知识创造价值 学习成就未来
考研英语长难句突破讲义
适用对象:考研学子,四级,六级英语学习或相当者。 课程目的:打破英语阅读学习的幻觉,真正获得一扇通向别样美丽世界的窗 户,人生从此再无长难句。为英语写作夯实基础。 课程安排:方法论讲解;难句解析;考试实战演练
第一部分 方法论讲解
? 引子 我们为什么要精读句子 ? u 自由笔记区
? 阅读的实际过程是什么
? 阅读在句子层面的障碍
?
简单句的障碍来源
n u u
? 简单句的障碍识别及处理方法 定语 前置定语 后置定语
n. +
1 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 u 定语从句(不属于简单句范畴)
n
同位语 普通同位语
同位语从句
n
插入语
n
状语

  1:Using techniques first developed for the offshore oil and gas industry, the DSDP’s drill ship, the Glomar Challenger, was able to maintain a steady position on the ocean’s surface and drill in very deep waters, extracting samples of sediments and rock from the ocean floor.
例 2 : A few art collectors James Bowdoin Ⅲ of Boston, William Byrd of Virginian, and the Aliens And Hamilton of Philadelphia introduced European art traditions to those colonists privileged to visit their galleries, especially aspiring artists, and established in their respective communities the idea of the value art and the need for institutions devoted to its encouragement.
?
非简单句的障碍来源
n u u
? 非简单句的障碍解决方案 关联词和主句专一原则 关联词
2 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 主句专一原则 句子之间的关联方式
  1.并列 并列联词的用法
? u l
u l

  2.嵌套 常见的复杂句形式
? u
层次化句子阅读方法
  1.层次化结构的表示形式
u

  2.括号匹配法 ? 画左括号的条件
? 画右括号的条件
u

  3:The history of clinical nutrition or the study of the relationship between health and how the body takes in and utilizes food substances, can be divided into four distinct eras: the first began in the nineteenth century and extended into the early twentieth century when it was recognized for the first time that food contained constituents that were essential for human function and that different foods provided different amounts of these essential agents. 例
  4:The desperate plight of the South has eclipsed the fact that reconstruction had to be undertaken also
笔记区
小结区 in the North, though less spectacularly. 例
  5:The technique of direct carving was a break with the nineteen-century tradition in which the making of a clay model was considered the creative act and the work was then turned over to studio assistants to be cast in plaster or bronze or carved in marble.
3 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 l
  3.完整信息链法 规则描述: 笔记区 例
  1.The impressive gain in output stemmed primarily from the way in which workers made goods, since the 1790's, and North American entrepreneurs?even without technological improvements?had broadened the scope of the outwork system that made manufacturing more efficient by distributing materials to a succession of workers who each performed a single step of the production process. 例
  2. Tracking whales is but one example of an exciting new world just opening to civilian scientists after the cold war as the Navy starts to share and partly uncover its global network of underwater listening system built over the decades to track the ships of potential enemies.

  3. The fact that artisans, who were looked on as mechanics or
skilled workers in the eighteenth century, are frequently considered artists today is directly attributable to the Arts and Crafts Movement of the nineteenth century. 例
  4:Anyone who has handled a fossilized bone knows that it is usually not exactly like its modern counterpart, the most obvious different being that it is often much heavier.
? n
倒装句的分析方法
  1.部分倒装的处理方法
n u u

  2.完全倒装的处理方法
  2.1 完全倒装的存在环境
  2.2 能够在句子中充当主语和表语的成份
u
  2.3 完全倒装的判断流程
4 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 例 1 : Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine. 例
  2:Surrounding the column are three sepals and three petals, sometimes easily recognizable as such, often distorted into gorgeous, weird, but always functional shapes. 例
  3:With the growing prosperity brought on by the Second World War and the economic boom that followed it, young people married and established households earlier and began to raise larger families than had their predecessors during the Depression. 例
  4:Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country’s impressive population growth. 例
  5:Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets. 例
  6:Most important, perhaps, was that they had all maintained with a certain fidelity a manner of technique and composition consistent with those of America ’ s first popular landscape l artist, Thomas Cole, who built a career painting the Catskill Mountain scenery bordering the Hudson River. 例
  7:With the turn-of-century Crafts movement and the discovery of nontraditional sources of inspiration, such as wooden African figures and masks, there arose a new urge for hands-on, personal execution of art and an interaction with the medium.
笔记区
5 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 例
  8:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent. 例 9 : Coincident with concerns about the accelerating loss of species and habitats has been a growing appreciation of the importance of biological diversity, the number of species in a particular ecosystem, to the health of the Earth and human wellbeing. 例
  10:Matching the influx of foreign immigrants into the larger cities of the United States during the late nineteenth century was a domestic migration from town and farm to city, within the United States. 例 11 : Indeed, had it not been for the superb preservation of these fossils, they might well have been classified as dinosaurs. 笔记区
? n n
强调句的分析方法
  1.强调句的构成
  2.强调句的处理方法

