2011 年职称英语阅读文章 阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 6 篇)
目录: 目录: 第二篇(C 级):World Crude Oil Production May Peak a Decade Earlier Than Some Predict 第六篇(C 级):Weaving with Light 第三十四篇(B 级):Batteries Built by Viruses 第三十八篇(B 级):Longer Lives for Wild Elephants 第四十五篇(A 级):Some People Do Not Taste Salt Like Others 第四十六篇(A 级):Marvelous Metamaterials 第二篇 World Crude Oil Production May Peak a Decade Earlier Than Some Predict In a finding that may speed efforts to conserve oil,scientists in Kuwait predict that world conventional crude oil production will peak in 20
  14.This prediction is almost a decade earlier than some other predictions. Their study is in ACS’Energy&Fuels
  1. Ibrahim Nashawi and colleagues point out that rapid growth in global oil consumption has sparked a growing interest in predicting "peak oil". "Peak oil" is the point where oil production reaches a maximum and then declines. Scientists have developed several models to forecast this point,and some put the date at 2020 or later. One of the most famous forecast models is called the Hubbert model
  2.It assumes that global oil production will follow a bell shaped curve
  3.A related concept is that4 of "Peak Oil." The term "Peak Oil" indicates the moment in which world wide production will peak,afterwards to start on irreversible decline. The Hubbert model accurately predicted that oil production would peak in the United States in 19
  70.The model has since gained in popularity and has been used to forecast oil production worldwide. However,recent studies show that the model is insufficient to account for5 more complex oil production cycles of some countries. Those cycles can be heavily influenced by technology changes, politics,and other factors,the scientists say. The new study describes development of a new version of the Hubbert model that provides a more realistic and accurate oil production forecast. Using the new model,the scientists evaluated the oil production trends of 47 major oil-producing countries,which supply most of the world’s conventional crude oil
  6.They estimated that worldwide conventional crude oil production will peak in 20
  14,years earlier than anticipated. The scientists also showed that the world’s oil reserves7
are being reduced at a rate of
  2.1 percent a year. The new model could help inform energy-related decisions and public policy debate,they suggest. 词汇: 词汇: conserve v.保护,保存 irreversible adj.不可逆的,不可改变的 crude oil 原油 spark v.闪耀;激发;鼓舞 insufficient 不充分的,不足的 curve n.曲线 注释: 注释:
  1.ACS’Energy&Fuels: 是 American Chemical Society(美国化学学会)的缩写。 ACS 该学会成立于 1876 年,现已成为世界最大的科技协会。多年来,ACS 一直致力于为全球化学研究机构、企业及个人提供高品 质的文献资讯及服务。ACS 出版的期刊有 34 种,这些期刊在化学领域中是被引用次数最多的化学期刊, Energy&Fuels 即是其中一本。
  2.the Hubbert model:赫伯特模型是美国地质学家 M.King Hubbert 于 1956 年创建的,这是一个随时 间增长的模型,Hubbert 将其引入油气田开发,经推导使其成为一个可以预测油气田累积产量、瞬时产量、 年产量和可采储量等多项开发指标的多功能预测模型。
  3.a bell shaped curve:钟形曲线
  4.that of peak oil:that 指代 concept。
  5.account for:说明,解释
  6.conventional crude oil:常规原油
  7.oil reserves:石油储量。通常使用复数形式 reserves。 练习: 练习:
  1.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "sparked" appearing in paragraph 2 ? A.flashed B.stimulated C.changed D.ended

