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届高考英语(通用版) 备战 2011 届高考英语(通用版)一轮复习 专题 01
基础过关】 【A 组:基础过关】

  1. The English play my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success. A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which
定语从句

  2. Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others, , of course, made the others envy him. A. who B. that C. what D. which
【解析】这是一句非限制性定语从句,关系代词指代整个句子 Helen was much kinder to 解析】 her youngest son than to the others,且从句中行为动词 made 是主动语态,因此选择 which。 【答案】D 答案】
  3. If a shop has chairs women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. A. that B. which C. when D. where

  4. Women drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those don’t. A. who ; 不填 C. who ; who B. 不填 ; who D. 不填; 不填
审明句意: 每天和多于两杯咖啡的女性比那些没有改习惯的女性得心脏病的可 【解析】 解析】
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能性要大得多。 在本题中的 who 都是引导定语从句,指代人,在定语从句中做主语,所以 都不能省略。 【答案】C 答案】
  5. The Beatles, Liverpool. A. what B. that C. how D. as many of you are old enough to remember, came from
【解析】本题考查在实际语境中对于非限制性定语从句的应用能力。as 引导定语从句, 解析】 在从句中做 remember 的宾语,指代的是 the Beatles“披头士乐队”。what 引导名词性从句, 在句中做主语宾语或表语,that 引导限制性定语从句, how 引导名词性从句。 【答案】D 答案】
  6.. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, they learn simple games and songs. A. then B. there C. while D. where

  7. The book was written in 1946, the education system has witnessed great charges. A.when B.during which C.since then D.since when
【解析】在本题中用 since when 引导定语从句。因为句中的谓语 has witnessed 是现在 解析】 完成时,所以要用 since when。when 指代上文中的 in 1946,表示“这本书是 1946 年写的,从那 以后,教育体制发生了巨大变化”。 【答案】D 答案】
  8. Was it in the waiting room only allows mothers-to-be to enter that you lost your wallet? A. / B. where C. that D. when
【解析】在考查定语从句的时候利用疑问句的特殊结构来干扰学生的正确选择比较常 解析】 见。遇到这类定语从句时,最好的办法是先把疑问句还原成陈述句,然后判断谁是先行词, 再看关系词在定语从句中所充当的成分, 最后确定正确答案。 在这个定语从句中的先行词是 room, that 在定语从句里做主语。
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【答案】C 答案】
  9.Obama, life was once hard when he was young, were elected President of American. A. for whom B. who C. to whom D. /
【解析】这是一个非限制性定语从句,还考查到了“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。 解析】 根据句子意思需选择介词 for, 从而构成 be hard for Obama. for 的宾语是指人, 这时就只能用 whom。 【答案】A 答案】
  10. has been announced, our government will take more measures to make the
falling economics recover as soon as possible. A That B As C It D What
【解析】这是一句非限制性定语从句,关系代词指代整个句子 we shall have our final 解析】 exams next month,且位于句首,因此选择 as。在定语从句中都可以作主语和宾语。但注意 as 引导的定语从句可置于句首,而 which 不可。 【答案】B 答案】
  11. Lee Yu chun was titled as the top thin beauty in Ansia , caused a lot of disagreements in the field of entertainment. A. that B. which C as D it
12 There were so many attractions in Disney Park. After lunch we came to a place, stood a big tower. A. which B. that C. / D. where
【解析】在本句中为了保持句子平衡,句子用了倒装语序。倒装的使用使定语从句的结 解析】 构变得较为特殊,对于这种情况,应先把倒装语序还原成正常语序,这样句子结构就比较清 晰了。这里是非限制性定语从句解释前面的 the place. 【答案】D 答案】
  13. A political advisor suggested giving out red pockets to the whole nation directly to
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encourage economics,I believe is of great value. A that B. / C. which D. why
在考查定语从句时会利用插入语或状语的添加来增加试题的难度。 常见的插入 【解析】 解析】 语有:I think (suppose, expect, believe, imagine), in my opinion, to tell you the truth 等。做 这类题目时我们可以先删去插入语或状语,找出句子的主干。在该句中先行词是 discovery, which 是在引导非限制性定语从句,在句子里做主语。 【答案】C 14 Is this the website English? A. who; to add C. whom; adding B. that; add D. that; added you want to have into your files to help you learn
非谓语动词是英语中难度较大的语法项目之一, 因而在定语从句中加入非谓语 【解析】 解析】 动词会增加考查定语从句的难度。 对这类题目最有效的办法就是将句子还原。 本句还原后应 是:You want to have the website added into your files to help you learn English.先行词是 the website, 因为在定语从句里做宾语, 所以可以用 that, which 或者省略, 但是第二个空只能用 added, 因为还考查到了 have something done, 这里是网站被添加到收藏夹。 【答案】D 答案】
  15. We have heard of many cases some citizens ,especially some famous
people, have suffered because personal information had been leaked. A. why B. which C. as D. where
能力突破】 【B 组:能力突破】

