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2009 年高考英语作文专项训练:任务型写作(
  2)

  1. 读写任务(满分 25 分) 请根据下面的任务和写作要求,写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文, (任务说明) 你要参加一场英语辩论赛,主题为"是不是快乐没痛苦才是真正的幸福?".在参赛之前, 你查看相关的资料,并准备你的辩论发言。请认真阅读下面的短文,然后完成以下的任务。
  1.概况短文内容要点,该部分的字数大约 60-
  80:w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  2.就"是不是快乐没痛苦才是真正的幸福?"这个主题发表你的看法,至少包括以下内容 要点,该部分的字数大约 60-
  80:
  1)以你自己为例,简述你对金钱、快乐的看法;
  2)你如何看待快乐没痛苦才是真正的幸福的观点;w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  3)你的身边的同学如何对待快乐没痛苦才是真正的幸福的观点;
  4)你对身边的同学的观点持什么看法?为什么? (写作要求) 你可以使用实例和其他论述方法支持你的观点, 也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不要抄 袭阅读材料中的句子。 (阅读材料) The way people hold the belief that a fun-filled, pain-free lifestyle equals happiness actually reduces their chances of ever obtaining real happiness. If fun and pleasure are equal to happiness, then pain must be equal to unhappiness. But in fact,the opposite is true: more often than not things that lead to happiness contain some pain. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m As a result,many people avoid the very attempts that are the source of true happiness.They fear the pain inevitably (不可避免地) brought by such things as marriage,raising children, professional achievement, religious commitment, self-improvement. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m Ask a bachelor why he resists marriage even though he finds dating to be less and less satisfying. If he is honest,he will tell you that he is afraid of making a commitment,for commitment is in fact quite painful. The single life is filled with fun, adventure and excitement.Marriage has such moments,but they are not its most distinguishing features.
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Couples,with infant children, are lucky to get a whole night's sleep of a three-day vacation. We don't know any parent who would choose the word fun to describe raising children. But couples that decide not to have children ever know the joys of watching a child grow up or playing with a grandchild. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m Understanding and accepting that true happiness has nothing to do with fun is one of the most liberating realizations. It liberates time: now we can devote more hours to activities that can really increase our happiness. It liberates money:buying that new car or those fancy clothes to increase our happiness now seems pointless. And it liberates us from envy:we now understand that all those who always have so much fun actually may not be happy at all
参考范文 A fun-filled, pain-free lifestyle equaling happiness actually reduces their chances of ever obtaining real happiness. As a result,many people avoid the very attempts that are the source of true happiness.And the real happiness always contains some pain .In the other hand, true happiness has nothing to do with fun. All those who always have so much fun actually may not be happy at all. I have a bitter experience. When I was a child, I lived a poor life,and I had a happy and meaningful life in my childhood. And my parents were always respecting each other. And now we have some money,and our life has improved a lot. To tell the truth, it is a good thing. Unfortunately,My father always goes out and takes part in the gambling activities. And my mother sometimes quarrels with my father. I am extremely unhappy about it. I think money doesn't equal happiness. And pain-free lifestyle also doesn't equal happiness. The real happiness is that everyone loves each other, and does everything useful for our society. Most of my classmates support me. But some of them think money is everything. In my opinion,we can't do things without money. But money can't take the place of everything,such as your life,your time and your happiness.
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  2. 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 A long time ago, there was a huge apple tree. A little boy loved to come and lay around it every day. They loved to play together. Time went by, the boy had grown up and no longer played around it. One day, he came back and the tree excitedly invited him to play. But the boy said he needed money to buy toys. “Sorry, but I have no money, but you can pick all my apples and sell them,” said the tree. The boy did as told and left happily but never came back .The tree was sad. Many years passed, the boy returned and told him he had to make money to build a house for his family. The tree happily offered his branches for his house. With the branches, he boy left satisfied. The tree was again lonely and sad. Then one hot summer day, the tree was delighted to see the boy back again. “Come and play with me!” the tree said. “I am sad and getting old. I want to go sailing to relax myself. Can you give me a boat?” “Use my trunk to build your boat.” The boy cut the tree trunk and went sailing but never showed up for a long time. The tree was happy, but it was not true. Finally, the boy returned after he left for so many years. “Sorry, my boy. But I don’t have anything for you anymore. No more apples for you.” the tree said with tears. The boy replied that he was too old and needed nothing “Good! Old tree root is the best place to lean on and rest. Come, Come sit down with me and rest.” The boy sat down and the tree was glad and smiled with tears...
