语法和词汇知识之名词、冠词和主谓一致( 专题一 语法和词汇知识之名词、冠词和主谓一致(
  1)
【专题考点】 专题考点】 1 考查名词词义辨析、搭配、名词作定语以及其基本功能,包括数、格等; 2 考查冠词的类指、泛指与特指、零冠词的使用、冠词的特殊搭配与抽象名词具体化; 3 考查主谓一致。 【典例探究】
  1、 (2010?山东卷?T
  33)Those who suffer from headache will find they get from this medicine. A. relief B. safety C. defense D. shelter 【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意为:那些患头痛的人将会发现服用了这种药头痛可以得到缓解。relief 缓解,减轻;safety 安全;defense 防御;shelter 保护,避难所,躲避处;根据四个名词选项,可判断 A 项为正确答案。
  2、 (2010? 湖北卷? T
  22) After the earthquake, the first thing the local government did was to provide for the homeless families. A. accommodation B. occupation C. equipment D. furniture 【解析】选 A。考查名词词义辨析。句意:地震之后,当地政府首先做的是为无家可归的家庭提供住处。由语境(after the earthquake)可知,对 the homeless families 首先应当提供的是住处,因此选择 A accommodation 住宿。occupation 职业,占 有;equipment 设备;furniture 家具;均不合题意。
  3. (2010?北京卷?T35 )First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get __ second chance to make __first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a 【解析】选 B。考查冠词的用法。句意为:对于人们来说,欣赏带给他们快乐的上海世博会是一种美好的感觉。feeling 指 伤心或快乐的感觉时通常用作可数名词;pleasure“愉快,高兴” ,通常用作不可数名词。
  4、 (2010?湖南卷?T
  33)Listening to loud music at rock concerts caused hearing loss in some teenagers. A. is B. are C. has D. have 【解析】选 C。考查主谓一致和语态。由于 caused 后有宾语,故该用主动语态,即可排除 A、B。考虑到主语是动名词短 语,所以谓语动词该用单数。故选 C。句意:在摇滚演唱会上听超响的音乐已对一些青少年造成了听力的丧失。
  5、(2010?陕西卷?T
  24). It is reported that many a new house at present in the disaster area. A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built 【解析】选 D。考查主谓一致。根据 “many a + 单数可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词应用单数形式,可排除 A、B。根据 时间状语 at present (目前,现在),要用现在进行时,所以又可排除 C。 跟踪演练】 【跟踪演练】
  1、 (2011?江西师大附中模拟) By all , you must try every to help him. A. mean; mean B. means; means C. means; mean D. mean; means
  2、 (2011?河北正定中学模拟)Hawking is success, disabled man though he is. A.a;/ B./;a C.the;a D.a;the
  3、 (2011?湖南醴陵二中、醴陵四中模拟) Either you or I going to be in charge of this matter. A. be B. are C. is D. am
  4、 (2010?吉林省实验中学二模) A gift is a of what a relationship means to us. The best gifts meet the needs of the receiver. A. signal B. means C. symbol D. record
  5. The lawyer advised him to drop the since he stands little chance to win. A. case B. event C. incident D. affair
  6. I’d like him to know that I don’t want to be with him, but he never gets the . A. message B. news C. information D. word
  7. The of Jay Chow’s concert made most of the audience present get wild. A. environment B. influence C. impression D. atmosphere
  8. Frankly speaking, it’s people’s to keep their promise that really annoys me. A. habit B. mistake C. loss D. failure
  9. (2010?吉林省实验中学二模) The warmth of coat will mostly be determined by soft of cloth used A. the; a B. a; the C. /; the D. a; a tea and made some small talk in kitchen.