  1.(山东省济南市 2010 届高三年级第一次模拟考试英语试题)The time is drawing near food raised in space will directly benefit humans below. A.where B.when C.whether D.why
【答案解析】B 考查定语从句。语意:在太空种植的食物直接使地球上的人类受益的时 刻快要来了。when 引导的定语从句修饰先行词 the time。
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  2.(浙江省金华十校 2010 届高三上学期期末考试(英语) )You will have to wait for one more week, A.after the manager will be back from his trip. B.while C.when D.since
【答案解析】C 考查定语从句。先行词为表时间的 one more week,故用 when 引导定 语从句,且在从句中作状语。
  3. (浙江省金华十校 2010 届高三上学期期末考试 (英语)American women usually identify ) their best friend as someone A.who they can talk frequently. C.as D.with whom
B.about which
【答案解析】D 考查定语从句。with whom 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 someone,with 与 talk 构成固定搭配,表示“与……交谈”。
  4.( 2010 年安徽省“江南十校”高三联考英语试题)The film started to get boring, at point I left the cinema accompanied by my twin sister. A. this C. the D. which B. that
【答案解析】 考查定语从句。 D 定语从句的先行词是前面整个句子, 当先行词为句子时, 用关系代词 which 或 as,此处关系词前有介词 at,只有 which 符合条件。
  5.( 2010 年安徽省“江南十校”高三联考英语试题)?When did your cousin begin to show his interest in medicine? ?It was a Saturday she noticed her uncle experimenting on a frog in his lab. A. that B. what C. when D. which

  6. (2010 临 洮 县 高 三 上 学 期 阶 段 性 质 量 检 测 试 题 ) The number
  9.11 is a special number, A.what , I think, that will be remembered by the Americans forever. B.it C.which D.one
D。句意:
  9.1l 是一个特殊的数字,一个让美国人终身难忘的数字。此题里面有插入 语 I think,先把它去掉,这样,余下的好像就是一个非限定性定语从句了,其实后面有 三种正确的形式为,one that…,and it…,which…。故选 D。
  7.(2010 沂南一中高三上学期阶段性质量检测试题)Televisions enable us to see things
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happen almost at theexact moment. A.which they are happening C.which they happen B.when they are happening D.they have happened
B。句意:电视机使得我们第一时间看到所发生的一切。此题考查定语从句。先行词为 at the exact moment。故选 B。
  8.(2010 兰州市西固区高三 12 月月考) We went through a period communications were very difficult in the rural areas. A.which B.in which C.whose D.with which
B。句意:我们经历了在偏远的乡下交流不便的时期。此题考查介词后的定语从句。in which=in the period。故选 B。
  9.(2010 西安市周至县高三上学期期中统考英语)。Footy is a mix of soccer and rugby, a sport A.where players hold the ball and run with it. B.which C.when D.that
A。句意:Footy 是足球和橄榄球结合在一起,运动员控球跑的体育运动项目。此题考 查定语从句。但在定语从句中,有主语 players 和宾语 the ball 等,可见要选择的是连接 副词,表示 in the sport 的意义。故选 A。
  10.(2010 福建省“华安、连城、永安、漳平一中,龙海二中.泉港一中”六校联考上学期 第三次月考) "You'll have to wait for two hours, report will come out."The doctor said to me. A、that, when B、which, that C、that, before D、which, when is, about 11:30, the medical

  11.(2010 菏泽市牡丹区高三年级第五次月考) The letter he has been waitingis from his former head teacher. A、for which B、for C、for it D、for whom
B。句意:他一直在等的那封信是来自于他的前班主任的。此题看起来好像是一个介词 后的宾语从句,实际上只要认真分析句子结构就知,The letter is from his former head teacher’是主句,he has been waiting for 是定语从句,其连词 that 充当介词 for 的宾语, 所以省略了。故选 B。
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  12.(2010 大庆实验中学高三第三次月考) If the speed you drive your car is beyond the limit, you will be punished. A.by which B.at which C.for which D.of which
B。句意:如果你开车的速度超过限制,你就将受到惩罚。此题考查介词后的定语从句。 这类从句的介词受后面的动词的影响,固定短语为 drive at the speed。故选 B。
  13.(2010 长葛市第三实验高中第四次考试)一? So you know Della? ?Yes, it was last week I surfed the Internet A. that B. when C. why D. whom
B。句意:看来你认识 Della?对啊,我是在上周上网的时候认识她的。此题很容易看成 强调句, 实际上是一个定语从句。 完整的句子是 it was last week when I surfed the Internet that I knew Della.故选 B
  14.(2010 北京市朝阳区重点中学高三上学期第四次月考) Jane’s father has bought a nice sports car, we all know it. A. as B. which C. that D. and
D。句意:简的父亲买了辆非常漂亮的跑车,这点我们都知道。咋看起来,好像考的是 非限定性定语从句。可实际上后面这个句子有主语 we 和宾语 it,是个完整的句子,所 以是并列句。故选 C。
  15.(2010 诸暨中学高三期中考试英语试卷) Every time he tries to break a record, he reaches a point he feels he cannot physically do any more. A. what B. which C. where D. when
二、完形填空
Dean could hear the voices from around 40 feet below him. “Don’t give up, Dean!”Uncle Jim shouted encouragingly.“You can do it!”“You’re almost there,”Kurt called as he pulled on the (
  1) that ensured his cousin’s safety. Kurt and Dean had just finished helping Uncle Jim (
  2) a climbing wall at a community gym in Canterville, Texas. wall, The made of concrete and crushed granite(碎石), looked just like a sandstone cliff. Despite his (
  3) of heights, Dean had volunteered to be the (
  4) to climb the new wall. Dean heard his cousin and uncle (
  5) him on from below,but he didn’t reply.He was
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(
  6) the 1ast section of the artificial rock wall to determine an approach for scaling it.He (
  7) he was only a few feet from the top. (
  8) if he failed to concentrate on what he was doing,he could fall. Dcan (
  9) Kurt to serve as his belayer,which is the person who controls a climber’s safety rope.Whilc Dean (10
 

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