Unit 2
English around the world 基础落实
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆

  1.He stopped in front of the mirror to put his tie straight .
  2.She went on a long sea v oyage .
  3.After a few years,she was sent back to her n ative country.
  4.It turned out that one of the children I thought was a girl was a ctually a boy.

  5.Of the phrases “go crazy” and “go nuts”,the latter is used less frequently. 要求)
  6.Traditionally,miners requested(要求) higher wages than other workers.
  7.Reading is one of the best ways of enlarging your vocabulary (词汇量). 词汇量). 流利的)
  8.She was fluent (流利的) in English,French, and German. 承认)
  9.It is important to recognize(承认) how little we know about this disease.
  10.“I’m not eating it,” Maria said,with an 表情) expression (表情) of disgust on her face.
Ⅱ.重点短语再现 Ⅱ.重点短语再现
走近,上来
  1. come up 走近,上来 ……为基础 为基础
  2. be based on 以……为基础 现在,目前
  3. at present 现在,目前 利用,使用
  4. make use of 利用,使用
  5. play a part/role in 扮演……角色;参与, 扮演……角色;参与, ……角色 在……中起作用 ……中起作用 中起作用 不仅,多于
  6. more than 不仅,多于 ……末端 末端, ……末期 末期
  7. at the end of 在……末端,在……末期 即使,尽管,但是
  8. even if 即使,尽管,但是 许多,大量
  9. a large number of 许多,大量
  10. without a second thought 不假思索
Ⅲ.典型句式运用 Ⅲ.典型句式运用

  1.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same English.以英语为母语的人 以英语为母语的人, kind of English.以英语为母语的人,即使所讲 的英语种类不尽相同,他们也可以互相理解。 的英语种类不尽相同,他们也可以互相理解。 本句中的even if相当于 考点提炼 本句中的even if相当于 even though , 意为“ 即使, 引导让步状语从句。 意为“ 即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句。even if/though所引导的让步状语从句可用现在时代替 if/though所引导的让步状语从句可用现在时代替 将来时。 将来时。

  2.Today the number of people learning English rapidly.如今学英语的中 in China is increasing rapidly.如今学英语的中 国人在快速增多。 国人在快速增多。 本句的主语是the of(……的数 考点提炼 本句的主语是the number of(……的数 量/数目),故谓语动词用 单数 。 数目)
  3.Why do you think people all over the world English?你认为世界各地的人们为 want to learn English?你认为世界各地的人们为 什么都要学英语呢? 什么都要学英语呢? 本句中do think是 考点提炼 本句中do you think是 插入语 ,这种疑 问句叫双重疑问句。根据疑问词是否作主语, 问句叫双重疑问句。根据疑问词是否作主语,这种 句式可分为以下两种情况: 句式可分为以下两种情况:

  1)作主语的疑问代词+do you think/believe/ 作主语的疑问代词+do suppose/imagine/guess/say/consider/suggest+ 谓语+其他。 谓语+其他。 (
  2)不作主语的疑问词+do you think/believe/ 不作主语的疑问词+do suppose/imagine/guess/say/consider/suggest+ 主语+谓语+其他。 主语+谓语+其他。
  4.It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker.对中国人来说, speaker.对中国人来说,想把英语说得像英国人 对中国人来说 一样好,并不是件容易的事。 一样好,并不是件容易的事。
考点提炼
本句中it是形式主语, 本句中it是形式主语,真正的主语是 it是形式主语
to speak English as well as a native English 该句是句式“ is/was+adj adj.(+for speaker 。该句是句式“It is/was+adj.(+for sb.) do...”的具体应用 的具体应用, sb.表示不定式 表示不定式to +to do...”的具体应用,for sb.表示不定式to do...的动作是由谁发出的。 do...的动作是由谁发出的。 的动作是由谁发出的 当作表语的形容词是表示不定式逻辑主语的特征,即 当作表语的形容词是表示不定式逻辑主语的特征, 形容词用来描述不定式行为发出者的性格、 形容词用来描述不定式行为发出者的性格、品行等 时,要用“It is/was+adj.+of sb.+to do... ” 要用“ is/was+adj.+of adj 句型。此类形容词常见的有: 句型。此类形容词常见的有:kind,nice,clever, wrong,right,foolish,wise,stupid,rude,careless, brave,polite等 在这种句型中,sb.可以作句子的主 brave,polite等。在这种句型中,sb.可以作句子的主 语。

