2010 年 6 月大学英语四级考试全真预测 (一)
妖妖 2010 年 04 月 28 日 10:42 来源:未知 点击
Part IWriting(30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic
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Occupation. Choosing an Occupation You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 选择职业是一个人要面对的众多难题之一。
  2. 需要花时间去选择职业。
  3. 选择职业时可以向多人寻求建议和帮助。 【写作思路】 本文是一篇关于择业的议论文。 短文需要说明慎重择业相当重要, 并提出多种指导择业的方 法。 【参考范文】 Choosing an Occupation One of the most important problems a young person faces is deciding what to do. There are some people, of course, who from the time are six years old “know” that they want to be doctors or pilots or fire fighters, but the majority of us do not get around to making a decision about an occupation or career until somebody or something forces us to face the problem. Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do. You may find that you will have to take special courses to qualify for a particular kind of work, or you may find out that you will need to get actual work experience to gain enough knowledge to qualify for a particular job. Fortunately, there are a lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools, there are teachers who are professionally qualified to give you detailed information about job qualifications. And you can talk over your ideas with family members and friends who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions. 听力
Section C Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is
read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in you own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
In the English (
  36) At one time the (
  38) system, students take three very important examinations. at the age of eleven or a little past. if schools, and of the General or (
  39) shown on the eleven-plus would have (
  40)
The first is the eleven-plus, which is (
  37)
a child stayed in school. Now, however, all children continue in (
  41) fifteen or sixteen, the students are (
  42) Certificate of Education. (
  44) for the Ordinary (
  43)
the eleven-plus determines which courses of study the child will follow. At the age of . Once students have passed this exam, they are
allowed to specialize, so that two-thirds or more of their courses will be in physics, chemistry, classical languages, or whatever they wish to study at greater length. (
  45) . Even at the universities, students study only in their concentrated area, . and very few students ever venture out-side that subject again. (
  46)
  36.【答案】educational 【解析】本文讲的是英国的教育系统,主要讲了英国学生要参加的三次重要的考试。
  37.【答案】taken 【解析】英国学生的首次升学考试是在十一岁左右进行。学生参加考试,此处是被动态,主 语是考试,因此用 taken。
  38.【答案】ability 【解析】学生的能力和才智将在 eleven ? plus 的升学考试里得到体现,从而决定其是否应 留在学校继续学习,此空格即是能力 ability 一词。
  39.【答案】aptitude 【解析】此空格内容与前一空格内容相关联,学生的能力和才智将在升学考试中得到体现, aptitude 是才智、智能的意思.
  40.【答案】determined 【解析】英国学生参加的首次考试 eleven ? plus 的结果将决定他们是否继续留校学习, 因 此此处空格填“决定”一词,而且又为过去分词,即为 determined。
  41.【答案】comprehensive 【解析】现在所有的学生都进入综合中学继续学习,comprehensive 意为“广泛的、综合的”。

  42.【答案】tested 【解析】学生接受测试,主语是学生,语态为被动语态,因此用 tested。
  43.【答案】Level 【解析】一般水平即是 ordinary level。level 即为水平、水准之意。
  44.【答案】This examination covers a wide range of subjects.
  45.【答案】The final examination, at eighteen, covers only the content of the special subjects.
  46. 【答案】 a real sense, the English boy or girl is a specialist from the age of fifteen. In 阅读理解 Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. Culture is one of the most challenging elements of the international marketplace. This system of learned behavior patterns characteristic of the members of a given society is constantly shaped by a set of dynamic variables: language, religion, values and attitudes, manners and customs, aesthetics, technology, education, and social institutions. To cope with this system, an international manager needs both factual and interpretive knowledge of culture. To some extent, the factual knowledge can be learned; its interpretation comes only through experience. The most complicated problems in dealing with the cultural environment stem from the fact that one cannot learn culture?one has to live it. Two schools of thought exist in the business world on how to deal with cultural diversity. One is that business is business the world around, following the model of Pepsi and McDonald’s. In some cases, globalization is a fact of life; however, cultural differences are still far from converging. The other school proposes that companies must tailor business approaches to individual cultures. Setting up policies and procedures in each country has been compared to an organ transplant; the critical question centers around acceptance or rejection. The major challenge to the international manager is to make sure that rejection is not a result of cultural myopia or even blindness. Fortune examined the international performance of a dozen large companies that earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas. The internationally successful companies all share an important quality: patience. They have not rushed into situations but rather
built their operations carefully by following the most basic business principles. These principles are to know your adversary, know your audience, and know your customer.
  57.According to the passage, which of the following is true? [A]All international managers can learn culture. [B]Business diversity is not necessary. [C]Views differ on how to treat culture in business world. [D]Most people do not know foreign culture well.
