宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
语法复习十九: 语法复习十九:冠 词
(一)考纲要求 考纲规定,冠词考查基本用法,包括定冠词与不定冠词,不定冠词 a 与 an 的区别;不用冠 词的情况;习语中的冠词;特指与泛指等。 (二)命题导向 冠词规则的灵活运用是高考命题的一个热点, 几乎每年高考题的单项选择或完形填空都有涉 及冠词的题目, 不定冠词和定冠词的一些特殊用法, 习惯用法及不用冠词的情况是高考重点考查 的知识点。 (三)基本用法 当代语法把冠词分为不定冠词、定冠词和零冠词(即不用冠词)三种。冠词是一种虚词,起 限定作用,是最主要最典型的限定词,放在名词(或名词化的形容词分词)前面,说明其所指的 人或物。
  1、定冠词的基本用法: 、定冠词的基本用法: ① 表示上文提到过的人或事物。如:I have bought a book. The book is very useful. ② 用于说话人与听话人心中都有数的人或事物。如:Close the window, please. ③ 用于表示世界上独一无二的事物前。如:the sun, the moon, the earth, the world 等。 ④ 用于表示方位的名词之前。如:the east, the right. ⑤ 用于序数词或形容词的最高级之前。如:the first, the tallest. ⑥ 用于形容词之前,使其名词化。如:the sick, the wounded. ⑦ 用于由普通名词构成的专有名词之前。如:the United States, the United Nation. ⑧ 用于江河、海洋、海峡、山脉、群岛、建筑物等的名词之前。如:the Changjiang River, the East Lake. ⑨ 用于复数姓氏之前,表示“夫妇”或“全家” 。如:The Smiths ⑩ 用于乐器的名词前。如:play the piano; play the violin. ⑾ 发明物。如:The compass was invented in China. ⑿ 年代名词前。如:He lived in the countryside in the 1970s. ⒀ 固定词组中。如:in the morning(afternoon, evening), on the other hand , at the same time
  2、不定冠词的基本用法: 、不定冠词的基本用法: ① 泛指一个。如:There is a book on the table. ② 指人或事物的某一种类。如:His father is a driver. Longjing is a wonderful tea. ③ 指某一个人或事物,但不具体说明。如:My sister was saved by a PLA man in the fire. ④ 用于某一些表示重量、 长度、 时间等单位前, 表示 “每一” 如:We have meals three times 。 a day.(我们一天吃三餐。 ) ⑤ 表示同样的。如:They are of an age.(他们是同岁。 ) ⑥ 表数量,相当于 one,但语意较弱。如:There is a pen and two books on the desk. ⑦ 使抽象名词具体化。如:The little girl is a help to her mother. (a hand 译"帮手") ⑧ 固定搭配。如:as a matter of fact , in a hurry, in a word
  3、不用冠词的情况: 、不用冠词的情况: ① 表示总称的复数名词之前。如:Children love cartoons.(儿童喜欢卡通影片。 ) ② 不含普通名词的专有名词前。如:We are studying English. ③ 名词前有指示代词、 物主代词、 不定代词或名词所有格修饰时。 I like this picture; I do 如: not have any money; As time went on, Einstein’s theory proved to be correct. ④ 季节、月份、星期等名词前,一般不用冠词。如:She likes spring most. ⑤ 呼语前不用冠词。如:What shall I do next, Mother? ⑥ 三餐饭前不用冠词。如:What did you have for lunch? ⑦ 节假日前不用冠词。如:People give gifts to each other on Christmas Day. ⑧ 球类和棋类运动的名称前不用冠词。如:She is fond of playing basketball. ⑨ 在一些成对出现的短语中不用冠词。如:arm in arm(手挽手); hand in hand(手牵手);
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
side by side(肩对肩); day and day(日日夜夜); young and old(老老少少); from door to door (挨门挨户); from beginning to end(从头到尾); from morning till night(从早到晚)等。 练习( 、 、冠 练习(一) 冠 词
  1. In America, car is popular means of transportation(交通设施). A. the, the B. a, the C. the, / D. the, a
