2011 年考研英语(二)完型填空题目及参考答案 "The Internet affords anonymity to its users ? a boon to privacy and freedom of speech. But that very anonymity is also behind the explosion of cybercrime that has 1 across the Web. Can privacy be preserved 2 bringing a semblance of safety and security to a world that seems increasingly 3 ? Last month, Howard Schmidt, the nation’s cyberczar, offered the Obama government a 4 to make the Web a safer place ? a “voluntary identify” system that would be the high-tech 5 of a physical key, fingerprint and a photo ID card, all rolled 6 one. The system might use a smart identity card, or a digital credential 7 to a specific computer, and would authenticate users at a range of online services. The idea is to 8 a federation of private online identify systems. Users could 9 which system to join, and only registered users whose identities have been authenticated could navigate those systems. The approach contrasts with one that would require an Internet driver’s license 10 by the government. Google and Microsoft are among companies that already have sign-on” systems that make it possible for users to 11 just once but use many different services. 12 , the approach would create a “walled garden” in safe “neighborhoods” and bright “streetlights” to establish a sense of 13 community. Mr. Schmidt described it as a “voluntary ecosystem” in which individuals and organizations can complete online transactions with 14 ,trusting the identities of the infrastructure that the transaction runs 15 .'" Still, the administration’s plan has 16 privacy rights activists. Some applaud the approach; others are concerned. It seems clear that such an initiative push toward what would 17 be a license” mentality. The plan has also been greeted with 18 by some experts, who worry that the “voluntary ecosystem” would still leave much of the Internet 19 .They argue that should be 20 to register and identify themselves, in drivers must be licensed to drive on public roads.
  1.A.swept B. skipped C. walked D. ridden
  2.A.for B. within C. while D. though
  3.A.careless B. lawless C. pointless D. helpless
  4.A.reason B. reminder C. compromise D. proposal
  5.A.information B. interference C. entertainment D. equivalent
  6.A.by B. into C. from D. over
  7.A.linked B. directed C. chained D. compared
  8.A.dismiss B. discover C. create D. improve
  9.A.recall B. suggest C. select D. realize
  10.A.released B. issued C. distributed D. delivered
  11.A.carry on B. linger on C. set in D. log in
  12.A.In vain B. In effect C. In return D. In contrast

  13.A.trusted B. modernized C. thriving D. competing
  14.A.caution B. delight C. confidence D. patience
  15.A.on B. after C. beyond D. across
  16.A.divided B. disappointed C. protected D. united
  17.A.frequently B. incidentally C. occasionally D. eventually
  18.A.skepticism B. tolerance C. indifference D. enthusiasm
  19.A.manageable B. defendable C. vulnerable D. invisible
  20.A.invited B. appointed C. allowed D. forced 跨考教育提供参考答案:1-5 ACBDD 6-10 BACCA 11-15 DBACA 16-20 CDACD 小作文范文: Dear friend, I am writing to congratulate you on your being successfully admitted to Harvard University, which enjoys an international reputation for its academic excellence and give you some suggestions as to how to make preparation for the coming college life. In order for you to adapt yourself to the university life, you are advised to get prepared physically and intellectually. First and foremost, you need to build a strong body for the future academic pursuit, so you can take some exercises during the breaks. Secondly, since the study in university is more demanding than in your secondary school, you are highly suggested to find some introductory books from the library so as to have a good idea of the specialty you are going to take in your college life. Given your sound ability, you are sure to have a successful college life. Congratulate you again and wish you a fruitful college life. Sincerely yours, Zhang Wei 大作文范文: This bar chart indicates different market shares of automobiles of three types of brand affiliations between 2008 and 20
  09. In 20
  08, cars with Japanese brands topped the three types of vehicles, accounting for 35% of the total market. What follows is the cars with Chinese brands, hitting 25% of the auto market, with the share of American brand bottomed out at 15%. In 20
  09, some developments are noticeable in that the cars with the largest share became those of Chinese brands, which occupied roughly 32% of the market, while cars with Japanese and American brands took 25% and 15% of the whole market respectively. It is observed that between 2008 and 20
  09, cars of Chinese and Japanese brands took turns to be the No.1 in terms of market share while those with American brands ranked the last in both years. And the share of Chinese-brand cars witnessed a mild increase and that of the Japanese-brand cars saw a moderate decrease, while the American-brand cars stayed the same. From this graph, we can come to the safe conclusion that the Chinese automakers are doing a good job in outcompeting their Japanese and American counterparts in 20
  09, but the gap is not so significant and if no efforts were made from the part of the Chinese auto industry, the distribution map might be rewritten in the future.
 

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