2011 年考研英语一
2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 (英语一) 英语一)
考试时间:180 分钟
满分 100 分
Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does. __6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down. Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles 18 more exuberantly to funny cartons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.[A]among
  2.[A]reflect [B]except [B]demand [C]despite [C]indicate
1
[D]like [D]produce
2011 年考研英语一

  3.[A]stabilizing
  4.[A]transmit
[B]boosting [B]sustain
[C]impairing [C]evaluate
[D]determining [D]observe [D]renewable

  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable
  6.[A]In turn
  7.[A]opposite
  8.[A]hardens
  9.[A]aggravate
  10.[A]physical [B]In fact [B]impossible [B]weakens [B]generate [B]mental
[C]affordable
[C]In addition [C]average [C]tightens [C]moderate
[D]In brief [D]expected [D]relaxes [D]enhance
[C]subconscious [D]internal [C]Due to [D]at [D]because [D]suppresses [D]As for

  11.[A]Except for [B]According to
  12.[A]with
  13.[A]unless
  14.[A]exhausts
  15.[A]into
  16.[A]fetch [B]on [B]until [B]follows [B]from [B]bite [C]in [C]if
[C]precedes [C]towards [C]pick
[D]beyond [D]hold [D]indifferent [D]reacted [D]supposing [D]Conversely

  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited
  18.[A]adapted
  19.[A]suggesting
  20.[A]Eventually [B]catered [B]requiring
[C]joyful [C]turned
[C]mentioning
[B]Consequently [C]Similarly
Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment
2
2011 年考研英语一
in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim. [D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest.
3
2011 年考研英语一
[C]respectable. [D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers [A]ignore the expenses of live performances. [B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. [C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. [D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? [A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. [B]They are easily accessible to the general public. [C]They help improve the quality of music. [D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic. [C]confident. [D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29. McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A
4
2011 年考研英语一
turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”
  26.When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as being [A]arrogant. [B]frank. [C]self-centered. [D]impulsive.
  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by [A]their expectation of better financial status. [B]their need to reflect on their private life. [C]their strained relations with the boards. [D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28.The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A]approved of.
5
2011 年考研英语一
[B]attended to. [C]hunted for. [D]guarded against.
  29.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that [A]top performers used to cling to their posts. [B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated. [C]top performers care more about reputations. [D]it’s safer to stick to the traditional rules.
  30. Which of the following is the best title for the text? [A]CEOs: Where to Go? [B]CEOs: All the Way Up? [C]Top Managers Jump without a Net [D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers Text 3 The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and print advertisements ? still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media. Paid and owned media are controlled by marketers promoting their own products. For earned media , such marketers act as the initiator for users’ responses. But in some cases, one marketer’s owned media become another marketer’s paid media ? for instance, when an e-commerce retailer sells ad space on its Web site. We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so strong that other organizations place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment. This trend ,which we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel providers such as airlines and hotels and will no doubt go further. Johnson & Johnson, for example, has created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that promotes complementary and even competitive products. Besides generating income, the presence of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies opportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ marketing, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned.
6
2011 年考研英语一
The same dramatic technological changes that have provided marketers with more (and more diverse) communications choices have also increased the risk that passionate consumers will voice their opinions in quicker, more visible, and much more damaging ways. Such hijacked media are the opposite of earned media: an asset or campaign becomes hostage to consumers, other stakeholders, or activists who make negative allegations about a brand or product. Members of social networks, for instance, are learning that they can hijack media to apply pressure on the businesses that originally created them. If that happens, passionate consumers would try to persuade others to boycott products, putting the reputation of the target company at risk. In such a case, the company’s response may not be sufficiently quick or thoughtful, and the learning curve has been steep. Toyota Motor, for example, alleviated some of the damage from its recall crisis earlier this year with a relatively quick and well-orchestrated social-media response campaign, which included efforts to engage with consumers directly on sites such as Twitter and the social-news site Digg.
  31.Consumers may create “earned” media when they are [A] obscssed with online shopping at certain Web sites. [B] inspired by
 

相关内容

2011年考研英语真题试题答案听力下载

   8G 英语 www.8gEnglish.com 2011 年考研英语真题试题答案听力 Part ⅠClose Test Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A] ,[B] , [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening ...

2011考研英语作文模板大全

   2011 考研英语作文模板大全:论证观点之情感类 这种类型的文章主要分析论证一些具体的观点。 一般情况下三段的分布为: 第一段描述 图画内容,第二段提出观点、进行理论分析和事例分析,第三段总结观点、表明态度。 情感类模板 1: : As is shown in the picture above, n surmise that . . Obviously from we ca It goes without saying that the primary purpose of the pic ...

2011考研英语一和二翻译真题和答案

   考研英语一和二 一和二翻译真题和答案 2011 考研英语一和二翻译真题和答案 说明: 原文选自一本非常著名的书 Fifty Self-help Classics(见图),主要选自这本 书的第 11 页和 12 页,经过命题专家改写,有些变了模样。该书是一本励志类的 读物,是一部书评,所以翻译起来并不轻松,甚至还有一些哲理性的语言,颇费 思量。 以下为考试原文和译文, 仅供参考; 时间仓促, 不对之处, 敬请指出并谅解。 祝福各位考研的朋友。 北京新东方学校国内部 唐静 With its th ...

考研英语答案2011

   2011 年考研英语 一)真题参考答案 年考研英语(一 真题参考答案 1-5 ACDBA 6-10 CADCB 11-15 BCACA 16-20 BCADB 21-25 DBCAA 26-30 CCBDB 31-35 CCBDB 36-40 CBCCC 41-45 BDCAE 翻译: 翻译 46、艾伦的贡献在于提供了我们能分担和揭示错误性质的假设--因为我们不是机器人, 因此我们能够控制我们的理想。 47、我们可以单独通过意识维持控制的感觉,但实际上我们一直面临着一个问题,为 什么我不能完 ...

