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2011 版高中英语二轮专题复习学案: 版高中英语二轮专题复习学案: 语法和词汇知识之名词、冠词和主谓一致( ) (新 专题一 语法和词汇知识之名词、冠词和主谓一致(
  1) 新 ( 课标) 课标) 【备考策略】 备考策略】
1 考情分析
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2 解题技巧
【考点分类突破】 考点分类突破】
一、名词、冠词和主谓一致
【专题考点】
1 考查名词词义辨析、搭配、名词作定语以及其基本功能,包括数、格等; 2 考查冠词的类指、泛指与特指、零冠词的使用、冠词的特殊搭配与抽象名词具体化; 3 考查主谓一致。
【典例探究】

  1、 (2010?山东卷?T
  33)Those who suffer from headache will find they get from this medicine. A. relief B. safety C. defense D. shelter
【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意为:那些患头痛的人将会发现服用了这种药头痛可以得 到缓解。relief 缓解,减轻;safety 安全;defense 防御;shelter 保护,避难所,躲避处; 根据四个名词选项,可判断 A 项为正确答案。
  2、 (2010?湖北卷?T
  22)After the earthquake, the first thing the local government did was to provide for the homeless families. B. occupation C. equipment D. furniture
A. accommodation
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【解析】选 A。考查名词词义辨析。句意:地震之后,当地政府首先做的是为无家可归的 家庭提供住处。由语境(after the earthquake)可知,对 the homeless families 首先应当提供 的是住处,因此选择 A accommodation 住宿。occupation 职业,占有;equipment 设备; furniture 家具;均不合题意。
  3. (2010? 北京卷? T
  35) First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get __ second chance to make __first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a
【解析】选 B。考查冠词的用法。句意为:对于人们来说,欣赏带给他们快乐的上海世博 会是一种美好的感觉。feeling 指伤心或快乐的感觉时通常用作可数名词;pleasure“愉快, 高兴” ,通常用作不可数名词。
  4、 (2010?湖南卷?T
  33)Listening to loud music at rock concerts in some teenagers. A. is B. are C. has D. have caused hearing loss
【解析】选 C。考查主谓一致和语态。由于 caused 后有宾语,故该用主动语态,即可排除 A、B。考虑到主语是动名词短语,所以谓语动词该用单数。故选 C。句意:在摇滚演唱会上 听超响的音乐已对一些青少年造成了听力的丧失。
  5、(2010?陕西卷?T
  24). It is reported that many a new house area. A. are being built C. was being built B. were being built D. is being built at present in the disaster
【解析】选 D。考查主谓一致。根据 “many a + 单数可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词应用 单数形式,可排除 A、B。根据时间状语 at present (目前,现在),要用现在进行时,所以又 可排除 C。
【跟踪演练】 跟踪演练】

  1、 (2011?江西师大附中模拟) A. mean; mean By all , you must try every to help him. C. means; mean D. mean; means B. means; means

  2、 (2011?河北正定中学模拟)Hawking is success, disabled man though he is. A.a;/ B./;a C.the;a D.a;the
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  3、 (2011?湖南醴陵二中、醴陵四中模拟) Either you or I going to be in charge of this matter. A. be B. are C. is D. am

  4、 (2010?吉林省实验中学二模) A gift is a of what a relationship means to us. The best gifts meet the needs of the receiver. A. signal B. means C. symbol D. record

  5. The lawyer advised him to drop the since he stands little chance to win. A. case B. event C. incident D. affair but he never gets the . D. word

  6. I’d like him to know that I don’t want to be with him, A. message B. news C. information

  7. The of Jay Chow’s concert made most of the audience present get wild. A. environment C. impression B. influence D. atmosphere

  8. Frankly speaking, it’s people’s to keep their promise that really annoys me. A. habit B. mistake C. loss D. failure

  9. (2010? 吉林省实验中学二模) The warmth of coat will mostly be determined by soft of cloth used A. the; a B. a; the C. /; the D. a; a tea and made some small talk in kitchen.

  10. (2010?河北省唐山二模)We drank A.a;the B.the;a
C.不填;the D.the;不填

  11. With his wise thoughts about nature and the world, Confucius is a great thinker in history of China. A. 不填; the C. 不填; 不填 B. the; the D. the; 不填

  12. When a giraffe has drink, it has to stand with its front legs wide apart to reach water. A. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 B. a; the D. 不填; the

  13. ?It seems that Westerners seldom give their friends financial help.
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?Maybe. For them friendship is mostly matter of providing emotional support and spending time together. A. 不填; the C. 不填; a B. the; a D. a; the

  14. Mrs. Hanson, a housewife bent on getting higher education, has been going to college, a few courses at time for 7 years. A. a; a C. the; a B. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填

  15. (2010?吉林省实验中学二模) More than one answer to the questions. A. had given C. has been given B. were given D. have been given

  16. A lack of of cultural differences to local customs can create problems. A. existence C. awareness B. revolution D. evidence

  17. ?Hi, what did our monitor say just now? ?Every boy and every girl as well as teachers who are to visit Water Cube asked to be at the school gate before 6; 30 in the morning. A. is B. were C. are D. was

  18. According to news reports personal of guns in the USA causes a lot of trouble. A. wealth B. possession C. matter D. problem

  19. We must take strict measures to preserve water resources in the face of severe lack of water worsened by factors such as overuse, pollution and drought. A. the; the C. 不填; the B. a; 不填 D. the; 不填

  20. Chinese President Hu Jintao and French President Sarkozy met in London and agreed China and France have common in many fields. A. affairs B. businesses C. projects D. interests

