are usually manufacturers, retailers and salesmen. Their merchandise needs to be advertised to bring it to the attention to the customers. Thus nearly every product is advertised in some way. To a large extent, good advertising leads to success while bad advertising can mean failure. There are many ways to advertise and ‘ads’ come in different forms. Newspapers carry advertisements. Some products are publicized on TV and radio which bring them into notice of a wide audience. Billboards also carry advertising. Advertising is a big industry now and many agencies have been set up to furnish a variety of forms.。 However,advertising is not always truthful. A product is often misrepresented. The advertiser exaggerates the benefits of the merchandise he wants to sell. Thus, he misrepresents the truth. The consumer falls victim to such advertising. Millions of people have bought advertised products and have been dissatisfied with them。 点评:这是一篇说明文,用说明的表达方式来解说事物,阐明事理。写好说明文,不 仅要抓住特征,注意条理,而且要巧妙运用说明方法,像下定义、举例子、作比较、分类别、 列数字、打比方等 预测九 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter to the President of the University about Improving the Sports Facilities on Campus. You should write no more than 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given below in Chinese: 假设你是李明,请你写一封信给校长,建议改善本校体育设施状况,内容应涉及体育 设施对大学生的重要性,对目前学校体育设施的状况可以表扬,可以提出批评建议,也可以 兼而有之。 A Letter to the President of the University Dear Mr. President, I am writing this letter to you to express my concern about the sports facilities on campus. I have noticed that our university has very limited resources in terms
of opportunities to participate in sports, especially given that the number of students on campus is increasing every year. As we both know, sports are very important for the sound growth of young people. If they have access to quality sports facilities, young people are able to choose a healthier lifestyle, to boost self-esteem and confidence, and to build a positive outlook and sense of achievement. My proposal is to build a new sports area. It should be designed with soccer players, basketball players, and ping-pong players in mind. It should have a different section for each activity and be available to students all year round. I believe such facilities will meet our sporting needs. Thank you for your reading this letter. Yours faithfully, Li Ming 点评:本预测题仿真度颇高,为校园生活话题,与在校大学生日常生活密切相关,是 最近几年侧重考查的题材。2002 年 1 月考查了就本校食堂状况给校长写一封信。 预测十 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Blog. You should write at least 120 words based on the chart and outline given below: 下图是 2007 年 1-10 月中国博客服务人均月度有效浏览时间及增长率,描述变化,说 明原因。 Blog This histogram shows the number of people using blog services from January to October in 20
  07. From it we can see that the number of users increased monthly from January to August, except February. After two peak months, July and August, the number dropped slightly in September, while in October it picked up again. Possible reasons for these changes are first, in February Chinese people celebrated the most important festival??Chinese New Year. This means more people spent more time with their families and friends, and therefore they didn’t have
as much time for surfing online. Secondly, college students are the main users of blog services. While in July and August,they had summer holidays, which enabled them to have more spare time reading and writing blogs. Thirdly, with improvements of blog services and the influence of some “star bloggers”, most of whom are celebrities, blogs are becoming an important way for people to express themselves and communicate with others. So more and more people are starting to use these services, which help explain the overall increase shown here. 点评:这是一篇图表题。 可以看出,整体呈增长趋势。但是,二月和九月有所下降。 所以,分析的时候要照顾各个方面。 预测十一 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic College Students’ Job Hunting. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below. 编辑推荐 ★2011 年大学英语四六级考试阅读理解技巧 ★2011 年外语类考试免费短信提醒 ★2011 年 6 月份大学英语四级考试备考准备
  1. 近几年出现了大学生就业难的现象
  2. 产生这种现象的原因(如大学生追求的目标过高,专业不对口等)
  3. 如何解决这一问题(改变就业观念,大学生再培训等) College Students’ Job Hunting In recent years, college students find it increasingly difficult to get a job. It sounds strange since young college students are usually intelligent, well-educated phenomenon, aspirant and eager to bring their talent into full play. Then what underlies the strange phenomenon? There are several reasons for this. To begin with, nowadays college students aim too high. All they want are “good” jobs which could offer good salary, comfortable working conditions, high social status among others. Consequently,
most college students are unwilling to accept vacant jobs they consider not “good” enough. Another reason is that there is a big gap between the majors some students study in school and the demands of vacant jobs. So companies think some students are not fit for the jobs. Solution to the problem requires efforts on both the society and the students. The companies should value the students, talent and knowledge while the latter should not merely aim at material gains. They should be down-to?earth in building up their career. Furthermore, they should face their weak points so as to improve themselves and be more competent. 点评:本预测题为社会热点话题。近年来大学生就业难日益成为各级政府及社会各方 面关注的焦点,媒体也广泛报道了大学生就业形势严峻,呼吁全社会共同努力;此外,该预 测题也与大学生就业密切相关,也是四级作文选题重点之一。 预测十二 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of traffic jam. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.
