2011 届高考英语总复习名师全程导学案: 届高考英语总复习名师全程导学案: Unit1 名师点津 新 ( 人教版必修四) 人教版必修四)
Ⅰ. 单项填空
  1. Someone who lacks staying power and perseverance is unlikely to a good researcher. A. make B. turn C. get D. grow 解析:选 A。make 表示“(使)成为”,为及物动词;turn 表示“变成,变为”, 为不及物动词;get 表示“变成,做成”,为不及物动词;grow 表示“生长,成长”。 根据句意及句式结构,空格处应使用及物动词表示“(使)成为”之意。故 A 项符合 语境。
  2. Although the teacher didn’t mention any names,everybody knew who he was . A. speaking to B. turning to C. referring to D. talking to 解析:选 C。句意:尽管老师没有提到任何名字,但每个人都知道他指的是 谁。refer to 在此表示“提到,谈及”。
  3. Tom, yourself. Have you already forgotten the rules I told you? A. behave B. respect C. consider D. entertain 解析:选 A。句意:Tom 规矩点,你忘了我告诉你的那些规矩了吗?behave oneself 意为“规矩点”。
  4. Everything into consideration,they ought to have another chance. A. to take B. taken C. to be taken D. taking 解 析 : 选 B 。 本 题 考 查 非 谓 语 动 词 的 用 法 。 根 据 短 语 take sth. into consideration“考虑到某事”的结构分析,此处把该短语的宾语 everything 提前,所 以应该使用过去分词表示被动。
  5. He failed the midterm examination and only then how much time he had wasted. A. he realized B. did he realize C. he had realized D. had he realized 解析:选 B。本题考查动词的时态和倒装句的用法。根据语法要求 only 引导 状语位于句首时,需要使用倒装句结构。而该状语 only then 表明了动作发生在过 去。
  6. We had wanted to finish our task by noon,but it didn’t quite . A. find out B. give out C. hand out D. work out 解析:选 D。本题考查短语动词辨析。句意:我们原本想中午前完成任务, 但是结果并不如愿。find out 发现;give out 分发,用尽;hand out 分发;work out 结果。根据句意,work out 为正确选项。
  7. Lucy has all of the goals she set for herself in high school and is ready for new challenges at university. A. acquired B. finished
C. concluded D. achieved 解析:选 D。本题考查固定搭配,achieve one’s goals 意为“实现目标”。
  8. On his way to the airport,it him all of a sudden that he had forgotten his passport. A. hit B. knocked C. occurred D. beat 解析:选 A。考查固定句型。It hits/hit sb. that. . . 意为“某人突然想到……”。
  9. ?It was of Jack to turn off the radio when I was sleeping in the bedroom. ?So he was. A. reasonable B. sensible C. considerate D. generous 解析:选 C。考查形容词辨析。considerate 考虑周到的,为(他人)着想的,体 贴的。 reasonable 合情理的, 讲道理的, 公道的; sensible 明智的, 有感觉的; generous 慷慨的,大方的。
  10. The new equipment the disabled during the 2008 Beijing Paralympics. A. was intended for B. was intended to C. intended for D. intended to 解析:选 A。be intended for sb. 为固定短语,表示专供某人使用。句意:这 些新设备是 2008 年北京残奥会期间专供残疾人使用的。 Ⅱ. 阅读理解 A (2009 年重庆第一次诊断)New York-Wednesday,October fifteenth,is the first Global Hand Washing Day. Activities are planned in more than twenty countries to get millions of people in the developing world to wash their hands with soap. Experts say people around the world wash their hands but very few use soap at so?called critical moments. These include after using the toilet,after cleaning a baby and before touching food. Global Hand Washing Day is the idea of the Public?Private Partnership for Hand Washing with Soap. The goal,they say,is to create a culture of hand washing with soap. The organizers say all soaps are equally effective at removing disease?causing germs(病菌). They say the correct way to wash hands is to wet your hands with a small amount of water and cover them with soap. Rub it into all areas,including under the fingernails. Then, rinse well under running water. Finally, your hands with a clean dry cloth. The Partnership says soap is important because it increases the time that people spend washing. Soap also helps to break up the dirt that holds most of the germs. And it usually leaves a pleasant smell,which increases the likelihood that people will wash again. It also says washing with soap before eating and after using the toilet could save more lives than any medicine. It could help reduce cases of diarrhea (痢疾),which is the second leading cause of child deaths,killing more than one and a half million children a year,by almost half.