  21. Local people said Israeli troops were seen before dawn Sunday in town of Beit Lahiya, north of Gaza City.
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A. 不填; 不填 C. the; the
B. a; the D. the; 不填

  22. Every possible means been tried, however, nothing can help the poor child from the danger. A. have; prevent C. has; protect B. has; prevent D. have; protect

  23. ?Have you found anything interesting? ?None of the information particularly useful to me. A. is B. are C. have D. has

  24. ?Do the students learn any foreign language in your school? ?Yes, more than one taught in this school. A. language is C. language be B. language are D. languages are

  25. He told me that he had mailed part of the samples and that the rest in a few days. A. was following C. has followed B. have followed D. were following
26 An experienced doctor usually judges a patient’s illness according to the various. A. signs C. signals B. symptoms D. appearances
27 With his wise thoughts about nature and the world, Confucius is a great thinker in history of China. A. 不填; the C. 不填; 不填 B. the; the D. the; 不填

  28. A lack of of cultural differences to local customs can create problems. A. existence C. awareness B. revolution D. evidence

  29. The lawyer advised him to drop the since he stands little chance to win. A. case B. event C. incident D. affair

  30. When a giraffe has drink, it has to stand with its front legs wide apart to reach
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water. A. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 B. a; the D. 不填; the

  31. ?Hi, what did our monitor say just now? ?Every boy and every girl as well as teachers who are to visit Water Cube asked to be at the school gate before 6; 30 in the morning. A. is B. were C. are D. was

  32. ?It seems that Westerners seldom give their friends financial help. ?Maybe. For them friendship is mostly matter of providing emotional support and spending time together. A. 不填; the C. 不填; a B. the; a D. a; the

  33. I’d like him to know that I don’t want to be with him, but he never gets the . A. message B. news C. information D. word

  34. Mrs. Hanson, a housewife bent on getting higher education, has been going to college, a few courses at time for 7 years. A. a; a C. the; a B. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填

  35. The of Jay Chow’s concert made most of the audience present get wild. A. environment C. impression B. influence D. atmosphere

  36. Reading is good habit. Stick to it, and you’ll make great progress. A. a; / B. a; a C. the; a D. /; a

  37. Frankly speaking, it’s people’s to keep their promise that really annoys me. A. habit B. mistake C. loss D. failure

  38. According to news reports personal of guns in the USA causes a lot of trouble. A. wealth B. possession C. matter D. problem

  39. We must take strict measures to preserve water resources in the face of severe lack of water worsened by factors such as overuse, pollution and drought.
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A. the; the C. 不填; the
  40. Chinese
B. a; 不填 D. the; 不填 President Hu Jintao and French President Sarkozy met in London and agreed China
and France have common in many fields. A. affairs B. businesses C. projects D. interests
答案 1B2A3D4C
  5、 【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。律师建议他放弃这个案子, 因为他赢的机会很小。case 案例, 案子; event 重大事件; incident 事件; affair 琐事, 小事。根据句意可知应选 A 项。 6 【解析】 A。 选 句意为; 我想让他知道我不想和他在一起, 但他就是不明白我的意思。 the get message 为习语, 意为“明白, 理解, 领悟, 知悉(某人的暗示等)。 ”
  7【解析】选 D。考查名词的辨析。句意为; 周杰伦音乐会上的气氛让大多数听众发狂。 environment 环境; influence 影响; impression 印象, 感想; atmosphere 大气, 气氛。根据句意 选 D。
  8【解析】 D。 选 句意为; 坦白地讲, 人们不能履行自己的诺言使我很恼火。failure 失败; habit 习惯; mistake 错误; loss 损耗, 丧失。9 B 10 C

  11【解析】选 A。考查冠词的用法。nature 表示“自然”时, 为不可数名词, 前面不用冠词。 第二空处的 history 后面有修饰成分, 特指“中国历史”, 所以要使用定冠词。
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  12【解析】选 B。考查冠词。have a drink 是固定短语; 第二个空是表示特指, 故用定冠词。
  13【解析】选 C。考查冠词。第一空是泛指, 表示“友谊”, 前面不用冠词; 第二空 a matter of 表示“一件……的事情, 关于……”, 是特定用法。句意为; 对西方人而言, 友谊大多关 于情感支持和共度时光。
  14【解析】选 A。考查冠词。第一空表泛指; 第二空 at a time 是固定词组, 表示“每次, 依 次” 。所以 A 项正确。15 C 16 【解析】 C。 选 句意为; 缺乏地方习俗之间存在文化差异的意识可能会引发问题。 awareness 意识; existence 存在; revolution 革命; evidence 证据。
  17【解析】选 A。考查主谓一致。every. . . and every. . . 结构作主语时, 谓语动词用第三人称 单数形式, 由此排除 B、C 两项; 根据前面的 are to visit Water Cube 的时态可知, A 项正确。
  18【解析】选 B。考查名词。句意为; 根据新闻报道, 在美国私人拥有枪支引起了很多麻烦。 wealth 财富, 财产; possession 拥有, 占有; matter 问题, 物质; problem 问题。
  19【解析】选 D。考查冠词用法。句意为; 面对因过度用水、污染及干旱因素而恶化的缺水 问题, 我们必须采取严厉的措施来保护水资源。第一个空应填定冠词 the, 特指严重的缺水 问题; 第二个空后的名词 factors 是复数, 前面一般不用冠词。故 D 项正确。
  20【解析】选 D。考查名词辨析。句意为; 中国国家主席胡锦涛和法国总统萨科奇在伦敦会 晤, 一致认为中国和法国在许多领域有着共同的利益。affair 事情, 公共事务(常用复数); business 企业, 公司, 商店; project 工程, 项目; interest 爱好, 利益(常
 

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