Unit 4 Making the news 基础落实
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆

  1.“Investing in agriculture for food 主要的) security” is the chief (主要的) topic of that meeting.
  2.There are about 5,000 people employed in the factory. ? ……打算的 打算的)
  3.The programme is intended (为……打算的) for children. (雇用) 雇用)
有罪的)
  4.The court found her guilty (有罪的) of murder.
  5.Careless mistakes result from a lack of 专心). concentration (专心).
  6.Please state your name,age and profession (职业). 职业).
  7.She is e ager for her parents’ approval.
  8.He works for a company that publishes reference books. ?
  9.The crime rising.? rate is rising.? our software.
  10.It’s about time we updated
Ⅱ.重点短语再现 Ⅱ.重点短语再现
指控某人犯…… ……罪
  1. accuse sb.of... 指控某人犯……罪? 偶然?
  2. by accident 偶然? 轮流;依次?
  3. in turn 轮流;依次? 应当;认为必须?
  4. be supposed to 应当;认为必须?
  5. think about 考虑;回想? 考虑;回想? 与某人约会?
  6. make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会? 期待,盼望?
  7. look forward to 期待,盼望?
  8. on one’s own 独自? 独自? 集中精力做某事?
  9. concentrate on sth. 集中精力做某事? 说明;查明?
  10. account for 说明;查明?
Ⅲ.典型句式运用 Ⅲ.典型句式运用

  1.Not only am I interested in photography,but I took an amateur course at university to skills.对摄影我不仅仅是感兴趣 对摄影我不仅仅是感兴趣, update my skills.对摄影我不仅仅是感兴趣, 在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课来更新我的技术。 在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课来更新我的技术。 (also)...意为 考点提炼 not only...but (also)...意为 only位于句首 “ 不仅……而且…… ”,当not only位于句首 不仅……而且…… ……而且 时,句子要 倒装 。

  2.Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the person says. 同时, 同时,你还要根据被采访人所说的话准备提出下 一个问题。 一个问题。? on/upon意为 根据, 意为: 考点提炼 depending on/upon意为:根据,依靠, 是现在分词形式用作 方式 状语,相当于according 状语,相当于according to。此时depending on的逻辑主语 不是 句子的主 to。此时depending on的逻辑主语 语。? 与此用法类似的分词短语还有: 与此用法类似的分词短语还有:judging by/from...,considering...,taking...into consideration等 consideration等。

  3.So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bribe him.所以我们安排了一次在这个足球队员和据认 him.所以我们安排了一次在这个足球队员和据认 为是向他行贿的那个人之间的采访。 为是向他行贿的那个人之间的采访。? to意为 被认为…… 意为“ 考点提炼 be supposed to意为“被认为…… ” ;(用于否定句 用于否定句) “应该;必须 ;(用于否定句)允许 ”。? 应该; 但was/were supposed to do sth.或be supposed sth.或 sth.表示 表示“ to have done sth.表示“本应该做或理应做过某 事(而实际未做)”。 而实际未做)
导练互动
重点单词
  1.assist
You’ll find your colleagues very eager to (回归课本 回归课本P assist you,... (回归课本P
  26) 观察思考? 观察思考? They were assisting police with their inquiries.? inquiries.? 他们正协助警察调查。 他们正协助警察调查。? He assisted her to find employment.? employment.? 他帮助她找工作。 他帮助她找工作。? Their presence would assist in keeping the peace.? peace.? 他们在那儿将有助于维护和平。 他们在那儿将有助于维护和平。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? assist vi. & vt. 帮助;援助 。? vi. vt. 帮助; sth.帮助某人某事 帮助某人某事? (
  1)assist sb.with sth.帮助某人某事? sth.帮助某人做某事 帮助某人做某事? assist sb.to do sth.帮助某人做某事? sth.帮助 某人) 帮助( assist (sb.) in (doing) sth.帮助(某人)做某 事? (
  2)assistance n.帮助;援助? 帮助;援助? assistance援助某人 援助某人? come to sb.’s assistance援助某人? of...在……帮助下 帮助下? with the assistance of...在……帮助下? 助手,助理;adj.助理的? (
  3)assistant n.助手,助理;adj.助理的?
即学即用? 即学即用? (
  1)好词典会帮你理解英文。 (
  1)好词典会帮你理解英文。? 好词典会帮你理解英文 A good dictionary will assist you to understand English. ? (
  2)美国直升机参与了救援。? (
  2)美国直升机参与了救援。 美国直升机参与了救援 U.S.helicopters assisted in the rescue effort. ?
(
  3)那位年轻助手第一次协助做实验时非常紧张。 (
  3)那位年轻助手第一次协助做实验时非常紧张。? 那位年轻助手第一次协助做实验时非常紧张 The young assistant was very nervous when he first assisted in performing the experiment. (
  4)您对这个项目的技术援助大受赞赏。 (
  4)您对这个项目的技术援助大受赞赏。? 您对这个项目的技术援助大受赞赏 Your technical assistance in is greatly appreciated. the project

