英语四级单词高频词汇表 频率出现七次的词汇 raise 意 义 vt.举起、提高、提升;筹集、征集;唤起、引起;养育、饲养、种植;提升,增加(工资) 搭 配 raise one’s hand 举手 raise one’s hat to sb. 向某人举帽致敬 raise doubts in people’s minds 引起人们的怀疑 raise a child 养育孩子 raise farm/corps 饲养 raise funds 筹集资金 raise salaries 增加薪水 raise standards of service 提高服务水平 辨析 raiselift raise 多指由低处垂直举往高处,不一定费力 lift 指用力或机械把重物提高到较高的位置 risearisearouse rise v.上升 arise v.发生 arouse v.激发起 真 题 Thoughin San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferredto record the plain facts of small-town life. 答案 A)raised B)grown C)developed D)cultivated A 频率出现六次的词汇 extend 意 义 vt.延伸;扩展、扩大;提供、给予;vi.伸展、延伸; (在范围或应用上)达到 构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展) 变 形 extension. n.伸出、伸展;延长部分;电话分机 extensive a. 广大的、广阔的;广泛的 intensive a.加强的,深入细致的 搭 配 extensive knowledge 广博的知识 to extend credit/visa 延长信贷限期/签证 extensive reading 泛读 extensive discussion 广泛的讨论 辨析 enlarge expand enlarge v.扩大,放大 expand v.使膨胀,扩张 extend lengthen prolong extend 指直线状的伸展,引申指扩大势力、范围。 lengthen 指增加长度或延长时间。 prolong 指时间过程延长到超过通常或正常的限度。 真 题 It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and knowledge. 答案 A) extensive B) expansive C) intensive D) expensive A intensive 意 义 a.加强的,集中的,深入细致的;集约(经营)的,精耕细作的 构 词 ex(向外)+tend(伸展) 变 形 intensity n.强烈,剧烈;强度
intensively adv.加强地,集中地,深入细致地 搭 配 intensive study 深入细致的研究 intensive reading 精读 intensive agriculture 集约农业 labour intensity 劳动强度 look at sb. with intensity 深情地看着某人 辨 析 intense 意为“非常的;强烈的”,常用于形容某种性质或感情,表示很高或达到极端的程度。 intensive 含有 intense 的意思,但更强调“精细的;集中的”。An intense attack 全线的攻击;an intensive attack 集中某一点攻击。 真 题 The patient’s health failed to such an extent that he was put intocare. 答案 A)tense B)rigid C)intensive D)tight C The relationship between employers and employees has been studied 答案 A)originally B)extremely C)violently D)intensively D 频率出现五次的词汇 available 意 义 a.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;可取得联系的,可得到的 构 词 a(to)+vail(value,价值)+able(后缀)有利用价值的可利用的 搭 配 make sth. available to/for 使…可以享受某物;使….买得起某物 the only available room 唯一可用的房子; 辨 析 available a. 现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的 handy a. 手边的,就近的,便利的,敏捷的 at hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来 真 题 Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking arein grocery stores. 答案 A)ready B)approachable C)probable D) available D In general,the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total for living expense. 答案 A)acceptable B)available C)advisable D)applicable B charge 意 义 n.控告,指控;主管,看管;费用,价钱;负荷,电荷,充电 vt.索价,要......支付;控告,指控;使承担(任务、责任等);使负荷,使充电 搭 配 in charge of 主管,看管 in(under)the charge of 在……的掌管下 charge sb.with 指控某人……… charge(sb.)…(money)for sth. 要价,要(某人)付….(钱)买某物 take charge 开始管理,接管 a positive/negative charge 正/负电荷 be on charge 正充电 at modest charges 以公道的价格 charge for trouble 手续费 charge a battery 给电池充电 辨 析 accuse accuse 指的是严重程度不等的犯罪或冒犯行为,accuse 与介词 of 连用,