  10. (2010?河北省唐山二模)We drank A.a;the B.the;a C.不填;the D.the;不填
  11. With his wise thoughts about nature and the world, Confucius is a great thinker in history of China. A. 不填; the B. the; the C. 不填; 不填 D. the; 不填
  12. When a giraffe has drink, it has to stand with its front legs wide apart to reach water. A. 不填; 不填 B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. 不填; the 英语专题(一)?Best Babies 第 1 页共 4 页

  13. ?It seems that Westerners seldom give their friends financial help. ?Maybe. For them friendship is mostly matter of providing emotional support and spending time together. A. 不填; the B. the; a C. 不填; a D. a; the
  14. Mrs. Hanson, a housewife bent on getting higher education, has been going to college, a few courses at time for 7 years. A. a; a B. 不填; the C. the; a D. 不填; 不填
  15.(2010?吉林省实验中学二模) More than one answer to the questions. A. had given B. were given C. has been given D. have been given
  16. A lack of of cultural differences to local customs can create problems. A. existence B. revolution C. awareness D. evidence
  17. ?Hi, what did our monitor say just now? ?Every boy and every girl as well as teachers who are to visit Water Cube asked to be at the school gate before 6; 30 in the morning. A. is B. were C. are D. was
  18. According to news reports personal of guns in the USA causes a lot of trouble. A. wealth B. possession C. matter D. problem
  19. We must take strict measures to preserve water re sources in the face of severe lack of water worsened by factors such as overuse, pollution and drought. A. the; the B. a; 不填 C. 不填; the D. the; 不填
  20. Chinese President Hu Jintao and French President Sarkozy met in London and agreed China and France have common in many fields. A. affairs B. businesses C. projects D. interests
  21. Local people said Israeli troops were seen before dawn Sunday in town of Beit Lahiya, north of Gaza City. A. 不填; 不填 B. a; the C. the; the D. the; 不填
  22. Every possible means been tried, however, nothing can help the poor child from the danger. A. have; prevent B. has; prevent C. has; protect D. have; protect
  23. ?Have you found anything interesting? ?None of the information particularly useful to me. A. is B. are C. have D. has
  24. ?Do the students learn any foreign language in your school? ?Yes, more than one taught in this school. A. language is B. language are C. language be D. languages are
  25. He told me that he had mailed part of the samples and that the rest in a few days. A. was following B. have followed C. has followed D. were following 26 An experienced doctor usually judges a patient’s illness according to the various. A. signs B. symptoms C. signals D. appearances 27 With his wise thoughts about nature and the world, Confucius is a great thinker in history of China. A. 不填; the B. the; the C. 不填; 不填 D. the; 不填
  28. A lack of of cultural differences to local customs can create problems. A. existence B. revolution C. awareness D. evidence
  29. The lawyer advised him to drop the since he stands little chance to win. A. case B. event C. incident D. affair
  30. When a giraffe has drink, it has to stand with its front legs wide apart to reach water. A. 不填; 不填 B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. 不填; the
  31. ?Hi, what did our monitor say just now? ?Every boy and every girl as well as teachers who are to visit Water Cube asked to be at the school gate before 6; 30 in the morning. A. is B. were C. are D. was
  32. ?It seems that Westerners seldom give their friends financial help. ?Maybe. For them friendship is mostly matter of providing emotional support and spending time together. A. 不填; the B. the; a C. 不填; a D. a; the
  33. I’d like him to know that I don’t want to be with him, but he never gets the . A. message B. news C. information D. word
  34. Mrs. Hanson, a housewife bent on getting higher education, has been going to college, a few courses at time for 7 years. 英语专题(一)?Best Babies 第 2 页共 4 页
A. a; a B. 不填; the C. the; a D. 不填; 不填
  35. The of Jay Chow’s concert made most of the audience present get wild. A. environment B. influence C. impression D. atmosphere
  36. Reading is good habit. Stick to it, and you’ll make great progress. A. a; / B. a; a C. the; a D. /; a
  37. Frankly speaking, it’s people’s to keep their promise that really annoys me. A. habit B. mistake C. loss D. failure
  38. According to news reports personal of guns in the USA causes a lot of trouble. A. wealth B. possession C. matter D. problem
  39. We must take strict measures to preserve water resources in the face of severe lack of water worsened by factors such as overuse, pollution and drought. A. the; the B. a; 不填 C. 不填; the D. the; 不填
  40. Chinese President Hu Jintao and French President Sarkozy met in London and agreed China and France have common in many fields. A. affairs B. businesses C. projects D. interests 真题在线】 【真题在线】
  1. (2010?江苏卷?T
  22)The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good . A. expectation B. reputation C. contribution D. civilization
  2.(2010?安徽卷?T
  25)I haven’t seen Sara since she was a little girl, and she has changed beyond . A. hearing B. strength C. recognition D. measure of foods that suit all tastes and pockets.
