2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语模拟试题 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语模拟 模拟试题 Section Ⅰ Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A , B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points)
During the 1980s, unemployment and underemployment in some countries was as high as 90 per cent. Some countries did not 2 3 1 enough food; basic needs in housing and clothing were not
. Many of these countries looked to the industrial processes of the developed nations solutions. 4 , problems cannot always be solved by copying the industrialized nations. 5 . 6
Industry in the developed nations is highly automated and very
It provides fewer jobs than labor-intensive industrial processes, and highly workers are needed to 8 7
and repair the equipment. These workers must be trained, 9 of
many nations do not have the necessary training institutions. Thus, the 10
importing industry becomes higher. Students must be sent abroad to and professional training. 11 .
vocational 12
just to begin training, the students must
learn English, French, German, or Japanese. The students then spend many years abroad, and 13 do not return home. All nations agree that science and technology countries care-fully 15 16 14 be shared. The point is:
the industrial processes of the developed nations need to look the costs, because many of these costs are 18 17 . Students from 19 the
these nations should
the problems of the industrialized countries closely. 20
care, they will take home not the problems of science and technology, benefits.

  1.[A] generate
  2.[A] answered
  3.[A] for
  4.[A] Moreover
  5.[A] expensive
  6.[A] gifted
  7.[A] keep
  8.[A] since
  9.[A] charge
[B] raise [B] met [B] without [B] Therefore [B] mechanical [B] skilled [B] maintain [B] so [B] price
[C] product [C] calculated [C] as [C] Anyway [C] flourishing [C] trained [C] retain [C] and [C] cost
[D] manufacture [D] remembered [D] about [D] However [D] complicated [D] versatile [D] protect [D] yet [D] value

