Unit1 Good friends ?考纲要求: 考纲规定的考试范围: 重点单词与短语:honest; loyal; wise; smart; argue; fond; match; fry; saw; rope; movie; cast; survive; deserted; hunt; share; lie; adventure; error; hunt for; in order to; care about; drop sb. a line; argue about sth.; even though; as … as possible; 句型: I enjoy reading / I'm fond of singing / I like playing computer games. 等表示喜好的词语 Chuck is on a flight when suddenly his plane crashes. “when"作并列连词的用法 What / Who / When / Where is it that...? 强调句的特殊疑问句结构 With so many people communicating in English everyday,... “with+宾语+宾补”的结构做状语 I don't enjoy singing, nor do I like computers. / Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends. He also learns that he should have cared more about his friends. 语法: Direct and Indirect Speech(Ⅰ) (
  1)转述他人的叙述?一陈述句 (
  2)转述他人的疑惑?一般疑问句 (
  3)转述他人的问题?一特殊疑问句 复习本章要达到的目标 掌握 loyal; argue; fond; match; survive; deserted; hunt; share; lie; hunt for; in order to; care about; even though; as … as possible 等重点单词及短语的用法。 掌握表示“喜好”的句型;“某人也(也不)怎么样了”的句型;so...that... 和 such...that... 引导 的结果状讲从句;should have done sth. 的用法;when 引导的时间状语从句的用法;并列连 词 not only ... but also... 的用法 学会如何谈论爱好;如何谈论朋友;如何写电子邮件;学会使用直接引语和间接引语。 ?教材知识归纳 ◆知识归纳
  1. I think a friend should be loyal. loyal 的用法: 派生词: loyally adv. 忠诚地 loyalty n. 忠诚;忠诚的行为 相关归纳: be loyal to sb./sth. 对某人或某个政党忠实 be considerate to/towards sb. 体贴某人 be thoughtful of sb. 体贴某人 be devoted to 深爱某人或忠于某人 be good/kind/friendly to 对某人有好 be cruel to sb. 对某人残忍 Be hard on sb.= be strict with sb. 对某人严厉 He realized that what a fine loyal character Susan is. 他意识到苏珊是一个多么忠诚的人。 He has remained loyal to the team even if they lose almost every game.
if i could, i surely would.
他仍然忠实于那个球队,尽管他们几乎每场球都输。 This showed their love and their loyalty to the Party. 这表明了他们对共产党的热爱和忠实。 Tom is very considerate towards everyone.= Tom is very thoughtful of everyone. 汤姆非常体贴每一个人。 Tom is devoted to his wife and his sons. 汤姆深爱他的妻子和儿子。 The teacher is strict with us.= The teacher is hard on us. 老师对我们要求严厉。
  2. What are they arguing about? argue 的用法: 派生词: argument n.
  1. [C]争论
  2. [U]讨论.辩论
  3. [C]论据 相关归纳: (
  1) argue with / against sb. over / on / about sth. 与某人争论某事 Tom argued with his teacher on the problem. 汤姆和老师就这个问题进行了讨论。 (
  2) argue for / against sth. 辩论赞成/反对某事 He argued against the plan.他据理反对这个计划。 (
  3) argue sb into / out of doing sth. 说服某人做/不做某事 We argued her out of going on such a dangerous journey. 我们说服她不要去作这样危险的旅行。 (
  4)argue that 从句 争论说 They argued that I should take his advise. 他们争论说我那该接受他的建议。 (
  5) settle the argument 解决争端 After five hours’ argument, they managed to settle the argument. 经过 5 个小时的争论他们成功地解决了争端。 注意:“说服某人做/不做某事”还可表达为:talk / persuade / reason sb. into / out of doing sth.
  3. I don't enjoy singing, nor do I like computers. Rock music is OK, and so is skiing. 这两句中 nor 与 so 用于倒装结构。表示某人也(也不)怎么样了。常见句型有: (
  1) so + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语 (意为“主语也 ……” ) Tom went to the cinema yesterday, and so did Jack. (
  2) neither / nor + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语(意为“主语也不……” ) Tom didn’t finish the homework on time, neither did Susan. (
  3) so it is / was with sb / sth 和 so it is / was the same with sb / sth (意为“主语也……” ) (用在前 文有两个或以上的从句, 而且分句有不同的谓语或既有肯定又有否定以及既有系动词义有行 为动词的情况)。这时也可以用 as is the case with sb 这个句型。 Tom is clever and he studies hard, so it is the same with Jackson. 汤姆非常聪明并且学习努力,杰克森也是一样。 Mary was born in Australia and she lived in the United States. So it was with Jane. 玛丽在澳大利亚出生,在美国居住。简也是。 注意下面两个句型: (
  1) so + 主语 + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 (意为“主讲确实如此”),表示进一步肯定。
if i could, i surely would.
