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2011 届高考英语总复习名师全程导学案: 届高考英语总复习名师全程导学案: Unit4 名师点津 新 ( 人教版必修一) 人教版必修一)
Ⅰ. 单项填空
  1. ,the headmaster rose to indicate that the conversation was . A. At an end;in an end B. In the end;at an end C. In an end;at the end D. At an end;in the end 解析:选 B。in the end 意为“最后;终于”,at an end 意为“结束;终结”,常用作表语。
  2. After the explosion,the roads are full of people leaving the city. A. afraid B. frightened C. frightening D. scary 解析:选 B。frightened“感到害怕的”,常用来修饰人。afraid“害怕的”,多用做表语; frightening“令人害怕的”,常用于修饰事物;scary“吓人的;可怕的”。
  3. ?I hear they will get married next week. ? A. Good luck! B. Congratulations! C. Oh,really? D. Yes,sir? 解析:选 C。根据语境可知,回应者对此事感到惊讶,故选 C 项。
  4. After in the research for so many years,the scientist succeeded in finding the result at last. A. buried B. being buried C. having buried D. having been buried 解析:选 D。介词 after 之后用动名词形式,排除 A 项;be buried in 是固定短语,且有 时间状语 for so many years,故用动名词的完成被动式。
  5. I am sorry that I can not meet you at the airport. I Changsha by the time you come back from abroad. A. am leaving B. will leave C. will have left D. have left 解析:选 C。由题干前半句可知从国外回来是将来发生的动作,且表示该动作在对方从 国外回来时已完成,故用将来完成时表示。
  6. Nowadays,people usually think if you enter a key university,you are your parents’ . A. pride B. luck C. value D. cheer 解析:选 A。考查词义辨析。由句意可知,如果你考入一所重点大学,你就是父母的骄 傲。pride 骄傲;luck 运气;value 价值;cheer 欢呼。
  7. from what he did,he isn’t a person to depend on. A. Judge B. Judging C. Judged D. Judges 解析:选 B。judging from. . . “根据……来判断”,属独立结构作状语。
  8. You must learn how to communicate with others. Learning to yourself well is an important part of education. A. express B. find C. introduce D. recognize 解析:选 A。express 表示,表现,表达。句意:学会把意思表达清楚是受教育的一个重 要方面。
  9. Look! Every player in our team is doing their best. It seems our team is going to win. A. even if B. if only C. as if D. only if
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解析:选 C。as if 似乎,表示“看来我们队要获胜了”。even if 即使;if only 要是……多 好;only if 只有当……,只是在……的时候。
  10. ?Have you heard of the North Korea’s nuclear test? ?Yes, news came as shock to me. A. the;a B. the;the C. a;a D. a;the 解析:选 A。news 是前边提到的事情,用定冠词 the;shock 表示“令人震惊的人或事”时 是可数名词,用不定冠词 a 表泛指。 Ⅱ. 完形填空 (2010 年启东中学期中检测)Mr. Glen is a millionaire. Five years ago, after returning from abroad to his motherland, he1up his small company. Speaking of success, Glen often tells us a story about his2expensive “school” fee. He always owes his success to it. At that time, Glen, who already got a Ph. degree, decided to return to the homeland, starting a company. Before
  3, he bought a Rolex watch with the4made through years of work after school and the scholarships. At the airport he had to accept the routine customs check. The watch on his wrist was also demanded to be5down for inspection. Glen knew that carrying the 6goods out had to pay the tax. And he worried about paying 7for his watch. So when he was checked, he told a lie that his watch was a worthless
  8. When he was9of his“smarts” , immediately,10the presence of Glen, the officers hit the watch, which11nearly ¥100,000, into pieces at hearing Glen’s words. Glen was amazed. 12he understood why, he was taken to the office to be 13 strictly. For many times of entry-exit 14 he knew that only those people in the“blacklist” would “enjoy” this special treatment. The officers looked out everything carefully in the box,and warned him 15time of entry and exit he must accept the check and if 16reusing and carrying fake and shoddy(劣质的) goods, he would be charged according to the law! Suddenly, his face turned red, and he had nothing in mind after 17the plane for long. After returning to the homeland, he often told the story to his family, and his employees, too. He said that this made a deep 18on him, because the additional high “school” fee that he had ever paid made him realize the value of
  19,which he would20as the secret of his success forever. 【解题导语】 俗话说“贪小便宜吃大亏”,在生活中诚信显得很重要。本文通过描述 Mr. Glen 的一段亲身经历说明了这一道理。
  1. A. set B. came C. went D. called 解析:选 A。考查固定搭配。set up 设立,成立;come up 走近,出现;go up 上升,增 长;call up 召唤,使想起。由语境可知选 A,他成立了他的小公司。
  2. A. good B. bad C. extra D. few 解析:选 C。根据全文可知,Mr. Glen 把这次教训当做交了一次“额外的”学费。extra 额 外的,不包括在价目内的。文章最后一段中 because an additional high “school” fee 也有暗示。
  3. A. staying B. leaving C. living D. coming 解析:选 B。根据前文 decided to return to the homeland 可知,此处表示“离开”。
  4. A. books B. things C. savings D. pounds 解析:选 C。空后的 made through years of work after school and the scholarships 可知,表 是他用他的积蓄(课外工作所得和奖学金)买的。saving 存款,积蓄。
  5. A. put B. looked C. taken D. lied 解析:选 C。考查固定搭配。take down 拿下,摘下;put down 放下,拒绝;lie down 躺 下;look down 俯视,跌价。此处的意思是:手表也要摘下来进行检查。故选 C。
  6. A. ordinary B. common C. specific D. many 解析:选 C。根据后文中 nearly ¥100,000 可排除 A 和 B,从 had to pay the tax 可知,携
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带特定的物品出境需要缴税。
  7. A. one B. it C. them D. these 解析:选 B。it 代指前面的 the tax。
