第 16 章 连词
一.概念 连词是用来连接词,短语,从句或句子的词.连词不作成分. 二.相关知识点精讲
  1.表示并列关系的连词有 表示并列关系的连词有:and, both…and…, not only… but also…和 neither…nor…等
  1.表示并列关系的连词有
  1)and:和,并且 A:基本用法: “and”表示 “和”、“并且”的意思,用来连接对等关系的字和字,片语和片语,句子和句子。 I enjoy basketball , football and table tennis. The weather becomes colder and colder. B:特别用法: 祁使句后连接 and,有条件句作用,此时 and=if you…,you’ll… Go straight on, and you’ll see the library.==If you go straight on, you will see the library.
  2)both…and…既…也…,(两者)都… A、both…and…构成的词组作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 Both Jim and Kate are from England. B、both…and…否定句表示部分否定。 You can’t speak both German and English. Both my father and my mother aren’t doctors.
  3)neither…nor…:既不…也不… neither…nor…连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词靠近哪个主语就与哪个主语保持 “人称”和 “数”的一致, 即采取就近原则。 Neither I nor he has seen the play before.
  4)not only…but also…:不但…而且… not only…but also…连接两个主语后的谓语动词也遵循就近原则。 Not only the mother but also the children are ill.
  2.表示转折关系的连词有 表示转折关系的连词有:but, however, yet, still,while 等。
  2.表示转折关系的连词有 Mary was a nice girl, but she had one shortcoming. Tom got up early, yet he failed to catch the train. He was very tired, still he kept on walking. Your composition is fairly good, however, there is still some room for improvement. Jane is hard working ,while her sister is quite lazy.
  3.表示选择关系的并列连词有 表示选择关系的并列连词有:or, either…or…,whether… or…等。
  3.表示选择关系的并列连词有
  1)or:或、否则 A:基本用法 or 表示 “或” 的意思,使用于两者之中选择一个的时候。 Is your friend English or American? American. He doesn’t like dumplings or noodles. B:特别用法 祁使句后连接 or ,表 “如果…,否则…”,有转折的意思,此时 or =if you don’t …,you’ll … Hurry up, or you’ll be late.=If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late.
  2)either…or…:或者…或者…; 不是…就是…;要么…要么… A. either…or…连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词靠近哪个主语就与哪个主语保持 “人称”和 “数”的一致, 即就近原则。 Either you or I am right. Does either she or they like English?
B. 由 either…or…引导的否定句是完全否定。 She isn’t either a student or a teacher.
  3)whether…or…不管…还是… She is always cheerful, whether at home or at school.
  4.表示因果关系的并列连词有 表示因果关系的并列连词有:for(因为),so(所以)。
  4.表示因果关系的并列连词有 He is not at school today, for he has a bad cold. It was late, so I went home.
  5.引导时间状语从句的从属连词有 引导时间状语从句的从属连词有:before, after, when, while, as, till, until, since, as soon as 等。
  5.引导时间状语从句的从属连词有 After they had planted their crops, they took a rest. We have learned six lessons since he began to teach us. As soon as he gets to Beijing, he’ll call me.
  1) when, while, as 都表示“当……时”,when 从句谓语动词既可以是瞬间动词也可以是延续性动词,可用 于主从句动作同时发生或从句动作先于主句动作发生。while 从句谓语动词只能是延续性动词,侧重主从句动 作同时发生。as 引导一个持续性动作,多用于主从句动作同时发生,强调“一边……一边”。 When I came in, my father was cooking. I came in when/while my father was cooking. He sang as he walked.
  2)until 用法:当主句谓语动词是延续性动词时,主从句都用肯定式,译为“直到……为止”;当主句谓语动词 是瞬间动词时,主句用否定式,从句用肯定式,即 not…..until, 译为“直到……才”。 Mr. Green waited until his children came back.(格林先生一直等到他的孩子们回来) Mr. Green didn’t go to bed until his children came back. (格林先生直到他的孩子们回来才睡觉)
  6. 引导条件状语从句的从属连词有:if(如果), unless(除非,如果……不)等。 引导条件状语从句的从属连词有 If you don’t go soon, you’ll be late.=Unless you go soon, you’ll be late.
  7.引导原因状语从句的从属连词有 as,
  7.引导原因状语从句的从属连词有 because, as, since 等。 because“因为”语气最强,回答 why 提问时只能用 because,其引导的从句可放在句首或句末;as“由于”、 since“既然”语气不如 because 强,引导的从句常置于句首;for 是并列连词,语气最弱,对前面分句加以 解释或补充说明,其引导的分句常置于句末且用逗号隔开。 He didn’t go to school because he was ill. As it was raining, we went there by bus. Since everybody is here, let’s begin. It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet. 注意: because 与 so 不能同时使用。