  2.The term "a bell shaped curve" appearing in paragraph 2 indicates that global oil production will A.take the shape of a flat curve. B.keep growing. C.keep declining. D.start to decline after global oil production peaks.
  3.Which of the following is NOT true of the Hubbert model? A.It successfully predicted that oil production peaked in the U.S.in 19
  70. B.It has been used to predict oil production in many countries. C.It is insufficient to explain oil production cycles in some countries. D.It provides a very realistic and accurate oil production.
  4.What is the major achievement of the new study mentioned in the last paragraph? A.It predicts global oil production will peak in 20
  14. B.It predicts oil production will decline in 47 countries. C.It confirms further the effectiveness of the Hubbert model. D.It discovers a new gend of worldwide oil production.
  5.Who develop the new version of the Hubbert model ? A.American scientists. B.Kuwaiti scientists. C.British scientists. D.Scientists of 47 major oil-producing countries. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1.B spark 一词做及物动词使用时有“发动”、“激发"的意思,在此意为 stimulated,即“引发”, 这个句子的意思是:全球石油消费的快速增长已引发了对“石油峰值”预测的兴趣。

  2.D 此句接下来的句子中所提到的 a related concept 即是与 a bell shaped curve 相关的概念,也 就是说,接下来的这个句子对 a bell shaped curve 做了解释,即世界石油生产达到最大峰值后将下降。
  3.D 文章的第三段告诉我们,Hubbert 预测模型精确地预测到美国石油生产于 1970 年将达到峰值。这 一模型自受到公认后,已用于预测世界石油生产。第四段说,这一模型对于某些国家更加复杂的石油生产 周期而言,其计算尚不充分。这些生产周期受到技术的改变、政策和其他因素的很大影响。所以,A、B 和 C 都是对 Hubbert 模型的正确说明。
  4.A 选项 B、C 和 D 所述内容均未在文章中提到。最后一段告诉我们,科学家使用新的模型评估了 47 个主要的产油国家的石油生产趋势,并预计全球常规原油生产到 2014 年将达最高峰值。所以,A 是答案。
  5.B 短文第一段的第一个句子提供了答案。 第六篇 Weaving with Light In the Sierra Madre mountain range of west central Mexico
  1,the native Huichol people2 live much the way their ancestors did-without electricity. That's because it's too expensive to string power lines3 to the remote mountain areas where they live. To help support themselves,the Huichol create beautiful artwork. They sell their art in cities hundreds of miles away from their villages. And without electricity-at home or on the road,they can only work during daylight hours. When it gets dark,they must stop whatever they’re doing. Now,a team of scientists,designers,and architects is using4 new technologies to provide the Huichol with light after the sun sets The scientists' technique involves weaving tiny electronic crystals into fabrics that can be made into clothes,bags,or other items. By collecting the sun’s energy during the day,these lightweight fabrics provide bright white light at night. Their inventors have named the fabrics "Portable Lights." Portable Lights have the potential to transform the lives of people without electricity around the world,says project leader Sheila Kennedy. “Our invention,”Kennedy says,“came from seeing how we could transform technology we saw every day in the United States and move it into new markets for people who didn’t have a lot of money.” At the core of5 Portable Light technology are devices called high-brightness light-emitting diodes,or HB LEDs
  6.These tiny lights appear in digital clocks,televisions,and streetlights. LEDs are completely different from the light bulbs. Most of those glass bulbs belong to a type called incandescent lights. Inside,electricity heats a metal coil to about 2,200 degrees Celsius. At that temperature,bulbs give off light we can see. Ninety percent of energy produced by incandescent lights,however,is heat - and invisible. With all that wasted energy,bulbs bum out quickly. They are also easily broken.
LEDs,on the other hand,are like tiny pieces of rock made up of molecules that are arranged in a crystal structure. When an electric current passes through an LED,the crystal structure produces light. Unlike incandescent bulbs,they can produce light of various colors. Within an LED,the type of molecules and their particular arrangement determines what color is produced. 词汇: 词汇: Portable adj.轻便的,手提式的 incandescent adj.白灼的 Light-emitting diode(LED) 发光二极管 coil n.线圈,卷,圈 Bulb n.灯泡;球状物 molecule n.分子 注释: 注释:
  1.Sierra Madre mountain range of west central Mexico:墨西哥中西部的马德雷山脉。Sierra 一 词在西班牙语中本身就包含了“山脉”的意思,确切地说是“呈齿状起伏的山脉",因为在西班牙语中 Sierra 有“锯子"的意思。
  2.Huichol people:维克人。他们是居住在墨西哥中西部地区马德雷山脉的土著印地安人。该地区山 路崎岖,所以西班牙人未涉足于此,墨西哥文化也没能影响维克人的土著文化。据估计,维克印地安人现 仅存约一万人。
  3.string power lines:架设输电线
  4.Now,a team of scientists…is using:a team of scientists 可以视作单数,也可以视作复数。 本句用作单数,所以后接的谓语动词是 is。
  5.At the core of:此处 the core of 意为 the basic or most important part of(最重要的部分)。
  6.At the core of Portable Light technology are devices called high-brightness light-emitting diodes, or HB LEDs:本句是倒装句,主语是“devices called high-brightness light-emitting diodes, or HB LEDs",谓语动词是“are”。High-brightness light-emitting diodes 可译为“高亮度发光二极 管。 练习: 练习:
  1.To make a living,the Huichol create artwork and A.sell it to tourists in their villages. B.sell it in cities far away from their villages. C.display it in their village museum. D.keep it in their homes to attract tourists.

