高中英语语法加练习大全: 高中英语语法加练习大全:第 18 章 名词性从句
一.概念 名词性从句共有四种:主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句和同位语从句 二.相关知识点精讲 主语从句:主语从句在整个句子中作主语。
  1. 主语从句:主语从句在整个句子中作主语。 (
  1)不同于其它的连词,它不充当句子的成分,只是单纯的连接词,通常不可以省略。分句置于句首时,that 绝 对不可以省略。 That the driver could not control his war was obvious. It was obvious that the driver could not control his car. (
  2)if 不能用在主语从句中,而是用 whether Whether he left (or not) is unknown (
  3)当主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用第三人称单数,下面这个句型例外。 What we need is more time and money. What we need are many more books.
  2.表语从句 表语从句出现在系动词后,充当表语。 表语从句:
  2.表语从句:表语从句出现在系动词后,充当表语。 The trouble is that we are short of money. Go and get your coat. It’s where you left it. (
  1) 引导表语从句除了上述三类词外还有 because, as if/ as though 等等 The reason (why/for which…..) is that …… It/This/That is because…… (
  2) 连系动词“appear, look, seem”的两个常用句型 It seems/appears that…. It looks/seems as if/as though……(与事实相符用陈述语气,与事实相反用虚拟语气) (
  3) as 也可以引导表语从句 Things are not always as they seem to be 宾语从句:及物动词,形容词和介词后加宾语从句作其宾语。
  3. 宾语从句:及物动词,形容词和介词后加宾语从句作其宾语。 (
  1) 宾语从句时态与主句相呼应,但宾语从句表示的是客观真理或普遍现象除外 The teacher told us that the earth moves around the sun (
  2) 连词 whether 和 if 可以互换,但注意下列情况 连词后紧跟 or not 时用 whether I want to know whether or not they will come. 作介词宾语是用 whether 引导宾语从句 He was interested in whether he saw her there. 连接词后直接加不定式,不能用 if 只能用 whether He doesn’t know whether to stay or not. 如果宾语从句是否定时,一般用 if 引导 I care if he will not attend the meeting. (
  3) 当宾语从句后带宾补时,要用“主语+谓语+it +宾补+that-clause,that 不可省略 I think it certain that she will do well in her exam. (
  4) 当主语是 I, we ,主句用 think, believe, suppose, expect, imagine 五个动词时,用否定转移 I don’t think he will win the game, will he? (
  5) that 在宾语从句常可以省略,但由 and 或 but 连接两个或多个宾语从句时,仅可以省略第一个连词 that He said (that) he had eaten nothing but that he wasn’t hungry. (
  6) 注意区别 if 引导的宾语从句和条件状语从句 I don’t know if he will come. If he comes, I’ll let you know.
  4. 同 位 语 从 句 , 在 句 中 作 某 些 名 词 的 同 位 语 , 对 前 面 的 名 词 进 一 步 说 明 。 用 在 下 列 名 词
fact,news,idea,hope,believe,hope,thought,doubt.truth,order,suggestion, word etc. (
  1) There is no doubt that he will come. There is doubt whether he will come. Word came that Napoleon would come to inspect them. There is no possibility that…. (
  2) that 引导的同位语从句与定语从句的区别: 在同位语从句中:that 不可以省略,不作成分;定语从句的关系代词 that 在定语从句作成分,作宾语时可以省 略 We are interested in the news that some foreigners would visit our school. We are interested in the news that he told us. when, where 引导的同位语从句与定语从句的区别: 在定语从句中,when, where 前有分别表示时间、地点的先行词;而在同位语从句中无此对应关系 They have no idea at all where he has gone.(同位语从句) Go and get your coat. It’s in the place where you left it.(定语从句) 疑问词既可以引导名词性从句,也可以引导让步状语从句, matter+疑问词只能引导让步状语从
  5. 疑问词-ever 既可以引导名词性从句,也可以引导让步状语从句,而 no matter+疑问词只能引导让步状语从 句 No matter where I go, my heart is towards China. I believer whatever he says. Whatever he says, I will never believe him. who 与 whoever 的区别 who 是“谁”的意思,表示具有疑问,who 相当于 anyone who“无论谁” Whoever leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. Can you tell me who that gentleman is? 当名词性从句缺少主语、宾语或表语时,引导词通常用 what,它相当于。另外,有时具有感叹意义 all that,
  6.当名词性从句缺少主语、宾语或表语时 anything that 或 the thing(s) that What we can’t get seems better than what we have. Tom thought what a beautiful girl Mary was.
  7.注意区分
  7.注意区分 it 作形式主语的主语从句与强调句 强调句句型 It is/was+被强调部分+that, 去掉 It is/was, that,句子仍然成立。 It is natural that they should have different views. 主语从句 It is only lately that he had had a family himself. 强调句 What was it that he wanted? I don’t know what it was that he wanted. It was in the hotel where he stayed that we discussed the serious problem
  8.注意
  8.注意 it 作形式主语的主语从句和 as 引导非限制性定语从句引导的不同 It is known to all that the earth is round. As is known to all. the earth is round. 三.巩固练习
  1.he does has nothing to do with me. A. whatever B. No matter what C. That D. If
  2. The manager came over and asked the customer how A. did the quarrel came about B .the quarrel had come about C. had the quarrel come about D. had the quarrel come about
  3. Energy is makes thing work.. A. what B. something C. anything D. that
  4. Information has been put forward more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A. while B. that C. when D. as
  5. This is the shenzhou V Spaceship landed. A. there B. in which C. where D. when

