2011 年考研英语(二)试题及答案
Section I
cloze
"The Internet affords anonymity to its users ? a boon to privacy and freedom of speech. But that very anonymity is also behind the explosion of cybercrime that has 1 across the Web. Can privacy be preserved 2 bringing a semblance of safety and security to a world that seems increasingly 3 ? Last month, Howard Schmidt, the nation’s cyberczar, offered the Obama government a 4 to make the Web a safer place ? a “voluntary identify” system that would be the high-tech 5 of a physical key, fingerprint and a photo ID card, all rolled 6 one. The system might use a smart identity card, or a digital credential 7 to a specific computer, and would authenticate users at a range of online services. The idea is to 8 a federation of private online identify systems. Users could 9 which system to join, and only registered users whose identities have been authenticated could navigate those systems. The approach contrasts with one that would require an Internet driver’s license 10 by the government. Google and Microsoft are among companies that already have sign-on” systems that make it possible for users to 11 just once but use many different services. 12 , the approach would create a “walled garden” in safe “neighborhoods” and bright “streetlights” to establish a sense of community. Mr. Schmidt described it as a “voluntary ecosystem” in which individuals and organizations can complete online transactions with 14 ,trusting the identities of the infrastructure that the transaction runs 15 .'" Still, the administration’s plan has 16 privacy rights activists. Some applaud the approach; others are concerned. It seems clear that such an initiative push toward what would 17 be a license” mentality. The plan has also been greeted with 18 by some experts, who worry that the “voluntary ecosystem” would still leave much of the Internet 19 .They argue that should be 20 to register and identify themselves, in drivers must be licensed to drive on public roads.
  1.A.swept B. skipped C. walked D. ridden
  2.A.for B. within C. while D. though
  3.A.careless B. lawless C. pointless D. helpless
  4.A.reason B. reminder C. compromise D. proposal
  5.A.information B. interference C. entertainment D. equivalent
  6.A.by B. into C. from D. over
  7.A.linked B. directed C. chained D. compared
  8.A.dismiss B. discover C. create D. improve
1

