(被动语态) 被动语态)
主语是动作的承受者。
recorder, use, class every day A recorder is used in our English class every day.
football, play, world Football is played all over the world. use, for, photo Cameras are used for taking photos.
bank, rob yesterday The bank was robbed yesterday. satellite, send up, last year A man-made satellite was sent up into space last year.
send to, hospital, right now They must be sent to the hospital right now. a talk, give , soon A talk will be given soon.
hamburger, already, eat up
The hamburger has been eaten up already.
Football is played all over the world. A camera is used for taking photos. A bank was robbed yesterday. A man-made satellite was sent up into space last year. The tree must be planted on the ground.
The ground will be covered with trees in a few years’ time. They will be sent to the hospital right now. A talk will be given soon. The food has been eaten up already.
被动语态的构成: 被动语态的构成:be +vt.p.p. 一般现在时?? am/is /are + vt.p.p. 一般现在时 / 一般过去时?? was/were +vt.p.p. 一般过去时 / 现在进行时?? am/is /are +being+vt.p.p. 现在进行时 / 现在完成时?? have/has +been+ vt.p.p. 现在完成时 一般将来时?? will be/be going to be + 一般将来时 / vt.p.p. 情态动词?? (must/can/could/may…) 情态动词 / / / + be + vt.p.p.
何时用被动语态
a)不知道或没必要知道动作的执行者。 不知道或没必要知道动作的执行者。 不知道或没必要知道动作的执行者
The book was first published in the late 1990s.
b)不便说出动作的执行者。 不便说出动作的执行者。 不便说出动作的执行者
The plan was generally considered impractical.
c)突出动作的承受者。 突出动作的承受者。 突出动作的承受者
She is respected by all the workers of the factory.
d)汉语中的无主句,在英语中用被动语态 。 汉语中的无主句, 汉语中的无主句
Smoking is not allowed in public places.
不用被动语态的情况 不用被动语态的情况

  1. 不及物动词(vi.) 如:happen, take place,appear,
break, spread
eg: A traffic accident happened just now.

  2. 连系动词(Link.v.) 如:be, look, seem, feel,
sound, smell, taste, get, turn, become…
eg: Peking Opera sounds beautiful.

  3.当此动词表示事物的自然属性的时候 当此动词表示事物的自然属性的时候 当此动词表示事物的自然属性 如:write,sell, read,keep,prove,weigh, drink,wear,pay,wash,open
eg: This kind of sweater sells well.

  1、The Chinese food to be the healthiest in the world. 、 A. considers B. is considering C. is considered D. has considered
  2、John , for he went swimming yesterday without 、 permission. A.would punished B. had punished C. punished D. was punished
  3、 Have you moved into the new house ? 、 Not yet .Rooms . A. are painting B. are painted C. are being painting D. are being painted
  4、The new school when the new term begins. A. finishes B. will finish C. will be finished D. would finish
  5、The old scientist said that he to visit their country 、 before long . A. invited B. had invited C. was inviting D. would be invited

  6.?Did you go to Jack’s birthday party? ?No,I. A. am not invited B.wasn’t invited C.haven’t invited D.didn’t invite
  7.?Mum,can I go to the zoo with Jack? ?When your homework,you can. A. is done B.was done C.does D.did
  8.In recent years, many children are made what they are not. A.to do;interested in B.to do;interested C.do;interested D.do;interested.
  9.The Great Wallabout all over the world. A.knows B.knew C.is known D.was known.
  10.The monkey was seenout of the tree. A.jump B.jumps C.jumped D.to jump

  1. Large numbers of plastic bags are used (use) in the supermarkets every day.
  2. our country (send) up another Did send man-made satellite last year?
  3. Must the old people (speak) be spoken to politely?
  4. Her grandma was still alive when he was taken (take) to the hospital.
  5. English (speak) in many is spoken counties.

  6. Three quarters of the world’s books (write) in English. are written
  7.This dress washes (wash) better . be taught
  8. Lesson 50 (teach) next Will week? be protect
  9.The earth is our home .It must (protect) well. be put
  10.Where should these boxes (put)?
Fill in the blanks using right forms:

  1. All the students (ask) to bring a kite with them last Sunday. were asked
  2. Are many ways (try) to stop people from cutting down so tried many trees?
  3. ?What are on show in the museum? ?Some photos was taken (take) by American children.
  4. This coat (wash) well. washes
  5. Must the old people (speak) to politely? be spoken warned
  6. I’m often (警告)not to copy others’ homework.
  7. He couldn’t explain why dinosaurs (消失). disappeared
  8. I’ll have my bike (修理) tomorrow. mended/repaired /
  9. Have you found your necklace (偷) last week? stolen founded
  10. The PRC was (成立) on October 1, 19
  49.
你们学校附近有一个大图书馆, 你们学校附近有一个大图书馆,馆内有各种各样 的书, 的书,请你将这个图书馆的要求向你的同学作一 介绍,以便他们去那儿看书时能遵守规则。 介绍,以便他们去那儿看书时能遵守规则。
  1. 不要把包带进图书馆。 不要把包带进图书馆。
  2. 看书时保持安静。 看书时保持安静。
  3. 一次可借四本书,不能将书转借给别人, 一次可借四本书,不能将书转借给别人, 要按时还书。 要按时还书。
  4. 图书馆每天早晨 图书馆每天早晨8:00开门,必须在下午 开门, 开门 必须在下午6:00前 前 离开图书馆。 离开图书馆。 要求:用英文写一篇60?80词左右的短文。 词左右的短文。 要求:用英文写一篇 词左右的短文

  1. Many people speak English. English is spoken by many people.
  2. He bought me a new bike yesterday. I was bought a new bike yesterday. A new bike was bought for me yesterday.
  3. The boss made him do the heavy work. He was made to do the heavy work.
 

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