )
  9. Our teacher said sound much more slowly than light. A. traveled B. was traveling C. has traveled D. travels. ( )
  10. I don’t know if she. If she, let me know. A. comes; comes B. will come; comes C. comes; will come D. will come; will come ( )
  11.Youto school tomorrow if you go to look after your mother in hospital. A. don’t need come B. don’t come C. needn’t to come D. needn’t come ( )
  12. Everyone knows that “I” a word and also a letter in English.
( (
(
A. am B. is C. are D. be )
  13. She said that she more time in English next year. A. will spend B. will take C. is going to cost D. would spend )
  14. What an story! I’m much in it. A. interested, interesting B. interesting, interested C. interesting, interesting D. interested, interested )
  15. Oh, it’s you, Lily! you here. A. I don’t know, were B. I didn’t know, are C. I knew, are D. I think, were
 

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