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in Daily Expressions Communication

  1.问候Greetings 问候Greetings 告别Farewells
  3.告别Farewells
  2.介绍 介绍Introductions 介绍
  4.感谢和应答 感谢和应答Thanks and responses 感谢和应答

  5.祝愿、祝贺和应答Good wishes,congratulations & responses 祝愿、祝贺和应答 祝愿
  6.道歉、遗憾和应答Apologies,regrets,sympathies & responses 道歉、遗憾和应答 道歉
  7.邀请和应答Invitations and responses 邀请和应答Invitations
  8.提供(帮助等)和应答Offers and responses 提供(帮助等)和应答Offers
  9.约会Making appointments 约会Making
  10.意愿和希望 意愿和希望Intentions and wishes 意愿和希望
  11.请求、允许和应答Asking
  11.请求、允许和应答Asking for permission and responses

  1.问候
Hello/Hi. Hello/Hi.
Greetings
How are you?
a. Good morning/afternoon/evening. morning/afternoon/evening. Fine,thank you,and you? Very well,thank you. you. b.Best wishes/regards to.... to.... Please give my regards/best wishes /love to.... to.... Say hello to.... to.... Please remember me to.... to....

  2.介绍 Introductions
a.
This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms/Comrade.... Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms/Comrade.... May I introduce you to...? to...? ... I’d like you to meet.... meet....
b. How do you do? Nice/Glad/Pleased to see/meet you. you. Nice meeting you,Mr/Mrs/Miss.... you,Mr/Mrs/Miss.... c. My name is.... is.... I’m a(student/teacher,etc.). a(student/teacher,etc. d. I’m Chinese. Chinese.

  3.告别
  3.告别
Farewells
a. I’m afraid I must be leaving now. I think it’s time for us to leave now. b. Good-bye!(Bye-bye! Bye!) See you later/tomorrow.(See you.) Good night.

  4.感谢和应答
Thanks and responses
a. Thank you (very much). much). Thanks a lot. lot. Thanks for.... for.... b. It’s very kind of you to.... to.... Not at all. all. You’re welcome. welcome. It’s/That’s all right. right. Many thanks. thanks.

  5.祝愿、祝贺和应答 祝愿、
Good wishes,congratulations & responses a. Good luck! Best wishes to you!
I wish you good luck/success! Good journey(to you)! Have a nice/good time. time. trip. Have a good trip. Congratulations. Congratulations.
on.... I’d like to congratulate you on.... d you. b. Thank you. c. Happy New Year! you. The same to you. Merry Christmas!
you. Happy birthday to you.

  6.道歉、
  6.道歉、遗憾和应答 道歉
Apologies,regrets,sympathies & responses Sorry/Pardon. Sorry/Pardon. I’m sorry. m sorry. for/about.... I’m sorry for/about.... m hear.... I’m sorry to hear.... m to...have+ ...have ed/that.... I’m sorry to...have+V-ed/that.... m b. me(for... ...) Excuse me(for...). of.... I’m afraid of.... m
a.
It’s that.... What a pity/shame! It s a pity that.... That’s right. c. That s all right. That’s nothing. That s nothing. doesn’t matter. It doesn t matter.

  7.邀请和应答 Invitations and responses
a. Will you come to...? to...? ... Would you like to....? to....? .... I’d like to invite you to.... to.... b. Yes,I’d love to(...). to(...) ... Yes,it’s very kind/nice of you. you. c. I’d love to,but.... to,but.... ...

  8.提供(帮助等)和应答Offers and responses 提供(帮助等)和应答
a. Can/Could/Shall I help you? to... ...? Would you like me to...? Is there anything(else) I can do for you? to... ...? Do you want me to...? What can I do for you? Let me do/carry/help...(for you). do/carry/help... ...(for you). Would you like some...? some...? ... Thanks. nice/fine. b. Thanks. That would be nice/fine. That’s you. That s very kind of you. help. Thank you for your help. Yes,please. this/my.... Yes,please. Here,take this/my....
you. c.No,thanks/thank you. you. No,thanks/thank you. myself. I can manage it myself.
same. Thank you all the same. That’s very kind of you,but..

  9.约会
Making appointments
a.Are you/Will you be free this afternoon/tomorrow? How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening? at... ...? Shall we meet at 4:30 at...? right. b.Yes,that’s all right. Yes,that s Yes,I’ll then. Yes,I ll be free then. won’t then. free.... c.No,I won t be free then. But I’ll be free.... ll right. then. d.All right. See you then.

  10.意愿和希望
  10.意愿和希望Intentions and 意愿和希望 wishes to.... a. I’m going to.... m
to.... I intend/mean/plan to.... will.... I will.... to... I’d like to... . d
walk). I feel like V-ing(going out for a walk). to.... I (do not) want/hope to.... to.... I’m ready to.... m you. I would rather not tell you. to.... b. I want/hope/wish to.... that.... I wish that.... to.... I would like to....

