2011 年寒假培训九年级英语第 4 讲
一、完形填空题的命题特点 完形填空题是通过阅读考查学生语言知识及语言知识 综合运用能力的一种测试形式。 命 题人在一段难度适度的文章中留出 10 个空白,要求考生从所给的 A, B, C, D 四个选项中 选出一个最佳答案,使补足的短文意思通顺、结构完整。 完形填空是介于单项填空和阅读理解之间的一种题型。可以说它是根据一篇文章所提供 的情景进行的选择填空,也可以说它是在缺少个别单词情况下的阅读理解。完形填空既 有对语法规则、习惯用法和词语搭配的考查,又有对文章内容的通篇理解。完形填空主 要考查以下三个方面的内容:
  1、词汇: 此类题目考查的内容是:近义词的区别,词语的固定搭配和习惯用法。近几年陕西省中 考题中的完型填空题考查的词汇类别涉及到名词、代词、动词、介词、连词、形容词、 副词和短语动词。
  2、语法: 此类题目考查的是:各种语法规则在文章中的运用。其中包括名词的单复数,形容词、 副词的比较等级,动词的时态和语态,介词、数词、代词和连词的用法,主谓一致,各 种从句的用法等。
  3、结构: 此类题目考查的是:文章中间句子与句子之间,段落与段落之间,上文与下文之间的逻 辑关系。 从设空的类型看可分为三个层次:
  1、句子层次
  2、句组层次
  3、全篇层次 设空的难度,从句子层次到句组层次,再到全篇层次,依次增加。 分析近几年陕西省的完形填空题,我们可以看出陕西省完形填空题的设空主要以句子层 次为主,以句组层次为辅,几乎没有全篇层次题目。因此总体难度较低。 二、完形填空的解题技巧 前面我们已经分析过, 完形填空是在全面理解短文基础上的选择填空。 因此做“完型填空” 题应遵循下列步骤:
  1、通读全文,了解大意 做这类题目是,首先应该把文章通读一遍,了解一下文章的大概内容。千万不要读一句 填一句,因为“完形填空”题里所给的大多数选项填入单句后都可成立,但从全文看又不 可取。 有些同学一拿到“完形填空”题,就着手去填,填到最后,才发现所选答案语全文的意思 不符,不得不在从头开始。费时又费力,还不易做准确,这种方法是不可取的。
  2、瞻前顾后,逐步填空 了解文章大意之后,就可逐步填空。 一般来说,文章后面所给的选择答案可分三类:一 类是语法正确,而意思不对;另一类是意思正确,而语法错误;第三类是语法正确,意 思也正确。在选择答案时,一定要考虑到上下文的意思,还要考虑到句子的结构,习惯 用法,固定搭配和词类的功能,尽量使选出的答案及复合语法又符合原文的意思。
  3、认真复查,适当调整 填空全部做完以后,应把短文从头到尾再读一遍,检查一下填空以后的文章是否连贯,
1
情节是否合理,语法结构是否正确。一般来说,如果意思连贯,情节合理,语法结构正 确,就意味着选答没有问题;如果发现个别填空使文章文理不通,语法结构有问题,就 说明选答不正确。对这样的填空应该认真推敲,进行调整。 A Tom grows the nicest vegetables and fruits and the most beautiful flowers in the village. Plants grow in Tom’s garden all through the __1__ and they are much __2__. Tom cuts some flowers for his sitting room table, eats some fruits and vegetables, but he __3__ most of them in the market. His vegetables, fruit and flowers are so __4__ and beautiful that they sold much more __5__ in the market than those of other villagers. How does Tom grow these beautiful things? He is so __6__ that he just sits under his orange tree with his radio. He __7__ the music all day. That is quite true. Tom __8__ things in spring, summer, autumn and winter. After that he sits with his radio. And everything __9__. It is the music that does the work. Tom knows more clearly that music makes the biggest vegetables and the most beautiful flowers. Plants love __10__ as much as people.