  1:It was just a decade before this that many drug companies had found their vitamin sales skyrocketing and were quick to supply practicing physicians with generous samples of vitamins and literature extolling the virtue of supplementation for a variety of health-related conditions. 例
  2:It was she, a Baltimore printer, who published the first official copies of the Declaration, the first copies that included the names of its signers and therefore heralded the support of all thirteen colonies. 例
  3:It was in the cities that the elements that can be associated with modern capitalism first appeared? the use of money and commercial paper in place of barter, open competition in place of social deference and hierarchy, with an attendant rise in social disorder, and the appearance of factories using coal or water power in place of independent craftspeople working with hand tools.
笔记区
6 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 小结区
  1、对句子的完整处理流程

  2、强调:阅读句子时要对关联词和谓语动词敏感。
第二部分 难句解析
一、隔离结构:
1 . This success, coupled with later research showing that memory itself is not genetically determined, led Ericsson to conclude that the act of memorizing is more of a cognitive exercise than an intuitive one.
  2.It is not obvious how the capacity to visualize objects and to figure out numerical patterns suits one to answer questions that have eluded some of the best poets and philosophers.
  3.Anyone who has toiled through SAT will testify that test-taking skill also matters, whether it’s knowing when to guess or what questions to skip. 4 . During the past generation, the American middle-class family that once could count on hard work and fair play to keep itself financially secure has been transformed by economic risk and new realities.
  5.Much of the language used to describe monetary policy, such as "steering the economy to a soft landing" of "a touch on the brakes" , makes it sound like a precise science. Nothing could be further from the truth.
  6.According to their latest paper published in Nature, the biomass of large predators (animals that kill and eat other animals) in a new fishery is reduced on average by 80% within 15 years of the start of exploitation.

  7.Some individuals would therefore not have been caught, since no baited hooks would have been available to trap them, leading to an underestimate of fish stocks in the past.
7 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来
  8.On another level, many in the medical community acknowledge that the assisted--suicide debate has been fueled in part by the despair of patients for whom modern medicine has prolonged the physical agony of dying. 9 . The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United kingdom.
  10.The OECD estimates in its latest Economic Outlook that, if oil prices averaged $ 22 a barrel for a full year, compared with $13 in 1998, this would increase the oil import bill in rich economies by only
  0.2
  50.5% of GDP. 11 . It identifies the under treatment of pain and the aggressive use of "ineffectual and forced medical procedures that may prolong and even dishonor the period of dying" as the twin problems of end--of--life care.
  12.The notion that learning should have in it an element of inspired play would seem to the greater part of the academic establishment merely silly, but that is nonetheless the case. 13 . The findings add weight to the theory that large areas of the Amazon have recovered so well from past periods of agricultural use that the regrowth has been mistaken by generations of biologists for “virgin” forest. 14 . An invisible border divides those arguing for computers in the classroom on the behalf of students" career prospects and those arguing for computers in the classroom for broader reasons of radical education reform.
二、并列结构:

  1.Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass (the amount of living biological matter) of fish species in particular parts of the ocean, but rather changes in that biomass over time.
  2.Many things make people think artists are weird and the weirdest may be this: artists' only job is to explore emotions, and yet they choose to focus on the ones that feel bad. 3 . And one leading authority says that these intensely powerful mental events can be not only harnessed but actually brought under conscious control, to help us sleep and feel better.

