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2011 届高考英语总复习名师全程导学案: 届高考英语总复习名师全程导学案: Unit2 名师点津 新 ( 人教版必修三) 人教版必修三)
Ⅰ. 单项填空
  1. ?Does coffee really work when you have to work late into night? ?Yes. As far as I’m concerned,I feel very after a coffee. A. energetic B. normal C. adequate D. sensitive 解析:选 A。考查形容词辨析。energetic 精力充沛的。句意:“当你不得不工作到深夜 时, 咖啡真的管用吗?”“是的。 就我个人而言, 喝完一杯咖啡后, 我会感到精力充沛。 ”normal 正常的;adequate 足够的;充分的;sensitive 敏感的;灵敏的。
  2. If he quietly as the doctor instructed,he would not suffer so much now. A. lies B. lay C. had lain D. should lie 解析:选 C。考查错综时间虚拟语气。根据语境可知 if 虚拟条件句是对过去的虚拟,故 条件句应用过去完成时;主句是对现在的虚拟。句意:如果他按照医生的要求静静地躺着, 现在就不会那么受罪。
  3. ?You are very fond of eating barbecued mutton kebabs. ?Yes. Personally,nothing can be . Would you like one? A. good B. well C. better D. best 解析:选 C。考查比较级。nothing can be better 再也没有比这更好的了。否定词与比较 级连用时,表示最高级含义。
  4. As we all know,no one is perfect,and everyone has his own . A. mistake B. weakness C. limit D. belief 解析: B。 选 句意: 我们都知道人无完人, 每个人都有自己的不足。 mistake 错误; weakness 弱点;短处;limit 有限;belief 信仰。根据句意选 B。
  5. Mr. Smith his living by teaching ten years ago and he greatly from his work. A. earned;earned B. earned;gained C. gained;gained D. gained;earned 解析:选 B。earn one’s living 谋生;gain 在这里是不及物动词,赢得;获得。句意: 十年前史密斯先生通过教书谋生,他从工作中收获颇多。
  6. The student from the training so much that he was the first prize in the event. A. benefited;benefited B. awarded;awarded C. awarded;benefited D. benefited;awarded 解析:选 D。benefit from 从……中获益;be awarded the first prize 被授予一等奖。
  7. ?Hello!May I speak to Jack,please? ?Yes,speaking. ?Oh,I your voice at first. A. don’t recognise B. didn’t recognise C. hadn’t recognised D. haven’t recognised 解析:选 B。听不出对方的声音应是刚才发生的事,现在当然已听出是谁的声音了,所 以 A、D 两项是错误的;另外,C 项是过去完成时,因为没有一个表示“过去”的时间参照, 所以不具备用过去完成时的条件,应排除。
  8. There is no possibility he will keep his word. He is always telling lies. A. how B. whether
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C. when D. that 解析:选 D。that 引导 possibility 的同位语从句,且 that 一般不省略。
  9. If you just spend time advantages and disadvantages,you may get nothing in the end. A. matching B. balancing C. observing D. examining 解析:选 B。balance advantages and disadvantages 意为“权衡利弊”。
  10. ?Why don’t we hold a party to celebrate the achievements gained by our Olympic players? ? A. Because we haven’t got enough preparations. B. Good idea! C. It’s all because of the terrible weather. D. Not all would like to attend it. 解析:选 B。Why don’t you/we do sth. ?表示给某人提建议,所以选项 B 表示同意别人 的提议符合句意。 Ⅱ. 完形填空 (2009 年南通一模)I live in New Mexico,and there are some homeless people in the downtown, especially the university area. I__1__give a lot of money to the homeless, __2__sorry for their hardship. __3__as time passed,I__4__the same situations as the homeless people. I became a__5__mom with no home, a huge debt,and __6__any income. As a result,I became very__7__and stopped giving to the people on the side of the road. Through my working hard,things started to__8__for me. I became responsible enough to__9__a home with a backyard for my daughter, plenty of__10__, I started to pull myself and and I out of__11__. One day we saw a homeless person in the street, just passed by. Then my daughter said,“Mommy,you used to give money to those people__12__. But now. . . ”I replied,“Honey, they just use that money for bad things. ”She didn’t__13__. But when I said that,I didn’t feel right. Three days later, I was driving to pick up my daughter from school. A man was standing on the__14__and suddenly something deep__15__me said,“Just help the guy. ”So I rolled down my__16__,and he ran over with enthusiasm. He said,“God bless you, I only need 77 cents. ”I gave him the money he needed. I felt strange and __17__as I gave it to him. He burst out with__18__and tears in his eyes, “Wow,you just made it possible for me to see my mom for Christmas!Thank you so much!I haven’t__19__my mother for three years. The bus is leaving in 20 minutes! I have to go now. ” It was the moment that I’ll never forget. I think that man won’t forget it either, but I was the one who got the best gift in life?__20__. It also strikes me although it is only 77 cents.
