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2011 年广东省高考新题型之仿真模拟考试试题(二)

Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分)

本试卷共三大题,满分 135 分;考试用时 120 分钟。
第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分.满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 1?15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It is commonly believed that school is where people go to get education. been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The 2 schooling and education suggested by this is important. Education is place 4 3 , compared with schooling. Education knows no edges. It can take 1 , it has between
, whether in the school or on the job, whether in a kitchen or on a tractor. It 5 6 learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of the experience of schooling can be known in advance, education 7 may lead to a person to discover 9 on.
includes both the learning out of class.
quite often produces surprises. A chance talk with a how 8
he knows of another country. People obtain education from
Education, then, is a very 10 11
and unlimited term. It is lifelong experience that starts long
the start of school, and one that should be a necessary part of one’s entire life. Schooling, on the other hand, is a 12 experience, whose style changes 13 from 14
one way to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at the same time, take seats, use similar textbooks, do homework, and been limited by the edges of the subjects being taught.
  1. A. Then
  2. A. difference
  3. A. unexpected
  4. A. anywhere
  5. A. part-time
  6. A. If B. However B. importance B. endless B. anywhere else B. public B. Because C. Thus C. use C. countless C. somewhere C. standard C. So D. Therefore D. problem D. simple D. somewhere else D. strict D. Though 15
, and so on. Schooling has usually
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  7. A. neighbour
  8. A. wonderful
  9. A. babies
  10. A. long
  11. A. that
  12. A. basic
  13. A. unusually
  14. A. large
  15. A take exams
B. friend B. well B. grown-ups B. broad B. when B. strict B. differently B. new B. hold exams
C. foreigner C. greatly C. women C. narrow C. after C. final C. little C. fixed C. mark papers
D. teacher D. little D. men D. short D. before D. irregular D .frequently D. small D. read papers
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l 5 分.满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16?25 的相应位置上。
In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear
  16. spoken.
Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation.
  17. , we must be able to read the language, and
fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success
  19.
  20.
  18. language learning.
good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use
  21. meanings,
learning by heart long lists of words and
studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 22 . we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized,
  23.
we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of (advise) for those
  24.
are studying a new language. Practice is
  25. (write) the language
important. We must practise speaking and whenever we can.
Ⅱ 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分)
第一节:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A TODAY, Friday, November 12 JAZZ with the Mike Thomas Jazz Band at The Derby Arms. Upper Richmond Road West, Sheen. DISCO Satin Sounds Disco. Free at The Lord Napier, Mort lake High St., from 8a. m. to 8p. m. Tel: 682?11
  58. SATURDAY, November 13 JAZZ Lysis at The Bull’s Head, Barnes. Admission 60p. MUSICAL HALL at The Star and Garter, Lower Richmond Road, Putney, provided by the Aba Daba Music Hall company. Good food and entertainment fair price. Tel: 789?67
  49. FAMILY night out? Join the sing-along at The Black Horse. Sheen Road, Richmond. JAZZ The John Bennett Big Band at The Bull’s Head, Barnes. Admission 80p. THE DERBY ARMS, Upper Richmond Road West, give you Joe on the electric accordion(手 风琴). Tel: 789?4536 SUNDAY, November 14 DISCO Satin Sounds Disco, free at The Lord Napier, Mort Lake High Street, from 8 a. m. to 8 p. m. FOLK MUSIC at The Derby Arms. The Short Stuff and residents the Norman Chop Trio. Non-remembers 70p. Tel: 688?46
  26. HEAVY MUSIC with Tony Simon at The Bull, Upper Richmond Road West, East Sheen. THE DERBY ARMS, Upper Richmond Road West, give you Joe on the electric accordion.
  26. Where and when can you hear the Norman Chop Trio? A. At the Bull’s Head on Sunday. B. At the Derby Arms on Sunday. C. At the Bull on Saturday. D. At the Black Horse on Saturday.
  27. Where and when can you hear the Mike Thomas Jazz Band? A. At the Derby Arms on Friday.
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B. At the Black Horse on Friday. C. At the Star and Garter on Saturday. D. At the Derby Arms on Sunday.
  28. You want to enjoy the electric accordion on Saturday. Which telephone number do you have to ring to find out what time it starts? A. 789?67
  49. B. 789?45
  36. C. 682?11
  58. D. 688?46
  26.