  5.This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected English.这是因为在早些 to speak excellent English.这是因为在早些 时候, 时候,人们期望电台节目中的新闻播音员英语说 得很棒。 得很棒。 because...意为 考点提炼 this/that is because...意为 “ 这/那是因为…… ”,because...在句子中 because...在句子中 那是因为…… 作表语,because引导一个表示 的句子。 作表语,because引导一个表示 原因 的句子。 why...后面跟的是表示 的句子, that is why...后面跟的是表示 结果 的句子, 译为“那是……的原因” 译为“那是……的原因”。 ……的原因
导练互动
重点单词
  1.base
It was based more on German than the present.(回归课本 回归课本P English we speak at present.(回归课本P
  10) 观察思考 观察思考 story. This book is based on a true story. 这本书讲的是一个真实的故事。 这本书讲的是一个真实的故事。 They decided to base the new company in York. 他们决定将新成立的公司总部设在约克郡。 他们决定将新成立的公司总部设在约克郡。 on? What are you basing this theory on? 你这种理论的根据是什么? 你这种理论的根据是什么?
归纳总结 归纳总结 base v.以……为根据;把(总部等)设在 。 ……为根据; 为根据 总部等) on...以……为根据 be based on...以……为根据 (
  1) ……的根据地 the base for ……的根据地 (
  2)base与basis的区别: base与basis的区别: 的区别 二者都有“基础”的意思。base所指的“基础”是 二者都有“基础”的意思。base所指的“基础” 所指的 具体的;basis所指的“基础”是抽象的。 具体的;basis所指的“基础”是抽象的。 所指的 building建筑物的根基 基础, 建筑物的根基( the base of a building建筑物的根基(基础,底 部) basis经济基础 经济基础 the economic basis经济基础 of根据……; ……为基础 根据…… 为基础 (
  3)on the basis of根据……;以……为基础
即学即用 即学即用 (
  1)他把希望寄托在我们昨天得到的好消息上。 他把希望寄托在我们昨天得到的好消息上。 He based his hopes on the good news we had yesterday. (
  2)这部小说是以事实为根据的。 这部小说是以事实为根据的。 The novel is based on fact.

  2.command
Can you find the following command and ?(回归课本 回归课本P request from Reading?(回归课本P
  12) 观察思考 观察思考 attack. He commanded the soldiers to attack. =He commanded that the soldiers (should) attack. attack. 他命令士兵们进攻。 他命令士兵们进攻。 commands. I never promised to obey her commands. 我从未答应服从她的命令。 我从未答应服从她的命令。 Mr.Smith has a good command of spoken English. English. 史密斯先生对英语口语掌握得很好。 史密斯先生对英语口语掌握得很好。
归纳总结 command v. & n.命令;指挥;掌握;博得 。 命令;指挥;掌握; command听某人支配 听某人支配 (
  1)at sb.’s command听某人支配 command由……指挥 指挥 under one’s command由……指挥 under the command of sb.在……指挥之下 sb.在……指挥之下 指挥之下 have (a) command of掌握;精通(尤指语言) of掌握 精通(尤指语言) 掌握; of控制 控制 take command of控制 of掌握 控制 掌握, (be) in command of掌握,控制 sth.命令某人做某事 命令某人做某事 (
  2)command sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事 do...命令…… 命令…… command that...(should) do...命令……
即学即用 即学即用 (
  1)军队由国王直接统率。 军队由国王直接统率。 The army is under the king’s command . (
  2)她精通法语。 她精通法语。 She has a good command of the French language.