  8.引导让步状语从句的从属连词 引导让步状语从句的从属连词有:although/though(虽然,尽管), even though/if (即使)
  8.引导让步状语从句的从属连词 Although/ Though it is a very young country, it is very rich. Even if/ though you were here yesterday, you couldn’t help him. 注意:although/though 引导的从句不能与 but 连用,但可与 yet, still 连用。
  9.引导目的状语从句的从属连词 引导目的状语从句的从属连词有
  9.引导目的状语从句的从属连词 so that 和 in order that(以便,为了)等。 The teacher spoke loudly so that /in order that we could hear him clearly.
  10.引导结果状语从句的从属连词 引导结果状语从句的从属连词有:so that(结果是)和 so/such…that…(如此…以至于)等。
  10.引导结果状语从句的从属连词 It was very cold, so that the water in the bowl froze. He got there so early that he got a good seat. It is such a heavy box that nobody can move it.
  11.引导比较状语从句的从属连词 引导比较状语从句的从属连词有: as…as…(与……一样),not as/so… as…(不及,赶不上),和 than(比)
  11.引导比较状语从句的从属连词 等。 I know you better than she does. He works as carefully as she. I can’t run as/so fast as you.
  12.引导名词性从句的从属连词 引导名词性从句的从属连词有:that 和 if/whether(是否)等。
  12.引导名词性从句的从属连词
We know that the earth goes around the sun.(宾语从句) I wonder if he has received my e-mail. (宾语从句) Whether he’ll go there hasn’t been decided.(主语从句) 注意:在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,如果主句是将来时,从句要用一般现在时。 I’ll go on with the work when I come back tomorrow. He won’t come unless he is invited. 三.巩固练习
  1、I don’t like reading watching TV. What about you? “I don’t like reading all day, I like watching TV plays.” A.and, but B.and, and C.or, and D. but
  2、 won’t know the or, You value(价值) of the health you lose it. A.until B.after C.when D.because
  3、We bought Granny a present, she didn’t like it. A.but B.and C.or D.so
  4、Study hard, you will pass the exam. A.so B.for C.but D.and you’ll catch cold.
  5、Put on more clothes, A.and B.for C.or D.but
  6、My shoes are worn out, I need new ones. A.so B.if C.because D.and
  7、He ran fast he won the race. A.enough …to B.so …that C.too…to D.both…and
  8、He is only ten months. He can read write. A.either…or B.neither…nor C.both…and D.so…that
  9、She said she might come Saturday Sunday . A.neither…nor B.nither…or C.too…to D.so…that
  10、If Tom Mike asks for their car, tell him to come tomorrow. A.or B.and C.with D.but
  11、It was already ten o’clock we got to the museum this morning. A.that B.when C.if D.for
  12、It’s a long time we met last. A.so B.after C.since D.before
  13、That maths problem is difficult nobody can do it. A.too…to B.very…that C.so…that D.very …but
  14、I’ll give her the message she comes back. A.since B.before C.until D.as soon as
  15、 the teacher came into the classroom, many students were talking to each other. A.While B.If C.Since D.When
  16、People often mistake us for each other we are twins. A.if B.when C.because D.after
  17、Could you tell me in your home town in winter? A.if it often snowed B.whether does it often snow C.if it often snow D.whether it often snows Mr. Li will come to your birthday party?
  18、Are you sure A.if B.that C.for D.when
  19、 Lily Lucy like singing.
A.Either…or C.Both…and
  20、Read the sentences slowly A.so that B.before 四.答案
  1、D
  2、A
  3、A
  10、A
  11、B
  12、C
  18、B
  19、C
  20、A
B.Beither…nor … D.So…that we can understand what you read. C.until D.because
  4、D
  13、C
  5、C
  6、A
  14、D
  7、B
  15、D
  16、C
  8、B
  17、D
  9、B
 