“Tom studies very hard .” “Oh, so he does.” “She can speak French. ” “So she can.” (
  2)主语 + did + so (意为“主语按照吩咐做了”)。 .Our teacher told Tom to clean the blackboard and he did so.
  4.I’m 15 and fond of singing. be fond of sth/doing sth. 喜欢做某事 I am fond of playing football. 英语中表示喜欢的短语有: (
  1)be into sth.= be very interested in 表示对……极其感兴趣 He is into everything concerning music 他对与音乐有关的一切极其感兴趣。 (
  2).like +n./ to do sth./doing sth. She likes playing the piano. 她喜欢弹钢琴。 注意:like (与 should, would 连用)希望,想,想要,即是] should/would like to do sth. He would like you to make that trip. 他希望你走一趟。 (
  3).love +n./ to do sth./doing sth. 语气比 like 更强烈。 (
  4) enjoy +n./ doing sth. I enjoyed reading these books very much. 我很喜欢读这些书。 注意:①enjoy oneself=have a good time 玩得高兴 Are you enjoying yourself? 你玩得高兴吗? ②享有(利益、权利、声誉等) We enjoy free medical care. 我们享受免费医疗。 I enjoy good health. 我身体很健康。 (
  5)care for 喜欢做某事 Does your sister care for dress? (
  6)go in for 喜欢做某事 Does your sister go in for swimming? (
  7)be keen on 热衷于某事 The young are keen on high pays, 年轻人热衷于高薪的工作。
  5.I can’t strike a match on wet days. match 的用法 知识梳理: match 作动词时,主要义项有: 和……相配(称) The color of the shirt does not match that of the tie. 衬衫的颜色与领带不相配。 (
  2) 敌得过,比得上
if i could, i surely would.
His latest film doesn't match his previous ones. 他最新的一部影片比不上他以前的一些影片。 No one can match her in knowledge of classical music. 没有任何一个人能在音乐知识比过她。 (
  3)把……和……搭配起来/调和起来 Please match each picture with the correct sentence. (
  4)作名词时,主要义项有:火柴;比赛;相配 Our side beat the other in the match. 我方在竞赛中击败了对方。 相关归纳: (
  1)be no match for 敌不过 I was no match for him at tennis.打网球我根本不是他的对手。 (
  2)match up to 与……相当;符合……标准 The trip failed to match up to her expectations.这次旅行令她很失望
  6. I am not into classic music. 归纳总结: (
  1)sb be into + sth 对某事感兴趣 He is into everything concerning football. (
  2)sb be around 某人(在某一个领域中)活跃 The director has been around since the 1960’s. (
  3)sth be over 某个活动结束 The meeting was over and all present headed home. (
  4)sth be up 主要指时间到了 Time was up and our teacher dismissed the class. (
  5)sb be/feel down 某人觉得身体不适或情绪低落 I feel down this morning and let me alone. (
  6)sth be in 某个东西流行 Short skirts are in again. (
  7)up to 多达;由某人决定;比得上;忙于某事 The students in our class are up to 100/ It is up to you to get the four of us moving. His latest novel is not up to his last one. What are you up to now? (
  8)sth be on 主要指电影等在演出 What is on this weekend? (
  9)sb be off 走;离开 I must be off now or I will miss the early bus. (
  10)sb be away 不在 He has been away for 3 years.
  7. Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends. 查克是个生意人,他总是那么忙,几乎没有时间和朋友在一起。 该句中 so...that... 和 such...that... 都能连接结果状讲从句,但要注意词序不同。 Joan is such a lonely girl that all of us like her. = She is so lovely a girl that we all like her. 常见句型:
if i could, i surely would.
