2011 届中考英语专题复习:完形填空的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 “完形填空”题是一种旨在考查学生语法和词汇知识综合运用能 力的典型题型。它结合了单项选择题和短文填空的优点,既考查词语 搭配、近义词辨异、动词时态、句型结构、复合句的关联和习惯用法 等,又考查了逻辑推理和事理推断能力。 “完形填空”题要求填入的词主要有:
  1. 语法结构所要求的功能词,如连接词、连接代词、连接副词、关 系代词、关系副词等。
  2. 具有语法变化的普通词,如动词的时态、语态、语气,名词的数, 代词的格,形容词和副词的级等。
  3. 固定搭配短语或词组中的特定词。
  4. 同义词、近义词等易混淆词。
  5. 根据上、下文意思及结构必须填入的确定词。 可见,完形填空是一种综合性较强的题型。它的突出特点是起点 高、容量大。同学们只有具备了扎实的语言基本功、较好的阅读能力 及归纳判断能力,才能适应这一题型。 完形填空题的考查目的:
  1. 考查同学们阅读理解能力。
  2. 考查同学们语法知识。
  3. 考查同学们综合运用英语知识的水平和实践能力。
【名师解难】 名师解难】 一、完形填空题的命题特点 完形填空题是通过阅读考查学生语言知识及语言知识 综合运用 能力的一种测试形式。命题人在一段难度适度的文章中留出 10 个空 白,要求考生从所给的 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,使 补足的短文意思通顺、结构完整。 完形填空是介于单项填空和阅读理解之间的一种题型。 可以说它 是根据一篇文章所提供的情景进行的选择填空, 也可以说它是在缺少 个别单词情况下的阅读理解。完形填空既有对语法规则、习惯用法和 词语搭配的考查,又有对文章内容的通篇理解。完形填空主要考查以 下三个方面的内容:
  1、词汇: 此类题目考查的内容是:近义词的区别,词语的固定搭配和习惯 用法。 近几年陕西省中考题中的完型填空题考查的词汇类别涉及到名 词、代词、动词、介词、连词、形容词、副词和短语动词。
  2、语法: 此类题目考查的是:各种语法规则在文章中的运用。其中包括名 词的单复数,形容词、副词的比较等级,动词的时态和语态,介词、 数词、代词和连词的用法,主谓一致,各种从句的用法等。
  3、结构: 此类题目考查的是: 文章中间句子与句子之间, 段落与段落之间, 上文与下文之间的逻辑关系。
从设空的类型看可分为三个层次:
  1、句子层次
  2、句组层次
  3、全篇层次 设空的难度, 从句子层次到句组层次, 再到全篇层次, 依次增加。 分析近几年陕西省的完形填空题, 我们可以看出陕西省完形填空 题的设空主要以句子层次为主,以句组层次为辅,几乎没有全篇层次 题目。因此总体难度较低。 二、完形填空的解题技巧 前面我们已经分析过, 完形填空是在全面理解短文基础上的选择 填空。因此做“完型填空”题应遵循下列步骤:
  1、通读全文,了解大意 、通读全文, 做这类题目是,首先应该把文章通读一遍,了解一下文章的大概 内容。千万不要读一句填一句,因为“完形填空”题里所给的大多数选 项填入单句后都可成立,但从全文看又不可取。例如: A hot dog is one of the most popular American foods. It was named after frankfurter, a German food. You may hear “hot dog” say “hot dog” to express 1 in other ways. People sometimes
2 . For example, a friend may ask 3
you would like to go to the cinema. You might say “Great! I would love to go.” Or, you could say, “ 4 ! I would love to go.” People 5 use the expression to describe (描写)someone who is a
“show- off”, who tries to show everyone else how
6
he is. You
often hear such 7 called a “hot dog”. He may be a baseball player, for example, who 8 the ball with one hand, making a (n) 9 catch
seem more difficult. You know he is a hot dog because when he makes such a catch, he bows (鞠躬) to the crowd, hoping to win their 10 .
  1. A. eaten
  2. A. strength
  3. A. if
  4. A. Hot dog
  5. A. ever
  6. A. hopeful
  7. A. a dog
  8. A. catches
  9. A. hard
  10. A. thanks B. used B. practice B. how C. cooked C. pleasure C. when D. picked D. reply D. where D. Excuse me D. yet D. great D. an action D. throws D. easy D. matches