  4.But if robots are to reach the next stage of laborsaving utility, they will have to operate with less human supervision and be able to make at least" a few decisions for them- selves-goals that pose a real challenge.
  5.But the human mind can glimpse a rapidly changing scene and immediately disregard the 98
8 圆圆工作室 http://bz
  10.5d6d.com 友情提示:购买原版,饮水思源!
知识创造价值 学习成就未来 percent that is irrelevant, instantaneously focusing on the monkey at the side of a winding forest road or the single suspicious face in a big crowd. 6 . A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper. 8 . I believe that the most important forces behind the massive M&M wave are the same that underlie the globalization process: falling transportation and communication costs, lower trade and investment barriers and enlarged markets that require enlarged operations capable of meeting customers" demands. 9 . The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United kingdom.
  10.Instead, we are treated to fine hypocritical spectacles, which now more than ever seem in ample supply: the critic of American materialism with a Southampton summer home; the publisher of radical books who takes his meals in three-star restaurants; the j
 

相关内容

2011考研文都英语长难句精讲班讲义(何凯文)

   知识创造价值 学习成就未来 考研英语长难句突破讲义 适用对象:考研学子,四级,六级英语学习或相当者。 课程目的:打破英语阅读学习的幻觉,真正获得一扇通向别样美丽世界的窗 户,人生从此再无长难句。为英语写作夯实基础。 课程安排:方法论讲解;难句解析;考试实战演练 第一部分 方法论讲解 引子 我们为什么要精读句子 ? u 自由笔记区 阅读的实际过程是什么 阅读在句子层面的障碍 简单句的障碍来源 n u u 简单句的障碍识别及处理方法 定语 前置定语 后置定语 n. + 1 圆圆工作室 ...

2012何凯文考研英语长难句突破讲义

   何凯文考研系列讲义 之 长难句突破 答疑博客:http://blog.sina.com.cn/wdhekaiwen 2012 版考研英语长难句突破讲义 主讲人: 主讲人:何凯文 北京外国语大学 适用对象:考研学子,四级,六级英语学习或相当英语者。 课程目的: 打破英语阅读学习的幻觉, 真正获得一扇通向别样美丽世界的窗户, 人生从此再无长难句。 为英语写作夯实基础。 第一部分 方法论讲解 引子 我们为什么要精读句子 ? ? 自由笔记区 句子阅读的实际过程是什么 ? 阅读在句子层面的障碍 英语句 ...

2011年考研英语长难句突破【讲义】

   本资料仅供学习交流使用 本资料仅供学习交流使用 QQ:732755481 2010 年新东方数学政治英语视频+讲义 考研全程资料 13602043366 货到付款 长期有效 qq732755481 3dvd 包快递 70 元 联系电话 赠送 2011 年政治 和英语点睛班 即押题班 考试前 4-6 天电话联系网上发给您。 赠送:高等数学(同济第五版)视频教程(128 讲)-吉林大学(适合初学者)刻录到盘里 赠送:概率论与数理统计(全 45 学时)视频教程 浙江大学 刻录到盘里 考研英语长难句 ...

2011考研英语考前技巧点拨班讲义(何凯文)

   = = = ,*;4/ 7777 7777777777777!"## 12?Y1???????? = 4 ) .0 本页已使用福昕阅读器进行编辑。 福昕软件(C)2005-2009,版权所有, 仅供试用。 !"## !"#$!%&'()*+, !"#$%& '()*+,-./)*0123456789 $&# ( % ,-.0 ) ,3 , % ' )*+ / 1& 2) + / !"#$%&' ...

2011考研英语-肖克基础班长难句辅导班讲义-

   法硕联盟制作www.fashuounion.com 电话15810729751 2011 年考研英语阅读基础及长难句精讲 Part 1 难句的超级分析能力 原则一:拆分意思群体,迅速抓住主干. 难句之难在与如何花整为零,如何在复杂的结构中分析清楚主干和从句,如何拨开云雾见 光明.关键要抓住意思群体,比如一个谓语的成分多达十个单词,就不能一个一个单词翻译, 要把他们想成整体.定语从句很长,要抓关键的意思,不能眉毛和胡子一起抓.很多学生喜 欢逐字阅读,过于咬文嚼字,而忽视了句子的整体性.还有些同 ...

2012年考研英语长难句精讲课程讲义 教你在最短短时间突破长难句

   何凯文考研系列讲义 之 长难句突破 答疑博客:http://blog.sina.com.cn/wdhekaiwen 2012 考研英语长难句突破讲义 适用对象:考研学子,四级,六级英语学习或相当英语者。 课程目的:打破英语阅读学习的幻觉,真正获得一扇通向别样美丽世界的窗户,人生从 此再无长难句。为英语写作夯实基础。 例 1:Using techniques developed for the offshore oil and gas industry, the DSDP’s drill sh ...