(
  1) such + a / an + 形容词 + 单数可数名词 + that clause He is such a naughty boy that we all dislike him. 他是那么淘气的孩子以致我们都不喜欢他 (
  2) such + 形容词 + 复数可数名词 + that clause (
  3) such + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + that clause We have such good weather that we can go for a hiking. 天气这么好让我们去郊游吧。 (
  4) so + 形容词 + a / an + 单数可数名词 + that clause He is so naughty a boy that we all dislike him. 他是那么淘气的孩子以致我们都不喜欢他 (
  5) so + 形容词 / 副词 + that clause (
  6) so + many / few + 复数可数名词 + that clause I have so many books that I could lend you some. (
  7) so + much / little + 不可数名词 + that clause They finished the job in so little time that we even don’t him. 注意:(
  1) 当 little 不表示数量“少”而表示“小”的意思时,仍然 要用 such。 (
  2) 当 so + adj. / adv. 或 such + n. 位于句首时,主句需要倒装。 (
  3)so +adj./adv. 位于句首,以及 such+n. 位于句首时要采用部分倒装语序。 So interesting was the film that we all watched it a second time. 这部电影如此有趣以致我们又看了另一篇。
  8. He also learns that he should have cared more about his friends. should\ought to have done ; should\ought to + do;shouldn’t\oughtn’t to have don (
  1)“should\ought to have done”该结构意为“某人过去本应该干某事却没有干”,表示说话人的 责备或遗憾之情。” You should have gone to the cinema last night , for the film was very interesting. 昨天晚上你本应该去看电影的,因为这是非常有趣的一部电影. (
  2)“should\ought to + do”则表示将来要发生的动作。 You should work hard next year or you will fail to pass the exam. 来年你应该努力学习,否则你不能通过考试的。 (
  3) shouldn’t\oughtn’t to have don 该结构意为“某人过去本不应该干某事却做了” You shouldn’t have gone to the cinema last night , for the film was very boring. 昨天晚上你本不应该去看电影的,因为这是非常枯燥的一部电影.
  9.Chuck learns that we need friends to share happiness and sorrow, and that it is important to have someone to care about. share 的用法归纳: (
  1) share (in) sth. with sth. 和某人分享、分担、共用某物 My wife shared with me in distress. 妻子与我共患难。 (
  2) share sth (out) between / among... 将某物分配、分给…… The money was shared out between them. 笔钱由他们两人分。 (
  3) share joys / happiness and sorrows (with sb) (和某人) 同甘共苦 注意:用作名词时,主要义项为:一份;股份 I have done my share of the work. 已经做了我分内的工作。 If you want a share of the pay, you’ll have do your share of the work.
if i could, i surely would.
如果你想要一份报酬,就必须做一份工作 The company was formed with 1,000 shares. 这家公司组成时有 1000 股 Here is your share of the cake. 这是你的一份蛋糕
  10.Chuck has to learn how to collect water, hunt for food and make fire. hunt 的用法: vt. /vi. 追猎,猎取; 搜索;寻找 ; 追捕 固定搭配:hunt for November is a good time to hunt deer. 十一月正是猎鹿的好时节。 I'm hunting a job. 我在找工作。 Police are hunting an escaped convict. 警察正在追捕一个逃犯。 John set out that day to hunt for work. 约翰那天外出找工作。 注意:hunt 还可以用作名词。 The hunt for the lost child continued until she was found. 寻找失踪儿童的工作一直持续到将她找到为止。 “make + 名词” 短语 (
  1) make a noise 吵闹 (
  2) make faces=make a face 做鬼脸,做苦脸 (
  3) make room for 给……腾出地方 (
  4) make the bed 整理床铺 (
  5) make a fool(exhibition) of oneself 使出丑 (
  6) make friends with 交朋友 (
  7) make money 赚钱 (
  8) make full use of =make the most of= make the best of =take full advantage of 利用 (
  9) make a decision / discovery/ study (
  10) make a mistake 犯错误 (
  11)make yourself at home 别拘束 (
  12)make a/some/no difference to sb/sth (
  13)make an agreement (
  14)make both ends meet 使收支平衡
  11.Keep your e-mail as short as possible. as … as possible= as … as sb. can/could 尽可能地…… I’ll go to see you as often as possible.= I’ll go to see you as often as I can. 我将尽可能快的去看你。 I will be back as soon as possible. 我将尽可能快地返回。 He ran as fast as he could to catch the early bus.= He ran as fast as he could to catch the early bus. 为了赶上早班车他尽可能快地跑。
 

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