B. Don’t worry C. Never mind B. also B. careful B. a land B. plays B. funny B. cheers C. still C. kind C. a person C. passes C. exciting C. medals
如果不看后面的文章内容, 短文的第一个题所给第四个选项都可 以填入空白处,不论是从语法的角度,还是从这个句子的意思完整的 角度,都是能够站得住脚的。但如果继续看完这一段短文之后,你就 会领悟到,“hot dog”在这里不是“被吃”,“被做”,“被拿”,而是“被使 用”,只能选 used。 有些同学一拿到“完形填空”题,就着手去填,填到最后,才发现 所选答案语全文的意思不符,不得不在从头开始。费时又费力,还不
易做准确,这种方法是不可取的。
  2、瞻前顾后,逐步填空 、瞻前顾后, 了解文章大意之后,就可逐步填空。 一般来说,文章后面所给 的选择答案可分三类:一类是语法正确,而意思不对;另一类是意思 正确, 而语法错误; 第三类是语法正确, 意思也正确。 在选择答案时, 一定要考虑到上下文的意思,还要考虑到句子的结构,习惯用法,固 定搭配和词类的功能, 尽量使选出的答案及复合语法又符合原文的意 思。
  3、认真复查,适当调整 、认真复查, 填空全部做完以后,应把短文从头到尾再读一遍,检查一下填空 以后的文章是否连贯, 情节是否合理, 语法结构是否正确。 一般来说, 如果意思连贯,情节合理,语法结构正确,就意味着选答没有问题; 如果发现个别填空使文章文理不通,语法结构有问题,就说明选答不 正确。对这样的填空应该认真推敲,进行调整。
【中考范例】 中考范例】 Once upon a time, some children were playing at seaside when they found a turtle(海龟). They began to beat the turtle. Just at that time, a young man came and said to them, “Stop!” The children ran 31
quickly. The turtle was very thankful and said, “Thanks for your kindness. I really would like 32 you to a wonderful palace now.”?
The young man rode on the back of the turtle and was taken to the
secret palace in the sea. When he 33 the palace, he was very surprised and said to the turtle, “What a nice palace!” To thank him, the king of the turtles gave him 34 . He had never seen such a dinner before. He received a warm welcome there and was very 35 everything. After dinner, the king of the turtles said, “I am going to give you two boxes, 36 you can open only one.” “You mustn’t open both. Don’t forget it!” the turtle warned him. “All right. I will open only one,” the young man promised(许诺). At this time, a large wave sent him out of the sea. After he 37 , he opened the bigger one of the two boxes.38 the box was full of gold. “My God!” he cried. “I’m 39 now.” Then he thought, “Things in the other box must be expensive, too.” He could not wait any longer. He broke his promise and opened the other box. As soon as he opened it, he became an old man. His hair turned white. His face ?40 ?an old man over eighty years old. It all happened in a moment. He was sorry for what he did, but it was too late.?
  31. A. through B. away
  32. A. wanting B. asking
  33. A. left for C. into C. to let D. out D. to invite D. got away
B. arrived on C. arrived at

