2011 届高考英语二轮专题复习学案 专题一动词的时态和语态( ) 专题一动词的时态和语态(
  1) 【专题考点】
在具体语境中考查时态和语态,而且题干中有效信息越来越隐藏,加大试题难度是高考时 态命题的趋势,考点如下: 1 考查一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、 过去完成时、现在完成进行时、将来进行时等常见时态 2 考查时态和语态相结合 3 考查主动形式表示被动意义
【典例探究】

  1(2010?山东卷?T
  30)Up to now, the program thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A. would save C. had saved B. saves D. has saved
【解析】选 D。句意为:截止到现在,这个项目已经挽救了成千上万的本来会死去的孩子的 生命。句中的 up to now 是现在完成时态的一个典型标志,此句要用现在完成时,由此排除 其他选择项,正确答案为 D 项。would save 过去将来时;saves 一般现在时;had saved 过 去完成时,均不符合句意要求。 【知识拓展】时态考查题中的标志词或短语在解题中的作用: 在很多时态类考查题目中,找到解题的题眼就掌握了解题的金钥匙,所谓“题眼”即指一些与 特定时态连用的一些表示时间的副词及介词短语。 (
  1)与一般过去时常用的短语:yesterday, last year, three years ago, in 1980 等,这些结构常 常提示大家,这些句子中的谓语动作发生在过去,而与现在没有关系,如: He lost a pen yesterday. (单纯的过去动作, 现在是否找到不知道)。 (
  2)某些副词或介词短语提示则说明其所在的句子要用现在完成时,如 since, ever since, so far, up to now, recently, lately, in the past few days 等,如: Ever since the first space flight made by Apollo 11 to the moon, the human beings have many more space explorations in the past 4 decades.

  2(2010?江苏卷?T
  23)?Why, Jack, you look so tired! ?Well, I the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. A. was painting B. will be painting C. have painted D. have been painting
【解析】选 D。句意:??咦,杰克,你看起来这么累!??哦,我一直在粉刷房子,我必 须明天完成这项工作。根据语境可知“粉刷房子”这个动作一直进行到现在,并且还要继续进 行下去。所以应用现在完成进行时,选择 D 项。 3 (2010?全国卷 II?T
  9)Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only of the women who evening dress. A. wear B. wears C.has worn D.have worn
【解析】选 B。此题考查定语从句中的时态与主谓一致,所以要注意定语从句中的主语即关 系代词 who 指代的是谁。此处 who 指代的是 the only 而不是 the women,故谓语要用单数形 式。 当遇到定语从句修饰的部分有 the(only) one of + 复数名词时, 定语从句修饰的是 the(only) one。这样首先排除 A、D 两项;又根据语境可知此处指 Barbara 目前穿着一件晚礼服,没 有强调动作的完成,故又排除 C 项。句意:很容易认出芭芭拉,因为她是穿着晚礼服的唯 一的女士。
  4(2010?江西卷?T
  30). Mother wanted to be a good provider, a role she her marriage to Father. A. shoulders C. is shouldering B. shouldered D. has been shouldering since
【解析】选 D。句意:母亲想成为一个好的养家者,一个自从和父亲结婚以来一直扮演的角 色,根据句中的时间状语 since……可知应用现在完成时,故选 D 项。 5 (2010?重庆卷?T
  24) .The book has been the market in 19
  73. A. had come B. has come C. came D. comes translated into thirty languages since it on
【解析】选 C。句意:自从这本书在 1973 年在市场销售以来,已被翻译成 30 种语言了。题 干中的 since 自从……以来,引导时间状语从句,主句常用现在完成时,since 引导的状语 从句的谓语动词常用一般过去时,所以选 C 项。 【知识拓展】since 的用法 1 )since 介词,副词或连词 自…以来,自…以后;由它引导的时间状语代表一个时间段,主句用 现在完成时.
He has lived in Beijing since liberation.自从解放以来他一直住在北京 She has been teaching Einglish since she graduated.她毕业后一直在教英语. They went to Shanghai two years ago and we have not seen them since. 两年前,他们去了上海,自此我们再也没见过.
  2)It is/has been + 一段时间+since 从句(从句用过去时). It was/had been + 一段时间+since 从句(从句用过去完成时). It was three years since he had served in the army. 他入伍 3 年了. It is twenty years since he joined the party.他入党 20 年了
  3)since 既然 因为.引出原因状语从句. Since you have signed an agreement,you can’t out of it now. 既然签了协议,你现在就不能反悔.
【跟踪演练】

