2010?2011 年高三英语限时训练 23 一. 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分 15 分) It was a cold and cloudy afternoon. I was on the bus with my children, aged four and two, heading home when it started to rain. I realized this would mean a wet walk home the bus stop. 16 Home was only two blocks away 17 it was not a pleasant walk with one small boy fast asleep in the pram (手推婴儿车), the other one in a raincoat and no umbrella for myself. A pick-up truck passed us on the road and, a few minutes later, I saw it 18 (pull) back and the driver looking directly at us. A young man put the window down. “Hey, here’s an umbrella for you please take it.” He called out. W$w#w.k-s+5=u.c.o*m I stood there 19 (astonish), barely believing that the man, 20 existence was unknown to me only moments ago, could be so 21 (thought). “Come on, give this to your mummy,” he said to my older son. I gratefully accepted the offer, 22 (thank) him and watched the truck disappear down the road. This man might have needed the umbrella for 23 later dur ing the day but preferred to give it to me. It was a lesson to me 24 it’s possible to give without expecting anything 25 return. 二.阅读理解: A How to improve our life? Many people think that they have to accept whatever life throws at them. They'll say, "This is my destiny(命运).I cannot change it." Of course not! You don't have to suffer needlessly. Your life depends on you, not on any other external(外部的)factor. I know a woman who says she just accepts what l ife gives her because she has done everything she can to improve it. Guess what her lifestyle is? She wakes up in the morning, goes to work, comes back home, relaxes, chats with people, watches TV, and then goes to sleep. Next day, the same routine cycle follows. Huh! Is this what she calls "doing her best"? She believes she has tried her best and just accepts it in her heart that this is the life that has been intended for her and that her luck can only change if God wills it. She hasn't realized that we have to do our share of making the effort to live the life of our dreams. Remember that you harvest what you sow. You have to get off the sofa, get your eyes off the TV screen, get your hands off the phone(unless it contributes to your success),and get your mind and body to work! Don't expect your luck to change, unless you do something about it. If something goes wrong, don't just regard it as a temporary setba ck; instead, learn your lesson, make the most of the situation, and do something to solve the problem. It's not enough to think positively; you also have to act positively. If someone's life is in trouble, do you just hope and pray that things will turn out fine? Of course not! You get to do anything you can to save the person. So it is with your own life. It is not enough to hope for the best, but you have to do your best. In other words, don't just stand(or sit)there, do something to improve your life.
  26. According to the woman mentioned in Para. 3, her life. A. doesn't need improving B. couldn't be improved
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C. will be better some day D. will be worse in the future
  27. What does the author think of the woman's life? A. Positive B. Passive C. Colorful D. Disturbing
  28. Which of the following statements is the author's opinion? A. Your temporary problem is not discouraging. B. Your luck can be changed by your own efforts. C. You can only achieve success when God wills it. D. You should treat yourself in the way you treat friends.
  29. In Para. 5, the author emphasized the importance of . A. positive thinking B. positive action C. hope for the best D. intention to succeed
  30. The text is mainly written to advise you to . A. understand yourself B. improve your life C. believe in yourself D. change your normal way B Teenagers who drink alcohol are at higher risk of becoming victims of violence, a Cardiff University study has found. A team from the School of Dentistry' s Violence Research Group studied drinking habits in children aged 11--16 in England. They found not only a link between drink and violence but also that children who drank were more likely to be hit, even if they weren' t violent themselves. The researchers are now calling for measures to prevent alcohol misuse to reduce injury risk. Current policy focuses on reducing aggression but this research shows that there should be equal effort to reduce victimization(受害). More than 4,000 children were surveyed at 13 schools at four local authorities in the North, the Midlands, London, and the South. The study found that 25% of 11-year-olds were drinking monthly and
  3.6% daily, with
  12.8% admitting to getting drunk 3 to 5 times a year. By the age of 16, 40% were drinking weekly and
  6.2% were drinking every day. The research also showed
  22.6% of 16-year-olds were getting drunk more than 21 times a year. The study, which has just been published in the Journal of Adolescence, found a strong link between frequency of drinking and frequency of hitting other people. However, children who reported drinking monthly were also three times more likely to be hit. Adolescents who drank but didn't get into fights were more likely to be hit than those who did fight. Professor Jonathan Shepherd, who led the research, said a lot of previous alcohol-related violence work had focused on the offenders rather than the victims. His team is calling for more prevention work from parents and teachers in the first two years of secondary school by taking advantage of the "teachable moment", that is, immediately after a student has missed school because of drunkenness. Previous work by Professor Jonathan Shepherd has shown drinkers may be more at risk of violence because of reduced physical co-ordination (配合), poor decision-making in threatening situations and isolation (孤立)while out late at night. He said, "This new study seems to be the first to show a direct link between alcohol misuses and victimization. There now needs to be much more effort put into reducing
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alcohol misuse in order to reduce injury. "
  31.The main idea of the passage is that teenagers who drink alcohol . A. often offend other people B. are more likely to become injured C. always become victims of violence D. are more likely to fight with others
  32. The underlined word "aggression" in the third paragraph probably means A. violence B. sad feelings C. bad manners D. drunkenness
  33.The research argues that more effort should be made to . A. reduce aggression B. prevent fighting C. reduce victimization D. prevent drinking alcohol
  34. Drinkers may be more at risk of violence because of all the following EXCEPT __ A. reducing the physical co-ordination B. isolation while out late at night C. a higher frequency of hitting other people D. poor decision-making in threatening situations
  35. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to Professor Shepherd' s research? A. The frequency of children getting drunk increases with age. B. His previous alcohol-related violence work had focused on the offenders C. Some children missed school because of drunkenness. D. This new study shows a direct link between alcohol misuse and victimization. C Many animals recognize their food because they see it. So do humans. When you see an apple or a piece of chocolate you know that these are things you can eat. You can also use other senses when you choose your food. You may like it because it smells good or because it tastes good. You may dislike some types of food because they do not look, smell or taste very nice. Different animals use different senses to find and choose their food. A few animals depend on only one of their senses, while most animals use more than one sense. Although there are many different types of food, some animals spend their lives eating only one type. The giant panda eats only one particular type of bamboo. Other animals eat only one type of food even when given the choice. A kind of white butterfly will stay on the leaves of a cabbage, even though there are plenty of other vegetables in the garden. However, most animals have a more varied diet. The bear eats fruits and fish. The fox eats small animals, birds and fruits. The diet of these animals will be different depending on the season. Humans have a very varied diet. We often eat food because we like it and not because it is good for us. In countries such as France and Britain, people eat foods with too much sugar. This makes them overweight, which is bad for their health. Eating too much red meat and animal products, such as butter, can also be bad for the health. Choosing the right food, therefore, has become an area of study in modern life.