  1.在现代社会,城市交通问题变得越来越严重
  2.城市交通问题的表现以及对人们生活的影响
  3.解决的方法与措施 Traffic Jam There is no doubt that traffic congestion becomes a growing worry for the residents of most urban areas. Some major roads are regularly choked with traffic in rush hours. The limited transport capacity contributes largely to the vexing problem. How to solve the headache?。 The existing solutions to traffic jam mainly aim at creating metro bus systems and broadening major roads. Widening the existing roads can solve traffic snarls on some level. Soaring car ownership compounds the chronic annoying problem, so we must sharply reduce the heavy reliance on cars and drive a shift to the mass transportation. It is a cheap and good way. We can create a system of customized bus routes and highlight the development of subways, trolleys and light rail. The
effective combination of these solutions will enable the urban areas to possess a smooth traffic. 点评:交通话题一直是四级作文命题话题之一。1990 年 6 月考查过 How to solve the problem of Heavy Traffic,1994 年 1 月考题 The World Is Getting Smaller and Smaller 也与交通有关,近年来,随着私家车的日益增多,城市交通拥堵凸显,出行难越来越成为人 们关注的焦点。 预测十三 预测十三 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Environmental Protection. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.
  1. 全球变暖对地球环境造成了很大影响
  2. 引起全球变暖的原因
  3. 我们需要采取的措施 Environmental Protection No one,regardless of race, religion or nationality, can deny that the world we live in is becoming increasingly intolerable because of the effects of global warming. According to many experts, even greater impacts are still on the way. There are numerous causes for this problem. On one hand, human-related emissions of carbon into the atmosphere is causing, and will in the future cause, significant global warming according to the theory. On the other hand, the lack of knowledge about the importance of protecting environment hinders the solving of the problem. It is urgent that immediate and effective actions should be taken right away. First, more trees need to be planted to help improve and beautify the environment. Besides, stricter laws concerning global warming and irresponsible use of fuel resources have to be put into effect and achieved good results. In a word, there is a long way to go before we can take a comfortable world for granted again 。 点评:环境问题也是四级作文命题重点话题之一。大学英语(Q 吧)四级考试曾经考过 Make our Cities Greener.近年来,全球气候异常,造成许多自然灾害的频繁,保护环境刻 不容缓,已成为全社会乃至全人类共同关注的热点。
预测十四 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Credit Cards. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 越来越多的人使用信用卡, 信用卡有哪些好处
  2. 信用卡的弊端
  3. 你自己的观点 Credit Cards Personal credit cards are becoming more common in China. Banks and other financial institutions are encouraging their customers to change the way they buy things. Credit cards, otherwise known as “plastic money”, are being offered on very good terms to encourage the change. Consumers will be able to “buy now, pay later”, and many see this as an advantage. But people need to be careful. There are dangers associated with credit cards. Some people find it very easy to exceed their budget. They are tempted to purchase goods that they do not really need, and can become quickly overburdened by debt. The credit cards often charge a high rate of interest, which exacerbates the problems for these people. However, used wisely credit cards can improve the quality of people’s lives. They can give people access to money to meet sudden unplanned expenses. Properly handled, they can let people control their expenditure and the monthly statements provide a record of where their money has gone. 点评:这是一篇议论文, 关于信用卡的利弊。可以分成三部分: 第一部分,信用卡 的好处,比如说应急等;第二部分,信用卡的一些弊端,比如说鼓励一些无用的消费;第三 部分:你自己的观点,理性使用。 预测十五
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Pet Raising 。 You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 有些人喜欢养动物作为宠物。
  2. 有些人反对圈养动物作为宠物。
  3. 你的观点。 Pet Raising Nowadays, with the improvement of the people’s living standard, some people form a habit of raising small or domestic animals as pets. Some raise small dogs or cats as their pets while others raise various birds or fishes as their pets. However, some people object to the idea of raising animals as pets. To them, animals have their own right to live a natural life like human beings. On the other hand, the way people raise animals as pets have a negative influence on the surroundings ,for example, dogs’ chasing people on the street and so on. What’ s more, some animals will transmit some diseases. In my opinion, I do not like the idea to raise animals at pets. We should not deprive them of their natural right. In this way, we will live in a peaceful world in harmony with the other living creatures.
 

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