  1. A. would like to B. used to C. preferred to D. wanted to 解析:选 B。第二段中“Mommy,you used to give money to those people. . . ”一句暗 示“我”以前总是帮助穷人。
  2. A. being B. getting C. feeling D. becoming 解析:选 C。feeling sorry for their hardship 为现在分词短语作状语,表示原因。“由 于我同情那些无家可归的人,我总是帮助他们。”
  3. A. But B. So C. And D. Yet 解析:选 A。由下文可知,随着时间的推移,“我”的处境也和他们一样窘迫,因此前 后句之间为转折关系,空白处应填 But。
  4. A. ran into B. ran down C. ran over D. ran to 解析:选 A。run into“沦落到,进入”;run down“撞倒,撞沉,走下坡路,垮掉”;run over“撞倒,撞翻并轧过”;run to“驱车(送某人)去,跑向”。后面的宾语是 the same situations, 因此应填 run into。
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  5. A. rich B. single C. wild D. happy 解析:选 B。作者变成了一位 single mother“单身母亲”,与下文她没有住房、负债累 累、几乎没有收入的境况相呼应。
  6. A. little B. no C. almost D. hardly 解析:选 D。hardly“几乎没有,几乎不”,表示否定,符合语境。
  7. A. unkind B. rude C. kind D. mean 解析:选 D。mean“吝啬的,自私的”,下句说“我”不再给那些在路边等待的穷人以 帮助,说明“我”变成一个吝啬的人了。
  8. A. develop B. increase C. succeed D. change 解析:选 D。下句的“a home with a backyard for my daughter,and plenty of. . . ”说明 我的处境有所好转,事情有了变化(change)。
  9. A. give B. offer C. have D. supply 解析:选 C。have“有,拥有”。“我”拥有一个带后院的房子。
  10. A. money B. furniture C. food D. water 解析:选 C。既然“我”有了家,也应该是有了充足的食物(food)。
  11. A. order B. debt C. pay D. fee 解析:选 B。上段谈到 a huge debt,而现在“我”还清了债务(debt)。
  12. A. in need B. in difficulties C. out of work D. out of order 解析:选 A。in need“在危难中,贫穷”。前文的“the homeless people”暗示此处选 A。 people in need“需要帮助的人,穷人”。
  13. A. listen B. speak C. talk D. respond 解析:选 D。respond“回答,响应”,与 reply 同义。女儿没有回答,说明她不同意 妈妈的说法。
  14. A. street B. corner C. side D. road 解析: B。 the corner“在角落, 选 on 在转角处”。 下文的“he ran over with enthusiasm”(他 赶紧跑过来)说明他当时不在马路上(street)或路边(side)。上文“One day we saw a homeless person in the street” 部分暗示应排除 road。
  15. A. under B. to C. inside D. towards 解析:选 C。inside“内心的,内部的,里面的”。此处指“我”内心涌出一种帮助他 人的欲望。
  16. A. window B. door C. seat D. hand 解析:选 A。前文的“I was driving to pick up my daughter from school”可判断作者此 时是在车上,因此她此时是摇下车窗(window)。
  17. A. excited B. wondered C. surprised D. asked 解析:选 C。在我给他钱的时候,我感觉非常奇怪。介词 and 表示并列,因此该 词应与 strange 近义,故选 C。
  18. A. laughter B. cry C. happiness D. joy 解析:选 D。从下文得知,他三年没有回家看妈妈了,因此现在有了路费可以回家 了,他非常高兴(joy),激动得热泪盈眶。
  19. A. watched B. visited
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C. missed D. called 解析:选 B。宾语是 my mother,应填 visit,表示“看望,探望”。
  20. A. giving B. offering C. money D. having 解析:选 A。giving“给予”,本文讲述的是“我”帮助别人的故事。
Ⅲ. 阅读理解 A (2009 年武汉 4 月)Weighing too much can damage your health,and obesity is a growing problem for both kids and adults around the world. Sleep might be one answer to the problem. A new study has found that elementary school students who slept too little were more likely to gain pounds. In the United States today, some 9 million children over the age of 6 are obese(too fat). Past studies have shown a link between sleeping less and weighing more,but scientists have