2011 年高考英语熟词生义考前疯狂押题预测版
《普通高等学校招生全国统一考试说明》中的词汇表是命题人的主要依据,而这个词汇表只 提供了英语单词或短语的拼写形式,未有词性和词义。这就给命题人提供了广阔的活动空间, 给他们减少了很多限制,但却给考生增加了几倍的难度。因为英语中的一词多义多性现象是 普遍存在的。例如:2001 年全国卷中第 26 题: We didn't plan our art exhibition like that but it very well. A.worked out B.tried out C.went on D.carried on 正确答案为 A。此处 work out 的词义为“(情况)发展……”、“进行……”。其余干扰项 的干扰作用都很大。如果没有完全掌握 work out 的含义,根本无法选定这个选项,更何况, 我们的课本根本未有把 work out 作“(情况)进展”、“进行”解释过。单选题如此,阅读 理解、完形填空等题中熟词生义现象更是比比皆是。为了能使我们广大考生顺利通过考试, 我们将根据《考试说明》的词汇表,按照字母顺序举例解析我们常见常考的熟词生义。 2009 年全国卷一:Encourage your children to try new things. But try not tothem too hard. A. draw B. strike C. rush D. push(逼迫,敦促)
本来 push 表示推的意思。 2009 年全国卷二:If you leave the club, you will not be back in. A. received moved admit 本来表示承认 B. admitted(准许进入, 准许加入俱乐部, 组织等; 接收入学) C, turned D.
20
  09: 山东卷 20
  09:-Do you have enough to all your daily expenses? spare..(闲置的 不用的,闲钱) 闲置的, -Oh ,yes, enough and to spare..(闲置的,不用的,闲钱)
A. cover (钱足够之用) B. spend C, fill D. offer 2009 湖北卷:Some parents are just too protective. They want to their kids from every kind of danger, real or imagined. A. spot B. dismiss C, shelter( 保护,庇护) D. distinguish
Shelter 本意:居所,住处,遮蔽物,庇护处
年山东卷: 2008 年山东卷:The fact that she never apologizeda lot about what kind of person she is . (显示 表明) 显示, A. says (显示,表明)
traditional customs. A. perform B. possess C. observe(遵守规则,法律等) D. support
B. talks
C. appears
D. declares
2008 湖北卷:Though having lived abroad for years , many Chinese still the
2009 年山东卷完型填空
  41:I can still remember he was always wearing (流露,面带)a
用心 爱心 专心
smile and willing to help. 综上可知,山东卷从 2008~2009 年一直对熟词生义进行设题,那么我们是否可以大胆的推测, 今年高考也必定会有熟词生义出现呢?希望莘莘学子们认真阅读此文,但愿 2010 年高考我的 此次熟词生义押题能给你带来好运!!! !!
A

  1.absent(熟义:adj.缺席的) He looked at me in all absent way.(adj.茫然的,恍惚的)
  2.abuse(熟义:v.滥用;漫骂) She is quite a successful career woman, actually she's much abused at home. 虐 but (v. 待)
  4.ache(熟义:v.&n.疼痛)
  5. act(熟义:V.&n.行动) lt takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.(vi.起作用)
  6.address(熟义:n.地址 v.写地址) It is said that our headmaster will address the meeting.(vt.向……发表演说; 直接向…,一说话) He was aching for home.(v.渴望)

  8. against(熟义:prep.逆着,反对;倚,靠;碰) The picture looks nice against the white wall.(prep.映衬)
  9. age(熟义:n.年龄) Worry aged him rapidly.(v.(使)变老)
  10. air(熟义:n.空气) Don’t air your troubles too often.(V.抒发;倾诉;播送) Tere was a comfortable air about her room.(n.样子,神态,气氛)
  11. alone(熟义:adv.单独地,一个人地) She alone was able to answer the question. (adv.仅仅,只有)
  12.amount(熟义:n.量) The cost amounted to$2
  00.(v.(to)共计,达到) What you have said amounts to a plain refusal.(v.相当于)
  13.announce(熟义:宣布) A warm sunshine announces the coming of spring.(vt.显示,预告)
  14.appreciate(熟义:v.欣赏;感激;感谢) I appreciate that I may be wrong.(V.意识到(realize))
用心 爱心 专心

  15.attend(熟义:v.出席;参加) The nurse attended to him day and night.(v.看护;治疗;陪同)
  16.accompany(熟义:vt.陪伴;伴奏) Strong winds accompanied the heavy rain.(v.伴随)
  17.allow(熟义:v.允许) This diet allows you one glass of wine a day.(vt.使可能)
  18.approach(熟义:vt.靠近;接近) I approached him about filling the manager's job.(v.接洽;建议;要求)
  19. available(熟义:adj.可得到的;可找到的) The worthy professor is now available. (adj.(人)有空的)
B

