Unit 3
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆

  1.The development of the steam engine was a 科技的) great technological (科技的) advance.
  2.I haven’t calculated (计算) the result of 计算) the maths problem. ? 完全地)
  3.Life totally/completely (完全地) changed when I went to college. ?
  4.People will build a large artificial (人造 的) lake in the new park. ?

  5.Before going to school,all the children are 智力) given an intelligence (智力) test. ?
  6.Difficulties will arise as we do the work.
  7.P ersonally ,I prefer to go to Beijing for my holiday. ?
  8.Do you know that football coach standing there? ?
  9.“One World,One Dream” fully reflects the (实质 实质) essence (实质) and the universal of the Olympic spirit. revolution in our daily life. values who is

  10.The invention of the television caused a
Ⅱ.重点短语再现 Ⅱ.重点短语再现
……时起 时起?
  1. from...on 从……时起? 结果?
  2. as a result 结果? 如此……以致于? ……以致于
  3. so...that 如此……以致于? 在某种程度上?
  4. in a way 在某种程度上?
  5. with the help of 在……的帮助下? ……的帮助下 的帮助下? 处理;安排;对付?
  6. deal with 处理;安排;对付?
  7.watch over 看守;监视? 看守;监视? 共有;共用?
  8. in common 共有;共用? 弥补?
  9. make up 弥补?
  10. after all 毕竟
Ⅲ.典型句式运用 Ⅲ.典型句式运用

  1.I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an Babbage.我发 analytical machine by Charles Babbage.我发 育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔斯? 育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔斯?巴比 奇才把我制成了一台分析机。? 奇才把我制成了一台分析机。 took/was+一段时间 一段时间+before 考点提炼 (
  1)“It took/was+一段时间+before 从句”是一个固定句型,意为“过了……后才…… 从句”是一个固定句型,意为“过了……后才……”。 ……后才 (
  2)before用于这类句型时的结构还有:? before用于这类句型时的结构还有: 用于这类句型时的结构还有 (或一段时间 或一段时间) ①It didn’t take/was long (或一段时间) before...过了不久(一段时间) ……? before...过了不久(一段时间)就……? 过了不久
(或一段时间 或一段时间) ②It will take/be long (或一段时间) before...要过很久(一段时间) ……? before...要过很久(一段时间)才……? 要过很久 (或一段时间 或一段时间) ③It won’t take/be long (或一段时间) before...不久(一段时间后)就会…… before...不久(一段时间后)就会…… 不久 smaller.随着时间
  2.As time went by,I was made smaller.随着时间 的推移,我被制造得越来越小。? 的推移,我被制造得越来越小。 句中的as是连词, as是连词 从句, 考点提炼 句中的as是连词,引导 时间状语从句, 意为“ 一边……一边…… 意为“ 一边……一边…… ”或“ 随着……”。 随着…… ……一边 表示“随着……”时 也可以用with,但with后只 表示“随着……”时,也可以用with,但with后只 ……” with, 接名词短语。 接名词短语。

  3.And my memory became so large that even I it!我的记忆能力变得如此 couldn’t believe it!我的记忆能力变得如此 巨大,甚至连我自己都不能相信! 巨大,甚至连我自己都不能相信! so+adj./adv.+that...意为 adj./adv.+that... so+adj./adv.+that...意为 考点提炼 “如此……以致…… ”,引导结果状语从句。? 引导结果状语从句。 如此……以致…… ……以致 so that引导目的状语从句,相当于in order that引导 从句,相当于in that,该从句中常用情态动词may,might,can, that,该从句中常用情态动词may,might,can, 该从句中常用情态动词 could,will,would和should。 could,will,would和should。

  4.After all,with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets anything,using my about!不管怎 intelligence is what I’m all about!不管怎 么 样,在我过目不忘的电子脑的帮助下,运用智能 在我过目不忘的电子脑的帮助下, 就考点提炼 是我的一切。 是我的一切。? with the help of my electronic anything是状语 是状语, brain which neverwhich never forgets forgets anything是状语, 说明主谓部分的伴随状况。在这个with短语中, 说明主谓部分的伴随状况。在这个with短语中, with短语中 anything 包含一个定语从句 of意为 意为“ with the help of意为“ 在……的帮助下 ……的帮助下 ”。 brain。 ,修饰my electronic brain。? 修饰my