had a tough time determining“Which came first, chicken or the egg?” says Julie C. Lumeng the of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. In other words,it hasn’t been clear whether kids who weigh too much have trouble sleeping, or whether sleeping less leads to weight gain. Both scenarios(情况)seemed equally possible. To get a better idea of which causes which, Lumeng and his colleagues interviewed the parents of 785 third graders from around the United States. The parents answered questions about how well their kids slept that year. Three years later, the parents answered the same questions. By sixth grade,18 percent of kids involved in the study were obese. The scientists found no relationship between weight and the students’ race or gender. It also didn’t matter how strict their parents were. Obesity struck all of these groups equally. Instead,sleep seemed to be the key factor. Over the 3 years of the study, the children averaged a healthy
  9. 5 hours of sleep a night. Some kids, however,slept a lot more?or less?than others. For the sixth graders, every hour of sleep above the
  9. 5?hour average was linked to a 20 percent lower risk of being obese. Sleep appeared doubly important for the third graders. Every extra hour of sleep they got was linked to a 40 percent drop in obesity by third grade. “I expected we’d find that this(sleep link with obesity) was just a_bunch_of_bunk,”says Lumeng, pediatrician. But their findings were convincing. No matter how her team looked at a the link,“we couldn’t make it go away. ”
  1. According to the research, . A. 9 million people in America have a weight problem B. not enough sleep contributes to a gain in weight C. sixth graders need more sleep than third graders D. lack of sleep has become the most deadly killer 解析:选 B。考查细节理解。本文阐述了睡眠与青少年肥胖之间的关系。第二段说,一 项新研究发现,睡眠太少的小学生更容易发胖,美国有 900 万 6 岁以上的孩子患肥胖症。从 文章的叙述判断选 B。
  2. The statement “Which came first,the chicken or the egg?” suggests that . A. scientists are sure about the causes of children’s obesity B. it’s easy to decide the cause and effect of this problem C. scientists are still confused about the cause and effect of the problem D. you’ll develop obesity if you eat chicken and eggs 解析:选 C。考查推理判断。第三段画线句子后面又说“换句话说,究竟是发胖的孩子 有睡眠问题,还是睡眠减少导致了体重的增加,这还不清楚。”也就是说,发胖与睡眠减少 这两者哪个是原因,哪个是结果,科学家们也还不知道。
  3. Recent studies show that a child’s weight is influenced by the . A. amount of sleep B. parents’ attitude to him C. race or gender D. performance in school 解析:选 A。考查推理判断。第三段说,以往的研究表明睡眠不足与发胖有联系,但科
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学家不知道哪个是原因,哪个是结果;第五段开头提到研究的结论:睡眠似乎是主要因素。 也就是说该研究表明,孩子的体重受睡眠时间长短的影响。
  4. The underlined part in the last paragraph most probably means something . A. acceptable B. understandable C. reliable D. unreasonable 解析:选 D。
 

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