charge charge 所指的是正式控告或指责具有违法性质的行为,charge 与介词 with 搭配. 真 题 She was complaining that the doctor was too much for the treatment he was giving her. 答案 A)expending B)offering C)costing D)charging D This hotel $60 for a single room with bath. 答案 A)charges B)demands C)prices D)claims A case 意 义 n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱 搭 配 a case in point 有关的事例,例证 a case in point 恰当的例子 in any case 无论如何,不管怎样 in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气) sum up the case 概括事实 in case of 假如,如果发生;防备 in no case 无论如何不,决不 in this/that case 如果这样.那样的话 a case of measles 麻疹病例 appeal a case 申述 pack a case 装箱 in the case of 就…..来说,至于 as the case may be 看情况,根据具体情况 辨 析 case 事实,事例,情况,其可笼统地指一个完整的论题,也可表典型的事例,也可用于表医学上的病例 或法律上的案例. instance 为正式用词,指从事实中援引单独事例,隐含其典型性 重难点 语法规则:in case 意为“假使;免得,以防(万一)”。In case 引导的从句可以用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,虚拟形式为 should+动词原形 真 题 I was advised to arrange for insurance I needed medical treatment. 答案 A)nevertheless B) although C)in case D)so that C I left for the office earlier than usual this morning traffic jam. 答案 A)in line with B)for the sake of C)in case of D)at the risk of C We left the manager a note he wanted to know where we were. 答案 A)if B)in case C)so that D)unless B The lawyer advised him to drop ,since he stands little chance to win. 答案 A)event B)incident C)case D)affair C effect 意 义 n.结果、效果; v.实现、使生效 变 形 effective 有效的,生效的,起作用的;给人印象深刻的;实际的,事实上的 effectively 有效地、起作用地 搭 配 bring/carry/put into effect 实行、实现 take effective measures 采取有效措施
effective range 有效射程; effective ways of reducing pollution 降低污染的有效方法; take effect 生效、起作用 to the effect that 大意是 effective 有效的、起作用的 in effect 实际上、实质上 come/go into effect 生效 to no effect 无效;毫无结果 辨析 effectconsequence effect 指明显的原因所产生的后果。 consequence 可指没有明确原因的后果或效果。 effective valid effective 表示能产生实际的效果。 valid 指仍为权威部门认可,可以继续使用,是法律用语。 真 题 They took measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. 答案 A) fruitful B) beneficial C) valid D) effective D Though the long-term can not be predicted, the project has been approved by the committee. 答案 A)affect B)effect C)result D)consequence B The new appointment of our president from the very beginning of next semester. 答 A)takes effect B)takes part C)takes place D)takes turn A transmit 意 义 vt.播送、发射;传送、传染 构 词 trans(从…到….)+mit(发送) 变 形 transmission 播送、发射 ;传送、传染 搭 配 transmit knowledge from one generation to another 把知识由一代传给另一代 transmission of news 消息的传播; transmit news by radio 由无线电发送消息 真 题 American football and baseball are becoming known to the British public through televised from the United States. 答案 A)transfer B) deliveries C) transportation D) transmissions D Some diseases are by certain water animals. 答案 A) transplanted B) transformed C) transported D)transmitted D Communication is the process ofa message from a source to an audience via a channel. 答案 A)transmitting B)submitting C)transforming D)switching A Culturalindicates that human beings hand theirs languages down from one generation to another. 答案 A)translation B )transition C)transmission D)transaction C relate 意 义 vi.有关联;适应,和睦相处;vt.使互相关联;讲述,叙述 变 形 relative 相关的,有关的;相对的,比较的;亲属 all human values are relative,so beauty is relative to the beholder's eyes.