  1(2011?江西赣州十一县市高三上期中联考)That pudding was the most delicious dessert we . A.have had B.had never had C.would D.had ever had
2 (2011?辽宁抚顺六校联合体高三一模) It’s many years since I saw you last, I you at all. I wouldn’t have, either, if someone you by the name. A.didn’t recognize; hadn’t called C.haven’t recognized; didn’t call B.didn’t recognize; didn’t call D.can’t recognize; had called

  3(2011?山东枣庄高三第一次质检)Tom is absent this week. Do you know what to him? A. has happened B. was happening C. will happen D. had happened

  4(2010?河北省唐山一中二模)
  17. ? You were out when I dropped in at your house. ? Oh, I for a friend from England at the airport. A. was waiting C. am waiting B. had waited D. have waited
5 (2010?河南省开封市二模) Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when
  27. people to enjoy the advantages of this new technology.
A.begin C.have begun
B.began D.had begun
6 (2010?黑龙江省哈三中等四校二模) I had wanted to help you last night but I couldn't spare
  28. any time. for I an essay that is due this morning. A.wrote B.had written C.was writing D.have written the piano at the

  7(2010?黑龙江省哈三中等四校二模)
  33.It was the first time that Mike concert hall and he hoped that his nervousness would go A.played;unnoticed C.played;unnoticing B.had played;unnoticed D.had played;unnoticing .

  8(2010?吉林省实验中学二模)
  10. He was proud and was not used to like that. A. to be spoken C. being spoken B. to being spoken D. to speaking

  9(2010? 江苏省南通市二模拟)
  28. ?Where have you been all day? ?I some former classmates and I couldn’t get back until it was dark. A. have met C. would meet B. met D. had met

  10(2010? 江苏省南通市二模拟)
  30. ?Now the weight. Only 1
  15. You’d better put on a few pounds. ?Well, actually, I like a horse. A. ate C. have been eating B. was eating D. will eat on the .

  11(2010? 江苏省宁海外国语学校二模)
  24.Last Monday,while the students playground watching the national flag being raised,something unexpected A.were standing;arose C.had stood;had arisen B.stood;was arising D.would stand;would arise

  12. It hard now, otherwise we could have a barbecue on the beach. A. rained C. rains B. is raining D. would rain

  13. All his attention on the computer game he was playing, so he even didn’t notice his
mother enter the room. A. has been fixed C. was fixed B. was fixing D. fixed

  14. None of them the thin girl could keep her end up and come out first in the international marathon. A. have predicted C. were predicted B. would predict D. had predicted

  15. Ever since Dolly, the sheep was cloned in 1997, Westhusin’s phone with people calling in hopes of making the copies of their pets. A. has rung C. was ringing B. rang D. has been ringing

  16. ?Excuse me. I wonder if you can help me. I my ID card. ?But where did you lose it? A. have lost B. lost C. had lost D. lose

  17. Since the beginning of the vacation, I across the country, and my next stop is the Wuyi Mountain. A. had travelled C. have been travelling B. will travel D. was travelling

  18. Luckily, the loss great; otherwise, our company would have closed down. A. isn’t C. hasn’t been B. hadn’t been D. wasn’t

  19. ?I’m going to attend your lecture at 9:30 tomorrow morning. ?I regret to tell you that when you arrive it will have ended and I questions with my students. A. would discuss C. will be discussing B. will discuss D. am discussing

  20. Good news! Maybe I a job soon. I had an interview at an engineering firm yesterday. A. have been offered C. will be offered B. would be offered D. is offered