  34. A. a very big dinner C. a very bad dinner
B. a very poor dinner D. a very small dinner D. sorry for

  35. A. pleased with B. strict in C. angry with

  36. A. so
B. or
C. but
D. as

  37. A. went back to home C. went back to the sea
  38. A. To his surprising C. To one’s surprise
  39. A. a poor man C. an old man
  40. A. liked B. felt like
B. was back home D.was back the sea B. To one’s surprising D. To his surprise B. a rich man D. a young man C. looked like D. looked

  31. B 根据上下文判断,那些孩子们应该是跑走了。所以应选 away。
  32. D would like 之后应接不定式,年轻人就了海龟的命,海龟应是 “邀请年轻人到宫殿去。”
  33. C 到达某个地方应用 arrived at。
  34. A 按照逻辑,海龟国王要感谢他,必然设盛宴招待他。所以应选 a big dinner。
  35. A 海龟国王盛情招待他,所以他对一切都满意。pleased with everything 表示的就是这个意思。
  36. C 海龟国王给了他两个盒子,但只准他打开一个。这里有一个转 折关系,所以应选 but。
  37. B 年轻人在海里见到了海龟国王,得到了两个盒子以后,应该回 家,而不是回到海里。而回家应是 went back home。
  38. D 使他感到惊讶的是,用英语表示就是 To his surprise。
  39. B 他得到了金子,当然应该是 a rich man。

  40.C 由于贪心,他的头发变白了,脸“看起来”像八十多岁的老头。 从 2004 年的完形填空题来看,难度不大,全部题目都属于句子 层次。只要看懂了短文的意思,掌握了一些短语的固定搭配,再多做 一些精选的练习,做好完形填空题是不难的。
【满分演练】 满分演练】 (
  1) A very new, yung officer was at a railway station. He was on his way to visit his mother in 1 town. He wanted to telephone her to tell
her the time of his train, 2 she could meet him at the 3 in her car. He looked at all his pockets, but 4 that he did not have the right money for the telephone, so he went on and looked 5 for someone to help him. At last an old soldier came by, and the young officer stopped him and said, “Can you change the money 6 me?”
“Wait a moment,” the soldier 7 , and he began to put his hand in his 8 “I’ll see whether I can help you.” “Don’t you know how to speak to an officer?” the young officer said angrily “Now let’s 9 again, Can you change the money for me?” “No, sir,” the old soldier answered 10 .
  1.A.other
  2.A.so
  3.A.place B.the other B.so that B.station C.another C.because C.street D.one D.when D.stop

  4.A.knew
  5.A.up
  6.A.to
B.thought B.down B.with
C.found C.around C.for C.told C.wallet C.doing C.happily (
  2)
D.found out D.into D.and D.smiled D.pocket D.ask D.quickly

  7.A.answered B.spoke
  8.A.coat
  9.A.start
  10.A.easily B.handbag B.to begin B.fast
One of Charlie Chaplin’s most famous films was “The Gold Rush” The film was set in California in the middle of the 1 century. At that time, gold was discovered in California and thousands of
people 2 there to look for gold, so it became
3 as “the gold rush”
People said gold could 4 be picked up by washing sand from the river in a pan of water. This was known as “panning for gold” In the film, Chaplin and his friend are in California. So far, they have been They 6 5 in their search for gold and have no money at all.
in a snow storm in a small wooden house. They
have 7 They are so hungry that they 8 a pair of shoes, by boiling them in a pan of water. Chaplin sits down 9 the table and eats the shoe. He makes it seem as if this is one of the 10 enjoyed.
  1.A.nineteen B.ninetieth C.nineteenth D.ninth meals that he has ever

  2.A.went
  3.A.famous
  4.A.hard
  5.A.unhappy
  6.A.have got
B.left B.known B.easily
C.climb C.wonderful C.difficulty
D.found D.great D.slowly D.unluckily D.live D.nothing to eat D.mend D.beside D. most delicious
B.unsuccessfullyC.unlucky B.meet C.are caught C.nothing C.make C.near C.cheapest (
  3)

  7.A.a little food B.some water
  8.A.wear
  9.A.at
  10.A.biggest B.cook B.by B.dearest
Once there was a boy in Toronto. His name was Jimmy. He started drawing when he was three years old, and when he was five he was already very 1 at it. He drew many beautiful interesting pictures, and many people 2 his pictures. They thought this boy was going to be 3 when he was a little older, and then they were going to 4 these pictures for a lot of money. Jimmy's pictures were quite different from other 5 because he never drew on all of the paper. He drew on 6 of it, and the other half was always __
  7. "That's very clever," everybody said. "8 other people have ever done that before."
One day somebody asked him, "Please tell me, Jimmy. Why do you draw on the bottom (底部) half of your pictures, 9 not on the top half?" "Because I'm small," Jimmy said, "and my brushes (毛笔) can't 10 very high."
  1. A.poor
  2. A.bought B.sad B.brought C.glad C.sold D.good D.took

  3. A.different B.clever
  4. A.buy
  5. A.men's
  6. A.half
  7. A.full
  8. A.No
  9. A.then
  10. A.change B.show B.people's B.part B.empty B.Some B.and B.turn
C.
 