考研英语长难句精析

   第一部分 长难句基本句型 近几年,考研英语出现了很多难句.并且这些难句主要是长难句.长难句的形成主要通 过以下四种方式:复合从句,成分省略,使用插入语和改变句序.这四种方式往往可以相互 结合,从而形成更长的难句.虽然形成长难句之方法有四,但是目的却只有一个,就是打断 和打乱考生正常的阅读习惯和思维习惯, 从而达到考察考生阅读能力和翻译能力的目标. 下 面分别对这四种方式一一解析. 一,复合从句 在考研中,复合从句中的从句最常见的是定语从句.复合从句可分为简单复合从句和复 杂复合从句.本文将分 ...

大学英语六级写作精讲班讲义

   大学英语六级写作精讲班第 9 讲讲义 复合句(下) 6. 将下面每组中的两个句子合并,将其中一个改为同位语从句。 将下面每组中的两个句子合并,将其中一个改为同位语从句。 1) He is growing old. Nothing could hide the fact. 2) He works hard. The fact does not necessarily mean that he is a competent leader. 3) I have a complacent feeli ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读

   万学海文第一时间深入分析 万学 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一) 考试大纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全 面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考 ...

2011考研英语长难句重点解析

   名师指导: 名师指导:2011 考研英语长难句重点解析 来源:万学教育发布时间:2010-06-22 15:58:52 【阅读: 46 次】 近些年考研英语试卷中, 考生普遍认为难度较大的是长难句的理解与翻译. 这些句子 一般为多个从句, 因此分析长难句或者翻译长难句, 首要解决的应该是弄清楚从句以及从句 之间的关系.然而,"看花容易,绣花难",究竟该如何攻克考研英语中的难点长难句呢? 万学海文英语考研辅导专家为 2011 年考生浓缩了以下对策: 一,观其"形& ...

热门内容

商务英语入门

   商务英语入门 任书梅 本书主要内容及编写特色 课时安排 以Management 章节为例看课堂处理 案例处理方式 考试方式 一、主要内容与编写特色 本书的编写目的是让学生既能学习丰富的商 本书的编写目的是让学生既能学习丰富的商 务知识,又能熟悉商务方面的各种英语表达, 务知识,又能熟悉商务方面的各种英语表达, 提高商务英语水平 商务英语水平。 提高商务英语水平。 教学对象:大学三年级的学生, 教学对象:大学三年级的学生,在完成大学 英语阶段之后的后续选修课。 英语阶段之后的后续选修课。 后续 ...

新目标英语九年级教案Unit 12 period2 第二课时

   Unit 12 You’ re supposed to shake hands The Second Period Ⅰ. Teaching Aims and Demands 1. Knowledge Objects (1) Key Vocabulary greet, be supposed to (2)Target Language How was the dinner at Paul’s house last night? Well, it was OK, but I made some ...

英语国际音标表修正版

   英语国际音标表( 英语国际音标表(48 个) 一、元音(20 个) 发音时气流在通路上不受发音器官的阻碍 元音( : 单元音 12 个 // /i:/ 双元音 8 个 /e /e? / / // /? // /e/ 跟读: 跟读: //e / 1、前元音 4 个 /i:/ / /e/ /? 2、爆破辅音 6 个 /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/ 爆破辅音 / 3、中元音 3 个 /?/ /? // 中元音 4、摩擦辅音 4 个 /f/ 摩擦辅 5、后元音 5 个 /?:/ 6、 ...

小学英语教学对初中英语教学的影响

   小学英语教学对初中英语教学的影响 兴化市西鲍中学 申家安 内容摘要: 内容摘要 小学英语教学是初中英语教学的序幕和基础。小学英语教学必然会给初中英语教学带来深远的影 响,这个影响既有正面影响也有负面影响。学好小学英语,能够为初中英语学习打下坚实的基础。笔者认为:一 要充分重视小学英语教学工作,二要做好小学英语与初一英语的衔接工作 主题词: 主题词 小学英语 初中英语 教育教学 影响 泰州市现行小学英语教材选用了由江苏省教育厅研究室、译林出版社 与人民教育出版社联合编写的小学英语教材(实验本) ...

2010天津市河西区模拟英语

   天津市河西区 2009 届高三二模 英 语 试 卷 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题),第 II 卷(非选择题)和第 III 卷(选择题)三部分,共 150 分,考试用 时 120 分钟. 第 I 卷(选择题共 85 分) 选择题共 第一部分:英语知识运用 共两节 共两节, 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节单项填空(共 小题: 第一节单项填空 共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1.?Who is making so much noise in the gar ...