  11.请求、
  11.请求、允许和应答 Asking for responses
a.
permission
and
...? ...? May I...? Can/Could I...? could.... I wonder if I could.... Would/Do you mind if I open the window?
Yes/Sure/Certainly. please. b. Yes/Sure/Certainly. Yes,(do) please. may). ahead,please. Of course(you may). Go ahead,please. That’s right. all. That s OK/all right. Not at all. can’t c. I’m sorry you can t. m I’m sorry,but.... You’d better not. m sorry,but.... You d not.

  12.同意和不同意Agreement
  12.同意和不同意Agreement and disagreement
  13.
  13.喜好和厌恶 Likes and dislikes
  14.决断和坚持 Determination,decision and insistence 决断和坚持
  15.判断和意见Judgement
  15.判断和意见Judgement and opinion
  16.职责Obligation
  16.职责Obligation
  18.偏爱 偏爱Preference 偏爱
  17.能力Ability
  17.能力Ability
  19.责备和抱怨 责备和抱怨Blame and complaint 责备和抱怨

  20.肯定和不肯定 肯定和不肯定Certainty and uncertainty 肯定和不肯定
  21.可能和不可能Possibility
  21.可能和不可能Possibility and impossibility
  22.禁止和警告 Prohibition and warnings 禁止和警告
  23.预见、
  23.预见、猜测和相信 Prediction,conjecture and belief
  24.请求Requests
  24.请求Requests
  26.
  26.许诺 Promises
  25.劝告和建议 Advice and suggestions 劝告和建议
  27.提醒 提醒Reminding 提醒

  12.
  12.同意和不同意 Agreement and disagreement
a. Certainly/Sure/Of course. course. problem. No problem. so. Yes,I think so. All right/OK. right/OK. Yes,please. Yes,please. That’s true. That s true. That’s a good idea.... idea.... That s
It’s to/that.... It s a good idea to/that.... I/We agree(with you). you). to... .../that I agree to.../that clause don’t so. b. No,I don t think so. not. I’m afraid not. m
can’t you. I’m afraid I(really) can t agree with you. m

  13.喜好和厌恶
  13.喜好和厌恶 Likes
a. to.... I like/love to.... b.
and dislikes
like/love... ...(very much). I like/love...(very much).
don’t like(to).... hate(to).... I don t like(to).... I hate(to)....

  14.
  14.决断和坚持
a.
Determination,decision insistence will.... I will....
to/that... I have decided to/that... wh-clause/whto.... I have decided wh-clause/wh-words to....
and
on/that.... b. I insist on/that....

  15.判断和意见
  15.判断和意见 Judgement a. opinion It certainly is. is. It’s do.... It s correct to do.... Well done/Good work! b. In my opinion.... opinion.... seems.... It seems....
So far as I know....
and

  16.
  16.职责 Obligation You must/have to/should/ought to.... to.... to/that.... It is necessary to/that....

  17.
  17.能力
can.... I can....
Ability
to... .... He is able to....

  18.
  18.偏爱
Preference
He’d to.... He d prefer them not to....
prefer...to... ...to I prefer...to...
He’d once. He d rather begin at once.

  19.
  19. 责 备 和 抱 怨
blame. a. Hecomplaint is to blame. shouldn’t it. He shouldn t have done it.
Blame and
for.... She blamed him for....
that,but.... b. I’m sorry to have said that,but.... m can’t Why can t you do something about it?

  20.
  20. 肯 定 和 不 肯 定
a. I’m sure(of m uncertainty that). that).
Certainty and
I’m sure(that).... m sure(that)....
that). if.... b. I’m not sure(of that). I doubt if.... m whether/if.... I’m not sure whether/if.... m Perhaps/Maybe. c. Perhaps/Maybe.

  21.
  21.可能和不可能
Possibility and impossibility
can/may.... a. He can/may.... that.... It is possible that.... not.... that.... b. He may not.... It is likely that.... to.... He is not likely to....

  22.
  22.禁止和警告
Prohibition and warnings
a. can’t/mustn t/mustn’t You can t/mustn t.... you...,you’ll ...,you ll.... If you...,you ll.... You’d it. You d better not do it. Don’t Don t smoke! b. Look out! Be careful! Don’t Don t be late! Take care!

  23.预见、
  23.预见、猜测和相信 Prediction,conjecture and belief
will.... a. He will.... b. I guess that.... that.... done.... He must have done.... It seems(that).... seems(that).... if.... It looks as if.... right. c. I believe that he is right.