relatively 相关地,有关地;相对地,比较地 relation 亲属 搭 配 relate to/with 有关联 relative to 有关,涉及 in/with relation to 有关,涉及 close/near relation 近亲 distant relation 远亲 真 题 It is difficult tocause and effect in this case. 答案 A)unite B)think C)relate D)describe C 频率出现四次的词汇 transform 意 义 vt.使改观、改革;变换 构 词 trans(从….到….)+form(形式) 变 形 transformation n. 改观、改革;变换 transformable a.能改变的,能改造的 搭 配 transform….into….. 把…变成… 辨 析 transform change 两词有时可互换,但在骤然改变和神秘地改变时,须用 transform 真 题 The twentieth century has witnessed an enormous worldwide political, economic and cultural 答案 A) tradition B) transportation C) transmission D) transformation D The coming of railways in the 1830sour society and economic life. 答案 A)transformed B)transported C)transferred D)transmitted A transfer 意 义 vt.搬、转移;调动、转移;转让、过户 vi.转移;调动、转移;转车、转程 n.调动、转移 构 词 trans(转移)+fer(运送,传送) 变 形 transference n.转移,转让 transferable a.可转移的,可转让的 transferer n.转让者 搭 配 transfer one’s affection 变心 transfer company 转运公司 transfer from a bus to a train 由公共汽车换乘火车 transfer title to land 转让土地所有权 transfer the property 转让财产 辨析 transfer move 在表示“调动”时,transfer 含有在同一大集团中工作或任职的变更的意思,不强调升、降职的意味,只 是工作性质的变化。Transfer 还可表示感情的转移或货物的运输,一般不用 move 替换。 move 表示从静止状态开始移动,可以是短距离、小范围或长距离、大范围的移动,也可指不改变位置 的活动。 真 题 He hoped the firm would him to the Paris branch. 答案 A) exchange B) transmit C) transfer D) remove C adapt
意 义 vt.使适应,使适合;修改,改编 vi. (to)适应 变 形 adaptable a.能适应的,适应性强的 adaptive adj.适应的 adaptation n.适应,适合,改编 adaptor n.编剧者,改编者 搭 配 adapt to 使适合,使适用 adapt from 根据……改写/改编 adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯于 辨析 adapt 指作出较大的修改或改变以达到目的。如:She had to adapt herself to local conditions.她必须使自己适应当地的情况 adjust 指作些不重要的轻微调整以便符合要求或适应新情况。如:adjust one's watch/glasses 对表/扶眼镜 fit 多指“大小适合”,引申为“吻合” suit 多指“合乎要求、口味、性格、情况” match 指“大小、色调、形状、性质等相配或相称” 真 题 The newcomers found it impossible to themselves to the climate sufficiently to make permanent homes in the new country. 答案 A)suit B)adapt C)regulate D)coordinate B I suggested he shouldhimself to his new conditions. 答案 A)adopt B)suit C)regulate D)adapt D alter 意 义 v.改变,改动,变更 变 形 alterable adj.可变的,可改的 alterant adj.改变的 alteration n.变更,改造 辨析 alter 部分地改变,不失去本性; change 本质地变化,甚至失去本性,或一种东西退换了另一种东西; vary 由更替、多样化或生长的变化而引起的一个或一连串变化。 convert 指从一种状态或情况转变为另一种,尤指用于新的目的或用途。 真 题 If your new coat is too large ,a tailor can it to fit you. 答案 A)alter B)exchange C)alternate D)change A She had to her dress because she had lost weight. 答案 A)transform B)shift C)alter D)cut C arise 意 义 vi.(
  1)产生,出现,发生; (from) (
  2) (由……)引起, (由….)产生,起源于; (
  3)起身,起床 变形 arose arise 的过去式 arisen arise 的过去分词 辨析 arise arise 和 rise 都可用于来表示“起床”和“站起身”的意思。Arise 常用于较抽象的主语之后 rise 常用于具体的场合 raise 是及物动词,意为“举起;使起来;提高;提出” arouse 也是及物动词,意为“唤醒;激起;引起” 搭配 arise from/out of 由….引起,起源于 真 题 Many difficulties have as a result of the change over to a new 无效 of fuel. 答案 A)risen B)arisen C)raised D)arrived B
A completely new situation will when the examination system comes into existence. 答案 A)rise B)arise C)raise D)arouse B assemble(最近出现在2002年12月28日34题) 意 义 vi.集合,聚集;vt.集合,聚集,召集;装配 构 词 as(到)+semble(一起) 变 形 assembly n.集合,装配,集合,集结,汇编; 形似词 resemble 像,类
 

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