金老师家教 中学全职教师上门辅导 0592?5446311
不规则动词表

  1.A-A-A 型(无变化的动词) cut-cut-cut let-let-let hit-hit-hit put-put-put cost-cost-cost hurt-hurt-hurt
read/ri ? d/-read[red]-read[red]
  2.A-A-B 型(现在式和过去式同形)
  3.A-B-A 型 (现在式和过去分词同形) beat-beat-beaten come-came-come become-became-become run-ran-run

  4.A-B-B 型(动词的过去式与过去分词相同) (
  1)词尾的“d”变为“t”或词尾是“n”加“t” build-built-built lend-lent-lent send-sent-sent burn-burnt/burned-burnt/burned mean-meant-meant (
  2)把原形变为 aught 及 ought 的变化(如果原形有 a 则是 aught,无 a 则是 ought) buy-bought-bought bring-brought-brought think-thought-thought fight-fought-fought catch-caught-caught teach-taught-taught spend-spent-spent
learn-learnt/learned-learnt/learned

  3)eep 变 ept 或过去式、过去分词含有/e/音的动词 keep-kept-kept sleep-slept-slept sweep-swept-swept leave-left-left say-said-said meet-met-met spell-spelt-spelt smell-smelt/smelled-smelt/smelled hold-held-held (
  4)其他 dig-dug-dug find-found-found stand-stood-stood sit-sat-sat sell-sold-sold tell-told-told feel-felt-felt
understand-understood-understood get-got-got spoil-spoilt-spoilt have/has-had-had
hang-hanged/hung-hanged/hung hear-heard-heard make-made-made pay-paid-paid lay-laid-laid lie(说谎)-lied-lied lose-lost-lost shine-shone/shined-shone/shined win-won-won
  5.A-B-C 型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同) (
  1)in、im 的变化(i-a-u 型) sing-sang-sung ring-rang-rung begin-began-begun shoot-shot-shot
drink-drank-drunk swim-swam-swum sink-sank-sunk (
  2)在动词原形后加-n 或-en 构成过去分词 ①ow 及 aw 的变化(过去式以 ew 结尾,过去分词以 wn 结尾)
金老师家教 中学全职教师上门辅导 0592?5446311
draw-drew-drawn blow-blew-blown know-knew-known throw-threw-thrown grow-grew-grown fly-flew-flown ②元音是 i 的开音节的变化(过去分词以 en 结尾) drive-drove-driven rise-rose-risen ride-rode-ridden write-wrote-written give-gave-given ③其他 see-saw-seen eat-ate-eaten take-took-taken fall-fell-fallen freeze-froze-frozen
show-showed-shown break-broke-broken speak-spoke-spoken wake-woke-woken choose-chose-chosen forget-forgot-forgotten lie(躺,放)-lay-lain wear-wore-worn be(am,is,are)-was/were-been (
  3)其他 go-went-gone do-did-done can-could may-might must-must shall-should will-would

  6.有过去式,没有过去分词的动词 不规则名词复数形式
  1.以-f 或-fe 结尾的名词变复数 (
  1)加-s,如:
belief-beliefs roof-roofs gulf-gulfs half-halves knife-knives leaf-leaves life-lives shelf-shelves

  2)去 f,fe 加-ves,如: wolf-wolves
thief-thieves self-selves wife-wives
歌诀记忆:树叶(leaf)半数(half)自己(self)黄;妻子(wife)拿刀(knife)去割粮;架(shelf) 后窜出一匹狼(wolf);就像小偷(thief)逃命(life)亡。这 9 个名词变复数时,都要改-f(e)为 v,再 加-es,其他的以-f(e)结尾的名词则直接加-s 变复数。
  2.以-o 结尾的名词,变复数 (
  1)加 s,如:photo-photos piano-pianos radio-radios zoo-zoos kilo-kilos

  2)加 es,如:potato-potatoes tomato-tomatoes Negro-Negroes hero-heroes 歌诀记忆:黑人(Negro)和英雄(hero)爱吃西红柿(tomato)和马铃薯(potato)。除了这四个以-o 结尾的名词加-es 外,其余的以-o 结尾的名词加-s。
  3.表示“国家”的名词变复数 Chinese-Chinese Japanese-Japanese Englishman-Englishmen Canadian-Canadians Frenchman-Frenchmen American-Americans
German-Germans Russian-Russians Indian-Indians
歌诀记忆:中(Chinese)日(Japanese)不变,英(Englishman)法(Frenchman)变,其余后面(如 German 等)加 s。
金老师家教 中学全职教师上门辅导 0592?5446311

  4.以复数形式出现的名词 scissors 剪刀 goods 货物 trousers/pants/shorts 裤子
  5.以 s 结尾,仍为单数的名词 (
  1)maths,politics,physics 等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。 名词。 (
  3)the United States,the United Nations 应视为单数。
  6.由 man 和 woman 构成的合成名词,两个构成部分都要变成复数 如:man worker-men workers(男工人) woman doctor-women doctors(女医生) (
  2)news 是不可数 clothes 衣服 glasses 眼镜

  7.以辅音字母+y 结尾的名词,变 y 为 i 再加-es。例如: baby-babies city-cities story-stories party-parties lady-ladies century-centuries copy-copies
diary-diaries army-armies

  8.以 s,x,ch,sh 结尾的名词加-es,如: class-classes box-boxes watch-watches speech-speeches church-churches bus-buses brush-brushes
bench-benches beach-beaches boss-bosses
  9.其他不规则变化 man-men woman-women goose-geese foot-feet
tooth-teeth
child-children
fish-fish
deer-deer sheep-sheep mouse-mice
fisherman-fishermen
歌诀记忆: 男人 (man) ?女人 (woman) ?a 变 e, (goose) 鹅 ?足 (foot) ?牙 (tooth) ?oo 变 ee。 孩子 (child) 加上 ren,鱼(fish)?鹿(deer) 绵羊(sheep)不用变。 [注]fish 指鱼的种类时,要加上-es 构成其复数;当指鱼的条数时,单复数同形;指鱼肉时,为不可数名词。 不规则形容词副词比较级与最高级 原级 比较级 最高级 bad worse worst badly worse worst ill far farther farthest / further furthest late later latest much more most well better best
good better best little less least old older
worse worst
many more most eldest
elder / oldest
 

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