  3. (2010?湖北卷?T
  21)This restaurant has become popular for its wide A. division B. area C. range D. circle of
  4. (2010? 江西卷?
  35) T .Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a(n) 40,000 per year. B. number C. amount D. quantity A. average
  5.(2010?四川卷?T
  15). Such poets as Shakespeare widely read, of whose works, however, some difficult to understand. A. are; are B. is; is C. are; is D. is; are
  6. (2010?天津卷?T
  3). James took the magazines off the little table to make for the television. A. room B. area C. field D. position
  7. (2010?浙江卷?T
  16). The school advisers help you talk through your problems but they don't give you any direct __ . A. solution B. target C. measure D. function
  8.(2010? 江苏卷? T
  21) visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that people from all walks of life are working hard The for new Jiangsu. A. 不填; a B. 不填; the C. the; a D. the; the
  9. (2010? 福建卷?
  21) It’s T . good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them pleasure. A. 不填, a B. a, 不填 C. the, a D. a, the
  10. (2010? 辽宁卷? T
  22) There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in space, about 900 of which could fall down onto earth. A.the; the B. 不填; the C.the; 不填 D.a; the
  11. (2010?山东卷?T
  22) If we sit near front of the bus, we’ll have better view. A. 不填;the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. the;the
  12.(2010?四川卷?T
  2). In most countries, a university degree can give you flying start in life. A. the; a B. the; 不填 C.不填; 不填 D.不填; a
  13.(2010?浙江卷?T
  2). Many lifestyle patterns do such __ great harm to health that they actually speed up __weakening of the human body. A. a; / B. /; the C. a; the D. /; /
  14.(2010?重庆卷?T
  27).Everything comes with price; there is no such thing as free lunch in the world. A. a, a B. the, / C. the, / D. a, /
  15.(2009?全国卷Ⅰ?T
  22)Let’s go to cinema?that’ll take your mind off the problem for while. A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D. a; a
  16.(2009?全国卷Ⅱ?T
  14) What I need is book that contains ABC of oil painting. A. a; 不填 B. the; 不填 C. the; an D. a; the 英语专题(一)?Best Babies 第 3 页共 4 页

  17.(2009?北京?T
  33)The biggest whale is blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long?the height of 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a
  18.(2009?湖北?T
  25)Hiking by oneself can be fun and good for health. It may also be good for building. A. respect B. friendship C. reputation D. character
  19. 2009? ( 湖北?
  26) our class, when the bell rang and the teacher closed his book, it was a for everyone to stand up. T In A. signal B. chance C. mark D. measure
  20.(2009?湖南?T
  33)Either you or one of your students to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow. A. are B. is C. have D. be
  21.(2009?陕西? T
  6)What pity that you couldn’t be there to receive prize! A. a; a B. the; a C. a; the D. the; the
  22.(2009?陕西? T
  7)Dr. Smith, together with his wife and daughters, visit Beijing this summer. A. is going to B. are going to C. was going to D. were going to
  23.(2009?陕西? T
  20)From their on the top of the TV Tower, visitors can have a better view of the city. A. stage B. position C. condition D. situation
  24.(2
 

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