  8. A. present B. trade C. toy D. fake 解析:选 D。根据后文中 carrying fake and shoddy(劣质的)goods 可知。
  9. A. afraid B. proud C. well D. hard 解析:选 B。be proud of 以……自豪。他以为自己的小聪明会得逞,正洋洋自得。
  10. A. in B. on C. before D. after 解析:选 A。in the presence of Glen“当着 Glen 的面”。
  11. A. paid B. spent C. took D. cost 解析:选 D。定语从句的引导词 which 指代 the watch,cost 的主语为物,spend 的主语为 人。
  12. A. Before B. After C. If D. Though 解析:选 A。根据 Glen was amazed 可知答案。他还没有明白过来是怎么回事,就被带 到了办公室。
  13. A. appreciated B. beaten C. spoken D. examined 解析:选 D。根据后文“他知道只有‘黑名单’上的人才‘享受’这种特殊待遇,工作人员仔 细检查了他的箱子”可以判断,应选 D 项。
  14. A. conditions B. experiences C. experiments D. chances 解析:选 B。此处指根据多次出入境的经历,他知道……。
  15. A. no matter what B. no matter how C. no matter when D. no matter why 解析:选 A。工作人员警告他无论什么时候出入境,他都必须接受检查。
  16. A. came out B. found out C. sent out D. set out 解析: B。 选 这是一个省略的虚拟语气句。 If(he was)found out reusing and carrying fake and shoddy(劣质的)goods,he would be charged according to the law!find out“查明(真相)”。
  17. A. landing B. flying C. catching D. boarding 解析:选 D。board the plane 登机。
  18. A. expression B. idea C. thought D. impression 解析:选 D。固定短语 make a deep impression on 表示“给……留下深刻的印象”。
  19. A. honesty B. lies C. goods D. things 解析:选 A。根据前文故事可知,他的经历让他懂得了诚实的重要性。
  20. A. remember B. learn C. revise D. read 解析:选 A。他将永远牢记诚信??他成功的秘密。 Ⅲ. 阅读理解 A “Can I see my baby?” asked the happy new mother. The bundle (婴儿包) was placed in her arms and when she moved the fold of cloth to look upon his tiny face,she gasped ? the baby had been born without ears. Time,however,proved that the baby’s hearing was perfect except his appearance. One day when he rushed home from school and threw himself into his mother’s arms, cried he
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out bitterly,“A boy,a big boy called me ? a f-. . . freak. ” She sighed,knowing that his life was to be endless of heartbreaks. He grew up,handsome for his misfortune. A favorite with his fellow students,he might have been class president,but for that. He developed a gift for literature and music. The boy’s father had a talk with the family doctor. Could nothing be done? “I believe we could graft(移植) on a pair of outer ears,if they could be donated (捐献),” the doctor decided. So the search began for a person who would make such a sacrifice for a young man. Two years went by. “You’re going to the hospital,son. Mother and I have someone who will donate the ears you need. But it’s a secret,” said the father. The operation was a brilliant success. His talents blossomed into genius. School and college became a series of successes. Later he married and entered the diplomatic(外交) service. “But I must know !” he urged his father. “Who gave so much for me? I could never do enough for him. ” “I do not believe you could,” said the father,“but the agreement was that you are not to know. . . , yet. ” The years kept the secret, the day did come. . . one of the darkest days that not but ever pass through a son. He stood with his father over his mother’s casket(棺材). Slowly and tenderly,the father stretched forth a hand and raised the thick,reddish-brown hair to let out the secret. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了一位母亲对儿子无私、感人的爱。
  1. The story is mainly about . A. how a boy had new ears through an operation B. what a devoted parent privately did for the child C. how a disabled boy turned into a useful person D. why a donator made a sacrifice to a bright boy 解析:选 B。主旨大意题。从文中最后一段出人意料的结局可知,故事主要讲一位母亲 如何为了孩子而默默奉献了自己。
  2. From the first paragraph we know that the mother . A. was determined to donate her ears to perfect her son B. kept her husband unknown about the baby’s situation C. felt shocked and disappointed to see her new baby D. complained of her bad luck to have a disabled child 解析:选 C。推理判断题。句意:当婴儿包放到她臂弯里,她掀开裹着婴儿的布看到他 的小脸时,不禁倒吸了一口气。由此可知,母亲看到孩子的样子很震惊很失望(因为孩子生下 来就没有耳朵)。
  3. The underlined word “freak” in Paragraph 2 is the closest in meaning to“ ”. A. slow-acting person B. ugly-looking child C. badly-behaved student D. strangely-shaped creature 解析:选 D。词义猜测题。由第一段孩子生下来就没有耳朵,到后面他放学回家扑在母 亲怀里哭诉,可以推出有人骂他是怪胎(畸形人)。
  4. What can be inferred from the passage? A. The agreement was between the donator and the family. B. The boy was so popular that he was made class president. C. Finally the boy came to know who the donator was. D. The mother donated her ears to her son after she died. 解析:选 C。推理判断题。由最后一段母亲去世了,父亲和儿子站在母亲的棺材前,父 亲掀开母亲浓密的、 红褐色的头发, 告诉了儿子事实的真相??母亲把自己的耳朵捐了出来。
  5. What moral lesson can we draw from this reading? A. Real love lies in what is done unknown rather than what is done known. B. It is up to parents to help their children heart and soul. C. True beauty lies only in the heart not in appearance. D. It is a virtue for young generations to learn to be grateful. 解析:选 A。理解判断题。通过母亲为儿子捐献耳朵,我们可从中感觉到母爱的伟大, 有时真爱隐藏在深处而不是炫耀于外表。
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