  9.A.recall B. suggest C. select D. realize
  10.A.released B. issued C. distributed D. delivered
  11.A.carry on B. linger on C. set in D. log in
  12.A.In vain B. In effect C. In return D. In contrast
  13.A.trusted B. modernized C. thriving D. competing
  14.A.caution B. delight C. confidence D. patience
  15.A.on B. after C. beyond D. across
  16.A.divided B. disappointed C. protected D. united
  17.A.frequently B. incidentally C. occasionally D. eventually
  18.A.skepticism B. tolerance C. indifference D. enthusiasm
  19.A.manageable B. defendable C. vulnerable D. invisible
  20.A.invited B. appointed C. allowed D. forced 2011 考研英语(二)阅读真题 第4篇
WILL the European Union make it? The question would have sounded outlandish not long ago. Now even the project’s greatest cheerleaders talk of a continent facing a “Bermuda triangle” of debt, demographic decline and lower growth. As well as those chronic problems, the EU faces an acute crisis in its economic core, the 16 countries that use the single currency. Markets have lost faith that the euro zone’s economies, weaker or stronger, will one day converge thanks to the discipline of sharing a single currency, which denies uncompetitive stragglers the quick fix of devaluation. Yet the debate about how to save Europe’s single currency from disintegration is stuck. It is stuck because the euro zone’s dominant powers, France and Germany, agree on the need for greater harmonisation within the euro zone, but disagree about what to harmonise. Germany thinks the euro must be saved by stricter rules on borrowing, spending and competitiveness, backed by quasi-automatic sanctions for governments that stray. These might include threats to freeze EU funds for poorer regions and EU mega-projects, and even the suspension of a country’s voting rights in EU ministerial councils. It insists that economic co-ordination should involve all 27 members of the EU club, among whom there is a small majority for free-market liberalism and economic rigour; in the inner core alone, Germany fears, a small majority favour French dirigisme. A “southern” camp headed by France wants something different: “European economic government” within an inner core of euro-zone members. Translated, that means politicians meddling in monetary policy and a system of redistribution from richer to poorer members, via cheaper borrowing for governments through common Eurobonds or outright fiscal transfers. Finally, figures close to the French government have murmured, euro-zone members should agree to some fiscal and social harmonisation: eg, curbing competition in corporate-tax rates or labour costs.
2
It is too soon to write off the EU. It remains the world’s largest trading block. At its best, the European project is remarkably liberal: built around a single market of 27 rich and poor countries, its internal borders are far more porous to goods, capital and labour than any comparable trading area. It is an ambitious attempt to blunt the sharpest edges of globalisation, and make capitalism benign.
  36.The EU is faced with to many problems that A it has more or less lost faith in markets B even its supporters begin to fell concerned C some of its member countries plan to X curo D it intends to deny the possibility of devaluation 37 The X over the EU’s single currency is stuck because the X pomery A are X for the leading position B are busy X their own crises Cfall to reach an agreement on harmonisation D disagreement on the steps towards disintegration 38 To solve the cure problem ,Gremanyproposed that A EU funds for poor regions be X B stricter regulations be impossal C only core members be involved in ecomomic X D voting rights of the EU members be guaranteed 39 The French proposal of handling the crisis implies that A X countries are more likely to get finds B monetary policy will be applied to poor countries C X will be readily available to rich countries D rich countries will busically control Eurobonds 40 X the future of the EU,the author seems to feel A pesaimistic B desperate Cconeceiled D hopeful Section II Directions:(7 选
  5) In the following text, some sentences have been removed. For Questio ns (41-
  45), choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in a ny of the gaps. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Such a move could affect firms such as McDonald’s, which sponsors th e youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association. Fast-food chains should also stop offering “inducements” such as toys, cute animals and m obile phone credit to lure young customers, Stephenson said.
3
Professor Dinesh Bhugra, president of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, said: “If children are taught about the impact that food has on their grow th, and that some things can harm, at least information is available up fro nt.” He also urged councils to impose “fast-food-free zones” around school and hospitals-areas within which takeaways cannot open. A Department of Health spokesperson said: “We need to create a new vision for public health where all of society works together to get healthy and live longer. This includes creating a new ‘responsibility deal’ with busin ess, built on social responsibility, not state regulation. Later this year, we will publish a white paper setting out exactly how we will achieve this.” The food industry will be alarmed that such senior doctors back such r adical moves, especially the call to use some of the tough tactics that hav e been deployed against smoking over the last decade.
[A] “fat taxes” should be imposed on fast-f ood producers such as McDonald’s.
  41.Andrew Lansley held that [B] the government should ban fast-food o utlets in the neighborhood of schools.
  42.Terence Stephenson agreed that
  43.Jamie Oliver seemed to believe that [C] “lecturing” was an effective way to imp rove school lunches in England. [D] cigarette-style warnings should be intro duced to children about the dangers of a p oor diet.
  44.Dinesh Bhugra suggested that [E] the producers of crisps and candies co uld contribute significantly to the Change4Life campaign.
  45.A Department of Health Spokesperson propsed that [F] parents should set good examples for t heir children by keeping a healthy diet at home. [G] the government should strengthen the sense of responsibility among businesses.
Section Ⅲ Translation
  46. Directions: In this section there is a text in English. Translate it into Chinese. Writ e your translation on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (15 points) Who would have thought that, globally, the IT industry produces about the same volume of greenhouse gases as the world’s airlines do roug hly 2 percent of all CO2 emissions? Many everyday tasks take a surprising toll on the environment. A Goo gle search can leak between
  0.2 and
  7.0 grams of CO2, depending on ho
4
w many attempts are needed to get the “right” answer. To deliver results to its users quickly, then, Google has to maintain vast data centres around the world, packed with powerful computers. While producing large quantiti es of CO2, these computers emit a great deal of heat, so the centres nee d to be well air-conditioned, which uses even more energy. However, Google and other big tech providers monitor their efficiency closely and make improvements. Monitoring is the first step on the road to reduction , but there is much more to be done, and not just by big comp anies. Section IV Writing Part A 47 Directions: Suppose your cousin Li Ming has just been admitted to a university. W rite him/her a letter to
  1) congratulate him/her, and
  2) give him/her suggestions on how to get prepared for university life. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Zhang Wei” instead. Do not write the address. (10 points)
2011 年考研英语(二)试题客观题部分参考答案
1-5 ACBDD BBDAA G 6-10 BACCA 26-30DBCBB 11-15 DBACA 31-35BDCDB 16-20 CDACD 21-25 36-40DCBAC 41-45EDCF
5
 

相关内容

02-08年考研英语二历年真题及答案

   2002 Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. Since 1981,farmers in Holland have been encouraged to adopt“green”farming techniques that were thought to benefit plant and bird life.Farmers ...

011年考研英语二大纲解析及备考指南

   011 年考研英语二大纲解析及备考指南 由跨考教研室编写 9 月 2 日,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)考试大纲》公布,与去 年英语(二)大纲相比,2011 考研英语(二)考试大纲 没有任何变化。为了帮助大 家对英语(二)大纲有更深刻的认识,笔者从考试性质、评价目标和试卷结构三个 角度,对 2011 年英语(二)考试大纲的考查要求和 内容进行解析。 一 考试性质 英语(一)是针对学术硕士研究生的考生,英语(二)是针对专业硕士研究生的考 生。 专业硕士研究生主要包括会计硕士等 ...

