2011 年高考英语状语从句考点及精品练习题(十五) ◆典型陷阱题分析◆
  1. “May I go and play with Dick this afternoon, Mum?” “No, you can’t go out your work is being done.” A. before B. until C. as D. the moment
【陷阱】容易误选 B,误认为这是考查 not…until…结构。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。句中的 your work is being done 表明“你正在做作业”,选 as 表原因。
  2. “I’m going to the post office.” “ you’re there, can you get me some stamps?” A. As B. While C. Because D. If
【陷阱】容易误选 A。【分析】最佳答案选 B。尽管 as 和 while 均可用作从属连词引导时间状语 从句,表示“当……的时候”,但两者有一个重要区别,就是这样用的 as 从句的谓语不能是状态动词。当 然,如果 as 不是表示“当……的时候”,其谓语是完全可以用状态动词的。如: I went to bed early, as I was exhausted. 我很累了,所以很早就上床睡了。(此句中的 as 表示原因, 意为“因为”、“由于”) 请做以下两题,答案均选 while,不选 as: (
  1) you are at home alone, please don’t leave the door open. A. While B. As C. Before D. How
(
  2) you are alone with her, tell her that you like her. A. While B. As C. After D. How

  3. After the war, a new school building was put up there had once been a theatre. A. that B. when C. which D. where
【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 D。where 在此引导地点状语从句,其意为“(在)……的地方”。请做以下类似试 题(答案均选 where): (
  1) The famous scientist grew up he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. A. when C. where B. whenever D. wherever
(
  2) She found her calculator she lost it. A. where C. in which B. while D. that
(
  3) You should make it a rule to leave things you can find them again. A. when B. where
C. then
D. which
(
  4) When you read the book, you’d better make a mark you have any questions. A. at which C. the place where B. at where D. where
(
  5) You should let your children play you can see them. A. where C. in which B. when D. that
(
  6) Now he works in the factory his father used to work. A. where C. in which B. when D. that

  4. The visitor asked to have his picture taken stood the famous tower. A. that C. when 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】 最佳答案选 D。此题与上面一题有些相似,但又有所不同:相似的是,where 均表示“在…… 的地方”,均用以引导地点状语从句;不同的是,此题还涉及倒装,即此句的主语是 the famous tower,谓 语是 stood,正常词序为 where the famous tower stood,使用倒装是为了保持句子平衡,避免头重脚轻。
  4. They kept trying they must have known it was hopeless. A. if C. when 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。when 在此的意思不是“当……的时候”,而是“尽管”、“虽然”的意思。又如: He walks when he might take a taxi. 尽管他可以坐出租车,但他却走路。 He stopped trying when he might have succeeded next time. 尽管他本来下次就可以成功的了,但 他却停止努力了。 The boy was restless when he should have listened to the teacher carefully. 这男孩子本来应该专 心听老师讲的,但他却坐立不安。 有许多同学只知道 when 表示“当……的时候” 而不知道它还有其他许多意思 除上面提到的表示“尽 , , 管”、“虽然”外,when 还可表示“既然”、“考虑到”。请做下面的试题(答案选 D): Why do you want a new job you’ve got such a good one already? A. that C. which B. where D. when B. because D. where B. at which D. where

  5. He was about to tell me the secret someone patted him on the shoulder. A. as C. when 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。when 意为“这时(突然)”,主要用于某一动作突然发生于另一动作正在进行 或刚要发生之时。此时的 when 可以连用副词 suddenly,也可以不连用它,但值得注意的是,同学们不 能单独用 suddenly 来代替 when,如下面各题的答案选 A,不选 B: (
  1) I was about to go out the telephone rang. A. when C. as soon as B. suddenly D. directly B. until D. while
(
  2) We were swimming in the lake the storm started. A. when C. until B. suddenly D. before
(
  3) She was walking down the road she heard someone shouting for help. A. when C. until B. suddenly D. before

  6. The fire went on for quite some time it was brought under control. A. when C. after 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 D。before 意为“在……之前”,句意是“大火在得到控制之前燃烧了相当一段时 间”。类似地,以下两题也选 before: (
  1) He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation it got worse. A. until C. before B. when D. as B. since D. before
(
  2) Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but they hung up I could answer the phone. A. as C. until B. since D. before
(
  3) She is getting better by degrees, but it will be some time she is completely well. A. that B. since
C. when
D. before
(
  4) They sat down opposite each other, but it was some moments they spoke. A. after C. since B. before D. when

  7. Mother asked me to take more money something unexpected should happen. A. in case C. in order that 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】 最佳答案选 A。in case 起连词作用,用以引导状语从句,主要有两种意思:一是表示条件, 意为“如果”、“万一”;二是表示“目的”,意为“以防”、“免得”。如以下各题也都选 in case: (
  1) I forget, please remind me about it. A. In case C. In order that B. So that D. When B. so that D. when
(
  2) Take your umbrella just it rains. A. in case C. in order that B. so that D. when
(
  3) Be quiet you should wake the baby. A. in case C. in order that B. so that D. when
(
  4) Take a hat with you in case the sun is very hot. A. in case C. in order that (
  5). I’ll keep his address I need it. A. so that C. in case B. in order that D. when B. so that D. when