  1. A. week B. month C. season D. year
  2. A. better B. worse C. less D. later
  3. A. buys B. sells C. borrows D. lends
  4. A. dear B. bad C. big D. small
  5. A. politely B. quickly C. slowly D. carefully
  6. A. angry B. busy C. tired D. lazy
  7. A. listens to B. hears C. watches D. speaks
  8. A. fills B. plants C. throws D. makes
  9. A. does B. moves C. grows D. plays
  10.A. work B. rain C. stories D. music B For several years, Americans have enjoyed teleshopping-watching TV and buying things by phone. Now teleshopping is starting in Europe. In some __1__ countries, people can turn on their __2__ and shop for clothes, jewelry, food, toys and __3__ things. Teleshopping is becoming popular in Sweden. __4__, the biggest Swedish company sells different kinds of things on TV in fifteen European countries, and in one year, it makes $10 million. In France, there are two teleshopping channels, and the French __5__ about $ 20 million a year in buying things through those channels. In Germany, __6__ last year teleshopping was only possible on one channel for one hour every day. Then the government allowed more teleshopping. Other channels can __7__ for telebusiness, including the largest American teleshopping company and a 24-hour teleshopping company. German __8__ are hoping these will help them sell more things. Some people like teleshopping because it allows them to do their shopping without __9__. With all the traffic problems in cities, going shopping is not an easy thing. But at the same time, other Europeans __10__ like this new way of buying things. They call __11__ “junk on the air.” Many Europeans usually worry about the quality of the things __12__ on TV. They think high quality is the most important thing, and they don’t believe they can be sure about the quality of the things __13__. The need of high quality means that European teleshopping companies will have to be __14__ the American companies. They will have to be more careful about __15__ of the things they sell. They will also have to work harder to sell things that the buyers cannot touch or see by themselves.
2

  1. A. European B. Asian C. American D. African
  2. A. lights B. switches C. radios D. TVs
  3. A. some else B. another many C. the other D. many other
  4. A. Such as B. For example C. For teleshopping D. It is like
  5. A. takes B. cost C. spends D. spend
  6. A. to B. until C. unless D. by
  7. A. begin B. leave C. open D. turn on
  8. A. people B. women C. businessmen D. officials
  9. A. to go out B. going out C. to buy things D. buying things
  10. A. still B. don’t C. even D. won’t
  11. A. teleshopping B. TV C. radio D. telephone
  12. A. appearing B. coming out C. for sale D. to buy
  13. A. in the shop B. on TV C. they bought D. by this way
  14. A. the same with B. different from C. as big as D. larger than
  15. A. the number B. the quality C. the places D. the buyers C Last Friday, after doing all the family shopping in the town. I wanted to have a rest before catching the rain. I __1__ a newspaper and some chocolate and __2__ into the station coffee shop. It was a cheap self-service place with long tables to __3__ at. I put my heavy bag down on the floor, __4__ the newspaper and the chocolate on the table and then went to get a cup of coffee. When I came back with the coffee, There was someone __5__ in the next seat. __6__ was a boy, with dark glasses and old clothes, and __7__ bright red at the front. He had started to eat my chocolate! Naturally, I was rather uneasy about him, but I didn’t want to have any __8__. I just read the newspaper, tasted my coffee and took a bit of chocolate. The boy looked at me in __9__.Then he took a __10__ piece of my chocolate. I could hardly believe it. Still I didn’t say anything to him. When he took a third piece, I felt more angry than uneasy. I thought, “Well, I shall have the last piece.” And I got it. The boy gave me a strange look, then __11__ up. As he left, he shouted out, “There’s something __12__ with that woman!” Everyone looked at me, __13__ I didn’t want to quarrel with the boy, so I kept quiet. I did not realize that I had __14__ a mistake until I finished my coffee and was ready to __15__. My face turned red when I saw my unopened chocolate under the newspaper. The chocolate that I had been eating was the boy’s!
