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2011 考研英语经典复习资料:
★考研长难句结构分析最新经典 100 句★
  1. The American economic system is. organized around a basically private-enterprise, marketoriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most. [参考译文]美国的经济是以基本的私有企业和市场导向经济为架构的,在这种经 济中, 消费者很大程度上通过在市场上为那些他们最想要的货品和服务付费来决定什 么应该被制 造出来。
  2. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demand of individual consumers, coupled with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes, that together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it. [参考译文]因此,在美国的经济体系中,个体消费者的需求与商人试图最大化其 利润的 欲望和个人想最大化其收入效用的欲望相结合,一起决定了什么应该被制造,以 及资源如何 被用来制造它们。
  3. If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, this will t end to increase the supply offered by seller-producers, which in turn will lower the price and perm it more consumers to buy the product. [参考译文]另一方面,如果大量制造某种商品导致其成本下降,那么这就有可能 增加卖 方和制造商能提供的供给, 而这也就会反过来降低价格并允许更多的消费者购买 产品。
  4. In the American economy, the concept of private property embraces not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a prod uct or to make a free contract with another private individual. [参考译文]在美国经济中,私有财产的概念不仅包含对生产资源的所有权,也指
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其他一 些特定的权利,如确定一个产品价格和与另一个私人个体(经济单位)自由签定合 同的权利。
  5. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employers are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made accordingly. And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns. [参考译文]同时这些计算机记录下哪些时间是最忙的,哪些员工工作效率最高, 这样就 能相应地做出人员人事安排。而且它们(计算机)也能为促销活动找到那些拥有优 先权的顾 客。
  6. Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas an 2011 年考研精品资料★清风扬帆★收集整理 sail2011@1
  63.com 2 d electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers throug h the use of computers. [参考译文]不计其数的其他商业企业,从剧院到杂志出版商,从公用燃气电力设 施到牛 奶处理厂,都通过计算机的使用给消费者带来更好、更有效率的服务。
  7. Exceptional children are different in some significant way from others of the same age For these children to develop to their full adult potential, their education must be adapted to those diff erences. [参考译文]残疾儿童在许多关键方面都与其同龄人不同。为了让这些孩子发展其 全部的 成人后的潜能, 他们的教育必须适应这些不同。
  8. The great interest in exceptional children shown in public education over the past three dec ades indicates the strong feeling in our society that all citizens, whatever their special conditions, d eserve the opportunity to fully develop their capabilities. [参考译文]在过去的 30 年中,公共教育中显示的对残疾儿童的巨大关注表明了 我们社 会中的一种中强烈的情绪,那就是所有的公民,不管其情况有多特殊,都应享有 充分发展其 能力的机会。
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  9. It serves directly to assist a rapid distribution of goods at reasonable price, thereby establis hing a firm home market and so making it possible to provide for export at competitive prices. [参考译文]它(广告)能够直接帮助货物以比较合理的价格被迅速分销出去,因此 可以(使 公司)建立一个坚固的国内市场,同时也使以具有竞争力的价格提供出口变得可 能。
  10. Apart from the fact that twenty-seven acts of Parliament govern the terms of advertising, no regular advertiser dare promote a product that fails to live up to the promise of his advertiseme nts. [参考译文]除去议会有 27 件法案来规范广告的条件,没有任何一个正式的广告 商敢于 推销一种商品却不能兑现其在广告中的承诺。
  11. If its message were confined merely to information and that in itself would be difficult if not impossible to achieve, for even a detail such as the choice of the color of a shirt is subtly persu asive-advertising wound be so boring that no one wound pay any attention. [参考译文]如果其信息只被局限于告知一一就广告而言,如果这不是完全不可能 达到 的,也是非常难做的,因为即便是一个诸如衬衫的颜色的选择这样的细节都会具 有微妙的说 服意味,那么广告就会如此地乏味以至于没有人会关注它。
  12. The workers who gets a promotion, the student whose grades improve, the foreigner who learns a new language-all these are examples of people who have measurable results to show for t 2011 年考研精品资料★清风扬帆★收集整理 sail2011@1
  63.com 3 here efforts. [参考译文]得到了升迁的工人们,成绩进步的学生,学会了一门新语言的外国人 一一这 些都是那些有可衡量的结果宋显示其努力的人们的例证。
  13. As families move away from their stable community, their friends of many years, their ext ended family relationships, the informal flow of information is cut off, and with it the confidence t hat information will be available when needed and will be trustworthy and reliable. [参考译文]随着家庭离开他们原来稳定的社区,离开他们多年的朋友和扩展的家 庭关
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系,非正式的信息流动被切断了,随之而去的是对在需要时能获得可靠和值得信 赖的信息的 信心。
  14. The individual now has more information available than any generation, and the task of fi nding that one piece of information relevant to his or her specific problem is complicated, time-consuming, and sometimes even overwhelming. [参考译文]现在每个人能够得到的信息比任何时代的人都多,而找到与他/她的 特定问 题相关的那一点信息的任务不仅复杂、耗时,有时甚至令人难以招架。
