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必修 1
Unit 1 Friendship
能力演练
一、 语法填空 专题训练( 专题训练(一)巧用派生词,做好语法填空 巧用派生词, 技巧点拨: 动词、介词、冠词、物主代词等词后一般接名词或动名 技巧点拨 词,如果所给单词是其它词类,就要将其改为名词,并注意名词数的变 化。 如果所给单词为动词, 就需在原动词后加 ing 将其变为动名词。 要将其它词类变为名词,需熟悉构成名词的后缀,对所给词做相应改 变。 常用的名词后缀主要有: 动词+ al /or /er ?名词 动词+ ment?名词 动词+ ion /tion / sion?名词 形容词+ ness ?名词 动词/形容词+ -th?名词 ship 结尾的名词 y 结尾的名词 professor (n. 教授) Honest (adj. 诚实的) Professorship(n.教授资格) honesty(n. 诚实) grow(v. 生长) growth(n. 生长) manage express invent crazy management expression invention craziness survive survival
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如: (
  1)His carelessness (careful) resulted in the terrible accident (
  2)He was one of the visitors (visit) who thought highly of Tom, their guide. ◆活学活用 (一).用所给单词的适当形式填空。 I hated(
  1)(wait) for her for hours
without(
  2) (know) when on earth she would come. On her(
  3)(arrive),she would always hugged me, promising never to be late again. I used to stare at her in(
  4)(angry),telling her frankly that her(
  5) (arrive)late made me angry and that I wanted to end our(
  6) (relate).However, she never seemed to be(
  7) (angrily).She told me that she always thought of me as one of her best(
  8) (friendly)and if I left her, that would be a severe(
  9)(punish)to her. Finally we reached an(
  10)(agree)that we would still be good friends, but she mustn,t be late again. 答案: (
  5)arriving (
  10)agreement (二).在下文空格处填人一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形 式填空,说出第 1,4,6,7,10 题的解题思路。
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(
  1)waiting (
  6)relation
(
  2)knowing (
  7)angry
(
  3)arrival (
  8)friends
(
  4)anger (
  9)punishment
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Each of us fails from time to time. If we are wise, we accept these(
  1)(fail)as a necessary part of the learning process. But all too often(
  2) parents and teachers we do not allow our children to have the same right. We convey either by
words(
  3) by actions that failure is something to be ashamed of, and that nothing but top performance meets with
our(
  4)(approve). When I see a child subject to this kind of pressure, I think of Donnie. He was a shy, nervous perfectionist. His fear of
failure(
  5)(keep)him from classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon. He seldom answered questions for fear that he would be wrong. He seldom finished his work because he repeatedly checked with me to be sure he hadn

t made
a(
  6)(mistaken).I tried my best to build up his self-confidence. And I repeatedly asked God for(
  7)(direct).But nothing changed until midterm,(
  8) Mary Anne, a young student teacher, was appointed to our classroom. She was young and pretty, and she loved children. Many her. students, With
Donnie(
  9)(include),adored
her(
  10)(encourage),Donnie became confident. 解析: (
  1)动词 accept 后接名词,前有 these, 名词需用复数形式 failures。 解析: (
  4)介词 with 后需接名词,所以答案为 approval。
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(
  6)冠词后用名词。所以答案为 mistake。 (
  7)介词 for 后接名词,故填 direction( ion 是名词后缀) (
  10)With 后接名词,故填 encouragement(V+ment 变成名词) 答案: (
  6)mistake (
  1)failures (
  2)as (
  3)or (
  8)when (
  4)approval (
  5)kept
(
  7)direction
(
  9)included
(
  10)encouragement 二、完形填空 完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 Stevenson and his family went to scotland for a holiday.One rainy morning,he took his wife and his son Lloyd out for a long walk over the hills.They had been 1 this for several days before the weather
suddenly took a turn for the worse.Kept indoors by the heavy rain,Lloyd felt the days some 3 . 2 .To keep the boy happy,Robert asked the boy to do
One morning,the boy came to Robert with a beautiful map of an island.Robert 4 5 that the boy had drawn a large cross in the middle of
.“What s that?”he asked.“That s the 6 treasure,”said the
boy.Robert suddenly 7 something of an adventure story in the boy s 8 .While the rain was pouring,Robert sat down by the fire to write a 9 a twelve year old boy,just like
story.He would make the
Lloyd.But who would be the pirate(海盗)?
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Robert had a good friend named Henley,who walked around with the 10 of a wooden leg.Robert had always wanted to 11 such a man in a story. So,thanks to a 14 September in Scotland,a friend with a wooden 12 Long John Silver,the pirate with a wooden leg,was 13 .
leg,and the imagination of a twelve year old boy,we have one of the greatest 15 stories in the English language.
  1.A.attempting C.planning
  2.A.quiet C.busy
  3.A.cleaning C.drawing
  4.A.doubted C.decided
  5.A.the sea C.Scotland
  6.A.forgotten C.discovered
  7.A.saw C.made
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B.missing D.enjoying B.dull D.cold B.writing D.exercising B.noticed D.recognized B.the house D.the island B.buried D.unexpected
B.drew D.learned
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  8.A.book C.picture
  9.A.star C.writer
  10.A.help C.use
  11.A.praise C.include
  12.A.Yet C.But
  13.A.read C.hired
  14.A.rainy C.cool
  15.A.news C.real life
B.reply D.mind B.hero D.child B.problem D.bottom B.produce D.accept B.Also D.Thus B.born D.written B.sunny D.windy B.love D.adventure