  1. A. stole B. bought C. sold D. wrote
  2. A. went B. sat C. seated D. looked
  3. A. sit B. seat C. lie D. laugh
  4. A. pushed B. took C. put D. pulled
  5. A. jumping B. playing C. sitting D. sleeping
  6. A. He B. It C. Who D. What
  7. A. cut B. washed C. covered D. colored
  8. A. coffee B. trouble C. chocolate D. matter
  9. A. carelessness B. anger C. surprise D. happiness
  10. A. first B. second C. very D. last
  11. A. stood B. took C. cried D. looked
  12. A. strange B. wrong C. OK D. funny
  13. A. and B. but C. so D. while
3

  14. A. spelt
  15. A. finish
B. corrected C. made B. leave C. jump
D. found D. shop
D Rosa liked making up stories. She was so __1__ that her classmates believed her from time to time. In fact, the whole class believed her! At first she supposed it was __2__. Now, as she got up to __3__ before the class, She knew that make ?believe stories had some way of coming back to make you sad. Rosa’s parents were separated. Nine months out of the year, Rosa lived with her mother in an apartment on Anderson Street. But when summer __4__, she went to her father’s farm in Arizona. The farm was great! Rosa rode horses and __5__ with some farm work. Her father, however, was so __6__ that he couldn’t find time to go places with her. When she arrived each summer, her father would __7__ her at the airport and take her out to eat. And the day she went back to the __8__ he would always buy her a present. When summer came to a close, Rosa __9__ to her mother. At school she heard lots of stories her friends told about their family trips. Rosa wished she had a __10__ to talk about. Not long after __11__ began, Rosa was looking through travel magazines in the school library. They talked about many exciting __12__, like England and Germany. When Rosa’s friends asked what she had done that summer, she made up something that was not __13__. Remembering the travel magazines she had looked at, she told her classmates that she and her father had gone to __14__. When the class began studying England, Mr. Thomas asked Rosa to tell all the things she could __15__ about her trip to England!
  1. A. afraid B. worried C. sure D. happy
  2. A. joke B. fun C. turn D. game
  3. A. talk B. teach C. show D. travel
  4. A. passed B. arrived C. lasted D. changed
  5. A. made B. played C. helped D. did
  6. A. weak B. pleased C. busy D. lonely
  7. A. show B. visit C. meet D. send
  8. A. farm B. city C. family D. school
  9. A. wrote B. called C. moved D. returned
  10. A. family B. school C. teacher D. farm
  11. A. meeting B. school C. summer D. talk
  12. A. people B. cities C. languages D. places
  13. A interesting B. true C. long D. same
  14. A. England B. Germany C. farm D. home
  15. A. think B. see C. remember D. read E Most parents, I suppose, have had the experience of reading a bedtime story __1__ their children. And they must have realized how difficult it is to write a __2__ children’s book. Either the author has aimed (定目标) too __3__, so that children can’t follow what is in his ( or more often, her ) story, __4__ the story seems to be talking to the readers. The best children’s books are __5__ very difficult nor very simple, and satisfy(令人满意的) the __6__ who hears the story and the adult(成年人) who __7__ it. Unfortunately(不幸的 是), there are in fact few books like this, __8__ the problem of finding the right bedtime story is not __9__ to solve. This may be why many of the books regarded as __10__ of children’s
4
literature(文学) were in fact written for __11__ “Alice in Wonderland” is perhaps the most obvious(明显)of this. Children, left for themselves, often __12__ the worst possible interest in literature. Just leave a child in a bookshop or a __13__ and he will more willingly choose the books written in an unimaginative (并非想象的 ) way, or have a look at the most children’s comics(连环图书), full of the stories and jokes which are the rejections of teachers and righting-thinking parents. Perhaps we parents should stop __14__ to brainwash(洗脑)children into accepting(接受) our taste in literature. After all, children and adults are so __15__ that we parents should not expect that they will enjoy the same books. So I suppose we’ll just have to compromise (妥协) over the bedtime story.
  1. A. to B. in C. with D. around
  2. A. short B. long C. bad D. good
  3. A. easy B. short C. high D. difficult
  4. A. and B. but C. or D. so
  5. A. both B. neither C. either D. very
  6. A. child B. father C. mother D. teacher
  7. A. hears B. buys C. understands D. reads
  8. A. but B. however C. so D. because
  9. A. hard B. easy C. enough D. fast
  10.A. articles B. work C. arts D. works
  11. A. grown-ups B. girls C. boys D. children
  12. A. are B. show C. find D. add
  13. A. school B. home C. office D. lib
 

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