大学英语(B)模拟试卷 (2010 年修订版) Test 1 3 天通过大学英语 B 统考,考试原题发布 QQ 852487949 第一部分:交际用语(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 10 分) The French Revolution broke out in 17
  89. At the time France was in a crisis. The government was badly run and people’s lives were miserable.King Louis XIV tried to control the national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed.He ordered his troops to Versailles. The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14, 1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July 14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792 to get support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie also had her head cut of. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte. (190 words)

  6.What’s this passage about?
A.France
B.King Louis.
C.The French Revolution.
D.Europe.

  7.Which did not happen in 1789?
A.The French Revolution broke out.
B.The national economy was developing rapidly.
C.The government wasn’t well run.
D.King Louis XIV was in power.

  8.Where were the political prisoners kept?
A.In Versailles. Bastille.
B.In Austria.
C. In Prussia.
D

In

  9.What does the underlined word “abolished” mean?
A.Put off.
B.Established.
C.United.
D.Ended.

  10.What was NOT the effect of the Revolution?
A.July 14 has become the French National Day.
B.It brought some impact on the other European kings.
C.Louis’s wife,Marie was killed.
D.The king tried to control the national parliament.
Passage 2
A foreigner’s first impression of the U.S. is likely to be that everyone is in a rush?often under pressure. City people appear always to be hurrying to get where they are going restlessly, seeking attention in a store,and elbowing others as they try to complete their errands(任务). Racing through daytime meals is part of the pace of life in this country.
Working time is considered precious. Others in public eating places are waiting for you to finish so that they too can be served and get back to work within the time allowed. Each person hurries to make room for the next person. If you don’ t, waiters will hurry you.
You also find drivers will be abrupt and that people will push past you. You will miss smiles, brief conversations, and small courtesies with strangers. Don’ t take it personally. This is because people value time highly, and they resent someone else “wasting” it beyond a certain courtesy point.
The view of time affects the importance we attach to patience. In the American system of values, patience is not a high priority. Many of us have what might be called “a short fuse”. We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without some return be this in terms of pleasure, work value, or rest. Those coming from lands where time is looked upon differently may find this matter of pace to be one of their most difficult adjustments in both business and daily life.
Many newcomers to the States will miss the opening courtesy of a business call, for example, they will miss the ritual socializing-that goes with a welcoming cup of tea or coffee they may be traditional in their own country. They may miss leisurely business chats in a cafe or coffeehouse. Normally, Americans do not assess
their visitors in such relaxed surroundings over prolonged small talks. We seek out evidence of past performance rather than evaluate a business colleague through social courtesies. Since we generally assess and probe professionally rather than socially, we start talking business very quickly. (348 words)

  11.Which of the following statements is wrong?

A.Americans seem to be always under pressure.
B.Americans attach less importance to patience.
C.Americans don’t care much about ritual socializing.
D.Americans are impolite to their business colleagues.

  12.In the fourth paragraph, “a high priority” means .
A.a less important thing
B.a first concern
C.a good business
D.an attractive gift

  13.Americans evaluate a business colleague .
A.through social courtesy talks
B . through prolonged business
C.by establishing business relations past performance
D . by learning about their

  14.This passage mainly talks about .
A.how Americans treasure their time
B.how busy Americans are every day
C.how Americans do business with foreigners
D.what American way of life is like

  15.We can infer from the passage that the author’s tone in writing is .
A.critical D.objective
B.ironical
C.appreciative
第三部分:词汇与结构(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)
此部分共有 5 个未完成的句子, 针对每个句子中未完成的部分有 4 个选项, 请从 A、 B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。

  16.Professor smith promised to look my paper,that is,to read it carefully before the defence.
A.after
B.over
C.on
D.into

  17.Our house is about a mile from the railway station and there are not many houses .
A.in between other
B.far apart
C.among them
D . from
each

  18.As the bus came round the corner,it ran a big tree by the roadside.
A.into
B.on
C.over
D.up

  19.When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother dinner in the kitchen.
A.cooked
B.was cooking
C.cooks
D.has cooked

  20.Did you notice the guy head looked like a big potato?
A.who
B.which
C.whose
D.whom
第四部分:完型填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
以下短文中共包含 10 个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有 4 个选项,请 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。
There were once three sons of a wealthy businessman. (
  21) they met,the two eldest, who were twins, (
  22) to quarrel about which of them should be his father’s heir (继承人). The youngest,who was not (
  23) ambitious (野心勃勃的), took no part in their argument.As soon as they left home, the father arranged for an adequate income to be provided for (
  24) of them, but insisted that apart from this they were to be financially self-supporting.The (
  25) twin, who had the advantage of good looks and a striking personality, decided that he would take up the stage (
  26) a career. He (
  27) a small repertory company,acted in minor parts,was always unpunctual (不准时) at rehearsals and was accordingly (
  28) with his fellow ? actors. He earned little and so had to live mainly on his allowance. He occasionally thought of (
  29) his profession, but always put off (
  30) a decision,and he became
increasingly bored and disillusioned.