  5.What’s more,you can use the Internet to English.而且 你还能利用因特网学英语。 而且, learn English.而且,你还能利用因特网学英语。 考点提炼 more意为 更重要的是; 意为“ What is more意为“ 更重要的是;而 相当于besides besides或 且 ”,常作 插入 语,相当于besides或 furthermore。 furthermore。
I began as a calculating machine in France (回归课本 回归课本P in 16
  42. (回归课本P
  18) 观察思考? 观察思考? Mary always calculates the cost of goods them.? before she buys them.? 玛丽总是在买东西之前先估算好价钱。 玛丽总是在买东西之前先估算好价钱。?
Mr.Li calculated that it would take him Shenzhen.? three hours to get to Shenzhen.? 李先生估计他要花三个小时才能到达深圳。 李先生估计他要花三个小时才能到达深圳。? What I said yesterday was not calculated to you.? hurt you.? 昨天我说的话不是有意伤害你的。 昨天我说的话不是有意伤害你的。 归纳总结 calculate v.计算;打算;推测 。? 计算;打算; on/upon指望 打算? 指望; calculate on/upon指望;打算? that...据估算……? 据估算…… It is calculated that...据估算……? do打算做 故意做? 打算做; be calculated to do打算做;故意做? for适合于 be calculated for适合于
即学即用 (
  1)这些广告旨在吸引年轻的单身消费者。? 这些广告旨在吸引年轻的单身消费者。 The advertisements are calculated to attract young single consumers. 个工作。 (
  2)据估算,去年至少丧失了47 000个工作。? 据估算,去年至少丧失了47 000个工作 It has been calculated that at least 47,000 jobs were lost last year.

Anyhow ,my goal is to provide humans with quality.(回归课本 回归课本P a life of high quality.(回归课本P
  18) 观察思考? 观察思考? I am not feeling quite well but I will attend the meeting tomorrow anyhow.? anyhow.? 我觉得不太舒服,但明天的会我无论如何会参加。 我觉得不太舒服,但明天的会我无论如何会参加。 His books were arranged anyhow on the floor. 他的书乱七八糟摊了一地。 他的书乱七八糟摊了一地。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? anyhow adv.无论如何;不管怎么说;胡乱地 。? adv.无论如何;不管怎么说; (
  1)“无论如何,不管怎样,反正;尽管如此” (
  1)“无论如何,不管怎样,反正;尽管如此”,在 无论如何 作此意解时,anyway和anyhow一样, 作此意解时,anyway和anyhow一样,都用作让步状 一样 语,一般位于句中(其前常有连词but)或句末。? 一般位于句中(其前常有连词but)或句末。 but (
  2)“况且,更何况;再说;至少”,作此意解 况且,更何况;再说;至少” 时,anyway和anyhow一样,都用作句子状语,用来 anyway和anyhow一样,都用作句子状语, 一样 对前边的话作补充,给出一个更加令人信服的理由。 对前边的话作补充,给出一个更加令人信服的理由。 这时anyhow常出现在句首或最后的分句之首( 这时anyhow常出现在句首或最后的分句之首(位于 anyhow常出现在句首或最后的分句之首 分句之首时其前常有连词and),而不可出现在句末。 分句之首时其前常有连词and),而不可出现在句末。 and),而不可出现在句末 (
  3)“粗心地;随意地”,在作此意解时,只能用 粗心地;随意地” 在作此意解时, anyhow。 anyhow。
即学即用? 即学即用? (
  1)?Excuse me,could you tell me the way to the British Museum? ? here.? ?Sorry,I’m a stranger here.? ? A .? A.Thanks anyway matter? B.It doesn’t matter? C.Never mind problem? D.No problem? A.不管怎样 还是要谢谢你。B.没关系 不管怎样, 没关系。 解析 A.不管怎样,还是要谢谢你。B.没关系。 C.不要紧 不用担心。D.没问题 句意为: 不要紧; 没问题。 C.不要紧;不用担心。D.没问题。句意为: ??打扰了 打扰了, ??打扰了,你能告诉我去大英博物馆的路 吗???抱歉,我在这儿是个陌生人。??不 ??抱歉,我在这儿是个陌生人。??不 抱歉 管怎样,还是要谢谢你。 管怎样,还是要谢谢你。