相关内容

2011届高考英语第一轮语法复习检测试题16

   第 16 章 连词 一.概念 连词是用来连接词,短语,从句或句子的词.连词不作成分. 二.相关知识点精讲 1.表示并列关系的连词有 表示并列关系的连词有:and, both…and…, not only… but also…和 neither…nor…等 1.表示并列关系的连词有 1)and:和,并且 A:基本用法: “and”表示 “和”、“并且”的意思,用来连接对等关系的字和字,片语和片语,句子和句子。 I enjoy basketball , football and table te ...

2011届高考英语第一轮语法复习检测试题7

   第 7 章 动词不定式 一.相关知识点精讲: 相关知识点精讲: 1. 不定式作补语 1) 有些有动词+宾语+不定式的结构。例如: advise allow cause challenge command compel drive 驱使 enable encourage forbid force impel induce instruct invite like/love order permit make let have want get warn persuade request sen ...

2011届高考英语第一轮语法复习检测试题3

   第 3 章 动词的语态 一.概念: 概念: 动词的语态是动词的一种形式,表示主语和谓语之间语法或语义的关系.英语的语态有两种:主动语态和被动 语态.主动语态用于主动句,表示主语是动作的执行者.被动语态用于被动句,表示主语是动作的承受者.主动语态 的构成方式与动词时态相同,而被动语态由 助动词 be+过去分词 构成,有人称,数,时态的变化. 一. 相关知识点精讲 1. let 的用法 1)当 let 后只有一个单音节动词,变被动语态时,可用不带 to 的不定式。例如: They let the ...

2011届高考英语第一轮语法复习检测试题17

   第 17 章 构词法 一. 概念 英语的构词法主要有:合成法,转化法,派生法,混成法,截短法和词首字母缩略法. 二. 相关知识点精讲 1. 转化法 英语中,有的名词可作动词,有的形容词可作副词或动词,这种把一种词性用作另一种词性而词形不变的方 法叫作转化法。 1)动词转化为名词 很多动词可以转化为名词,大多意思没有多大的变化(如下①);有时意思有一定变化(如下②);有的与一个 动词和不定冠词构成短语,表示一个动作(如下③)。例如: ①Let's go out for a walk. 我们到外 ...

2011高考英语听力仿真练习

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 2011 高考英语听力仿真练习 Part A: Short Conversations Directions: In part A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about wha ...

2011年高考英语口语考试要求

   年普通高考"英语听说 英语听说"考试要求 广东省 2011 年普通高考 英语听说 考试要求 根据《广东省普通高校招生考试改革调整方案》,广东省普通高考英语科考试从 2011 年开 始分别进行笔试与听说考试.其中,听说考试占英语科总分(满分 150 分)的 10%.经反复测 试和多方论证,制定广东省 2011 年普通高考"英语听说"考试要求. 一,考试范围与内容 根据普通高等学校对新生文化素质的要求,依据中华人民共和国教育部 2003 年颁布的 《普通高 ...

2011届高考英语第一轮词汇2

   高考资源网(ks5u.com) 您身边的高考专家 对于想考取重点大学的学生来说,基础知识都比较扎实, 能力上略有欠缺。因此,调整好心理状态、掌握好解题技巧将 是非常重要的两个方面, 适当的压力是一种正常现象,过分压 力就不正常了,而且过分压力肯定会影响高考成绩. 对于同学 来讲调整好心态是高考成功的一半,复习来讲,回归基础、回 归课本,考试策略来讲,以简单题、中等题取胜的战略心理。 对家长来讲, 努力做到平常心对待高考。 第二, 不要唠叨孩子。 第三,给孩子说一句话:只要你尽力就行了。 Ch ...

