高考语法专题: 高考语法专题:名词性从句
考纲新研读 名词性从句包括宾语从句,主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。 名词性从句包括宾语从句,主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。重点 考查宾语从句,其次是同位语从句、表语从句和主语从句,通常考查引导这些 考查宾语从句,其次是同位语从句、 表语从句和主语从句, 从句的引导词的选择。 从句的引导词的选择。
  1.由what, whatever引导的名词性从句。例如 由 引导的名词性从句。 引导的名词性从句 例如: 主语从句) What(=The thing which) you need is more practice.(主语从句 主语从句 Whatever(=Anything that) was said here must be kept secret. (主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 表语从句) Asia is no longer what it used to be.(表语从句 表语从句 This is what we are firmly against.(表语从句 表语从句) 表语从句 I’ll show you what I have collected.(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句 We’ll give you whatever you want.(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句
  2.由that引导的名词性从句 陈述句 。例如: 由 引导的名词性从句(陈述句 引导的名词性从句 陈述句)。例如: That she was chosen made us very happy.(主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 That this has happened is not your fault.(主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 It is well known that China is a developing country.(主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 主语从句) It is a pity that she has made such a mistake.(主语从句 主语从句 Mr. Green’s suggestion is that we start the work at once. (表语从句 表语从句) 表语从句 The reason why she was late was that she was caught in the rain.(表语从句 表语从句) 表语从句 The letter says (that) they are leaving on the 13th.(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句 She told me that she was ill and that her mother wouldn’t let her go.(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句
  3.由who, whoever, which, when, why, how, however等和 由 等和whether 等和 引导的名词性从句,由特殊疑问句和一般疑问句转变而来, 引导的名词性从句,由特殊疑问句和一般疑问句转变而来,用 陈述语序。例如: 陈述语序。例如: Who will go is not important.(主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 Whoever(=Anyone who) breaks the law will be punished.(主语 主语 从句) 从句 When they will start has not been decided yet.(主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 Whether she will come or not is still a question.(主语从句 主语从句) 主语从句 表语从句) The question is whether it is worth doing.(表语从句 表语从句 It looked as if it was going to rain.(表语从句 表语从句) 表语从句
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That is why he was late.(表语从句 表语从句) 表语从句 宾语从句) You can give the book to whoever needs it.(宾语从句 宾语从句 I don’t know where they have gone.(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句 I wonder if you can examine him now.(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句 宾语从句) I’m afraid I have made a serious mistake.(宾语从句 宾语从句 You don’t know how tired I am(= I am very tired).(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句
  4.同位语从句 同位语从句 有些名词(idea, news, fact, promise hope, belief, thought等)后面 有些名词 等 后面 跟一个句子,说明其具体内容, 引导,不能省略 跟一个句子,说明其具体内容,由that引导 不能省略,不做成 引导 不能省略, 等引导。 分,也可由how, when等引导。例如: 也可由 等引导 例如: Father made a promise that he would buy me a bike. There can be no doubt that he is fit for the job. 同位语从句也可与其修饰的词隔开。例如: 同位语从句也可与其修饰的词隔开。 例如: Word came that our team had won. Your suggestion is reasonable that we should start the work at once. 高考新剖析
  1. It is obvious to the students they should get well prepared for their future.[2009年高考天津卷] 年高考天津卷 [ 年高考天津卷] A. as B. which C. whether D. that
  2. A good friend of mine from I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing.[2009年高考安徽卷] 年高考安徽卷] [ 年高考安徽卷 A. how B. whom C. when D. which
  3. The fact has worried many scientists the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years.[2009年高考江西卷] 年高考江西卷] [ 年高考江西卷 A. what B. which C. that D. though D C C
  4. As his best friend, I can make accurate guesses about he will do or think.[2008年高考上海卷] 年高考上海卷] [ 年高考上海卷 A. what B. which C. whom D. that
  5. It has been proved eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. 年高考上海卷] [2008年高考上海卷] 年高考上海卷 A. if B. because C. when D. that
  6. The traditional view is we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so. A. when B. why C. whether D. that
  7. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm
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sunshine and soft sands make it is. A. what B. which C. how D. where A D D A
  8. You can only be sure of you have at present; you can’t be sure of something you might get in the future. A. that; what B. what;不填 不填 不填; C. which; that D. 不填;that
  9. Having checked the doors were closed, and all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom. A. why B. that C. when D. where
  10. parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. A. That B. Which C. What D. As 精题新探究
  1. I’m wondering you would care to spend the evening with us. A. if B. that C. what D. when
  2. There is some doubt John will come on time. A. that B. whether C. which D. when B B C A B
  3. In order to encourage the students to study hard, the schoolmaster will give the scholarship to got the first prize in the exam. A. who B. whoever C. that D. whom
  4. they were in truth sisters was clear from the facial similarity between them. A. Why B. Whether C. That D. What
  5. our weather will be like in the future is hard to predict, but scientists are working hard to find out. A. What B. That C. Whether D. Which
  6. An idea occurred to me I might turn to my English teacher for help. A. which B. that C. where D. when
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  7. The thick smog covered the whole city. It was a great black blanket had been thrown over it. A. what B. because C. as if D. even if B C A B C
  8. Word came from Mr. Smith he could arrive on the following Saturday. A. about which B. that C. whether D. of which
  9. It was the belief Alex Haley could find his “root” in Africa made him decide to go to Gambia. A. that; where B. where; that C. that; that D. how; which
  10. the manager said suggested that he hadn’t decided to have a talk with them or not. A. What; if B. Whether; what C. What; whether D. That; whether
  11. she couldn’t understand was she couldn’t finish her work on time. A. Why; that B. What; because C. What; why D. That; what B C C C
  12. Lily was invited to the party made her very excited. A. What B. That C. If D. Because
  13. He said we should finish the work today, and this is I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how
  14. Can you tell me you would like to have your coffee?black or white? A. where B. which C. what D. how
  15. Actually, girls can be they want to be just like boys, whether it is a pilot, an astronaut, or a general manager. A. wherever B. however C. whoever D. whatever B
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B D D
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