  21. ?Why didn’t you buy any bread while doing shopping yesterday evening? ?Sorry, . A. I forget C. I had forgotten B. I forgot D. I have forgotten

  22. ?What’s your opinion about my suggestion? ?Sorry, I. Would you please say it again? A. hadn’t listened C. wasn’t listening B. wouldn’t listen D. didn’t listen

  23. Although many measures, the world’s economy is still going down. A. were taken C. will be taken B. have been taken D. are taken

  24. His father, a famous university professor, who is said to have started his teaching career in Australia, in Nanjing University for more than twenty years. A. has worked C. is working
  25. ?We should get together next week. ?Sounds like a plan! I you a call. A. will give C. have given B. would give D. give B. worked D. will work

  26. ?I’m sorry, my mind. What you? ?You are always absent-minded in class. A. are wandering; do; say B. wandered; had; said C. wandered; did; say D. was wandering; did; say
  27. This Monday morning I was informed I as one of three exchange students from our college. A. had been choosing C. had been chosen B. was chosen D. was choosing

  28. The pianist planned to give a concert on March 8 but the date because of his
illness. A. was postponing C. had been postponed B. was postponed D. was being postponed

  29. ?If I hadn’t been caught in the heavy rain, I could have been back by 7 o’clock. ?What a pity! Stella here to see you. A. is B. was C. would be D. has been

  30. Since being published on March 13, the book a bestseller in many Chinese bookstores. A. has become C. is becoming B. became D. was becoming

  31. Because of the Russian gas limit to Europe, attempts to use botanical fuel as a source of power. A. have made C. are being made B. having made D. will be making

  32. ?Another cup of coffee? That’s your third since lunch. ?Yeah, well, I all night preparing for my history exam. I can hardly keep my eyes open. A. stayed up C. have been staying up B. have stayed up D. will stay up

  33. We won’t know how much food to buy until we decide how many people. A. were coming C. have been coming B. are coming D. had come

  34. Please stop to have a rest. You the washing machine the whole morning. A. have repaired C. have been repaired B. were repairing D. have been repairing

  35. ?Mom, you should have taken me to the park this morning. ?I had planned to, but I couldn’t afford the time. I a lecture. A. had given C. was giving B. gave D. would give

  36. ?Gina has a sweet tooth and loves meat more than anything else.
?No wonder she weight so fast. A. gains C. had gained B. gained D. is gaining

  37. ?Where can we get your new science fiction? ?I’m sorry, it and will come out next week. A. has been printed C. is printed
  38. ?Has the football match just started? ?Just started? It must be clear who by now. A. is winning C. has won B. wins D. would win B. will be printed D. is being printed

  39. ?Let’s discuss the question raised last night, shall we? ?There is no hurry for that. I for a conference. A. headed C. am heading B. was heading D. have headed

  40. ?John and Lucia got married last week. Did you go to their wedding? ?No, I a lecture in another city. A. gave C. had given 答案 1 D 2 A 3 A4 A 5 B 6 C 7B 8B 9B10 C 11 A
  12.【解析】选 B。考查动词时态。由时间状语 now 可知, 该句应为现在进行时。 解题时注意, 不要受后面虚拟语气句中时态的干扰。
  13.【解析】选 C。考查动词的时态、语态。句意为:他的全部精力都集中在玩电脑游 戏上了。因此甚至没有注意到母亲走进房间。fix one’s attention on 表示“集中精力在……上”, attention 是动词 fix 的宾语, 所以 attention 与 fix 之间是被动关系。
  14.【解析】选 D。考查动词的时态。句意为:没有人料到这个瘦瘦的女孩会坚持到最 后并成为国际马拉松比赛的第一名。人们的预料发生在比赛结束之前, 所以用过去完成时表 示过去的过去。
  15.【解析】选 D。考查动词的时态。由该句的时间状语“Ever since Dolly. . . in 1997”判 B. have given D. was giving
断, 应用完成时, 但 ring 是
 

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