www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
Section I Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing Use of English
probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does. __6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down. Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles 18 more exuberantly to funny
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
cartons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.[A]among
  2.[A]reflect
  3.[A]stabilizing
  4.[A]transmit
  5.[A]measurable
  6.[A]In turn
  7.[A]opposite
  8.[A]hardens
  9.[A]aggravate
  10.[A]physical
  11.[A]Except for
  12.[A]with
  13.[A]unless
  14.[A]exhausts
  15.[A]into
  16.[A]fetch [B]except [B]demand [B]boosting [B]sustain [C]despite [C]indicate [C]impairing [C]evaluate [D]like [D]produce [D]determining [D]observe [D]renewable
[B]manageable [B]In fact [B]impossible [B]weakens [B]generate [B]mental
[C]affordable
[C]In addition [C]average [C]tightens [C]moderate
[D]In brief [D]expected [D]relaxes [D]enhance
[C]subconscious [D]internal [C]Due to [D]at [D]because [D]suppresses [D]beyond [D]hold [D]indifferent [D]reacted [D]As for
[B]According to [C]in [C]if
[B]on [B]until [B]follows [B]from [B]bite
[C]precedes [C]towards [C]pick

  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited
  18.[A]adapted [B]catered
[C]joyful [C]turned
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!

  19.[A]suggesting
  20.[A]Eventually [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing [D]Conversely
[B]Consequently [C]Similarly Section II
Reading Comprehension
Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes.
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim. [D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest.
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
[C]respectable. [D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers [A]ignore the expenses of live performances. [B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. [C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. [D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? [A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. [B]They are easily accessible to the general public. [C]They help improve the quality of music. [D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic. [C]confident. [D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29. McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later.
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”
  26.When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as being [A]arrogant. [B]frank. [C]self-centered. [D]impulsive.
  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by [A]their expectation of better financial status. [B]their need to reflect on their private life. [C]their strained relations with the boards. [D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28.The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A]approved of. [B]attended to. [C]hunted for. [D]guarded against.
  29.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
[A]top performers used to cling to their posts. [B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated. [C]top performers care more about reputations. [D]it’s safer to stick to the traditional rules.
  30. Which of the following is the best title for the text? [A]CEOs: Where to Go? [B]CEOs: All the Way Up? [C]Top Managers Jump without a Net [D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers Text 3 The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and print advertisements ? still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media. Paid and owned media are controlled by marketers promoting their own products. For earned media , such marketers act as the initiator for users’ responses. But in some cases, one marketer’s owned media become another marketer’s paid media ? for instance, when an e-commerce retailer sells ad space on its Web site. We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so strong that other organizations place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment. This trend ,which we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel providers such as airlines and hotels
www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛:www.csbiji.com 天勤论坛??专为计算机考研学子打造的专业交流平台 期待你的加入!
and will no doubt go further. Johnson & Johnson, for example, has created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that promotes complementary and even competitive products. Besides generating income, the presence of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies opportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ marketing, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned. The same dramatic technological changes that have provided marketers with more (and more diverse) communications choices have also increased the risk that passionate consumers will voice their opinions in quicker, more visible, and much more damaging ways. Such hijacked media are the opposite of earned media: an asset or campaign be
 

相关内容

2011考研英语一大纲

   一、考试性质 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)主要是为高等院校和科研院所招收专业学位硕士研究生而设置的 具有选拔性质的统考科目。 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)是为高等院校和科研院所招收硕士研究生而设置的具有选拔性质 的统考科目。 即英语(一)是针对学术硕士研究生的考生,英语(二)是针对专业硕士研究生的考生。 专业硕士研究生主 要包括以下 19 种:法律硕士,社会工作硕士,教育硕士,体育硕士,汉语国际教育硕士,翻译硕士,艺术 硕士,风景园林硕士,工程硕士,建筑学硕士,农业推广硕士, ...

2011考研英语作文模板大全

   2011 考研英语作文模板大全:论证观点之情感类 这种类型的文章主要分析论证一些具体的观点。 一般情况下三段的分布为: 第一段描述 图画内容,第二段提出观点、进行理论分析和事例分析,第三段总结观点、表明态度。 情感类模板 1: : As is shown in the picture above, n surmise that . . Obviously from we ca It goes without saying that the primary purpose of the pic ...

2011考研英语_全程四阶计划[1222]

   2011考研英语 全程四阶计划 2011 一、阶基础复习规划(3-6月份) 主要目标:掌握大纲要求的词汇及短语,全面复习语法,争取语法无盲点。 阶基础复习规划(3- 月份) (3 二、阶强化复习规划(7-10月份) 主要目标:阅读及翻译达标,提高阅读速度,巩固词汇的运用能力。 阶强化复习规划(7-10月份) (7 月份 三、阶模考冲刺复习规划(11-12月中旬) 主要目标:利用套题对前面的复习做一个总体的检验,练习答题规范,保持卷面整洁,增加信心, 阶模考冲刺复习规划(11-12月中旬) ( ...