  20.become(熟义:v.变得,变成) Her new hat certainly becomes her.(vt.适于,适合)
  21.behavior(熟义:n.举止;行为) The behavior 0f this computer is moderately good.(n.性能,特点)
  22.blank(熟义:adj.空白的 n.空白) The stranger returned my greeting with a blank look.(adj.没表情的;空虚的; 没兴趣的) I call not think where I've left my umbrella;my mind's a complete blank!(n.记 忆中的空白,遗忘)
  23.blue(熟义:adj.&n.蓝色) His songs always make me feel blue.(adj.忧伤的)
  24. bare(adj.熟义:裸露的) He likes to bare his heart/soul with his close friends.(vt.向某人袒露心声)
  25.bear(熟义:vt.忍受;容忍) He was badly wounded in the war and still bears the sears.(v.显示;带有)
  26.bound(熟义:a 由.一定会) I don't like being desk?bound all day.(adj.受…约束的)
C

  27. cause(熟义:v.致使) We are struggling for revolutionary cause.(n.事业)
  28.celebrate(熟义:vt.庆祝) He celebrated her for her courage.(vt.称颂,赞扬)
用心
爱心
专心

  29.climate(熟义:n.气候) The cultural climate here is somehow a little upsetting.(n.风气;思潮;倾向)
  30.cloudy(熟义:adj.阴的,多云的) Who did is still remains cloudy.(adj.不明朗的,不清晰的)
  31.coach(熟义:n.教练) She coached me in English.(v.辅导,指导)
  32.count(熟义:n.&v.计算,数) (
  1)There are 10 people in the classroom counting two teachers.(vt.包括) (
  2)It is not how much you read but what you read that counts.(vt.有价值,重 要) (
  3)She was counted among the greatest dancers.(vt.以为,视为)
  33.couple(熟义:n.一对,一双;一对夫妇或情侣) The dining car was coupled onto the last coach.(v.联合,连接)
  34.course(熟义:n.课程;过程) The main course was a vegetable stew.(n.一道菜)
  35.cross(熟义:v.跨越,横穿 n.十字) Don't be cross with him??after all,he meant to help.(adj.生气的)
  36.case(熟义:n.情况;状况) There are three cases of fever in school.(n.病例;案例)
  37.casual(熟义:adj.偶然的;随意的) He was employed as a casual laborer.(adj.临时的)
  38.cater(熟义:v.为社交活动提供饮食;承办酒席) TV must cater for many different tastes.(v.满足需要;迎合)
  39.challenge(熟义:v.挑战) I challenged him to a game of chess (v.强烈建议某人干某事)
  40.chance(熟义:n.机会) She chanced to be in when he called.(V.碰巧)
  41.charge(熟义:v.索价,收费;指控;控告) Mother charged Alice to take good care of the baby’ .(V。赋予…责任或义务)
  42.clean(熟义:adj.干净的) I clean forgot about n(adv.彻底地;完全地)
  43.consume(熟义:vt.消耗;消费) The fire soon consumed the old wooden buildings in the neighborhood.(Vt.烧 毁;毁灭)
用心
爱心
专心
D

  44.damage(熟义:v.&n.损坏) He chimed $7000 damages from the taxi company.(n.赔偿金(复数)=compensation)
  45.dawn(熟义:n 拂晓 v.破晓,天亮) The truth began to dawn on him.(v.开始明白)
  46.desert(熟义:n.沙漠) He deserted his wife and children and went abroad.(V.抛弃,离弃)
  47.develop(熟义:v.发展;开发;研制) Did you have the films developed?(v:冲印) develop a disease/a habit(v.逐渐形成) sure enough,most of the plants developed the disease(vt.患病;出现问题)
  48.difficult(熟义:adj.困难的) (adj.难以取悦的,不易满足的)
  49.dismiss.(熟义:v.解雇,开除) He just laughed and dismissed my suggestion as unrealistic. 观点等))
  50.drive(熟义:v.驾驶) Hunger drove her to steal.(V.迫使某人(做不好或不快的事))
  51.divorce(熟义:v.与某人离婚) You cann’t divorce science from ethical questions.(v.使分离;使脱离)
  52.draw(熟义:v.画;拖;拉) What moral are we to draw from the story?(v.获得,取得,推断出) (v.拒绝考虑(某
E