  3.request
In English you use a command or a request when you want someone to do something. (回归课本P
  12) 回归课本P 观察思考 观察思考 She refused all the requests for an interview. interview. 她拒绝了所有要求采访的请求。 她拒绝了所有要求采访的请求。 They have made an urgent request for help. international help. 他们迫切要求国际社会的援助。 他们迫切要求国际社会的援助。 I requested that he (should) leave at once. 我要求他马上离开。 我要求他马上离开。
归纳总结 归纳总结 request v. & n.请求;要求。 请求; for...请求 要求…… 请求; …… (
  1)make (a) request for...请求;要求…… sb.应某 at sb.’s request=at the request of sb.应某 人之要求 人之要求 by request (of)照需要;依照请求;应邀 (of)照需要 依照请求;应邀 照需要; request一经要求 一经要求 on request一经要求 sth.请求某人做某事 请求某人做某事 (
  2)request sb.to do sth.请求某人做某事 sth.请求…… 请求…… request that sb.(should) do sth.请求…… sb.向某人请求某物 向某人请求某物 request sth.from/of sb.向某人请求某物 that...据要求…… 据要求…… It is requested that...据要求……
易混辨异 request,ask,demand,require request,ask,demand,require (
  1)request意为“请求,要求” (
  1)request意为“请求,要求”,指正式或礼貌的 意为 请 求。通常用于希望别人做某事,语气比较委婉。 通常用于希望别人做某事,语气比较委婉。 She requested permission to film at the White House. House. 她申请准予在白宫拍摄。 她申请准予在白宫拍摄。 (
  2)ask意为“请求” 指想从别人那里得到什么。 (
  2)ask意为“请求”,指想从别人那里得到什么。 意为 其 结构为“ sth.”。 结构为“ask sb.for sth.,ask sb.to do sth. 。 dollars. He asked his mother for six dollars.
Parents ask me to come back early after school. school. 父母要我放学后早点回家。 父母要我放学后早点回家。 (
  3)demand意为“强烈要求” 语气较重, (
  3)demand意为“强烈要求”,语气较重,含“自己觉 意为 得有理由要求”的意思。后接名词或不定式作宾语, 得有理由要求”的意思。后接名词或不定式作宾语, 但不能接不定式作宾补,可以接用虚拟语气的从句。 但不能接不定式作宾补,可以接用虚拟语气的从句。 The captain demanded to know what was going on. on. 上尉要求知道发生了什么事。 上尉要求知道发生了什么事。 She demanded that we (should) give her an immediate answer. 她强烈要求我们立刻给她一个答复。 她强烈要求我们立刻给她一个答复。
(
  4)require意为“需要,要求” (
  4)require意为“需要,要求”,含“按照法规要 意为 求”的意思。其后接用虚拟语气的从句,也可接不 的意思。其后接用虚拟语气的从句, 定式作宾补。 定式作宾补。 The city government requires that all the people (should) protect the environment. environment. 市政府要求人们保护环境。 市政府要求人们保护环境。 The city government requires the people to keep the streets clean. 市政府要求人们保持街道清洁。 市政府要求人们保持街道清洁。
即学即用 即学即用 (
  1) B A.On her request,Tom went out immediately B.At C.Till D.In C out. to help her out. (
  2)We all agreed to his request that he to Dalian for sightseeing. sightseeing. A.went C.go going B.were going D.shall go

  4.recognize
Although many Americans move a lot,they still recognize and understand each dialects.(回归课本 回归课本P other’s dialects.(回归课本P
  13) 观察思考 观察思考 Line up these men and see if the witness criminal. can recognize the criminal. 让这些人站成一排, 让这些人站成一排,看看证人能否从中把罪犯认 出来。 出来。 I recognized him though we were apart for years. years. 尽管我们分开多年了,我还是认出了他。 尽管我们分开多年了,我还是认出了他。
Everyone recognized him to be a lawful heir money. of the money. 大家都承认他是那笔钱的合法继承人。 大家都承认他是那笔钱的合法继承人。 归纳总结 归纳总结 recognize v.辨认出;承认。 辨认出; sb./sth.by/from...根据……认出 根据…… (
  1)recognize sb./sth.by/from...根据……认出 某人/某事( 某人/某事(物) be/as...被认作……/被认为 被认作……/ be recognized to be/as...被认作……/被认为 是…… …… that...人们公认…… 人们
 