  29. You want to spend the Saturday by joining the entertainment with your family. Where should you go? A. Disco at The Lord Napier. B. The sing-along at The Black Horse. C. The electric accordion at The Derby Arms. D. Jazz at The Bull’s Head.
  30. You want to spend the same day at two different places and don’t want to cross any street. Which of the following is your best choice? A. The sing-along at the Black Horse and Jazz at The Bull’s Head. B. The sing-along at The Black Horse and Folk Music at The Derby Arms. C. Folk Music at The Derby Arms and Heavy Music with Tony Simon at The Bull. D. Musical Hal lat The Star &Garter and Disco at The Lord Napier. B Prolonging human life has increased the size of the human population. Many people alive today would have died of childhood diseases if they had been born 100 years ago. Because more people live longer, there are more people around at any given time. In fact, it is a decrease in death rates, not an increase in birthrates, that has led to the population explosion. Prolonging human life has also increased the dependency load. In all societies, people who are disabled or too young or too old to work are dependent on the rest of society to provide for them. In hunting and gathering cultures, old people who could not keep up might be left behind to die. In times of famine, infants might be allowed to die because they could not survive if their parents starved, where as if the parents survived they could have another child. In most contemporary(当代的) societies, people feel a moral obligation to keep people alive whether they can work or not. We have a great many people today who live past the age at which they want to
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work or are able to work; we also have rules which require people to retire at a certain age. Unless these people were able to save money for their retirement, somebody else must support them. In the United States many retired people live on social security checks which are so little that they must live in near poverty. Older people have more illnesses than young or middle-aged people; unless they have wealth or private or government insurance, they must often “go on welfare” if they have a serious illness. When older people become senile (衰老的) or too weak and ill to care for themselves, they create grave problems for their families. In the past and in some traditional cultures, they would be cared for at home until they died. Today, with most members of a household working or in school, there is often no one at home who can care for a sick or weak person. To meet this need, a great many nursing homes and convalescent (疗养的) hospitals have been built. These are often profit making organizations, although some are sponsored by religious and other nonprofit groups. While a few of these institutions are good, most of them are simply “dumping (倒垃圾的) grounds” for the dying in which “care” is given by poorly paid, overworked, and under skilled personnel.
  31. The author believes that the population explosion results from . A. an increase in birthrates C. a decrease in death rates B. the industrial development D. human beings’ cultural advances

  32. It can be inferred from the passage that in hunting and gathering cultures . A. it was a moral responsibility for the families to keep alive the aged people who could not work B. the survival of infants was less important than that of their parents in times of starvation C. old people were given the task of imparting the cultural wisdom of the tribe to new generations D. death was celebrated as a time of rejoicing for an individual freed of the hardships of life
  33. According to the passage, which of the following statements about the old people in the United States is true? A. Many of them live on social security money which is hardly enough. B. Minority of them remain in a state of near poverty after their retirement. C. When they reach a certain age, compulsory retirement is necessary and beneficial.
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D. With the growing inflation, they must suffer more from unbearable burdens than ever.
  34. The phrase “this need” in paragraph 3 refers to . A. prolonging the dying old people’s lives B. reducing the problems caused by the retired people C. making profits through caring for the sick or weak people D. taking care of the sick or weak people
  35. Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude toward most of the nursing homes and convalescent hospitals? A. Sympathetic. B. Approving. C Most Americans get what money they have from their work; that is, they earn an income from wages or salaries. The richest Americans, however, get most of their money from what they own ? their stocks, bonds, real estate, and other forms of property, or wealth. Although there are few accurate statistics to go by, wealth in American society appears to be concentrated in very few hands. More than 20 percent of everything that can be privately owned is held by less than one percent of the adult population and more than 75 percent of all wealth is owned by 20 percent of American adults. The plain fact is that most Americans have no wealth at all aside from their homes, automobiles, and a small amount of savings. Income in the United States is not as highly concentrated as wealth. In 1917 the richest 10 percent of American families received
  26.1 percent of all income, while the poorest 10 percent received 17 percent, mainly from Social Security and other government payments. The most striking aspect of income distribution is that it has not changed significantly since the end of World War II. Although economic growth has roughly doubled real disposable (可自由使用的) family income (the money left after taxes and adjusted for inflation) over the last generation, the size of the shares given to the rich and the poor is about the same. By any measure economic inequality is great in the United States. The reality behind these statistics is that a large number of Americans are poor. In 1918, 14 percent of the population was living below the federal government’s poverty line, which at that time was an annual income of $ 9 287 for a nonfarm family of two adults and two children. In other words, about one out of seven Americans over 31 million people was officially considered
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C. Optimistic.
D. Critical.
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unable to buy the basic necessities of food, clothes, and shelter. The suggested poverty line in 1981 would have been an income of about $11 200 for a family of four. By this relative definition, about 20 percent of the population or more than 45 million Americans are poor.
  36. What does the majority of the Americans have in terms of wealth? A. Their income and savings. B. Everything they own in their homes. C. Actually, they have no wealth at all. D. Their house, cars and small amounts of savings.
  37. What is the percentage of wealth that is in the hands of most Americans? A. More than 25%. C. More than 75%. B. Less than 25%. D. Less than 20%.

  38. Why is economic inequality still great in the US in spite of the economic growth? A. Because the proportion of income received by the rich and the poor remains almost the same as in 19
  17. B. Because the economic growth has widened the gap of
 

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