  2.Why Can Portable Lights emit light? A.Electronic crystals are woven into fabrics. B.Items such as clothes and bags are used to carry lights. C.The sun’s energy is collected during the day. D.All of the above.
  3.What does Sheila Kennedy say about Portable Lights? A.This invention Can change the lives of people,both rich and poor. B.They are widely used in the United States. C.Portable Lights can help poor people around the world to get light. D.They are expensive to make but easy to carry.
  4.What is the most important part of the Portable Light technology? A.HB LEDs B.Glass Bulbs. C.Incandescent lights. D.Heated metal coils.
  5.LEDs are different from light bulbs in that A.LEDs ale incandescent lights while light bulbs are not. B.LEDs have a metal coil while light bulbs have not. C.LEDs emit colored light while most fight bulbs don’t. D.LEDs are made up of tiny pieces of rock while light bulbs are not. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1.B 短文的第一段提供了答案,该段告诉我们,维克人为了谋生,制作工艺品,并到几百英里以外的 城市去销售。
  2.D 文章的第二和第三段包括了 A、B 和 C 所述内容。所以 D 是答案。

  3.C 短文的第四和第五段提供了答案。短文第四段的句子说了 Potable Lights 可以在世界范围内改变 穷乡僻壤用不上电的人们的生活,C 准确地表达了这层意思,所以是答案。A 不是答案,说 Potable Lights 能改变富人穷人的生活, 不符合原文的意思。 短文没有提及 Portable Lights 在美国使用, 也没有说 Portable Lights 是否花费很大。所以 B 和 D 都不是答案。
  4.A 第六段的第一句提供了答案。Portable Lights 技术的最主要部分是 high-brightness light-emitting diodes,即高亮度发光二极管。
  5.C 短文的第六段对 light bulbs 进行了描述。第二句中的 those glass bulbs 即指第一句中的 light bulbs。因此,LEDs 不是 incandescent lights(白炽灯),也没有金属丝。所以 A 和 B 均是错误的选择。最 后一段的第一个句子 LEDs,on the other hand,are like tiny pieces of rock made up of molecules that are arranged in a crystal structure 中的 like pieces of rock,不 等于 pieces of rock,所以,D 也是错误选择。根据短文的最后一段内容,C 是正确选择。 第三十四篇 Batteries Built by Viruses What do chicken pox, the common cold,the flu,and AIDS have in common? They're all disease caused by viruses,tiny microorganisms that can pass from person to person. It’s no wonder1 that when most people think about viruses, finding ways to steer clear of2 viruses is what's on people's minds. Not everyone runs from the tiny disease carriers, though
  3.In Cambridge,Massachusetts4, scientists have discovered that some viruses can be helpful in an unusual way. They are putting viruses to work,teaching them to build some of the world’s smallest rechargeable batteries. Viruses and batteries may seem like an unusual pair, but they're not so strange for engineer Angela Belcher, who first came up with5 the idea. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge,she and her collaborators bring together different areas of science in new ways. In