  2. What happened? They left in such hurry that they forgot to lock door. A. a, a B. a, the C. /, the D. /, a
  3. There were two small rooms in the house, smaller of which served as kitchen. A. a, the B. the, a C. the, the D. a, a
  4. I ordered book some time ago. book has arrived. A. a, The B. the, A C. a, A D. /, The
  5. Mr Smith is European and his wife is American. A. an, an B. a, a C. a, an D. an, a
  6. Lesson 10 is most difficult lesson, but it isn’t most difficult lesson in Book One. A. a, a B. a, the C. the, the D. the, a
  7. My sister works in a factory. She goes home once month. A. a B. an C. the D. every
  8. He was absent because he had caught . A. heavy a cold B. the heavy cold C. a heavy cold D. heavy cold
  9. water is liquid. A. The, a B. A, a C. /, / D. /, a
  10. In winter people often hang up wet clothes near fire. A. /, / B. a, a C. /, a D. the, a
  11. He has tried twice, and the captain asks him to have third try. A. a B. the C. another D. other
  12. He was a top student in the class, he often got in English. A. first B. a first C. second D. the second
  13. horse is useful animal. A. The, the B. The, a C. The, an D. /, a
  14. Tom left Shanghai in . A. the summer 1995 B. summer 1995 C. 1995 the summer D. the summer of 1995
  15. children here live most happy life. A. The, the B. The, a C. The, / D. /, the
  16. The soldier died during World War I. A. the B. the first C. / D. a
  17. In Marx began to learn Russian. A. a 1870 B. 1870s C. the year of 1870 D. the 1870s
  18. Alice is of the two girls. A. taller B. the tall C. more tall D. the taller
  19. Can your sister play ? No, but she can play . A. the tennis, the piano B. tennis, piano C. the tennis, piano D. tennis, the piano
  20. The introduction is always in of a book. A. front B. the front C. a front D. instead
  21. She touched her daughter gently shoulder. A. in her B. on her C. in the D. on the
  22. Both wounded and sick were sent to safety. A. /, / B. the, the C. /, the D. the, /
  23. doctors and nurses should care for their patients. A. The, the B. /, / C. The, / D. /, the
  24. Tell us the story as Mother told you. A. a B. the C. an D. /
  25. Do you know how long has lived on the earth? A. man B. the man C. a man D. men
  26. The man was once thrown into prison for robbing the bank. A. a B. an C. the D./
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )

  27. Mount Tai is in the east of China. A. A B. The C. / D. That
  28. I like history. I am studying history of China. A. the, / B. /, the C. a, / D. /, a
  29. He wrote a letter pencil. A. with B. in C. in a D. use a
  30. On October 1, the Chinese people celebrated with new achievements and victories. A. National Day B. the National Day C. our National Day D. a National Day
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
练习( 、 、冠 练习(二) 冠 词
  1. You mean you know the man? I know man exactly like him. A. other B. the C. / D. a
  2. Wouldn't it be wonderful world if all nations live in peace with one another? A. a, / B. the, / C. a, the D. the, the
  3. I hear that as many as 1,500 people were killed in the earthquake. Yes, news came as shock to us. A. a, a B. the, a C. /, / D. /, a
  4. At midnight they reached small village east of Everwhite Mountain. A. a,/, the B. a,/, / C. the, the, the D. the, an, an
  5. Nanjing lies on Changjiang River and has population of more than four million. A. the, the B. the, / C. the, a D. /, a
  6. Bill Clinton took office on January 20th, 1993 and left office on January 20th, 20
  01. A. /, / B. his, his C. the, the D. an, his
  7. We learn to go all out to work for good of society. A. the, / B. /, / C. /, a D. the, the
  8. Paris is most beautiful city, where you can see famous Eiffel Tower. A. a, the B. a, / C. the, a D. the, the
  9. What about bike? Do you think it all right to buy him bike as birthday present? A. the, the, the B. a, the, a C. the, a, the D. the, the, a
  10. He had decided to give it up, but on second thoughts he decided to try third time. A. the, a B. /, / C. a, a D. /, a
  11. Towards morning, heavy rain began to fall. A. the, a B. a, a C. the, / D. the, /
  12. Excuse me, where are books for biology? Follow me. They' re on this shelf. Do you want new or used book? A. a, a B. a, the C. the, a D. the, the
  13. Young as he is, David has gained rich experience in society. A. /, / B. the, the C. a, / D./, the
  14. My son is lost. Did you see a boy passing by? I saw boy hidden behind tree over there. You may go and have a look. A. a, a B. the, the C. a, the D. the, a
  15. Mary climbed to the top of the mountain in hurry, looked down and found in surprise that whole town took on a new look. A. a, the, the B. a,/,the C. /,/,the D. /,/,a
  16. In old society many young women died by so curious and cruel custom. A. an, a B. /, the C. the, a D. the, /
  17. You' re sure to help me find bed for my new house? Sure, but not now. I'm heading for bed and a good sleep. A. a, a B. the, a C. a, / D. the, /
  18. The wheel is thought to be first invention of transportation. A. the, the B. a, a C. a, / D. the, /
  19. Some people say that British are funny people. A. the, a B. /, the C. /, / D. the, /
  20. Don' t worry about mistakes. They' re natural part of learning. A. /, a B. the, / C. /, the D. the, the
  21. Selma looks especially pretty tonight. Yes, she always looks her best in of that kind. A. the dress B. a dress C. dress D. the dresses
  22. did you think of the exhibition? Oh, it was success.
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
A. How, really a B. What, great C. How, / D. What, quite a
  23. The child had only slight temperature, but the doctor regarded illness as serious enough for hospital treatment. A. /,/,the B. a,/,/ C. a, the,/ D. /,the, the
  24. Did you have wonderful time yesterday? Yes. I was on top of world. A. /, the, a B. a, /, the C. a, a, the D. a, the, the
  25. I don' t usually have breakfast, but I always eat good lunch. A. /, / B. /, a C. the, / D. /, the
  26. I hear there'll be talk on English study tomorrow morning. Do you mean speech our teacher asked us to listen to? A. a, the B. the, a C. the, the D. a, a
  27. Mr. Stock runs small business, who is in Mexico on business. A. a, a B. /, / C. a, the D. a, /
  28. Although motor car has been with us for almost a century, I have never been able to drive American one. A. a, the B. a, / C. the, an D. the, the
  29. Xi'an was starting point of world-famous Silk Road. A. /, / B. a, a C. the, / D. the, the
  30. What does "on one hand…on other" means? Whatgreat fun! You're asking me such a simple question. A. the, the, / B. the, the, a C. /, the, a D. /, the, /
  31. Alexander Gramha Bell invented telephone in 18
  76. (MET19
  91) A./; B. a C. the D. one
  32.After watching TV, she played violin for an hour. A./;/ B. the ; the C. the; / D./;the ( MET1991
  33. Where's jack ? I think he's still in bed, but he might just be in bathroom. A./; / B. the; the C. the; / D./; the ( MET1992
  34.Many people are still in habit of writing silly things in public places. A. the ; the B./; / C. the; / D./; the (MET 1993
  35.She is newcomer to chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the; the B. the ; / C. a; / D. a ; the (NMET1994
  36.Wouldn't it be wonderful world if all nations lived in peace with one another? A. a; / B. the; / C. a; the D. the; the (NMET1994
  37.Many people agree that knowledge of English is a must in __international trade today. A. a; / B. the; an C. the; the D./;the (NMET 1996
  38. Paper money was in use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in thirteenth century. A. the ; / B. the; the C./; the D./; /(NMET 1999
  39.It is not true in that people in fifties are going to university for further education . A.90s; their B. the 90s; / C.90s; / D. the 90s