相关内容

2011届中考英语专题复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十五 十五: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务,也是中考的一项重要内容。中 考阅读理解题主要考查学生的语篇阅读能力、 分析和判断能力。 要求学生能较快地通过阅读 理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出正确判断,然后根据试题的要求从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出最佳答案或做出正误判断。 文章的难易程度和初三课文基本相同, 要求阅读 速度为每分钟 40-50 个词。 中 ...

2011届中考英语专题复习十二:交际用语的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十二:交际用语的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十二 十二: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 近年来的中考试题中, 对日常交际用语的考查比重越来越大。 涉及到在各种情景下的问 和答;涉及到英语国家的文化习俗;涉及到口语和书面表达。考查的形式有听力理解,有补 全对话,有单项选择,有情景反应,有书面表达。 【名师精讲】 名师精讲】 初中阶段要掌握的 30 个日常交际项目是: 1.问候 Greetings a.Good morning/afternoon/evening. ...

2011届中考英语专题复习十三:单项填空的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十三:单项填空的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十三 十三: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 单项选择题一向是各省市中考的必考题型。它的特点是考点多,覆盖面广,题量大。其 主要考查点是: 1. 考查基本语法; 2. 考查同义词、近义词的辨析; 3. 考查各种词汇的惯用法和固定搭配; 4. 考查掌握和运用日常交际用语的能力。 【名师解难】 名师解难】 由于单项选择题所考查的范围较广,所以要想做好此类题一要具备扎实的英语基础知 识,二要紧扣语境,抓住关键词。具体应注意以下 ...

2011届中考英语专题复习十四:完形填空的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十四:完形填空的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十四 十四: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 “完形填空”题是一种旨在考查学生语法和词汇知识综合运用能力的典型题型。它结合 了单项选择题和短文填空的优点,既考查词语搭配、近义词辨异、动词时态、句型结构、复 合句的关联和习惯用法等,又考查了逻辑推理和事理推断能力。 “完形填空”题要求填入的词主要有: 1. 语法结构所要求的功能词,如连接词、连接代词、连接副词、关系代词、关系副词等。 2. 具有语法变化的普通词,如动词的时态 ...

2011届中考英语专题复习:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十五 十五: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务,也是中考的一项重要内容。中 考阅读理解题主要考查学生的语篇阅读能力、 分析和判断能力。 要求学生能较快地通过阅读 理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出正确判断,然后根据试题的要求从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出最佳答案或做出正误判断。 文章的难易程度和初三课文基本相同, 要求阅读 速度为每分钟 40-50 个词。 中 ...

2011届中考英语专题复习十四:完形填空的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十四:完形填空的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十四 十四: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 “完形填空”题是一种旨在考查学生语法和词汇知识综合运用能力的典型题型。它结合 了单项选择题和短文填空的优点,既考查词语搭配、近义词辨异、动词时态、句型结构、复 合句的关联和习惯用法等,又考查了逻辑推理和事理推断能力。 “完形填空”题要求填入的词主要有: 1. 语法结构所要求的功能词,如连接词、连接代词、连接副词、关系代词、关系副词等。 2. 具有语法变化的普通词,如动词的时态 ...

2011届中考英语专题复习十四:完形填空的考点讲解和训练

   中考完形填空突破 Lin 完形填空的考点讲解和训练 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 “完形填空”是一种旨在考查学生语法和词汇知识综合运用能力的典型题型。 它结合了单项选 择题和短文填空的优点,既考查词语搭配、近义词辨异、动词时态、句型结构、复合句的关 联和习惯用法等,又考查了逻辑推理和事理推断能力。 “完形填空”题要求填入的词主要有: 1. 语法结构所要求的功能词,如连接词、连接代词、连接副词、关系代词、关系副词等。 2. 具有语法变化的普通词,如动词的时态、语态、语气,名词的数,代词的格,形容词 ...