  2.concentrate
...,so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you’re interested. (回归课本P
  26) 回归课本P 观察思考? 观察思考? She couldn’t concentrate on the film.? film.? 她无法全神贯注地看这部电影。 她无法全神贯注地看这部电影。? The general decided to concentrate his forces near the capital.? capital.? 这位将军决定把他的部队集中在首都附近。 这位将军决定把他的部队集中在首都附近。
归纳总结? 归纳总结? concentrate vt. & vi.专心于;注意;集中 。? vt. vi.专心于;注意; sth.专心致志 (
  1)concentrate sth.on sth./doing sth.专心致志 于某事/做某事? 于某事/做某事? on致力于……; 致力于…… concentrate one’s attention on致力于……;把 注意力集中在……? 注意力集中在……? …… concentrate on sth.集中精力做某事;全神贯注 sth.集中精力做某事; 集中精力做某事 于……? ……? n.集中 专心? 集中; concentration n.集中;专心?
sth.( (
  2)focus one’s attention on sth.(=fix sth.)集中注意力于…… ……? one’s attention on sth.)集中注意力于……? in...专心于……? 专心于…… put one’s mind in...专心于……? to...专心于……? 专心于…… apply oneself/one’s mind to...专心于……? into...集中精力……? 集中精力…… put one’s heart into...集中精力……? in...一心一意于……? 一心一意于…… be absorbed in...一心一意于……? in...倾心于……? 倾心于…… be lost in...倾心于……?
即学即用 (
  1)你必须专注于这个问题。 (
  1)你必须专注于这个问题。? 你必须专注于这个问题 You must concentrate your mind/attention on the problem. ? (
  2)我们应该致力于改进教育工作。 (
  2)我们应该致力于改进教育工作。? 我们应该致力于改进教育工作 We should concentrate all our efforts on improving education. ? (
  3)他把重点放在英语学习上。 (
  3)他把重点放在英语学习上。? 他把重点放在英语学习上 He concentrated on the study of English. (
  4)我父亲正全神贯注地钓鱼 我父亲正全神贯注地钓鱼。 (
  4)我父亲正全神贯注地钓鱼。? My father is concentrating on fishing .