  6.
They have no idea at all. A. where he has gone B. where did he go C. which place has he gone D. where has he gone
  7. The doctor did a lot to reduce the patient’s fear he would die of the disease. A. that B. which C. of which D. of that
  8. The order came the soldiers the small village the next morning. A. that ;had to leave B. that; should leave C. /; must leave D. when; should leave
  9. is no possibility Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There; that B. It; that C. there; whether D. It; whether
  10. The question came up at the meeting we had enough money for our research. A. that B. which C. whether D. if
  11. Is he said really true? A. that B. what C. why D. whether
  12.the meeting should last two days or three days doesn’t matter. A. That B. Whether C. If D. Where
  13. It worried her a bit her hair was turning gray. A. while B. if C. that D. for
  14. more countries can use natural energy in the future remains to be seen. A. Whether B. This C. who D. If
  15.he will go to work in a mountain village surprises all of us. A. What B. That C. Whether D. If
  16. you don’t like him is none of my business. A. What B. That C. Who D. How
  17.all the inventions have in common is they have succeeded. A. What; what B. That; that C. what; that D. That ; what
  18. appeared to me that he enjoyed the food very much. A. What B. It C. All that D. That
  19. It is widely that smoking can cause cancer. A. believed B. think C. say D. hoped
  20. caused the accident is still a complete mystery. A. What B. That C. How D. Where
  21. he always serves the people very well is known. A. What B. That C. Which D. Who
  22.has passed the test will get a prize . A. Whoever B. No mater who C. Whomever D. Who
  23.Is true that the famous scientist will give us a lecture next week? A that B it C his D he
  24.It has not been decided they will leave for New York. A. when B why C that D what
  25. Obviously we do morning exercises every day us good. A. that do B. if; do C what; does D. that; dose 26 It is said was all he said. A that; that; that B what; what; what C that; which; what D that; that; which 27 gets home first is to cook the supper. A. Who B Whom C. Those who D. Whoever 28 moved us most was he liked after the old man for more than twenty years. A. That; that B. What; that C What; what D. That; what

  29. you did it is not known to all. A. Who B. What C. How D. Which
  30. you do should be well done. A How B. That C. Whatever D Why
  31. The reason I plan to go is she will be disappointed if I don’t. A. because B. that C. thanks to D. what
  32. What time do you think__? A. will Tom come back B. Tom will come back C. is Tom coming back D. can Tom get here
  33. The teacher said that light faster than sound. A. Has traveled B. traveled C. had traveled D. travels
  34.. is still a question will win. A. It; that B. It; who C. That; who D. This; that
  35. If you know it was that write A Tale of Two Cities, raise your hand. A. whom B. which C. who D. that
  36. In some countries, are called “public schools” are not owned by the state. A. that B. which C. as D. what
  37. Thinking you know in fact you don’t is a terrible mistake. A. that; that B. what; what C. that; what D. what that
  38. Whether ways will be found to stop pollution or not is just worries the public. A. why B. which C. that D. what
  39. Why don’t you bring to his attention that you are too busy to do it? A. that B. what C. that D. it
  40. David says sounds right to Helen. That’s why she has made up her mind to leave with him happens. A. whatever; whatever B. No matter what; whatever C. No matter what; No matter what D. Whatever; however
  41. That is I was born and grew up. A. There B. in which C. where D. the place
  42. she was invited to the ball made her very happy. A. What B. That C. When D. Because
  43. we are doing has never been done before. A. That B. What C. Which D. Whether
  44.Have you found your book yet? No, I’m not sure I could have left it. A. whether B. where C. when D. why
  45. The doctor couldn’t answer the question the patient could survive that night. A. if B. that C. whether D. what
  46. I firmly believe he said at the meeting was right. A. that B. which C. that what D. what that
  47.What were you trying to prove to the police? I was last night. A. That B. When C. Where D. What
  48. I think, though I could be mistaken, __ he liked me. A. who B. which C. that D. what
  49. At the meeting, we discussed we should employ more workers. A. if B. whether C. that D. /
  50. After seemed like hours he came out with a bitter smile.
A. which B. it C. what D. that 四.答案 1?5 ABABC 6?10 AABAC 11?15 BBCAB 16?20 BCBAA 21?25 BABAD 26?30 ADBCC 31?35 BBDBC 36?40 DCDDA 41?45 CBBBC 46?50 CCCBC
 

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