高考英语第二轮语法复习八强调句

   高考英语第二轮语法复习八强调句 一、强调句型的用法 在英语中,我们常用 It is/was… who/that 结构来突出强调句子的某一成分 (一般是句子中主语,宾语或状语)。在这个句型中,it 没有词汇意义,只是引出 被强调的成分。如果被强调的成分是表示人的词,用 who 或 that 来连接都可以。 如果是其它成分,则一律用 that 来连接。 1.When he was at the height of his powers, people loved to gossip about ...

2011届高考英语第一轮语法专题检测12

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 语法专题复习方略 第十二讲 复合句 名词性从句(用适当的连接词填空 Ⅰ.名词性从句 用适当的连接词填空 名词性从句 用适当的连接词填空) 1.The question is the film is worth seeing. 解析: 引导的表语从句。 是否。 解析:此处为 whether 引导的表语从句。whether 是否。 答案: 答案:whether 2.Do you doubt I believe you? ? ...

2011届高考英语第一轮语法复习检测试题20

   第 20 章 状语从句 一.概念 状语从句修饰主句中的动词,形容词,副词等,在复合句中作状语.引导状语从句的关联词是从属连词.状语从 句用陈述句语序,一般位于复合句的句首或句末.当从句在句首时,从句后常用逗号和主句相隔.状语从句根据其 在句中的不同作用分别表示时间,地点,原因,目的,结果,条件,比较,让步,行为方式等. 二.相关知识点精讲 1.地点状语从句 1.地点状语从句 地点状语从句通常由 where, wherever 引导。例如: Where I live there are ple ...

热门内容

2010年中考英语试题分类汇编(130套)专题??10书面表达

   2010 年中考英语试题分类汇编(130 套)专题十 "书面表达 年中考英语试题分类汇编( 专题十 " 考点一 考点一、话题作文 (2010 湖南省娄底市,Ⅲ、C)书面表达,10 分) Zhou Hui 和 Ge Bin 是“一帮一”活动中结成的一对学习伙伴。 Zhou Hui 在 Ge Bin 的帮助下 有了明显的进步。请根据下表信息写一篇 60 字左右的短文。(开头已写出,不计入总词数) Zhou Hui Ge Bin In the past Now didn’t listen care ...

人教版高中英语必修(一)各单元单词(短语)检测

   人教版高中英语必修(一)各单元单词(短语)检测 Unit 1 Friendship 一、把下列单词填入每个句子的空白处(注意所填单词的形式变化) : thunder trust suffer loose habit advice situation upset calm ignore list entirely power outdoors German crazy communicate reason cheat dare teenager editor point questionair ...

2012考研英语刘一男速记词汇大纲教材(全)【109页】

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ]考研网络课堂电子教材系列 刘一男考研词汇 5500 考研英语大纲词汇速记教材 考研英语大纲词汇速记教材 英语 主讲: 主讲:刘一男 单词 音标 词义 一男记忆圣经 ab-加强语气, (away) dome-屋顶, home-家 en=er=el-名词后缀 belly-腹部、肚子 n -l -r 的关系 man??male pan??palm 3712. predominant [ a. (over)占优势的;主要的, dominant-支配的 ...

有关吊脚楼的英语作文

   Dwellings of Tujia Minority?Diaojiaolou The Tujia people, inhabiting middle and southwest China, are known for their distinctive dwellings with a strong sense of minority nationality. The delicate building adopted a folk style and exquisite archite ...

攻克英语听力的特效

   攻克英语听力的特效“处方” 攻克英语听力的特效“处方” crusoe 2009-01-01 15:13 凡耳朵正常的中国人,没有一个人会感到汉语听力会有困难,不管是评书相声还 是晚会连续剧, 只要你说得津津有味, 我就听得明明白白, 从来不存在听力困难。 可说起英语听力来,英语听力却让咱中国人犯了愁,不管是拼命练习还是长期熏 陶,不管是刷牙漱口都放着英语磁带,还是日夜抱着英语大片观看,英语的这种 声音好像就是跟咱中国人这长得好端端的耳朵过不去, 总是让咱听不清、 听不懂。 中国人勤劳勇敢不怕 ...