  8. your composition carefully, some spelling mistakes can be avoided. A. Having checked C. If you check B. Check D. To check
【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选,尤其可能误选 A。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。前面一个分句为条件状语从句,后面一个分句为主语。现分析几个干扰项: 选项 A 和 D 均为非谓语动词,根据英语语法习惯,非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语应与句子主语一致,
而此句的 some spelling mistakes 显然不能用作 having checked 或 to check 的逻辑主语,故不能选为 答案;若选 B,则两个句子之间缺少必要的连词,也不对。请做类似试题(答案均选 C): (
  1) more careful, the work might have been done better. A. Being C. If you had been (
  2) your diet, it is easy to reduce. A. Watching C. If you watch B. To be watching D. To have watched B. Having been D. To have been
(
  3) a pair of compasses, it is easy to describe a circle. A. Having C. If you have B. To have had D. if having
(
  4) for something, a receipt is given to you. A. Paying C. When you have paid B. Having paid D. To be paying
(
  5) the sun rising slowly in the east, the scene is a perfect dream. A. Seeing C. When you see B. To be seeing D. Having seen

  9. “Shall Mary come and play computer games?” “No, she has finished her homework.” A. when C. unless 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案选 C。此句为省略句,答句句首的 No 表明其后省略的是一个否定句,全句补充 完整为:She can’t play computer games unless she has finished her homework. 请做类似试题(答案均选 B): (
  1) “Would you mind my sitting here with you?” “No, you aren’t too noisy.” A. when C. unless B. if D. as soon as B. since D. as soon as
(
  2) “Will he agree to come to join us in the work?” “No, we promise him more money.” A. when C. unless B. unless D. as soon as
(
  3) “Can you finish the work in time?” “No, we don’t sleep throughout the night.”

  10. “When did he leave the classroom?” “He left you turned back to write on the blackboard.” A. the time C. until 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】 最佳答案选 B。the moment 用作连词,意为“一……就……”,相当于 as soon as。类似地, the minute, the instant 也可用作连词,表示“一……就……”的意思。如以下试题也选 B: (
  1)“Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her?” “Yes, I gave it to her I saw her.” A. while C. suddenly B. the moment D. until B. the moment D. since
(
  2) The doorkeeper gave the alarm he saw the smoke. A. while C. suddenly B. the instant D. before
(
  3) I raised the alarm I saw the smoke. A. while C. suddenly B. the minute D. since
◆精编陷阱题训练◆
  1. Don’t be afraid of asking for help it is needed. A. unless C. although B. since D. when

  2. A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners’ curiosity he reaches the end of the story. A. when C. after B. unless D. until

  3. I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. A. Even though C. As long as B. Unless D. while
4 You will succeed in the end you give up halfway. A. even if B. as though
C. as long as
D. unless

  5. “Was his father very strict with him when he was at school?” “Yes. He had never praised him he became one of the top students in his grade.” A. after C. until B. unless D. when

  6. I suggest, he always disagrees. A. However C. Whichever B. Whatever D. Whoever

  7. You should put on the notices all the people may see them. A. where C. at B. in which D. for them

  8. she goes, there are crowds of people waiting to see her. A. Wherever C. Whichever B. However D. Whoever

  9. Mary clapped her hand over her mouth she realized what she had said. A. while C. suddenly B. as soon as D. then

  10. her faults, she’s Arnold’s mother. Don’t be so rude to her. A. Whatever C. Whichever B. What D. Whenever

  11. you’re got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. A. Now that C. Although B. After D. As soon as

  12. I thought she was the very girl that I should marry I met her. A. first time C. the first time B. for the first time D. by the first time

  13. Don’t play by the river you fall in and drown! A. in case C. in order that B. so that D. when

  14. Why do you want a new job you’ve got such a good one already?
A. that
B. where
C. which
D. when

  15. He is better than I last visited him. A. when B. that C. how D. which

  16. the punishment was unjust, he accepted it without complaint. A. So long as B. Even though C. Since D. While

  17. the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them. A. While B. As C. Since D. Because

  18. I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. A. As long as B. As far as C. Just as D. Even if

  19. rich one may be there is always something one wants. A. Whatever B. Whenever C. However D. Wherever

  20. John shut everybody out of the kitchen he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if

  21. Mr Zhang is mild in character. He never shouts he is very angry. A. if B. even C. though D. even when

  22. “How long do you suppose it is he left for Japan?” “No more than half a month.” A. when B. before C. after D. since

  23. In some countries, are called “public schools” are not owned by the state. A. that 【答案与解析】
  1. 选 D。when 意为“在(当)……时候”。其余三项填入空格处,句意不通。
  2. 选 D。until 意为“直到”,句意为“一位优秀的故事讲述者必须能够让听众在故事结束前一直保持好 奇心”。
  3. 选 C。as long as 意为“只要”,全句意为“只要我知道这钱是安全的,我就不会担心了”。类似地, 下面一题也选 as long as: “What are you going to do this afternoon?’ “I’ll probably go for a walk later on it stays fine.” A. as far as C. even if B. as long as D. as if B. which C. as D. what

  4. 选 D。unless 意为“如果不”、“除非”,用以引导一个条件状语从句。
  5. 选 C。考查 not…until… 句式,其意为“直到……才……”。

  6. 选 B。whatever 引导的是让步状语从句,相当于 no matter what。注意不能选 A,因为 suggest 是及物动词,它应带自己的宾语,而 however 不能用作宾语。
  7. 选 A。where 指“在……的地方”,用以引导地点状语从句。
  8. 选 A,wherever 意为“无论什么地方”。
  9. 选 B。根据语境可推知。如下面一题也选 as soon as: he became rich he
 

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