   2011 年职称英语考试考前注意事项 2011 年职称英语考试将于 3 月 26 日开考, 有六点留意事项需向大家提示, 并祝福大家获得出好成 果,一次通关。 事项一:温习内容 在考前最初几天,大家就不要再看难题了,有目的做几套模仿题,把本人本类别、本级别教材上需求 掌握的内容再温习一下,回想几类重要的答题技巧,这样可以缓解压力,加强决心。 事项二:考场词典携带成绩 历年职称英语考试虽是闭卷答题,但是能带一本词典进入考场,所以词典选择显得尤为重要了。以下 两类词典不能带入考场,希望大家一定要 ...


   2011年职称英语(理工类) 2011年职称英语(理工类)阅读理解 年职称英语 问题 Vehicles( 1. Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles(理C) 1) What have the Ford motor company, General Motor’s and Honda done concerning electric cars? 2) According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe, batterypowered cars ...


   http://club.topsage.com/forum-109大家论坛职称英语 http://club.topsage.com/forum-109-1.html 2011年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文 理工类 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文理工类 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文 世界原油产量可能提前十年达到峰值 理C 科威特科学家预测世界常规原油产量将在2014年达到峰值,这一发现可能会促进储存 石油的努力。 这一预测比其他预测提前了将近十年, 已经发表在美国化学学会 《能量与燃料》 杂 ...


   http://club.topsage.com/forum-109大家论坛职称英语 http://club.topsage.com/forum-109-1.html 2011年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文 理工类 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文理工类 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文 世界原油产量可能提前十年达到峰值 理C 科威特科学家预测世界常规原油产量将在2014年达到峰值,这一发现可能会促进储存 石油的努力。 这一预测比其他预测提前了将近十年, 已经发表在美国化学学会 《能量与燃料》 杂 ...


   考研英语阅读文章来源 历年考研英语阅读都是考研学子们为之苦战的项目, 为了备战考研英语, 数不清的考研 学子从做题到研究历年真题, 好不辛苦。 考研教育网为了使广大考研学子能够更加有效复习 考研,将整理的考研英语阅读理解文章来源进行整理,供参考。 一、文章来源规律 1、经济类文章主要来源 The Economist (经济学家),Business Week (商业周刊),Wall Street Journal(华尔街杂志)。 2、科学技术类文章主要来源 Nature (自然),Discove ...


   职称英语阅读理解得分技巧 在职称英语考试的六大题型中阅读理解占的分数最高达 45 分,将近总成绩 的一半,关系着考试的成败。环球网校教您几招让您轻松应对职称英语考试中的 阅读理解。 注:阅读理解就是给出一篇短文,短文后有 5 道题。根据短文内容,为每题确 定 1 个最佳选项。 阅读理解题的解题方法 一般情况下我们建议考生先看一下短文后的问题,带着问题有目的的对文章 进行阅读,这样可以省下很多时间。在读完文章做题目时,先仔细阅读问题句,根 据其句意判断问题类型:是细节题还是主旨题。不同性质的题 ...


   职称英语阅读理解必背解题技巧:熟悉题型 来源:考试大 【考试大:你最值得信赖的考试顾问】 2008 年 12 月 24 日 职称考试中的阅读理解部分题型相对稳定,只要熟悉它们的出题方法与做法,并进行有针 对性的训练,就能大幅度提高成绩。常见的题型主要有: 一、主旨题 这类问题主要测试考生把握主题与中心思想的能力。主要形式有: 1. The main idea of this passage is . 2. The passage mainly discusses . 3. What is t ...