相关内容

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修1 Unit 2

   Unit 2 English around the world 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.He stopped in front of the mirror to put his tie straight .  2.She went on a long sea v oyage .  3.After a few years,she was sent back to her n ative country. 4.It turned out that one of th ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修2 Unit 2

   Unit 2 The Olympic Games 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.I opened the door and admitted the house. her into 2.Companies must be able to compete in the marketplace. 3.It’s important to follow the regular procedure. 4.The award ceremony will be hosted David ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修5 Unit 3

   Unit 3 Life in the future 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.Impressed by the luxurious surroundings 环境),he (环境),he didn’t want to leave. 2.She has determination that her brother lacks . 乐观的) 3.Zhang Haidi is optimistic (乐观的) about her life. 压力) 4.He is unde ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修1 Unit 2

   Unit 2 English around the world 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.He stopped in front of the mirror to put his tie straight . 2.She went on a long sea v oyage . 3.After a few years,she was sent back to her n ative country. 4.It turned out that one of the ch ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修1 Unit 4

   Unit 4 Earthquakes 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.The machine is driven by electricity . 2.A great many houses were destroyed in the earthquake and many people became homeless. 3.The hurricane left the whole city in ruins . 4.It trapped my coat in the ca ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修1 Unit 3

   Unit 3 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Travel journal 基础落实 态度) 1.We shouldn’t have a wrong attitude (态度) towards the students who are poor at their studies. 有决心的) 2.He is determined (有决心的) to catch up with the others. 顽固的) 3.He was too stubborn (顽固的) to admit th ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修1 Unit 4

   Unit 4 Earthquakes 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.The machine is driven by electricity . 2.A great many houses were destroyed in the earthquake and many people became homeless. 3.The hurricane left the whole city in ruins . 4.It trapped my coat in the ca ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修5 Unit 3

   Unit 3 Life in the future 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.Impressed by the luxurious surroundings 环境),he (环境),he didn’t want to leave.  2.She has determination that her brother lacks .  乐观的) 3.Zhang Haidi is optimistic (乐观的) about her life.  压力) 4.He i ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修5 Unit 4

   Unit 4 Making the news 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.“Investing in agriculture for food 主要的) security” is the chief (主要的) topic of that meeting. 2.There are about 5,000 people employed in the factory. ……打算的 打算的) 3.The programme is intended (为……打算的) for ...

2011年高考一轮复习(新人教版英语)知识点梳理课件:必修3 Unit 4

   Unit 4 Astronomy:the science of the stars 基础落实 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 1.The Chinese government did well in preventing SARS from spreading. 2.He cheered up at the good news. 3.There is a friendly atmosphere of helping each other with difficulties in stud ...

热门内容

2010英语高考考纲词汇详解

   特别说明 此资料来自豆丁网(http://www.docin.com/) 您现在所看到的文档是使用下载器所生成的文档 此文档的原件位于 http://www.docin.com/p-34198503.html 感谢您的支持 抱米花 http://blog.sina.com.cn/lotusbaob ...

09山东卷英语

   世纪金榜 圆您梦想 www.jb1000.com 2009 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷) 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷) 英 语 本试卷分第 I 卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,共 12 页,满分 150 分.考试用时 120 分钟.考试结束,将本试卷和 答题卡一并交回. 注意事项. 注意事项. 1. 答题前,考生在答题卡上务必用直径 0. 5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名,准考证号填写清楚, 并贴好条形码.请认真核准条形码上的准考证号,姓名和科目. 2. 每小题选出答案后,用 2 ...

英语最常用单词汇总

   Sublist 1 of the General Service List This sublist contains the most frequent words of the GSL: 001 - 500 if after both no way between the man many need be out must mean of other look call and so before develop a what great under to time back last ...

新编大学英语3视听说教程听力原文U6

   Listen 1 W: Why do you think people are afraid of tarantulas? M: Well, I guess it's because people are afraid of all spiders, and tarantulas happen to be the biggest of all the spiders. And maybe it's also because some spiders really are very poiso ...

英语作文

   第一篇 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter. Suppose you are Jill. Write a letter to your friend Li Fang. You should write at least 120 words according to the situation given below in Chinese:假设你的好朋友李芳是大学四年级学生,正在考虑是考 ...