  36. We can infer from the text that humans and animals . A. depend on one sense in choosing food B. are not satisfied with their food C. choose food in similar ways D. eat entirely different food
  37. Which of the following eats only one type of food? A. The white butterfly. B. The small bird. C. The bear. D. The fox.
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  38. Certain animals change their choice of food when . A. the season changes B. the food color changes C. they move to different places D. they are attracted by different smells
  39. We can learn from the last paragraph that . A. food is chosen for a good reason B. French and British food is good C. some people have few choices of food D. some people care little about healthy diet
  40. Which of the following statements is true? A. Animals often use senses to eat their food. B. Most animals have a more varied diet. C. All animals spend their lives eating one type of food. D. The diet of birds and fox will be the same depending on the season. D Many facts suggest that children are overweight and the situation is getting worse, according to the doctors. I feel there are a number of reasons for this. Some people blame the fact that we are surrounded by shops selling unhealthy, fatty foods, such as fried chicken and ice cream, at low prices. This has turned out a whole generation of grown-ups who seldom cook a meal for themselves. If there were fewer of these restaurants, then probably children would buy less take-away food. There is another argument that blames parents for allowing their children to become overweight. I agree with this, because good eating habits begin early in life, long before children start to visit fast food shops. If children are given fried chicken and chocolate rather than healthy food, or are always allowed to choose what they eat, they will go for sweet and salty foods every time, and this will carry on throughout their lives. There is a third reason for this situation. Children these days take very little exercise. They do not walk to school. When they get home, they sit in front of the television or their computers and play computer games. Not only is this an unhealthy pastime(消遣), it also gives them time to eat more unhealthy food. What they need is to go outside and play active games or sports. The above are the main reasons for this problem, and therefore we have to encourage young people to be more active, as well as steering them away from fast food shops and bad eating habits.
  41. According to the text, what kind of children may eat more unhealthy food? A. Those who often take exercise. B. Those who often watch television. C. Those who often have meals at home. D. Those who often walk to school.
  42. The author thinks that children are becoming overweight because . A. their parents often cook meals for them B. they are too busy to go out and play C. they can' t choose what to eat D. there are too many fast food shops around
  43. The word “steering” underlined in the last sentence most probably means . A. forcing B. guiding C. driving D. moving
  44. The main purpose of the text is to . A. tell a story B. provide facts C. give advice D. compare opinions
  45. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. How many children get overweight. B. Why children get overweight. C. What is healthy eating. D. How to prevent children getting overweight.
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2011 年高三英语限时训练 23 答案
  16. from
  17. but
  18. pulling
  19. astonished
  20. whose
  21. thoughtful
  22. thanked
  23. himself
  24. that
  25. in
2630 BBBBB 3135 BACCB [答案及解析 答案及解析] 答案及解析 世界上有少数动物仅以某些特定的食物为生, 但大多数动物和我们人类一样食物范围 广泛。危险的是,有时我们人类挑选食物仅从口味出发,而忽略了健康的需要。 在文章的第二段中, 作者虽然提到了某些动物有特定的狭窄的食
  36. C 推理判断题。 谱范围,但随即话锋一转,指出:“most animals have a more varied diet”,同时又在文 章的第三自然段开头处指出“Humans have a very varied diet. ”据此可推断出 C 为正确 答案。
  37. A 细节理解题。作者在文章的第二段中列举某些动物有特定的狭窄的食谱范围 时,提到“A kind of white butterfly will stay on the leaves of a cabbage,even though there are plenty of other vegetables in the garden. ”据此可判定 A 为正确答案。
  38. A 细节理解题。在文章第二段的结尾处,作者明确指出“The diet of these animals will be different depending on the season. ”据此可以判断出正确答案选 A。
  39. D 推理判断
 

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