   一,Fox and cock One morning a fox sees a cock. He thinks," This is my breakfast.'' He comes up to the cock and says, "I know you can sing very well. Can you sing for me?'' The cock is glad. He closes his eyes and begins to sing. The fox se ...


   英语四级考试高频词汇 1. alter v.改变,改动,变更 2. burst vi. n.突然发生,爆裂 3. dispose vi.除掉;处置;解决;处理(of) 4. blast n.爆炸;气流 vi.炸,炸掉 5. consume v.消耗,耗尽 6. split v.劈开;割裂;分裂 a. 裂开的 7. spit v.吐(唾液等) ;唾弃 8. spill v.溢出,溅出,倒出 9. slip v.滑动,滑落;忽略 10. slide v.滑动,滑落 n.滑动;滑面;幻灯片 11. ...


   一、明星代言问题 On the Celebrity Spokesperson Currently, we could hardly live a single day without seeing a celebrity spokesperson promoting a product or a social campaign on TV, net or other media. This is an intensely popular trend that we cannot fail t ...



   简明金融英语词汇 A Accounts payable 应付帐款 Accounts receivable 应收帐款 Accrued interest 应计利息 Accredited Investors 合资格投资者;受信投资人 指符合美国证券交易委员(SEC)条例,可参与一般美国非公开(私募)发行的部份机构和 高净值个人投资者 Accredit value 自然增长值 ACE 美国商品交易所 ADB 亚洲开发银行 ADR 美国存股证;美国预托收据; 美国存托凭证 [股市] 指由负责保管所存托 ...


   英语语法基础知识词类-冠词 Article 一、冠词概述 冠词是虚词,它不能单独使用。只能附在一个名词上说明这个名词。冠词分为不定冠a(an)词和定冠词the。不定冠词一般表示泛指;定冠词一般表示特指。 二、不定冠词a(an)的用法 A. 不定冠词a(an)用于单数可数名词前。a用于辅音字母开始的词前;an用于元音字母开始的词前。如:a girl an English book B. 不定冠词用来表示类别,指某一类人或某一类事物中的一个(泛指)。如: His father is a docto ...


   教学研究 生物化工工艺专业英语 教学的现状与改革 李玉珍 肖怀秋 摘 要 随着我国外经贸工作的拓展,对外向型专门人才需求的不断提升;生物化工是化工 的一个新领域,十分需要与国际的先进水平接轨。因此对学习生物化工工艺专业的学生来说 专业英语知识显得尤其重要。我从目前专业英语教学的实际,结合自身在教学中的一些认识 与体会,认为专业英语的教学改革势在必行。 关键词 专业英语 教学改革 随着世界经济一体化进程的加快和与国外技术 典阅读和翻译生化专业英语文献的能力。 交流和经贸交往的日益增多,专业技术 ...


   英语单词词根词缀和词性转换 英语中常见的后缀 一、名词性后缀 1,-age 为抽象名词后缀,表示行为,状态和全体总称 percentage 百分数,百分率,voltage 电压,伏特数,lavage 灌洗,洗,出法,gavage 管词法, curettage 刮除法,shortage 不足,缺少。 2,-cy 表示抽象名词 accuracy 准确,精确度,infancy 婴儿期。 3,-ence、-ance 表示性质和动作 difference 不同, interference 干扰, 干预 ...


   供参考) 《牛津小学英语 6A》期末测试卷 (供参考 》 供参考 姓名 得分 得分 姓名 口试部分(20%) 一、请你演唱一首你本学期学过的英语歌曲或背诵一首你本学期学过的英 语歌谣。 (4%) 二、请你朗读下列词语和句子。 (6%) 1. second 2. December 3. look for 4. in front of 5. get off 6. the school gate 7. moon cakes 8. New Year’s Day 9. What date is it ...