考研英语答案2011

   2011 年考研英语 一)真题参考答案 年考研英语(一 真题参考答案 1-5 ACDBA 6-10 CADCB 11-15 BCACA 16-20 BCADB 21-25 DBCAA 26-30 CCBDB 31-35 CCBDB 36-40 CBCCC 41-45 BDCAE 翻译: 翻译 46、艾伦的贡献在于提供了我们能分担和揭示错误性质的假设--因为我们不是机器人, 因此我们能够控制我们的理想。 47、我们可以单独通过意识维持控制的感觉,但实际上我们一直面临着一个问题,为 什么我不能完 ...

2011考研英语翻译

   在紧张的考研英语复习中,翻译到底该怎么复习?好多考生都对这个问题感到困惑。   在实际复习中,面对考研翻译,存在两种趋势:一种就是盲目的练习,还有一种就是在考试中放弃。   笔者多年从事翻译教学,尤其是考研翻译教学,接触到各种不同的论调,也接触到各种不同的学生。归纳起来,一般需要认识到以下两种考研翻译复习中谬论的本质,对自己的复习思路加以及时更正;这样以来,势必在复习中掌握到正确的方法,进而在考试中获得成功的高分。 谬论一:复习考研翻译要多做模拟题   说道复习考试,每一个考生马上就想 ...

2011考研英语语法大全

   考研英语十二大基础语法体系 对于任何英语句子,要分析其结构,这样才能找到英语语言的规律。 每种语言都有它的难点, 对于任何英语句子,要分析其结构,这样才能找到英语语言的规律。 每种语言都有它的难点,汉语的难 任何英语句子 结构 点在于汉语不是拼读语言,汉字很难写,而且有四种声调。其实,许多接触过多种外语的人都认为, 点在于汉语不是拼读语言,汉字很难写,而且有四种声调。其实,许多接触过多种外语的人都认为,英语 的语法比法语、德语、俄语、日语等都简单,是最容易学的。著名语言学家乔姆斯基说过,语法 ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读

   大纲深入分析 英语 2011 大纲深入分析 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 终于与同学们见面了,万学?海文根据 2011 从某种程度上来将,这对他们来说是不公平的。年考 研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进 行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变 化。总体来说,研究 ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读

   万学? 万学?海文第一时间深入分析 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 终于与同学们见面了, 万学? 海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读(大纲综述 )

   万学? 万学?海文第一时间深入分析 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 终于与同学们见面了, 万学? 海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语 ...

2011考研英语长句精析(根据郭崇兴课堂整理)

   网络文档便捷服务、脚本、软件定制,提供各类文档批量下载、上传、处理、脚本和软件定制。另有百度积分财富值赠送,相关营销工具 以及论文代查代检服务 http://shop63695479.taobao.com 史上最快最全的网络文档批量下载、上传、处理,尽在: 史上最快最全的网络文档批量下载、上传、处理,尽在:http://shop63695479.taobao.com/ 考研英语长难句精细 第一部分 长难句基本句型 近几年,考研英语出现了很多难句。并且这些难句主要是长难句。长难句的形成主要通过 ...

热门内容

高三英语第一轮复习教案(模块四第二单元)

   高考资源网(www.ks5u.com) ,您身边的高考专家 Module 4 Unit 2 新课标单词 sporting adj 体育的,运动 的 honourable adj 光荣的,可 敬的,高尚的 delighted adj 愉快的, 高兴 的,欣喜的 significance n 重要性,重 要意义 briefly adv 地 wrestling n 摔交(运动) 简要地,扼要 gladly adv 高兴地, 乐意地 light vt 点燃,照亮 flame n 火焰 仪式,典礼 超 ...

学习英语六级的六条原则

   本文由蜗牛闯红灯贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 学习英语六级的六条原则 我在英语学习方面是十分幸运的。 在下过硬工夫的过程中, 我从未感到英语学习的单调和苦 闷,也未感到英语学习有多么艰难。我读过一些英语名家谈体会的书,其中有中文译本,也 有英文原文本。 这些书给了我很多启发, 使我能够在结合自身学习英语的方法和经验的基础 上,总结出符合常识的学习方法,并上升到符合英语学习规律的原则。如果你能按照这些原 则一步一个脚印 ...

大学英语自学教程上1TXT格式

   大学英语自学教程(上) 01-A. How to be a successful language learner? “Learning a language is easy, even a child can do it!” Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement. For them, learning a language is a very difficult ta ...

1999~2007年历年英语四级考试作文题目及例文

       本文由yakern贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     1999 年 ̄2007 年历年大学英语四级考试作文题目及例文     一:2007 年 12 月英语四级例文 1、 各大学开设了各种各样的选修课, 2、 学 生因为各种原因选择了不同的选修课, 3、 以你自 己为例… 2、 范文一 Nowadays,  there usually exists a wide selection of electives fo ...

冀教版小学英语词汇表

   小学英语词汇表 A arm 胳膊 在……上方 above after 在……之后 afternoon 下午 apple 苹果 and 和 apartment 公寓 April 四月 August 八月 avenue 大街 about 大约;关于 airplane(=plane) 飞机 arrive 到达 (较大的地方) arrive in 到达 arrive at 到达(较小的地方) aunt 阿姨;姑母; 婶母;伯母;舅母 Australia 澳大利亚 always 总是;永远 any 一 ...