  21.A.whatever D.however
B.whenever
C.wherever

  22.A.are used
B.used
C.using
D.are using

  23.A.at least the most
B.at most
C.in the least
D . in

  24.A.every
B.all
C.each
D.none

  25.A.first
B.older
C.younger
D.elder

  26.A.is
B.as
C.be
D./

  27.A.joined
B.attended
C.went
D.joined in

  28.A.popular
B.unpopular
C.welcome
D.unwelcome

  29.A.1iving
B.turning
C.ending
D.changing

  30.A. making
B.make
C.decide
D.deciding
第五部分:英译汉(满分 15 分)
请把下列 3 句英文翻译成中文。
31 . Tom ’ s father has taught English here since he graduated from Peking University.

  32.Please give this book to whoever comes first.

  33.Though it was late,they kept on working.
第六部分:写作(满分 15 分)
要求在 30 分钟内, 根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写一篇不少于 80 字的短 文。
Sports

  1.你喜欢什么运动。

  2.你如何喜欢上这种运动。

  3. 运动对你有什么益处(工作、学习和生活)。
Test 1
第一部分:交际用语(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)
1?5 BACBB

  1. 【答案】B。 【解析】对 How are you…?的回答,一般都用 I’m fine,thank you。 而回答 How do you do…?一般用 How do you do…,这是第一次见面时的用语。

  2. 【答案】 【解析】 A。 回答别人的致谢, 英语常用 my pleasure 或 you are welcome; 其他选项均不适宜。

  3.【答案】C。【解析】call sb sth.把……称作……。

  4.【答案】B。【解析】上文问“讲话的人是谁?”,下文是回答。

  5.【答案】B。【解析】问候语。B 最适合,表示“还可以,还不错”。A 看起来 很像正确答案,但是这句话的意思是“没关系”。
第二部分:阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 3 分。满分 30 分)
6--10 CBDDD
11?55 DBDAC

  6.【答案】C。【解析】主旨题。文章讲的正是法国革命发生的事情。

  7.【答案】B。【解析】细节判断题。文章讲的全部都是法国大革命的事,而没有 涉及到法国当时的国家经济。

  8.【答案】D。【解析】细节判断题。可以从文章第 5 行和第 6 行找到答案。

  9. 【答案】D。 【解析】词汇推理题。根据文章内容,可以判断 abolish 这里是“废 除”的意思,相对应的含义只有 D 答案。A 是“推迟”,B 是“建立”,C 是“联合”。

  10.【答案】D。【解析】细节判断题。这里是国王想要控制议会,才导致了国王 和议会的不和,人民的不满,才爆发了革命,因此法国大革命的结果是选项 A、B、C,而不 是 D。

  11.【答案】D。【解析】细节判断题。文章中提到美国人不太有耐心,不在乎社 交礼节等是他们珍惜时间的表现,不是对同事不礼貌。

  12.【答案】B。【解析】推测词义。根据前、后段的实例判断为首要考虑之事, 故 a first concern.

  13. 【答案】D。 【解析】细节判断题。根据本文倒数第二句“we seek out evidence of past performance rather than evaluate a business colleague through social courtesies.”

  14. 【答案】 【解析】 A。 要旨题。 根据第一段第一句 foreigner’ first impression “A s of the U.S.is likely to be that everyone is in a rush?often under pressure.”

  15.【答案】C。【解析】判断作者语气题。本文作者是一个美国人,他在讲述自 己同胞的特征、性格、为人准则等时充满了自豪,故判断 C“赞美的”为答案。
第三部分:词汇与结构(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)
16?20 BAABC

  16.【答案】B。【解析】look over 浏览,阅读;look after 照顾,照看;look on 认

  17.【答案】A。【解析】in between 在中间。far apart 离得很远。这句话的意 思是我们的房子离火车站有一英里远,在我们的房子和车站之间没有太多其他的房子。

  18.【答案】A。【解析】run into 撞上,碰上;run on 流逝,涉及;run over 溢出;run up 高涨,高速运转。

  19. 【答案】B。 【解析】考查时态。这句话意思是:当 Lily 昨天下午五点回家时, 妈妈正在厨房里做晚饭。是过去进行时。

  20.【答案】C。【解析】定语从句,修饰 guy,是指“他的头看起来像个大马铃 薯的那个男子”,因此选 C。
第四部分:完型填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
21?30 BBCCD
21?25 BABDA

  21.【答案】B。【解析】此处是“无论何时遇到’’的意思。

  22.【答案】B。【解析】used to do 是“过去常常做……,”的意思,正好文章 也是过去的时态。

  23.【答案】C。【解析】in the least 是“丝毫”的意思,与否定词连用。这里 是说“小儿子一点野心也没有”。At least 是“至少”,at most 是“至多”。

  24.【答案】C。【解析】这里是“为他们每人提供”的意思,强调个体,所以选 C.

  25.【答案】D。【解析】这里指年长的兄弟,应选择比较级的 D.

  26.【答案】B。【解析】as 介词“作为”的意思。take … as … 。

  27.【答案】A。【解析】这里是“加入,参加”的意思。

  28.【答案】B。【解析】这里指因为他很不守时,声誉不好,所以不受……欢迎。 英语 be unpopular with 正好表达该意思。

  29.【答案】D。【解析】这里指“换工作”的意思。

  30.【答案】A。【解析】put off doing sth.推迟做……,make decisions 做 决定。
第五部分:英译汉(满分 15 分)

  31.汤姆的父亲从北京大学毕业后就一直在这里教英语。

  32.请把这本书给最先来的人。

  33.尽管已经很晚了,他们还在继续工作。
第六部分:写作(满分
 

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