  58.According to the author, the model of Pepsi [B]is different from the model of McDonald’s [C]shows the reverse of globalization [D]has converged cultural differences
  59.The two schools of thought . .
[A]is in line with the theories that the business is business the world around
[A] both propose that companies should tailor business approaches to individual cultures [B]both advocate that different policies be set up in different countries [C]admit the existence of cultural diversity in business world [D]both A and B
  60.This article is supposed to be most useful for those [A]who are interested in researching the topic of cultural diversity [B]who have connections to more than one type of culture [C]who want to travel abroad [D]who want to run business on International Scale
  61.According to Fortune, successful international companies . [A]earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas [B]all have the quality of patience [C]will follow the overseas local cultures [D]adopt the policy of internationalization 【全文翻译】 文化是国际商业中最具是挑战性的因素之一。 作为一种体系, 文化具有既定社会成员习得性 行为模式的特点,不断受到一些动态变量的塑造,如:语言、宗教信仰、价值观、态度、行为方 式和风俗习惯、美学、科技、教育和社会制度。为了应对这一体系,一个国际经理需要了解文化 知识并对此作出诠释。在某种程度上,文化知识可以通过学习获得,但对文化的诠释只能通过实 践获得。 .
应对文化环境最复杂的问题源于这样一个事实: 人生在文化中但却不能学习文化。 关于如何 应对文化的多样性,商界中存在两种观点。一种认为,商业是世界性的,遵循百事(Pepsi)和 麦当劳(McDonald)的模式。在某些情况下,全球化就是生活;但是,文化差异仍然难以趋同。 另外一种观点认为, 企业必须调整其策略以适应特别的文化。 在各个国家建立政策和程序就 如同器官移植, 关键的问题是以接受或排斥为中心。 国际经理面临的主要挑战是要确认排斥不是 由文化近视或者盲目所引起的。 财富(Fortune)对十二个海外收入占其总收入 20%或更多的大公司的国际业绩进行了研究。 成功的国际公司都有一个重要的特征: 耐心。 它们不是冒失地闯入而是遵循最基本的商业原则认 真地营造自己的经营活动。这些原则就是了解对手、了解观众以及了解顾客。 【答案解析】
  57.【解析】[C]推断题。意为“在商业中怎样对待文化有着不同意见”。 文化在商业中是一 个很具挑战性的因素,不同的国家与地区可能会有不同的文化体系。 在商业中, 应该怎样对待 不同的文化,商业界存在着不同的看法。
  58.【解析】[A]细节题。Pepsi 采纳的是国际化的商业风格,这与那些主张国际化的派别的意 见是相一致的。
  59.【解析】[C]推断题。意为“承认商业世界中文化的多元性”。两个派别都承认商业世界中 文化的多元性。他们的不同在于,如何对待不同的文化,应该搞国际化还是对不同的文化采 取不同的策略。
  60.【解析】[D]主旨题。由文中的例子可以知道,作者主要关心的并不是研究多种文化形态, 而是文化背景对商业运作的影响。所以 D 是正确答案。
  61.【解析】[B]细节题。意为“都具有耐心这一素质”。即他们并不急于对号入座而是依据最 基本的商业原则谨慎地建立自己的运行模式。 完形填空 Part ⅤCloze (15 minutes) Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four
choices marked [A], [B], [C]and [D]on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play? 67 an event takes place, newspapers are on the streets 68 the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, reports are on the spot to 69 the news. Newspapers have one basic 70 , to get the news as quickly as possible from
its source, from those who make it to those who want to 71 it. Radio, telegraph, television,and 72 inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication. 73 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 74 and thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 75 and read than ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping readers 76 of the latest news, today’s newspapers 77 and influence readers about politics and other important and serious matters. Newspapers influence readers’ economic choices 78 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very 79 .News-papers are sold at a price that 80 even a small fraction of the cost of production. The main 81 of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The 82 in selling advertising depends on a newspaper’s value to advertisers. This 83 in terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends 84 on the work of the circulation department and on the services or entertainment 85 in a newspaper’s pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a newspaper’s value to readers as a source of information 86 the community, city, country, state, nation, and world?and even outer space.
  67.[A]Just when
  68.[A]to give
  69.[A]gather
  70.[A]reason
  71.[A]make
  72.[A]another
  73.[A]However
  74.[A]value
  75.[A]spread
  76.[A]inform
  77.[A]entertain
  78.[A]on
  79.[A]forms
  81.[A]source
  82.[A]way
  83.[A]measures
  84.[A]somewhat
  85.[A]offering
  86.[A]by 【全文翻译】 谁获得了 1994 年世界杯足球赛的冠军?联合国发生了什么事情?批评家如何喜欢新剧?一 个事件刚刚发生,街上就有报纸报道详情了。世界上无论什么地方发
 

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