  53.engage(熟义: 、rt.从事) A personal computer engages his interest now.(vt 吸引)
  54.excue(熟义:n.借口 v.原谅) He was excused from piano practice.(v.免除某人的职责)
  55.express(熟义:v.表达) His express wish was that you should come here by air.(adj.明确的) Is there an express from№njing to Shahgllai?(n.快车)
  56.encourage(熟义:vt.鼓励;激励) Good health encourages clear thinking.(v.促进,助长,刺激)
  57.escape(熟义:v.逃跑;逃脱)
用心
爱心
专心
His name escapes me for the moment.(v.被忘掉;被忽视)
  58.explode(熟义:v.爆炸爆裂) I'm about to explode!He broke my violin.(v.勃然大怒;大发雷霆)
  59.exploit(熟义:V.开发;开采;剥削) You must exploit every opportunity to learn new things.(v.利用)
F

  60.fail(熟义:v.失败) Our water supply failed.(v.不足;缺乏) He is failing in health./His health is failing.(v.衰退,衰弱) He failed to lend her a hand.(v.未能) Words failed him.(vt.使失望;有负于)
  61.fill(熟义:v.填满) His answer did not fill our need.(vt.满足)
  62.fine(熟义:adj.美好的,很棒的,晴朗的) There's a fine distinction between the meanings of the two words.(adj.微妙 的) ’ The man will get a fine if he parks the car there.(n.罚款)
  63.fond(熟义:adj.自由的,喜欢的;慈爱的;深情的) Fond parents will spoil their child.(adj.溺爱的)
  64.force(熟义:vt.强迫) The policeman forced the knife from the criminal's hand.(vt.夺取)
  65.foreign(熟义:adj.外国的;外交的) The subject is foreign to me.(adj.不熟悉的) Telling lies is foreign to her nature.(adj.和……格格不人)
  66.form.(熟义:vt.形成) I call not form an opinion about it.(vt.想出)
  67.freeze(熟义:v.结冰,凝固) Freeze!Or I'll shoot.(v.不许动)
  68.fly(熟义:v.飞;飞翔;飞彤 n.苍蝇) The children flew to meet their mother.(v.疾驰;疾行)
  69.fresh(熟义:adj.新鲜的) She is quite fresh to office work.(adj.无经验的)
G
用心
爱心
专心

  70.gain(熟义:v.获得;赢得) Don't worry.My watch gains.We still have time.(v.(钟表)快) The ear gained speed gradually.(vt.增加(速度,重量))
  71.ground(熟义:n.地面) He has strong grounds for more money.(n.理由)
  72.glare(熟义:v.怒目而视) The sun glared out of the blue sky.(v.发出刺眼的光)

  73.govern(熟义:v.管理;控制) The law of supply and demand governs the prices of goods.(vt.影响;支配)
  74.Grow up(熟义:长大;成熟) A warm friendship grew up between the two men.(逐渐发展;形成)
H

  75.hit(熟义:v。击中,打击) The film Hero by Zhang Yimou is quite a hit of this year.(n.成功;红极一时的 人或事)
  76.hold(熟义:vt.握住,抓住;抱住) His promise still holds.(vi:适用,有效)
I

  77.ill(熟义:adj.生病的) It's no good speaking ill of others.(adj.&adv.坏的/地)
  78. industry(熟义:n.工业;产业) His Success was due to industry.(n.努力;勤勉)
  79.interest(熟义:n.兴趣) Our family has an interest in the business.(n.利益;股份)
  80.invent(熟义:v.发明) He invented aJl excuse for his being late.(y.捏造,虚构)
  81.invite(熟义:v.邀请) Don't leave the window open?it's inviting thieves to enter.(V.吸引) The dishes are really inviting.(adj.诱人的)
  82.inspire(熟义:v:激励;鼓舞) His best music was inspired by the memory of his mother.(V.启发) J
  83.jam(熟义:n.果酱)
用心
爱心
专心
He jammed four apples in his pocket.(Vt.塞进) The accident jammed the main road for2 hours。(vt.堵塞) There are traffic jams every day on this road. (n. .堵塞)
  84.jump(熟义:v.&n.跳) Last week the price of goods jumped.(n./v.大幅度上涨)
  85.just(熟义:adv.正好;恰好) You are a just person.(adj.公正的)
K

  86.kid(熟义:n.小孩) Take it easy.I'm just kidding.(v.开玩笑;欺骗)
  87.kill(熟义:v.杀掉;害死) That guy hangs around all day long,killing time.(V.消磨(
 

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