  2)I might fail,but A.however C.yet
B mind.? it,I don’t mind.?
I insist on doing
B.anyhow? B.anyhow? D.meanwhile

Then she prepares reliable moves to use if .(回归课本 回归课本P a new situation arises .(回归课本P
  23) 观察思考? 观察思考? A new difficulty has arisen. 一项新的困难出现了。? 一项新的困难出现了。 I arose early in the morning. 我早上起得很早。 我早上起得很早。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? arise vi.出现,发生;上升 。? vi.出现,发生; (
  1)作 呈现;出现;发生”之意时, (
  1)作“呈现;出现;发生”之意时,主语多为以下 抽象名词: 抽象名词: argument/problem/quarrel/question/movement。 argument/problem/quarrel/question/movement。 (
  2)arise from由……而引起,由……而产生; from由……而引起, ……而产生; 而引起 而产生 从……中产生。? ……中产生。 中产生
易混辨异 arise,arouse,rise,raise 原形 vi.出现; arise vi.出现; 发生; 发生;起因于 vt.唤醒, arouse vt.唤醒, 激起 rise vi.升起;起 vi.升起; 增长; 身;增长;上升 vt.举起; raise vt.举起;唤 提高; 起;提高;饲养 过去式 arose aroused rose raised 过去分词 arisen aroused risen aised v.-ing arising arousing rising raising
即学即用? 即学即用? (
  1)我本来想事情会很容易,但是出现了许多问题。 (
  1)我本来想事情会很容易,但是出现了许多问题。 我本来想事情会很容易 I thought it would be easy,but a lot of problems have arisen . (
  2)事故由粗心大意引起 事故由粗心大意引起。 (
  2)事故由粗心大意引起。? Accidents arise from carelessness.

For example,I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good goal.(回归课本 回归课本P shot for a goal.(回归课本P
  23) ? 观察思考? 观察思考? signal.? Don’t fire until I signal.? 等我发出信号后再开枪。? 等我发出信号后再开枪。 bill.? He signalled to the waiter for the bill.? 他示意服务员结账。 他示意服务员结账。? danger.? A red light is a signal of danger.? 红灯是危险的信号标志。 红灯是危险的信号标志。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? signal vi.& vt.发信号;n.信号 。? vi.& vt.发信号; 易混辨异 signal,sign,mark,symbol (
  1)signal常指约定俗成、 (
  1)signal常指约定俗成、用于传达某些信息的信 常指约定俗成 号,也指灯光、声音或信号标志。? 也指灯光、声音或信号标志。 (
  2)sign用法最广,可以指符号,也可以指情绪、性 sign用法最广,可以指符号,也可以指情绪、 用法最广 格的直观显示,还可以指具体的用于识别或指示的标志, 格的直观显示,还可以指具体的用于识别或指示的标志, 如指示牌、卡片等,借喻作“征兆;迹象” 如指示牌、卡片等,借喻作“征兆;迹象”讲。? The referee gave the sign to start the game. 裁判员给出开始比赛的信息。 裁判员给出开始比赛的信息。?

  3)mark含义广泛,指事物留下的深刻印记,比 mark含义广泛,指事物留下的深刻印记, 含义广泛 sign更侧重于区别性或指示性的标志。 sign更侧重于区别性或指示性的标志。? 更侧重于区别性或指示性的标志 (
  4)symbol指被人们选出的物体或图案,用来代表 symbol指被人们选出的物体或图案, 指被人们选出的物体或图案 另一事物,作为该事物的标记或象征。 另一事物,作为该事物的标记或象征。? The dove is the symbol of peace.? peace.? 鸽子是和平的象征。 鸽子是和平的象征。
即学即用? 即学即用? (
  1)The soldiers are hiding in the trees and waiting for the A.mark C.sign 解析 signal。 signal。 (
  2)Rose is considered to be a A.mark C.sign 解析 symbol象征;符号。 symbol象征;符号。 象征 B.signa


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   above all  首要,尤其 be absorbed in  专心于 by accident  偶然 account for  说明(原因等) on account of  因为,由于 take…into account  考虑 be accustomed to  习惯于 add up to  合计,总计 in addition  另外 in addition to  除…之外 in advance  提前,预先 gain/have an advantage over  胜过,优于 tak ...


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