  3.defend
The law allows people to defend themselves (回归课本 回归课本P against a charge. (回归课本P
  28) 观察思考 wrong.? The law defends people from wrong.? 法律保护人民不受冤屈。? 法律保护人民不受冤屈。 He made a long speech defending his ideas. 他发表了长篇演说为他的见解进行辩护。 他发表了长篇演说为他的见解进行辩护。? We shall defend our island,whatever the be.? cost may be.? 不论代价多大,我们都将保卫我们的海岛。 不论代价多大,我们都将保卫我们的海岛。
归纳总结 保护; ……辩护 defend v. 保护;为……辩护。? against保卫 抵抗? 保卫; defend against保卫;抵抗? defend...from...保卫……使不受……(伤害) defend...from...保卫……使不受……(伤害)? 保卫……使不受…… protect...from...防止……遭受……, ……免 protect...from...防止……遭受……,使……免 防止……遭受…… 于……? ……? prevent/stop/keep...from...阻止……做某事? prevent/stop/keep...from...阻止……做某事? 阻止……做某事
易混辨异 defend,protect,guard (
  1)defend指用武力或其他措施保护某人/ (
  1)defend指用武力或其他措施保护某人/物在面临 指用武力或其他措施保护某人 危险时不受损害。 危险时不受损害。? (
  2)protect指利用各种安全防御措施, (
  2)protect指利用各种安全防御措施,尽力照顾某 指利用各种安全防御措施 人/物以使其不受伤害。? 物以使其不受伤害。 (
  3)guard的意思则为“留心守望;警戒” (
  3)guard的意思则为“留心守望;警戒”,防止可 的意思则为 能遇到的攻击或侵害。 能遇到的攻击或侵害。
即学即用 (
  1)每个孩子都必须学会保护自己免受其他孩子的侵 (
  1)每个孩子都必须学会保护自己免受其他孩子的侵 犯。? Every child must learn to defend himself from the aggression of other children. (
  2)依我的观点来看,我们应该尽自己最大的努力, (
  2)依我的观点来看,我们应该尽自己最大的努力, 依我的观点来看 力所能及地去保护这些古文化遗址。? 力所能及地去保护这些古文化遗址。 We should try our best,in my opinion,to do what we can do to protect these ancient cultural relics .
(
  3)老师要求要做更多的事情来防止学生的眼睛遭受 (
  3)老师要求要做更多的事情来防止学生的眼睛遭受 伤害。 伤害。? The teacher asked more to be done to prevent the students’ eyes from being injured. ? (
  4)总统及其家人不论去哪儿都有特工人员保护。? (
  4)总统及其家人不论去哪儿都有特工人员保护。 总统及其家人不论去哪儿都有特工人员保护 The president and his family are always guarded by secret agents wherever they go.

  4.inform
They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story. (回归课本P
  26)? 回归课本P 观察思考? 观察思考? I will inform you if there is any change.? change.? 如有变动我会通知你的。 如有变动我会通知你的。? us.? “He’s already left”,she informed us.? “他已经走了,”她告诉我们说。 他已经走了, 她告诉我们说。
归纳总结 inform vt.告知;通知 。? vt.告知; sth.告知某人某事 告知某人某事? inform sb.of/about sth.告知某人某事? sb.(that)...通知某人 通知某人? inform sb.(that)...通知某人? adj.了解情况的;见识广的? informed adj.了解情况的;见识广的? sb.informed使某人随时了解最新情况 使某人随时了解最新情况? keep sb.informed使某人随时了解最新情况?
即学即用 (
  1)随时通知我进展情况。 (
  1)随时通知我进展情况。? 随时通知我进展情况 Keep me informed of any developments. (
  2)我们很遗憾地通知你,你的申请未被接受。 (
  2)我们很遗憾地通知你,你的申请未被接受。? 我们很遗憾地通知你 We regret to inform you that your application has been rejected. (
  3)我得到可靠消息说他们俩明年结婚。? (
  3)我得到可靠消息说他们俩明年结婚。 我得到可靠消息说他们俩明年结婚 I have been reliably informed that the couple will marry next year. ?

  5.case
Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the stick?(回归课本P wrong end of the stick?(回归课本P
  26)? 观察思考? 观察思考? In some cases people have had to wait several weeks for an appointment.? appointment.? 在某些情况下, 在某些情况下,人们必须等上好几周才能得到约 见。? The hospital has received a severe case of typhoid.? typhoid.? 医院刚接待了一起伤寒重病例。 医院刚接待了一起伤寒重病例。? week.? The case will be heard next week.? 此案下周审理。 此案下周审理。
归纳总结 意为:情况;病例; case n.意为:情况;病例;案例 。? case以防 倘若? 以防; in case以防;倘若? of如果 万一? 如果; in case of如果;万一? case无论如何 无论如何? in any case无论如何? in no case决不? case决不 决不? in that case在那种情况下? case在那种情况下? 在那种情况下 of就……而言 至于? 而言; in the case of就……而言;至于? case这是常有的事 这是常有的事? as is often the case这是常有的事?
case置于句首时 句子用部分倒装; 置于句首时, 注意 in no case置于句首时,句子用部分倒装; in case是连词短语,可
 

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