  24.
  24.请求
Requests
a. Can/Will/Could/Would you...for me? you...for ... please... ...? Will/Can/Could/Would you please...? have... ...? May I have...? me.... b. Please give/Pass me.... Please wait(here/a moment). moment). Please wait(for) your turn. turn. up. Please stand in line/line up. hurry. Please hurry. that...please. ...please Make sure that...please.
Don’t rush(hurry)/crowd. noise,please. c. Don t rush(hurry)/crowd. No noise,please. smoking,please. No smoking,please.

  25.
  25.劝告和建议
Advice and suggestions
a. You’d better(not).... You d better(not).... You should/ought to.... to.... need(to).... You need(to).... b. we.... ....? Shall we....? Let’s Let s.... about... ...? What/How about...? Why not...? not...? ... don’t you... ...? Why don t you...?

  26.
  26.许诺
Promises
promise.... I promise.... have...tomorrow. ...tomorrow You shall have...tomorrow. give... ...to you. I will give...to you.

  27.提醒
  27.提醒
Reminding
Don’t to.... Don t forget to.... Don’t when... ...? Don t you remember the days when...? Make sure that everything is OK now.

  28.表示焦虑 Expressing anxiety 表示焦虑
  29.表示惊奇 Expressing surprise 表示惊奇
  30.表示喜悦Expressing
  30.表示喜悦Expressing pleasure
  31.谈论天气 Talking about the weather 谈论天气
  32.购物Shopping
  32.购物Shopping
  33.问路和应答Asking the way and responses
  33.问路和应答Asking 问路和应答
  34.
  34. 问 时 间 、 日 期 和 应 答 Asking the time,date and responses
  35.就餐Taking
  35.就餐Taking meals 就餐
  36.打电话
  36.打电话 Making phone calls
  39.看病 Seeing the doctor
  39.看病
  37.
  37.传递信息 Passing on a message
  38.求救
  38.求救 Calling for help
  40.语言困难Language
  40.语言困难Language difficulties
  41.
  41.常见的标志和说明 Some common signs and instructions

  28.表示焦虑
  28.表示焦虑
Expressing anxiety What’s What s wrong? What’s What s the matter(with you)? Is there anything the matter? m/He’s/She I’m/He s/She s worried. m/He s/She’s worried. Oh,what shall I/we do? about.. .... We were all anxious about....

  29.表示惊奇
  29.表示惊奇
Really? Oh dear! Is that so? Good heavens!
Expressing surprise

  30. 表 示 喜 悦
  30.
Expressing
pleasure
to.... I’m glad/pleased/happy to.... m That’s nice/wonderful/great. That s nice/wonderful/great. fine. Hopefully tomorrow will turn fine.

  31.谈论天气
  31.谈论天气
What’s a. What s the weather like today? How’s the weather in...? How s in...? ... It’s fine/cloudy/windy/rainy.... b. It s fine/cloudy/windy/rainy.... It’s cold/warm.... It s getting cold/warm.... It’s warm/cold/hot...today,isn’t ...today,isn It s rather warm/cold/hot...today,isn t it? It’s today. It s a beautiful day today.
Talking about the weather

  32.
  32.购物
a.
Shopping
What can I do for you? May/Can I help you?
b.
want/I’d like.... I want/I d like.... How much is it? That’s expensive,I’m afraid. That s too expensive,I m afraid. That’s fine. ll it. That s fine. I’ll take it. have.... Let me have....
c. How many/much do you want? What colour/size/kind do you want? d. Do you have any other kind/size/colour,etc.?

  33.
  33.问路和应答
Asking the way and responses
me. Where’s men’s/ladies s/ladies’ a. Excuse me. Where s the men s/ladies room? me. to... ...? Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to...? street. b. Go down this street. crossing. Turn right/left at the first/second crossing. It’s about... ...metres here. It s about...metres from here. see.... Go straight ahead till you see....

  34.问时间、
  34.问时间、日期和应答
a.
Asking the time,date responses What day is(it) today?
What’s What s the date today?
and
me. Excuse me. What time is it by your watch? What’s What s the time,please? It’s Monday/Tuesday.... b. It s Monday/Tuesday.... It’s 10th th. It s January 10th. It’s It s five o’clock/five thirty(half past five)/ clock/five six. a quarter past (to) six. It’s for/to.... It s time for/to....

  35.
  35.就餐
Taking meals
have)... ...? a. What would you like(to have)...? Would you like something(to eat/drink)? b. I’d like.... d like.... eggs...,please. ...,please Cake/Two eggs...,please. more... ...? c. Would you like some more...? some.... Help yourself to some.... you. ve enough. d. Thank you. I’ve had enough. I’m full,thank you. m you. little,please. Just a little,please.

  36.
  36.打电话
Making phone calls
a. Hello! Is (Tom) in? May/Could I speak to...? to...? ... that... ...(speaking)? Is that...(speaking)? on,please. b. Hold on,please. Hello,who is it? isn’t now. He/She isn t here right now. Can I take a message for you? is...speaking. ...speaking c. Hello,this is
 

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