  1.解析:度假时,每天散散步,应该是享受生活。 答案:D
  2.解析:下大雨, 只能在室内, 这样的日子对小男孩来说, 当然是沉闷。 答案:B
  3.解析:根据第四段第一句,这男孩画了一幅地图,故选 C。 答案:C
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  4.解析:句意:罗伯特注意到小男孩在岛中央画了一个大大的十字。 答案:B
  5.解析:本段第一句中 a beautiful map of an island 可知,是在岛的中央 画了个十字。 答案:D
  6.解析:句意:那是被埋藏的宝藏。 答案:B
  7.解析:句意: 罗伯特突然在男孩的图画中看到了冒险故事。see 看懂, 明白。 答案:A
  8.解析:根据上文可知是画的画,故选 C。 答案:C
  9.解析:句意: 他让像 Lloyd 这样一个 12 岁的男孩成了文中的主人公。 答案:B
  10.解析:with the help of 在……的帮助下。 答案:A
  11.解析:句意: 罗伯特一直想在某个故事里写进一个这样的人。 include 包括;praise 赞扬;produce 产生;accept 接受。 答案:C
  12.解析:Thus 这样,因此;Yet 然而;Also 也;But 然而,表转折。
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答案:D
  13.解析:句意:这个有着一条木腿的海盗诞生了。 答案:B
  14.解析:由第三段中 the heavy rain。可知此处用 rainy。 答案:A
  15.解析:由第四段 an adventure story。可知此处用 adventure。 答案:D
三、 阅读理解 专题训练(一 阅读中的猜词技巧(
  1) 专题训练 一) 阅读中的猜词技巧 定义释义法 方法点拨: 释义指对陌生词的解释(解释性描述),一般通过定 方法点拨: 义、定语从句、词组、同位语从句来体现。其表现形式为:用 that is, in other words,or,mean,be called,refer to 或连系动词 to be 等定义 或重述形式来解释生词。 如∶ [例题
  1]: Anthropology is the scientific study of man. [例题
  2] The herdsman ,who looks after sheep, earns about 650 : yuan a year. [解析
  1]: 从解释 the scientific study of man 可知 anthropology 的 意思是 “人类学”。 [解析
  2]: 定语从句中 looks after sheep 就表明了 herdsman 的词义 为“牧羊人”。
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◆活学活用 (一)利用上述方法,猜出下列各句划线词的意思。
  1. Sociology is the term used to describe the scientific study of human society.
  2.They need to make their income meet the cost of living, so many people plan a family budget .A budget is a list of monthly expenses.
  3.Jane is indecisive ,that is, she can,t make up her mind.
  4.The modern age of medicine began with the stethoscope ,an
fc1 ment for listening to patients, heartbeat and breathing.
  5.Krabacber suffers from SAD ,which is short for seasonal affective disorder, a syndrome characterized by severe seasonal mood swings.
  6.They are vertebrates, that is, animals that have back bones. 解析: 解析:
  1.假定 sociology 是一个不认识的词,系动词 be 后面就给出了明确的 定义。这样,我们便知道该词意思为“社会学”。
  2.is 后面是对第一句中划线单词的解释,给出了明确的定义,从定义 上推测出单词 budget 的意思为“预算”。
  3.由 that is 可知,后面是对 indecisive 的定义解释,由此可猜测出单 词 indecisive 的意思为“优柔寡断的,没有决定能力的”。
  4.此句中逗号(,)后的同位语 an instrument for listening to patients heartbeat and breathing 已经给出了划线单词的确切意思,stethoscope 为 “听诊器”。
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  5.从 seasonal affective disorder, a syndrome characterized by severe seasonal mood swings 推出 SAD 的意思是 “季节性情绪紊乱症”。
  6.从解释 animals that have back bones 可知 vertebrates 的意思是 “脊 椎动物”。 答案: 答案:
  1.社会学
  4.听诊器
  2.预算
  3.优柔寡断的,没有决策能力的
  6.脊椎动物

  5.季节性情绪紊乱症
(二)阅读下列短文,按要求完成读写任务。 (2009 年全国高考Ⅰ卷) We have met the enemy, and he is ours. We bought him at a pet shop. When monkey-pox, a disease usually found in the African rain forest, suddenly turns up in children in the American Midwest, it,s hard not to wonder if the disease that comes from foreign animals is homing or on human beings.“Most of the infections we think of as human infections started in other animals,” says Morse, director of the Center for Public Health Preparedness at Columbia University. It,s not just that we,re going to where the animals are, we,re also bringing them closer to us. Popular foreign pets have brought a whole new disease to this country. A strange illness killed Isaksen,s pets, and she now thinks that keeping foreign pets is a bad idea.“I don,t think it,s fair to have them as pets when we have such a limited knowledge of them,” says Isaken.“Laws allowing these animals to be brought in from deep forest areas without stricter control need changing,”says Peter
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Schantz. Monkey-pox may be the wake-up call .Researchers believe infected animals may infect their owners. We know very little about these new diseases. A new bug may be kind at first. But it may
develop into something harmful. Monkey-pox doesn , t look a major infectious disease. But it is not impossible to pass the disease from person to person. Ⅰ、根据短文,写一篇 30 词左右的摘要。
答案: 答案: The text tells us that keeping pets from foreign forest without necessary knowledge of the animals may be dangerous because they may bring some unknown infectious disease to harm our health. (31 words) Ⅱ、根据所读短文,选择正确答案。
  1.What dose the word“monkey-pox”mean? A. a container to keep monkeys. B. a medicine for a monkey disease
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C. an infectious disease D. a popular foreign pet
  2.What does the phrase “the
 

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