中考英语复习十五:短文填空考点讲解和训练

   【考点扫描】 短文填空是近两年才创设的一种新题型。这种题型通常有四种形式: 1、给出一篇难易适中的短文,中间去掉几个单词,让考生根据上下文填上所缺的单词。 2、给出一篇难易适中的短文,中间去掉几个单词,但给出这些单词的第一个字母,让 考生根据短文的上下文的意思和所给的提示字母,填上所缺的单词。 3、给出一篇难易适中的短文,中间去掉几个单词,同时在一个方框内给出一些单词, 让考生根据短文的内容,把这些单词填入空白处,使文章正确、通顺。 4、给出一篇难易适中的短文,中间去掉几个单词或短语,同时给 ...

中考英语复习十一:交际用语的考点讲解和训练

   【考点扫描】 近年来的中考试题中, 对日常交际用语的考查比重越来越大。 涉及到在各种情景下的问 和答;涉及到英语国家的文化习俗;涉及到口语和书面表达。考查的形式有听力理解,有补 全对话,有单项选择,有情景反应,有书面表达。 【名师精讲】 初中阶段要掌握的 30 个日常交际项目是: 1.问候 Greetings a.Goodmorning/afternoon/evening. Hello/Hi. Howareyou? b.Fine,thankyou,Andyou? Verywell,thank ...

英语:交际用语的考点讲解和训练

   2011 届中考英语专题复习十二:交际用语的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十二 十二: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 近年来的中考试题中, 对日常交际用语的考查比重越来越大。 涉及到在各种情景下的问 和答;涉及到英语国家的文化习俗;涉及到口语和书面表达。考查的形式有听力理解,有补 全对话,有单项选择,有情景反应,有书面表达。 【名师精讲】 名师精讲】 初中阶段要掌握的 30 个日常交际项目是: 1.问候 Greetings a.Good morning/afternoon/evening. ...

热门内容

人教版新高中英语选修6第三单元 A healthy life 阅读课教案

   Teaching plan Teaching content: A healthy life ( Period 2 Reading) Teaching aims: 1. Improve the students’ reading ability. 2. Get the students to understand the text fully. 3. To talk about the importance of health and the harmful effects of smoki ...

苏教版(凤凰)牛津英语教案7A U1 Reading I

   苏教版(凤凰) 苏教版(凤凰)牛津英语教案 2011 第一部分 简要提示 一、年级:七年级 年级: 二、教学内容:7A Unit 1 This is me! 教学内容: 三、课型:阅读课 课型: 四、教学目标 1. 知识目标 1) 词汇:能够理解本课的四会单词。 2) 词组:…years old; the Reading Club; be born in; long black hair; come from; listen to music; short hair; wear glasse ...

英语 五天高考冲刺复习宝典

   良好心情+应试技巧=出色发挥 再过几天高三同学就要进入考场参加高考了。 对三年高中学习进行一次全面 检测,其重要性是不言而喻的。 首先,很重要的是要在战略上藐视,既然做好了充分准备,进行了全面的复 习,平时又做了很多练习,所以高考并没有什么可怕。况且,高考主要还是考查 学科的基本知识,基本技能,较难和难的占的比分很低,即使是较难的考题,经 过思考分析,应该是很有可能解出来的。以平常心参加高考,放松心情,这很重 要。与此同时,进入考场,如何最大限度发挥自己的水平,把英语考好,在考试 中把握一些 ...

英语四级笔试测试卷

   笔试测试卷 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) Caught in the Web A few months ago, it wasn't unusual for 47-year-old Carla Toebe to spend 15 hours per day online. She'd wake up early, turn on her laptop and chat on Internet dating sites ...

英语作文

   英语作文 在英语写作中,有一些句型的搭配能力非常强, 在英语写作中,有一些句型的搭配能力非常强,基本上可以用在各种话题的议 论文中,如果能将这些句型掌握并熟练应用一定会使你的英文写作得心应手。 论文中,如果能将这些句型掌握并熟练应用一定会使你的英文写作得心应手。 想不想试一试呢? 想不想试一试呢? 一、开头句型 我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。 我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我们 颇有必要在作文的开头花一番心思。 颇有必要在作文的 ...