写作一、 (写作内容) 写作内容)
  1. 以约 30 个词概括上述寓言故事的要点;
  2. 以约 120 个词,从“小男孩”、“苹果树”或者“小男孩和苹果树”两者之间的行为 任选一个角度发表你的看法,并包括如下要点: (
  1) 谈谈你对他或他们行为的评价,并说出理由; (
  2) 你读后的感受与启示。 (写作要求) 写作要求) 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 3
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  1.可以使用实例来支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述,但不得直接引用 原文中的句子;
  2.标题自定。
One possible version: Mother’s Love The fable presents a sentimental story to us in which an apple tree satisfied a boy’s wishes unconditionally. To the tree, nothing was more delightful than the boy’s company. The apple tree’s magnanimity and the boy’s selfishness impress me most. What the tree has done shows us how devoted a mother can be. The tree, like a passionate mother, always embraced the boy whole-heartedly no matter when he came back and what he required of it. But the boy’s actions are really shameful. Regardless of the tree’s health, he deprived the tree of its fruit, branches and even the trunk. He was too selfish. I was deeply moved by the fable and felt an impulse to praise all the mothers. It made me realize how great my mother is and I should be grateful for what she has done. To reward her, I’ll do my utmost to live up to her expectations.
写作二 以约 30 个词概括树的品质; 然后以 “If I were the boy,what would 题目编一个故事: [写作要求]
I do?”为

  1)可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构,组织故事,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; (
  2)标题自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。 One possible version:
If I Were the Boy,What Would I Do? The tree in the fable is affectionate and unselfish. It dedicated everything to the boy but asked for no return. All it desired is the boy’s company.
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If I were the boy, I would keep contact with the tree and be considerate. First, from the bottom of my heart, I know the tree is more than a tree, it is my dearest love. Young or old, I would keep in touch with it using various ways. If I have to travel away, I would write to it, phone him or send e-mails to it informing it of my life. Secondly, in order not to let my dearest feel so lonely, I would plant some trees and flowers around it. These plants will brave the hard winters with it. In addition, I would invite some other children to play with it. Their company will surely make the life more colorful. Therefore, if I were the boy, I would hold the tree dear.
写作三 概括文章大意,写出寓意。编写一个与现实生活有关的故事。 [写作要求] (
  1)可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构,组织故事,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; (
  2)标题自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。
One possible version: An Old Tree and Little Birds The fable presents a story to us in which an apple tree sacrificed everything for the boy. The moral of it is that parental love is so infinite that children should be grateful for that. Concerning trees, there is another story of an old tree that I want to share with you. In a valley of a mountainous area, there was an old tree. Many birds built their nests in it. Every spring, the little birds were hatched out. Then the tree would describe the beautiful world across the mountains to these curious birds. Its descriptions of the outside world were so fabulous that the birds were eager to grow up. In autumn, the birds left the tree and went to the world outside the valley. But they didn’t forget the tree and flew back in winter. What’s more, they brought back more stories which the old tree would depict vividly to the other little birds. That’s how the world should be like: the old and the young are devoted to each other. 写作四:写一篇命题作文, 把树当成父母 (我是如何对待父母的?)
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[写作要求] (
  1)可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构,组织故事,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; (
  2)标题自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。
参考答案: Treat My Parents Well The fable presents a sentimental story to us in which an apple tree satisfied a boy’s wishes unconditionally. To the tree, nothing was more delightful than the boy’s company. What the tree has done for the boy reminds me of my parents. Like the tree, they would sacrifice everything for me. So I think it my duty to treat my parents with care. First, in daily life,
I should express my love and gratitude frequently. To let them know I appreciate what they have done for me is one important way to comfort them. I know words of love count much in making my parents happy. Secondly, I should do whatever I can to help my parents. Although I am busy with my study, I should help with the housework. Just as the saying goes: Actions speak louder than words, I should contribute my part in building up a harmonious family. In short, it is my obligation to treat my parents well.
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