第④讲 动词,动词词组 动词,
例① The majority of people in the town strongly the plan to build a playground for children. (2010浙江卷) A. consider C. confirm B. support D. submit
[解析]句意:镇上的大多数人都积极地拥护 为孩子们建造运动场的计划。本题考查动词辨析。 consider考虑,思考,认为;support支持,拥护, 维持;confirm证实,确认;submit使屈服,使经受。
例② Your house is always so neat ? how do you it with three children? (2010山东卷) A. manage B. serve
C. adapt D. construct [解析]本题考查动词词义。句意:你家里总是 那么整洁??家里有3个孩子,你是怎么设法做到的? manage设法做成某事;serve为……服务;接待;上 (饭、菜、酒等);adapt使适应,使适合;construct建 造,构筑;构思。
例③ 山东卷)
Sam some knowledge of the
computer just by watching others working on it. (2010
A. brought up C. picked up
B. looked up D. set up
[解析]本题考查动词短语意义辨析。句意: 山姆只是凭借看别人操作电脑就学到了一些电脑 知识。表示“学会”用pick up; pick up另外还有 “捡起; 顺车接送,搭载;收拾,整理;重新开 始;获得”等意义;bring up 表示“抚养,教育; 提出;呕吐”;look up 表示“向上看;(形势)好 转,改善;查阅”;set up表示“建立,设置;造 成,产生”。
例④ After that, he knew he could any emergency by doing what he could to the best of his ability. (2010浙江卷) A. get away with C. get through B. get on with D. get across
[解析]本题考查与get相关的短语辨析。 get away with侥幸逃脱;get on with与……友好相处;get through 接通,顺利通过,完成;get across被理解,越过。句意: 经过那件事之后,他明白了他能尽一切可能去顺利解决 任何突发情况。
例⑤ The good thing about children is that they very easily to new environments. (2009浙江卷) A. adapt C. attach B. appeal D. apply
[解析]句意:孩子们的一个优点是他们很容易 适应新环境。 adapt to… 适应;appeal to… 吸引……; 呼吁……; attach…to… 把……连在一起; apply to 向……申请。
动词、动词词组既多且杂,多义性非常突出, 初中阶段学过的动词,在高中阶段不断地出现崭 新的意义,这些动词考生要在平时就进行笔记整 理。考生在备考过程中要注意分析,辨析和整理, 反复记忆,不断强化记忆效果,不断地练习实践 才能功到自然成。
备考的拼写长难单词如absorb, accuse, achieve, acknowledge, acquire, admire, adopt, afford, advertise, analyze, applaud, approach, approve, arrange, arrest, attach, attack, attract, apply, appoint, avoid, calculate, decline, guarantee, delay, cancel, hesitate, participate, purchase, promote, recommend, reflect, remove, review, represent, withdraw等。 replace, volunteer, witness,
形似词如cheat, check; confirm, conflict; confuse, refuse; complain, explain; compete, complete; command, demand; discount, count; include, conclude; contribute, distribute; convey, convince; assure, ensure; prevent, protect; reserve, deserve, observe, preserve; design, resign; change, exchange; explore, explode, expand; imply, infer, reply; express, impress; inform, reform, transform;
respect, inspect; retire, desire, inspire; intend, attend; invite, invent; expose, oppose; polish, publish; process, progress, produce; reject, object; reward, award; request, acquire, require; sign, sigh, signal; scare, stare, glare; attend, tend; wonder, wander等。
多 义 词 ( 包 括 熟 词 新 义 ) 如 attend, bear, wear, block, count, carry, cover, conduct, deliver, drag, draw, do, employ, engage, fire, lay, operate, manage, run, put, go, match, reach, raise, touch, move(感动)等。 近义词如assess, evaluate; accuse, charge; bother, disturb , interrupt; book, reserve; check, examine; combine, unite; refuse, reject; congratulate, celebrate; cure, treat; defeat, beat; defend, protect; persuade, advise; respond, react; settle, solve等。
动 词 词 组 如 account
for,
consist
of… ,
devote…to…, focus on, concentrate on; submit to等。 “动词+小品词”构成的词组如“pick up, bring up, take up”等。
①Yesterday's China Daily some articles about the financial crisis, which expressed concerns about China's economy. A. covered C. wrote B. carried D. printed
[解析]句意:昨天的中国日报刊登了几篇金 融危机方面的文章,表现出对中国经济的担忧。 cover 涉及,覆盖; carry 运载,携带;刊登。
② ? Jack, this is the third time that you have been late this week. ? Sorry, sir, but I was for 15 minutes on the way here in the traffic jam. A. held up B. put up
C. taken up D. given up [解析]hold up 举起;耽搁,延误;put up 举 起 ; 挂 起 ; 张 贴 ; 留 某 人 食 宿 ; take up 占 据 (time/room);开始从事;give up 放弃。
③ As my best friend puts it, every second in life . A. calculates C. concentrates B. counts D. completes
[解析]句意:正如我最好的朋友说的,人生 分秒必争。calculate 计算;count 数,很重要; concentrate 集中;complete 完成。
④ We spent many years studying the formation of rocks, experiencing many sufferings and even death. But our hard work in the end, and we made it. A. paid off B. made up
C. gave away D. came out [解析]后一句的句意:但是我们艰苦的劳动最 终有了回报,我们成功了。pay off 有回报;make up 是个多义性动词词组,“化妆;编造;组成;弥补; 和解”;give away 赠送;(秘密等)泄露;come out (花)盛开;(书等)出版。
⑤ The man must be the leader of the group, easily by his special uniform. A. separated C. distinguished B. divided D. selected
[解析]句意:那个男子肯定是这个团队的领 导,这一点很容易由他的特别制服区分出来。 separate分开,分离;divide 分割;distinguish区别, 辨认,使显著;select 选择,挑选。
 

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