  10.[A] accept
  11.[A] Frequently
  12.[A] soon
  13.[A] some
  14.[A] might
  15.[A] adopting
  16.[A] to
  17.[A] opaque
  18.[A] tackle
  19.[A] In
  20.[A] except
[B] gain [B] Incidentally [B] quickly [B] others [B] should [B] conducting [B] at [B] secret [B] learn [B] Through [B] nor
[C] receive [C] Deliberately [C] immediately [C] several [C] would [C] receiving [C] on [C] sealed [C] study [C] With [C] or
[D] absorb [D] Eventually [D] first [D] few [D] will [D] adjusting [D] about [D] hidden [D] manipulate [D] Under [D] but
Section II Reading Comprehension
Part A
Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A , B, C, or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points)
Text 1
Every year around this time the middle kingdom undergoes a profound transformation as millions migrate back to their family homes to reunite with loved ones for the start of the Chinese New Year in what is surely the world’s greatest non-disaster exodus. China's railways ministry forecast they would carry 1
  78.6 million passengers during the travel rush from January 23 to March
  2. Like ants to honey the population feeds and thrives on this devotion to the family, which is at the core of Chinese New Year celebrations. It underpins and feeds China’s charge into the 21st century. Undeniably it is a source of sustenance and fiber that many western nations lack and are grappling to come to grips with. Behind the glitz and glory of the upcoming Olympics China still has millions of workers slaving away, saving their salaries to send back to loved ones who are struggling in the village or less prosperous rural areas. For these workers who have been building the physical infrastructure for the nation they have been looking forward to the upcoming weeks with a pained longing. University students around the country have also been obsessing on the Chinese New Year after slogging away for months and they too are converging on train stations en masse to travel, often several thousands of kilometers, back to their hometowns. For these two groups, students and migrant worker, who are less wealthy, it usually means first lining up, often for hours before ticketing booths open. Most will be content just to be able to stand, even a day and a half, as long as they get home to be with their family. You will see them sleeping under train seats, among
pumpkin seeds and empty noodle bowls, while others even snore standing or lock themselves away inside fetid lavatories just trying to steal a few moments peace away from the crowded carriage conditions. Though amid all this hardship and bother the desire to sit around the circular table and share dinner with family on Chinese New Year Eve erases any built up resentment. It is this commitment and sacrifice to the family institution that many westerners admire and envy about the Chinese. Ask any social worker, psychologist, community leader, police or prison officer and they will remind you that at the heart of a good member of society there will usually be found a solid character nurtured by a loving support network. Definitely the best thing many will be doing here in China is going home over the next few weeks to see their families, no matter what it takes to get there - push, shove, bribe ? whatever. This food for the soul is at the heart of the world’s greatest exodus and it is a fuel that sustains, regulates and revitalizes a people that are now more than ever changing the world landscape.
  1,The following statements from the Para 2, and Para 3 are all mentioned except: [A], Chinese people, including migrant workers and students, value Spring Festival very much. [B], the migrant workers, students bounding for home experienced bitter journey. [C], China is still a developing country with a great amount of poverty-stricken areas. [D], train service has been terrible and train compartments are always dirty and fetid. 2, from the passage, we can draw that the author’s attitude towards Chinese spring festival travel “rush hour”, is: [A], regardless. [B], appreciative [C], subjective [D], objective. 3, what is the best title for this passage: [A], Longing for going home. [B], the world’s great exodus. [C], bitter experience of going home. [D], migrant worker and student. 4, from the whole passage, we can conclude that: [A], all the migrant worker and student will go home during the Spring Festival. [B], students are less tolerant of terrible atmosphere in compartment than migrant worker. [C], the journey toil and discomfort will be greatly eased after successfully arriving at home. [D], nostalgia is the exceptional and unique phenomenon in China. 5, the passage properly is excerpted from: [A], commentary. [B], novel. [C], textbook. [D], anecdotage.
Text 2
MODERN economies are not built with capital or labor as much as by ideas. Nearly half America's gross domestic product is based on intellectual property, one estimate found. Japan has called the husbanding of such property a national priority. A raft of United Nations agencies, covering health or development or trade, are squabbling over how best to enforce patents and copyrights while also promoting innovation. The latest contribution to this feverish debate is a report released this week by Britain's Treasury, called the “Gowers Review of Intellectual Property”. It follows a year-long study led by Andrew Gowers, an ex-editor of the Financial Times. Its aim was to take a rational, evidence-based view of intellectual property and ways to safeguard it. To the dismay of some and the delight of others, it calls for a balance between the interests of creators and the public. This idea of balance will anger the entertainment industry, which has tried to win over politicians with some siren songs. For example, the music company EMI enlisted ageing crooners to back its campaign for the length of copyright for sound recordings in Europe to be extended from 50 to 95 years, following America's lead. The study rejects this. It wants much firmer enforcement of the rules, but also says copying material for private use should be made easier. The report urges a reform of the patent system. Going to court to uphold a patent costs a company a minimum of $
  1.5m; that may oblige innocent firms to pay to settle and prevents infringed parties from seeking redress. A system to protect intellectual property is meaningless if only the rich can use (or abuse) it. The study provided a chance for all sides in the debate to lay out their cases?so it is affecting the climate of opinion all over the world. In Australia this week, a Copyright Amendment Bill passed both houses of parliament, but only after some draconian features?like stiff fines for unintentional infringement?were removed at the last minute. In many places there is a problem over intellectual property because of an imbalance of power between copyright and patent holders on the one hand, and the public on the other. The new review, by sifting evidence rather than taking the lobbyists' guinea, seems to have pushed the global debate forward. 6, all the statements are included in the paragraph 1, except: [A], both America and Japan attach importance to intellectual property. [B], ideas are not as important as capital and labor in modern economies. [C], protecting patens and promoting innovation has been the hot topic in US. [D], balance between the interests of different parties is the key to protect patent. 7, from the paragraph 2, the entertainment industry wants to: [A], win the election campaign. [B], compose some siren songs. [C], get extended music copyright. [D], enforce the copyright rules. 8, the key concern behind the intellectual property lies in: [A], the flimsy governance over intellectual property. [B], people’s indifference toward copyright protection. [C], the fragmented intellectual property system. [D], imbalanced interests distribution institution.
9, from the whole passage, we can draw: [A], stiff fines or punishment for intellectual property infringement is feasible. [B], intellectual property protection contributes most to America’s GDP growth. [C], promoting innovation and protecting copyright is an unavoidable contradiction. [D], the controversy between all the concerned parties will continue as always. 10, the author’s tone of narrating intellectual property protection is: [A], biased, [B], subjective. [C], candid. [D], slanted.
Text 3
My friend Xiao Wang should have scored a 40,000-yuan ($5,2
  56) a month job as a sales director at a top US company. Instead he became yet another victim of East meets West culture clash. The American company was a major international player and was hunting for a top sales manager who could fire up its new Chinese operations. Chinese-born, US educated Xiao Wang was more than qualified having worked in America in the same industry, but living most of his life in China. He knew the local market well. The mid 30s Beijinger is a naturally charming fellow and after dining with him a few times I could understand why he had carved out a successful sales career. He is a great listener, and always gives his undivided attention to whoever is speaking. He has the knack of making you feel special and rarely speaks about himself. The US firm flew Xiao Wang to Shanghai for the main interview and the feedback was positive. Xiao Wang had one more hurdle, a final telephone meeting with the Asia Pacific sales director, who was based in the United States. After the hook-up, Xiao Wang felt confident. Interestingly, the interviewer did not ask many questions, however Xiao Wang believed it was simply a confirmation call. But he failed to be hired. This was the classic West meets East cultural dilemma in which the Aggressive meets the Passive. I have found that many Chinese are not direct. My Chinese friends tell me that speaking your mind in front of others may cause disharmony to the group. Although there are exceptions to this rule, and the younger generation is becoming more forthright, many Chinese still believe that it is better to agree face-to-face and negotiate afterwards, than blatantly disagree at a meeting. The US sales director may have been expecting a typical "go-getter" sales guy like himself. He may have been expecting the candidate to behave like he once had in previous job interviews. He wanted a sales manager who oozed confidence, and was powered by aggression. He wanted someone who was willing to knock down doors and explain why he was the right man for the job. Xiao Wang was not on the same page. He was waiting for questions and expected the mood and pace of the conversation to be dictated by the interviewer. Body language expert Albert Mehrabian found that only 7 percent of communication was verbal (words only) and 38 percent vocal (tone of voice, inflection, and other sounds). More than half of the communication process - 55 percent - was non-verbal, including body language, facial expressions and gestures. If only the American big shot had enjoyed a hotpot with Xiao Wang, he
would have met the real man, would have probably hired him and guaranteed the success of his China operations. 11, from the interviewer’s point of view, Xiao Wang’s failure to land the job just because: [A], Xiao Wang is a local in Beijing and doesn’t have the relevant working experience. [B], Xiao Wang is t



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