  1. The most suitable title for the text would be . A. Hand Washing Brings Good Health B. Hand Washing Gets a Day of Its Own C. It Is Soap That Matters
D. Partnership for Hand Washing Takes Action 解析:选 B。主旨大意题。本文是新闻报道,通常第一段就是文章的中心段, 根据本段前半部分内容可判断此项最能概括文章大意。
  2. The Partnership creates Global Hand Washing Day to . A. call on people to wash hands B. help the developing countries C. promote the importance of soap in hand washing D. make a culture of hand washing in the third world 解析:选 C。细节理解题。根据第三段第二句可知其目的是宣传肥皂在洗手 中的重要作用。
  3. The following facts can explain why soap is important EXCEPT that . A. soap gives people a longer hand washing time B. soap helps to get rid of more germs off hands C. soap attracts people to do more hand washing D. soap gets people into the habit of washing hands 解析:选 D。细节理解题。由第四段内容可知 A、B、C 三项正确;文章中 没有提到肥皂能够让人养成洗手的习惯。
  4. According to the last paragraph,diarrhea is a disease that . A. kills half of the kids in developing countries B. causes the greatest number of child deaths C. can be prevented by washing hands with soap D. makes soap stand out in hand washing 解析:选 C。推理判断题。文章最后一段指出用肥皂洗手几乎可以使痢疾的 发病率降低一半,由此可推测,痢疾是一种可以通过用肥皂洗手的方式预防的疾 病。 B One of the main decisions you must make when traveling is deciding where to stay. A good place to stay can often make a holiday. Whether you are looking for a classy hotel or a night under the stars, can guide you through your different options. we Bed and Breakfast An English invention,bed and breakfasts offer exactly what they suggest,a bed for the night and breakfast in the morning. People who hate the anonymity of hotels but want more luxury than a hostel often choose to stay at bed and breakfasts. “B&B’s”,usually someone’s private home,are often found in the countryside. Hostels For those traveling on a tight budget,hostels are the best accommodation option. Informal places usually with a friendly youthful vibe,they offer dormitory beds for rent. Bathrooms are usually down the hall. Remember to check reviews by previous guests online before you book your hostel. Couch Surfing An unusual but interesting option,couch surfing is a growing trend among young internationals. The idea is that you become a member of the online couch-surfing community (www. couchsurfing. com) and then when you travel,look up other members in that country and ask to stay on their couch(沙发). Most hosts will suggest sightseeing trips and take you out in the evening,making it a great way to see things that aren’t in your guidebook. And remember, may be free but don’t forget to offer to it
buy your host a drink or dinner. Camping Sleeping under the stars! For budget travelers staying at camping grounds is the cheapest way to travel. The drawback is that you have to carry a tent with you. Camping grounds can be found across Europe, America and Australia. However, you if intend on camping in busy cities,check first where the nearest campsite is. More often than not,they are on the outskirts,which can mean lengthy bus rides into town when you want to eat or see the sights. 【解题导语】 出门旅行,住宿是一大问题。本文为手头紧张的出门旅游者 介绍了四种住宿方式:住宿兼次日早餐的旅馆,青年宿舍,睡沙发旅行和露宿, 并介绍了各自的优点和不足之处。
  5. Hostels are popular among budget travelers because they provide . A. a friendly atmosphere B. dormitory beds for sale C. reviews by previous guests D. beds and bathrooms as well 解析:选 A。考查细节理解。Hostels 一节说,这些非正式的场所给你一种友 好的充满青春活力的氛围(friendly youthful vibe)。
  6. The advantage of couch surfing is that . A. you don’t have to pay any money B. you can have a couch to sleep on C. you can explore the nightlife there D. the host will charge you for sightseeing 解析:选 C。考查推理判断。Couch Surfing 下谈到旅游时寻找这样的家庭, 主人给你提供自家的沙发代替旅馆,在夜晚,主人会带你出去转悠,你能看见在 旅游指南上找不到的东西。
  7. The disadvantage of camping is that you have to . A. sleep in the open air B. take some extra articles C. camp near big cities for safety D. take a long distance bus to the campsites 解析:选 B。考查推理判断。最后一节谈到露宿,说它能让你在星空下睡觉, 不方便的地方是你出门时得带着帐篷,因此选 B,要额外携带一些物品。
  8. You want a better but not too expensive place to stay,you may choose . A. Bed and Breakfast B. Hostels C. Couch Surfing D. Camping 解析:选 A。考查推理判断。本文介绍了四种经济的出行方式:住宿兼次日 早餐的旅馆,青年宿舍,睡沙发旅行和露宿。从各部分的介绍看,A 项相对来说 条件更好,它比青年宿舍更舒服一些,又不像旅馆那么贵。 Ⅲ. 任务型读写 (安徽省合肥八中 2010 届高三第二次月考) Some common tips can help you in preventing air journey problems. These tips are very common but you can travel happily if you follow them. Go to a journey with a minimum sized bag. You can bring your own food for journey to make sure that you get what you want to eat. Bring at least a magazine or a book to avoid boredom. You can eat at the airport before you take off so as to make sure that you do not
feel hungry during the journey. The basic idea is that you should not feel hungry or get bored during the journey as it might spoil your mood. When boarding the plane,do notice the place of exit. Also,count the number of rows you have to pass from the exit. Doing this can help you to have a better idea of escaping from the plane in case of any emergency. Read the manual or instructions provided by the staff. A plane for a safer journey will make you feel cool and relaxed at the time of traveling. If you buy tickets online, airline, ask them to assign you a seat right away. call and If you come at the last moment,just before your plane takes off,you might not get a desired seat. Sometimes, planes are overbooked, if you are not assigned a seat, and You might be forced to fly by another flight. Make sure you keep everything you need before you take off. Avoid checking your bag again and again. Keep your money safe. The best way to avoid problem is to make a note of everything you have in your bag. In this way,you can never forget anything important. Helpful
  1. for a Happy Air Journey The purpose of giving the tips
To help you to prevent air journey
  2.
.
Before your journey
Pack up a bag in a minimum
  3. . Bring your own food to make sure that you get what you want to eat. Take a magazine or a book in case of
  4. bored. Pay much attention to the place of exit and count the
  6. of the rows you have to pass from the exit. Read the manual or instructions and make a plan for a
  7. journey.
When you
  5. the plane
The way to buy tickets online The best
  9. to avoid problems
After getting tickets online,you’d better ask airline to assign you a seat on the
  8. .
  10. everything you want to take for your journey.
答案:
  1. Tips/Instructions
  2. problems
  3. size
  4. feeling/getting
  5. board
  6. number
  7. safe
  8. phone
  9. way/method
  10. List
 

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