  15. Expertise can be shared world wide through teleconferencing, and problems in dispute ca n be settled without the participants leaving their homes and/or jobs to travel to a distant conferenc e site. [参考译文]通过远程会议,专家知识可以在全世界范围内被分享,而争论的问题 能够得 到解决,同时相关人员也不必离开他们的家庭或工作跑到一个遥远的开会地点。
  16. The current passion for making children compete against their classmates or against the cl ock produces a two-layer system, in which competitive A-types seem in some way better than their B type fellows. [参考译文]现在这种让孩子们和其同学或时间竞争的热情导致了一个双层结构, 在这个 结构里面善于竞争的 A 类好像在某个方面要比他们 B 类的同辈更胜一筹。
  17. While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether your education, your e xperience, and other qualifications will pay him to employ you and your "wares" and abilities mus t be displayed in an orderly and reasonably connected manner. [参考译文]在跟你谈话的时候,可能成为你的雇主的人就一直在衡量你的教育、 经验和 其他资格是不是值得他雇用你, 而你的"商品"和能力一定要以一种有条不紊而且 合情合理的 相互关联的方式被展示出来。
  18. The Corporation will survive as a publicly funded broadcasting organization, at least for t he time being, but its role, its size and its programs are now the subject of a nation wide debate in 2011 年考研精品资料★清风扬帆★收集整理 sail2011@1
  63.com 4 Britain. [参考译文]英国广播公司将作为一个公共基金支持的广播组织存在下来,至少目
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前会这 样,但是它的角色、它的规模和它的节目现在在英国成了全国上下的讨论话题。
  19. The debate was launched by the Government, which invited anyone with an opinion of th e BBC--including ordinary listeners and viewer to say what was good or bad about the Corporatio n, and even whether they thought it was worth keeping. [参考译文]这场辩论是由政府发动的,政府请任何一个对英国广播公司有意见的 人一包 括普通的听众和观众一来说说这个公司好在哪里或坏在哪里, 甚至要说说他们是 否认为这个 公司值得被保留下来。
  20. The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging a large profess sig nal element and prevented the decline in efficiency that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of famil y firms in the second and third generation after the energetic founders. [参考译文]这 种变化通过 引入许多的专业因素从而适应了这个新时代的技术要求,并且它(这种变化)防止 了效率的降 低。这种效率的降低在精力充沛的创业者之后的第二代和第三代人(领导公司)的 时候,经常 会毁掉那些家族公司的财富。
  21. Such large, impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly increased the number s and importance of shareholders as a class, an element in national life representing irresponsible wealth detached from the land and the duties of the landowners: and almost equally detached from the responsible management of business. [参考译文]这样巨大而非个人的对资金和产业的操纵极大地增加了股东的数量 和他们 作为一个阶级的重要性,这是国家生活中代表不负责任的财富的一个因素,这种 财富不但远 离了土地和土地拥有者的责任,而且几乎同样与公司的负责任的管理毫无关系。
  22. Towns like Bournemouth and East bourne sprang up to house large "comfortable" classes who had retired on their incomes, and who had no relation to the rest of the community except tha t of drawing dividends and occasionally attending a shareholders' meeting to dictate their orders to the management. [参考译文]像伯恩茅斯和伊斯特本这样的城镇的涌现是为了给那些数量很多的" 舒适"阶
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级提供居住场所。这些人依赖于其丰厚收入而不工作,他们除了分红和偶尔参加 一下股东大 会,向管理层口授一下自己的命令之外,跟社会的其他阶层毫无瓜葛。
  23. The "shareholders" as such had no knowledge of the lives, thoughts or needs of the work men employed by the company in which he held shares, and his influence on the relations of capit al and labor was not good. [参考译文]这样的"股东"对他拥有股份的公司所雇用的工人们的生活、思想和需 求一无 所知,而且他们对劳资双方的关系都不会产生积极的影响。 2011 年考研精品资料★清风扬帆★收集整理 sail2011@1
  63.com 5
  24. The paid manager acting for the company was in more direct relation with the men and th eir demands, but even he had seldom that familiar personal knowledge of the workmen which the employer had often had under the more patriarchal system of the old family business now passing away. [参考译文]代表公司的花钱雇来的经理与工人及其需求的关系更加直接,但是就 连他对 工人们也没有那种熟识的私人之间的了解。 而在现在正在消失的古老家族公司的 那种更加家 长式的制度下的雇主们却常常对他们的工人有这样的私人关系。
  25. Among the many shaping factors, I would single out the country's excellent elementary sc hools: a labor force that we l comed the new technology; the practice of giving premiums to inven tors; and above all the American genius for nonverbal, "spatial" thinking about things technologica l. [参考译文]在许多形成因素当中,我将挑选出这些:这个国家优秀的小学教育: 欢迎新 技术的劳动者们:奖励发明者的做法;而且最重要的是美国人在对那些技术性事 物的非言语 的、"空间性的"思考方面的天赋。
  26. As Eugene Ferguson has pointed out, "A technologist thinks about objects that can not be reduced to unambiguous verbal descriptions: they are dealt with in his mind by a visual, nonverba l process...The designer and the inventor.., are able to assemble and manipulate in their minds devi ces that as yet do not exist". 弗格森所指出的那样: "一个技术专家思考那些不能被简化 [
 

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