   2011 年高考英语词汇表 A absence n. 不在,缺席 absent a. 缺席, 不在 accent n. 口音,音调 according to ad. 按照, 根据 account n. 账目;描述 ad (缩) =advertisementn.广告 addvt.添加,增加 addition n. 增加; (算数用语)加 address n. 地址 admire v. 钦佩; 羡慕 admission n. 准入, 接纳 advance v. 推进,促进;前进 advantag ...


   2011 年高考英语短文写作冲刺宝典 内容提要: 内容提要: 1. 备战 2011:高考英语短文写作经典模版 : 2. 2011 高考英语短文写作背诵范文 3. 全国各地高考英语短文写作真题精选(含答案) 全国各地高考英语短文写作真题精选(含答案) 备战 2011:高考英语短文写作经典模版 高考英语作文模版:对比观点题型 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为。。 。 2. 另一些人认为。。 。 3. 我的看法。。 。 The topic of ①(主题)is ...

2011年高考英语第一轮复习 必修5 Unit 5

   Book 5 Unit 5 First aid 练习】 【练习】1. 写出下列英语词组 触觉/视觉 听觉/味觉 嗅觉/幽默感 美感/ 视觉/听觉 味觉/嗅觉 幽默感/美感 触觉 视觉 听觉 味觉 嗅觉 幽默感 美感 紧迫感/失落感 自豪感/责任感 失落感/自豪感 责任感/方向感 紧迫感 失落感 自豪感 责任感 方向感 the sense of touch /sight hearing/ taste / smell humor / beauty/ urgency loss/ pride/res ...


   2011 年中考英语 词汇表 D 词汇前标有▲是理解词汇,其余是掌握词汇 三人称单数现在时用 does) 家程教育 jiachengjiaoyu doctor n. 医生,大夫,博士 dog n 狗 dollar door down n. 元(美国、加拿大、澳大利亚等国货币单位) n. 门 ad. 向下 prep. 沿着,沿…而下 ▲downstairs ad. 在楼下,到楼下 draw (drew, drawn) v. 绘画,绘制,拉,拖,提取(金钱) v & n. 梦,梦想 di ...


   2011 年高考英语作文预测:关于中学生用手机利与弊的英语作文 范文:As we all know (开篇的话),the world develops more quicker than before. ,Many students use the mobile phone in the school .Now ,let me tell you the advantage and the disadvantage .(这一段引出了主题) Many parent thinks use the ...


   2011 年高考英语作文的预测目前也有很多方案,长春工大老师经过对整个年度的时事新闻和相 关资料进行分析, 2011 年高考英语作文题目预测的相关内容也整理了一部分, 把 详细请见 2011 年高考英语作文题目预测: 推荐阅读:2011 年高考语文作文题目预测 2011 年高考英语作文题目预测之一:环境保护 假如你是李华,现任你们学校的学生会主席。你将代表学生会起草一份倡议书,号召全 校同学行动起来,为环保运动做出自己的努力。同时下周六学校将组织同学 在全市进行环保宣 传活动,征召志愿者到校 ...


   2011 年高考英语作文万能模板 一、英语书信的常见写作模板 开头部分: How nice to hear from you again. Let me tell you something about the activity. I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. I’m writing to thank ...


   对于高考听力,把握考查测试点和相关技巧是非常重要的,下面就常见的高考听力考点做一下归纳和总结。KXh高考成绩网-高考成绩查询|高考分数查询|高考心得|高考录取结果查询|高考复习方法 一、数字。数字型试题主要考查数字,包括数量、年龄、时间、价格等,可以出现在听力考试的所有题型中。针对不同的数字型试题,考生可以采取记录、判断以及推断等不同技巧进行答题。 提示1:如对电话号码、门牌号、航班号、车牌号等,考生可采取听写记录所需数字。 提示2:对判断类数字题需要在听到的两个或两个以上数字中 ...


   2011 年高考英语语法?高考生必备 年高考英语语法? 1 Unit 1 Part One 词汇在高考中的复习方法 1、 听力,将音形直接对应起来。 例子:a.同学们对于 what’s your name?这个问句的四步反应 b.文盲及上学前对于语言的掌握 2、单选,主要以语法为主,词汇起辅助作用但是需注意连词、代词、情态动词。 3、完形填空,要特别注意单词的辨析以及根据上下文推断的能力。 4、阅读,要大量掌握单词,反复的背诵,但是重点是形义相连,至少将所有单词混个 脸熟。 例子:有些人一天 ...


   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高考英语语法复习专题 动词时态语态 一、考点聚焦 1、动词时态考查要点简述 (1)一般现在时考点分析 ①表示客观事实或普通真理(不受时态限制) The geography teacher told us the earth moves around the sun. Water boils at 100oC. ②表示现状、性质、状态时多用系动词或状态动词;表示经常或习惯性的动作,多用动 作动词,且常与表频率的时间状语连 ...



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   ?? 给新同学留个好印象! 【疯狂星级】 ★ ★★ 三星级高中生级国际公民级 【疯狂短评】 每个人在一生中都会面临着因升学或转学而来到新的环境中。 给你的新同学、 新老师留下一 个好的第一印象是很重要的。不妨将下面这段自我介绍大胆改装,举一反三,你一定会成为 受欢迎的人。 【Kim’s Note】You will have to introduce yourself hundreds of times in your life. It is worth the time and effort ...