2011年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解6

   2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 6 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 Of the thousands of different kinds of animals that exist in the world man has learned to make friends with an enormous number. Some a ...

2011年考研英语

   石家庄世纪人和管理培训学校 Web:www.rhmanager.com.cn 倾尽全力传播和创新管理知识 Tel:0311-87883376 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于 对 与同学们见面了, 万学海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语( ...

2011年考研英语大纲

   指导:按照具体题型解析 指导:按照具体题型解析2011年考研英语大纲 年考研英语大纲 指导:按照具体题型解析 指导:按照具体题型解析2011年考研英语大纲 年考研英语大纲 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学海 文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说,研究 ...

2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲

   2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲 年考研英语( 年考研英语 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大 纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学 "海文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对 比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 《英语 (一) 考试大纲》 与去年相比没有任何变化。 总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能, 2011年的新大 纲也保持了这一持续性 ...

2001年考研英语翻译真题解析

   2001年 年 71) There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend. 句子分析: 句子分析: 第一、 句子可以拆分为三段: There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, / and cars with pollution m ...

2011年考研英语作文十大热点范文

   2011 年考研英语作文十大热点预测 一、低碳与环保 低碳与环保 构思点拨 图片中一个小男孩,早已进入甜蜜的梦乡,电视却依然在播放,这时候妈妈走过来帮他 关了电视,还责备他为什么总是忘记关电视。显然,直观看来,这幅图是在告诉我们要节约 用电。但是,我们如果从更宏观,更深层次的角度去思考,这幅图正是在告诉我们一个流行 的生活理念:低碳生活。所以本文旨在倡导一种低碳环保的生活方式。因此本文的内容和结 构可如下: 第一段:描述图画;第二段:列举现象,分析影响;第三段:建议措施,展望未来。 思维拓展 ...

2011年考研英语写作范文100篇(何钢)

   2/9 大家网 WORD 模版.doc TopSage.com 考研英语资料大全 首先来点音乐吧 O(∩_∩)O~: 每天记忆 3000 单词:罗扎夫高效记忆音乐+巴洛克超级学习音乐 1986-2009 年历年英语真题及解析音频下载汇总: 2010考研英语万能作文MP31992-2009 年下载 1986-2009 年历年考研英语真题音频阅读+完型+英译汉+写作下载 2010 夏倚荣考研英语历年真题解析(1992-2009)音频下载 2006-2009 经济学家双语阅读汇总下载 2009 年 ...

2011年考研英语小作文冲刺急训之介绍信

   2011 年考研英语小作文冲刺急训之介绍信 范文解析: 范文解析: Directions: Your close friend in college, Li Ming, is going to pursue his postgraduate study in the foreign university where you studied before. Write a letter of no less than 100 words to your former teacher Profe ...

热门内容

2008年三月份考博英语 全

   睿普教育 专注考博英语 www.reapedu.com 中国科学院博士学位研究生入学考试英语试题 (2008 年三月) CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE ENGLISH ENTRANCE EXAMINATION FOR DOCTORAL CANDIDATES March 2008 PAPER ONE PART I VOCABULARY (15 minutes, 10 points, 1.5 point each) Directions: Choose the word o ...

临床医学英语

   Chapter 1 Patient-Physician Interaction Page 1 第一章 医患沟通 第1页 The patient-physician interaction proceeds through many phases of clinical reasoning and decision making. proceed 进行、开展 reasoning 推论、推理 clinical reasoning 诊断 clinical decision 确定治疗方案 makin ...

考研英语历年翻译真题解析(new)

   2007年 (46).Traditionally,legal learning has been viewed in such institutions as the special preserve of lawyers, rather than a necessary part of the intellectual equipment of an educated person. 注:本句包含一个" such… as" 结构和一个" rather… tha ...

英语学术论文常用句型

   英语学术论文常用句型 Beginning 1. In this paper。 2. This paper proceeds as follow. 3. The structure of the paper is as follows. 4. In this paper, we shall first briefly introduce fuzzy sets and related concepts 5. To begin with we will provide a brief backgr ...

新标准英语三年级起点第一册教案(全册)

   找教案 www.zhaojiaoan.com 新标准小学英语第一册教案 郭兵 Module 1 GREETINGS 功能:问候和道别/自我介绍 语言: Hello. Hi. I’m…. Goodbye. Bye-bye. Good morning. How are you?I’m fine, thank you. 词汇:helIo (hi) I am (I’m) goodbye(bye-bye) , , ,Good morning,How are you? Fine, thank you,a ...