宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
语法复习三:名词性从句 语法复习三:
名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从句厅 分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位从句。 (一)引导名词性从句的连接词
  1、连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which。有词义,在从句中担任成分,如主语、表语、 宾语、或定语等。
  2、连接副词:when, where, why, how。有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。
  3、 连接词: that, whether, if, as if。 that 无词义, 在从句中不担任成分, 有时可省略; (whether), if as if 虽有词义,但在从句中不担任成分。 注意:连接代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因而从句中谓语不用疑问式。连接代词与 连接副词在从句充当句子成分,连接词 whether 和 if(是否) if(好象)在从句中不充当句子 ,as 成分,只起连接作用。根据句义,如果连接代词与连接副词,whether、if 和 as if 都用不上时, 才用 that 作连接词(that 本身无任何含义) 。 (二)主语从句
  1、主语从句在复合句作主语。 e.g. Who will go is not important.
  2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not.
  3、that 引导主语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. (三)表语从句
  1、表语从句在复合句中作表语,位于系动词之后。 e.g. The question was who could go there.
  2、引导表语从句的连接词 that 有时可省去。 e.g. My idea is (that) we can get more comrades to help in the work. (四)宾语从句
  1、宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词 that 一般可省略。 e.g. I hope (that) everything is all right.
  2、介词之后的宾语从句,不可用 which 或 if 连接,要分别用 what 或 whether。 e.g. I’m interested in whether you’ve finished the work.. I’m interested in what you’ve said.
  3、whether 与 if 都可以引导宾语从句,常可互换。但下面情况不能互换。 ①宾语从句是否定句时,只用 if,不用 whether。 e.g. I wonder if it doesn’t rain. ②用 if 会引起误解,就要用 whether。 e.g. Please let me know whether you want to go. 此句如果把 whether 改成 if, ( 容易当成条件句
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
理解) ③宾语从句中的 whether 与 or not 直接连用,就不能换成 if;不直接连用,可换。 e.g. I don’t know whether or not the report is true. I don’t know whether/ if the report is true or not. ④介词后的宾语从句要用 whether 引导。whether 可与不定式连用。whether 也可引导主语从 句、表语从句、同位语从句,还可引导让步状语从句,以上均不能换成 if。但引导条件从句时, 只能用 if,而不能用 whether。 e.g. It depends on whether we have enough time. They don’t know whether to go there. Please come to see me if you have time. (五)同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语,一般位于该名词(如:news, fact, idea, suggestion, promise 等)之后,说明该名词的具体内容。 e.g. I have no idea when he will be back. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody. 练习: 练习:名词性从句 一、判断下列各句哪句含有名词性从句,并指出是什么从句:
  1. China is no longer what it used to be.
  2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all.
  3. It was snowing when he arrived at the station.
  4. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all.
  5. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school.
  6. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing.
  7. That is where Lu Xun used to live.
  8. He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about.
  9. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school?
  10. I wonder why she refused my invitation. 二、用适当的连词填空:
  1. I can’t decide dictionary I should buy.
  2. That’s he refused my invitation.
  3. I am very interested in he has improved his pronunciation in such a short time.
  4. we need is more time.
  5. The fact she had not said anything at the meeting surprised everybody.
  6. and they will meet has not been decided yet.
  7. Please tell me you are waiting for.
  8. Is that you are looking for?
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )

  9. Would you please tell me the nearest post office is?
  10. I don’t know he will agree to the plan or not. 三、选择填空:
  1. Do you see I mean? A. that B./ C. how D. what
  2. Tell me is on your mind. A. that B. what C. which D. why
  3. We must stick to we have agreed on. A. what B. that C. / D. how
  4. Let me see . A. that can I repair the radio B. whether -I can repair the radio C. I can repair the radio D. whether can I repair the radio
  5. Keep in mind . A. that the teacher said B. what did the teacher say C. that did the teacher say D. what the teacher said
  6. Could you advise me ? A. which book should I read first B. what book should I read first C. that book 1 should read first D. which book I should read first
  7. He was criticized for . A. he had done it B. what he had done C. what had he done D. that he had done it
  8. Would you kindly tell me ? A. how can I get to the Beijing Railway Station B. how I can get to the Beijing Railway Station C. where can I get to the Beijing Railway Station D. whether can I get to the Beijing Railway Station
  9. Mrs. Smith was very much impressed by . A. what had she seen in China B. that she had seen in China C. what she had seen in China D. which had she seen in China
  10. We took it for granted A. that they were not coming B. that were they not coming C. they were coming not D. were they not coining
  11. I really don't know A. I should do next B. what should I do next C. what I should do next D. how I should do next
  12. I'm afraid . A. the little girl will have to be operated on B. that will the little girl have to operate on
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
C. the little girl will have to operate on D. that will the little girl have to be operated on
  13. She walked up to . A. where did I stand B. where I stood C. I stood there D. where I stood there
  14. Can you tell me ? A. who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who C. who that gentleman is D. whom .is that gentleman
  15. We'll give you . A. that do you need B. what do you need C. whatever you need D. whether do you need
  16. They want us to know to help us. A. what can they B. what they can C. how they can D. how can they
  17. We must put into practice. A. what we have learned B. that we have learned C. that have we learned D. what have we learned
  18. Did she say anything about ? A. that the work was to be done B. how was the work to be done C. that was the work to be done D. how the work was to be done
  19. He was never satisfied with . A. what she had achieved B. had what she achieved C. she had achieved D. that she achieved
  20. These photographs will show you . A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like
  21. Peter insisted he pay the bill. A. on that B. what C. that D. on which
  22. They urged the library open during the vacation. A. when B. where C. why D. that
  23. We wish we could have learned when we were at high school. A. what you did B. that you had done C. that what you did D. what did you do
  24.1 will describe to you I saw when there. A. what B. that C. which D./
  25. From I should say he is a good worker. A. what 1 know of him B. that I do know of him C. what do I know of him D. that do I know of him
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )

  26. I will give this dictionary to __ wants to have it. A. whomever B. anyone C. whoever D. someone
  27. they will come here hasn' t been decided yet. A. What B. That C. When D. Where
  28. was said here must be kept secret. A. Who B. The thing C. Whatever D. Where
  29. It is still a question we shall have our sports meet. A. if B. that C. what D. when
  30. I'm going anyway. she will go is up to her to decide. A. If or not B. Whether or not C. If D. That
  31. It is strange she have left without saying a word. A. that B. what C. why D. how
  32. It is very clear our policy is a correct one. A. what B. that C. why D. where
  33. Mr Zhang said is quite right. A. That B. When C. What D. Whether
  34. It has been decided he will be sent there. A. if B. whether C. why D. that
  35. It doesn' t matter he' s come back or not. A. if B. whether C. that D. when
  36. It's a great pity we won’t be able to finish the task on time. A. when B. that C. why D. where
  37. It happened I wasn't there that day. A. when B. why C. where D. that
  38. you have done might do harm to other people. A. What B. That C. Which D. The things
  39. leaves the room last ought to turn oft the lights. A. Anyone B. The person C. Whoever D.Who
  40. the 2000 Olympic Games won't be held in Beijing is known to all. A. Whether B. If C. Whenever D. That
  41. fails to see this will make a big mistake. A. That B. Whoever C. Whether D. Whether or not
  42. __ we need more equipment is quite obvious. A. What B. Whether C. That D. Whatever
  43. Has it been announced ? A. when are the planes to take off B. that are the planes to take off C. where are the planes to take off D. when the planes are to take off
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )

  44. That is we all support his idea. A. what B. why C. where D. when
  45. That’s we should do. A. that B. what C. how D. why
  46. is troubling me is I don’t understand he said A. What; that; what B. What; what; what C. That; that; what D. Why; that; which
  47. Things were not they seemed to be. A. when B. why C. that D. what
  48. That’s I want to say. A. all what B. what C. all which D. what that
  49. That’s . A. where our differences lie B. our differences lie there C. where do our differences lie D. that where our differences lie
  50. That is . A. where lived he there B. where did he live C. where he lived D. that where he lived
  51. The questions is . A. whether is it worth doing B. that if it is worth doing C. whether it is worth doing D. if it is worth doing
  52. Water will continue to be it is today next in importance to oxygen. A. how B. which C. what D. as
  53. That's. A. how did I become a teacher B. how I became a teacher C. how a teacher I became D. that I became a teacher
  54. They are just . A. that what shall I have B. what shall I have C. that I shall have what D. what I shall have
  55. It looked . A. as if it was going to rain B. that as if it was going to rain C. as if was it going to rain D. as if that it was going to rain
  56. That's. A. how she did it B. that how did she do it. C. how did she do it D. what she did it
  57. That is we decided to put the discussion off. A. where B. which C. that D. why
  58. That’s I lived when I was ten years old.
宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校( 宁波龙文教育江东区欧尚分校(870669
  48) )
宁波龙文教育杨木契分校( 宁波龙文教育杨木契分校(890812
  61) )
A. where B. at which C. there where D. when
  59. My suggestion is we should send a few comrades to help them. A. if B. that C. when that D. that where
  60. The idea all people are selfish is wrong. A. what B. that C. why D. if
  61. We heard the news our team had won. A. that B. what C. whether D. why
  62. The fact he hadn’t said anything surprised us all. A. why B. if C. that D. whether
  63.I have no idea she will be back. A. that B. where C. that when D. when
  64. We must keep in mind the fact China is still a developing country. A. whether B. that C. why D. when
  65. They have no idea at all . A. where he has gone B. where did he go C. where has he gone D. which place he has gone
参考答案 语法复习三: 语法复习三:名词性从句 一、
  1、表语从句;
  2、同位语
 

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