2011考研英语翻译

   在紧张的考研英语复习中,翻译到底该怎么复习?好多考生都对这个问题感到困惑。   在实际复习中,面对考研翻译,存在两种趋势:一种就是盲目的练习,还有一种就是在考试中放弃。   笔者多年从事翻译教学,尤其是考研翻译教学,接触到各种不同的论调,也接触到各种不同的学生。归纳起来,一般需要认识到以下两种考研翻译复习中谬论的本质,对自己的复习思路加以及时更正;这样以来,势必在复习中掌握到正确的方法,进而在考试中获得成功的高分。 谬论一:复习考研翻译要多做模拟题   说道复习考试,每一个考生马上就想 ...

2011考研英语语法大全

   考研英语十二大基础语法体系 对于任何英语句子,要分析其结构,这样才能找到英语语言的规律。 每种语言都有它的难点, 对于任何英语句子,要分析其结构,这样才能找到英语语言的规律。 每种语言都有它的难点,汉语的难 任何英语句子 结构 点在于汉语不是拼读语言,汉字很难写,而且有四种声调。其实,许多接触过多种外语的人都认为, 点在于汉语不是拼读语言,汉字很难写,而且有四种声调。其实,许多接触过多种外语的人都认为,英语 的语法比法语、德语、俄语、日语等都简单,是最容易学的。著名语言学家乔姆斯基说过,语法 ...

2011考研英语复试自我介绍

   2011 考研英语复试自我介绍 考研英语复试自我介绍注意事项: 1. 2010 考研英语复试自我介绍需要注意哪些? 基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一方面。 考官其实是要借此了解你的口头 表达能力以及你的报名表之外的一些信息。 自我介绍时间以 2-3 分钟为宜。 思路要清楚, 要突出重点,口语尽量流利(不要太流利了,有背诵之嫌)。 1) 考官要求你作自我介绍时,不要用…let me introduce myself briefly / please allow me to intro ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读

   大纲深入分析 英语 2011 大纲深入分析 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 终于与同学们见面了,万学?海文根据 2011 从某种程度上来将,这对他们来说是不公平的。年考 研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进 行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变 化。总体来说,研究 ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读

   本文由windowsnap1贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 大纲深入分析 英语 2011 大纲深入分析 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 终于与同学们见面了,万学?海文根据 2011 从某种程度上来将,这对他们来说是不公平的。年考 研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的 ...

2011考研英语(一)大纲全新解读

   万学 万学海文第一时间深入分析 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 终于与同学们见面了, 万学 海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一 ...

热门内容

九十三年度中部四县市国小英语教学辅导团专业知能研习计画(草案)

   九十三年度中部四~#市W小英??教[x?\W\im知能研?uk(草案) 九十三年度中部四~#市W小英??教[x?\W\im知能研?uk(草案) 中部 W小英??教[x?\W\im知能 一、依d冢 (一) 教育部九年一??渤?币 (二) ??#推R?民小[x[媸┯??教[x旗?Q?ukW餍小 (三) W民中小[x九年一??渤掏普?uk。 二、目的: (一) 建立策略?o盟j_制,??硐盗醒遥?q|L??R?中部五~#市W小英??教[x?\W教^+ \im知能之培?。 (二) 配合教[xR ...

九年级下学期英语教学计划

   九年级下学期英语教学计划 利镇一中 石美芳 本学期是整个九年制义务教育的最后一个学期,学生即将面临着中考考验。 这是一次真正意义上的选拔考试。 迎接好这次中考就成为本学期教学的一个重要 工作。因此,教师在教学中应该帮助学生理解、吸收、吃透教材,对教材中的知 识进行内化,即进行综合、应用、创新和中考思维的升华,把书本知识变成学生 自己的知识。要有一定的时间作强化训练,通过训练,锁定差距,然后提出弥补 差距的可操作性对策措施,千方百计缩小差距、消灭差距。 一、提前做好充分的思想准备。本学期时间短 ...

张庄中学初一英语上学期期末考试题

   张庄中学初一英语上学期期末考试题 一、词汇(15 分) A.根据首字母填词(5 分) 1. There is o one telephone in my home. 2. Is she good at d pictures? 3. Ma Lin and Mang Nam are good table tennis p. 4. Mrs Smith is very W . She can’t find her purse. 5. I don’t like my aunt. She is not ...

如何练习英语口语

   主题:如何练习英语口语 收藏本贴 | 好友分享 | 推广拿分 点击:571 | 回复:2 | 标签: 四级 六级 口语 一般来说,衡量一个人口语水平高低主要看以下几个方面: 1.语音、语调是否正确,口齿是否清楚; 2.流利程度; 3.语法是否正确,用词是否恰当,是否符合英语表达习惯; 4.内容是否充实,逻辑是否清楚。 这些是衡量会话能力的主要标准。针对以上标准,采取相应的训练方法,大致可分作两个阶段。 第一阶段:准备阶段,主要是进行模仿。背诵。复述练习。目的是训练正确的语音。语调。提高流利程 ...

英语A1

   1、说明:创建数据库 说明: databaseCREATE DATABASE database-name 说明: 2、说明:删除数据库 drop database dbname 说明: 3、说明:备份 sql server 创建 备份数据的 device USE master 'c:\mssql7backup\ EXEC sp_addumpdevice 'disk', 'testBack', 'c:\mssql7backup\MyNwind_1. dat' 开始 备份 BACKUP DATA ...