Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered black and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) The Internet affords anonymity to its users, a blessing to privacy and freedom of speech. But that very anonymity is also behind the explosion of cyber-crime that has 1 across the Web. Can privacy be preserved 2 bringing safety and security to a world that seems increasingly3 ? 3 Last month, Howard Schmidt, the nation’s cyber-czar, offered the federal government a 4 to make the Web a safer place-a “voluntary trusted identity” system that would be the high-tech 5 of a physical key, a fingerprint and a photo ID card, all rolled 6 one. The system might use a smart identity card, or a digital credential 7 to a specific computer .and would authenticate users at a range of online services. The idea is to 8 a federation of private online identity systems. User could 9 which system to join, and only registered users whose identities have been authenticated could navigate those systems. The approach contrasts with one that would require an Internet driver’s license 10 by the government. Google and Microsoft are among companies that already have these single sign-on” “ systems that make it possible for users to 11 just once but use many different services. 12 .the approach would create a “walled garden” n cyberspace, with safe “neighborhoods” and bright “streetlights” to establish a sense of a 13 community. Mr. Schmidt described it as a “voluntary ecosystem” in which “individuals and organizations can complete online transactions with14 ,trusting the identities 14 of each other and the identities of the infrastructure 15 which the transaction runs”.
Still, the administration’s plan has 16 privacy rights activists. Some applaud the approach; others are concerned. It seems clear that such a scheme is an initiative push toward what would 17 be a compulsory Internet “drive’s license” mentality. The plan has also been greeted with 18 by some computer security experts, who worry that the “voluntary ecosystem” envisioned by Mr. Schmidt would still leave much of the Internet 19 .They argue that all Internet users should be 20 to register and identify themselves, in the same way that drivers must be licensed to drive on public roads.

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9. A.swept A.for A.careless A.reason A.information A.by A.linked A.dismiss A.recall B.skipped B.within B.lawless B.reminder B.interference B.into B.directed B.discover B.suggest B.issued B.linger on B.In effect B.modernized B.delight B.after B.disappointed B.incidentally B.relerance B.defendable B.appointed C.walked C.while C.pointless C.compromise C.entertainment C.from C.chained C.create C.select C.distributed C.set in C.In return c.thriving C.confidence C.beyond C.protected C.occasionally C.indifference C.vulnerable C.allowed D.ridden D.though D.helpless D.proposal D.equivalent D.over D.compared D.improve D.realize D.delivered D.log in D.In contrast D.competing D.patience D.across D.united D.eventually D.enthusiasm D.invisible D.forced

  10. A.relcased
  11. A.carry on
  12. A.In vain
  13. A.trusted
  14. A.caution
  15. A.on
  16. A.divided
  17. A.frequestly
  18. A.skepticism
  19. A.manageable
  20. A.invited
Section II Reading Comprehension Part A
Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions after each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40points) Text 1 Ruth Simmons joined Goldman Sachs’s board as an outside director in January 2000: a year later she became president of Brown University. For the rest of the decade she apparently managed both roles without attracting much eroticism. But by the end of 2009 Ms. Simmons was under fire for having sat on Goldman’s compensation committee; how could she have let those enormous bonus payouts pass unremarked? By February the next year Ms. Simmons had left the board. The position was just taking up too much time, she said. Outside directors are supposed to serve as helpful, yet less biased, advisers on a firm’s board. Having made their wealth and their reputations elsewhere, they presumably have enough independence to disagree with the chief executive’ proposals. s If the sky, and the share price is falling, outside directors should be able to give advice based on having weathered their own crises. The researchers from Ohio University used a database hat covered more than 10,000 firms and more than 64,000 different directors between 1989 and 20
  04. Then they simply checked which directors stayed from one proxy statement to the next. The most likely reason for departing a board was age, so the researchers concentrated on those “surprise” disappearances by directors under the age of
  70. They fount that after a surprise departure, the probability that the company will subsequently have to restate earnings increased by nearly 20%. The likelihood of being named in a federal class-action lawsuit also increases, and the stock is likely to perform worse. The effect tended to be larger for larger firms. Although a correlation between them leaving and subsequent bad performance at the firm is suggestive, it does not mean that such directors are always jumping off a sinking ship. Often they “trade up.” Leaving riskier, smaller firms for larger and more stable firms. But the researchers believe that outside directors have an easier time of avoiding a blow to their reputations if they leave a firm before bad news breaks, even if a review of history shows they were on the board at the time any wrongdoing occurred. Firms who want to keep their outside directors through tough times may
have to create incentives. Otherwise outside directors will follow the example of Ms. Simmons, once again very popular on campus.
  21. According to Paragraph 1, Ms. Simmons was criticized for . [A]gaining excessive profits [B]failing to fulfill her duty [C]refusing to make compromises [D]leaving the board in tough times
  22. We learn from Paragraph 2 that outside directors are supposed to be . [A]generous investors [B]unbiased executives [C]share price forecasters [D]independent advisers
  23. According to the researchers from Ohio University after an outside director’ s surprise departure, the firm is likely to . [A]become more stable [B]report increased earnings [C]do less well in the stock market [D]perform worse in lawsuits
  24. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that outside directors . [A]may stay for the attractive offers from the firm [B]have often had records of wrongdoings in the firm [C]are accustomed to stress-free work in the firm
[D]will decline incentives from the firm
  25. The author’s attitude toward the role of outside directors is . [A]permissive [B]positive [C]scornful [D]critical Text 2 Whatever happened to the death of newspaper? A year ago the end seemed near. The recession threatened to remove the advertising and readers that had not already fled to the internet. Newspapers like the San Francisco Chronicle were chronicling their own doom. America’s Federal Trade commission launched a round of talks about how to save newspapers. Should they become charitable corporations? Should the state subsidize them ? It will hold another meeting soon. But the discussions now seem out of date. In much of the world there is the sign of crisis. German and Brazilian papers have shrugged off the recession. Even American newspapers, which inhabit the most troubled come of the global industry, have not only survived but often returned to profit. Not the 20% profit margins that were routine a few years ago, but profit all the same. It has not been much fun. Many papers stayed afloat by pushing journalists overboard. The American Society of News Editors reckons that 13,500 newsroom jobs have gone since 20
  07. Readers are paying more for slimmer products. Some papers even had the nerve to refuse delivery to distant suburbs. Yet these desperate measures have proved the right ones and, sadly for many journalists, they can be pushed further. Newspapers are becoming more balanced businesses, with a healthier mix of revenues from readers and advertisers. American papers have long been highly unusual in their reliance on ads. Fully 87% of their revenues came from advertising in 2008, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD). In
Japan the proportion is 35%. Not surprisingly, Japanese newspapers are much more stable. The whirlwind that swept through newsrooms harmed everybody, but much of the damage has been concentrated in areas where newspaper are least distinctive. Car and film reviewers have gone. So have science and general business reporters. Foreign bureaus have been savagely cut off. Newspapers are less complete as a result. But completeness is no longer a virtue in the newspaper business.
  26. By saying “Newspapers like … their own doom” (Lines 3-4, Para.
  1), the author indicates that newspaper . [A]neglected the sign of crisis [B]failed to get state subsidies [C]were not charitable corporations [D]were in a desperate situation
  27. Some newspapers refused delivery to distant suburbs probably because . [A]readers threatened to pay less [B]newspapers wanted to reduce costs [C]journalists reported little about these areas [D]subscribers complained about slimmer products
  28. Compared with their American counterparts, Japanese newspapers are much more stable because they . [A]have more sources of revenue [B]have more balanced newsrooms [C]are less dependent on advertising [D]are less affected by readership

  29. What can be inferred from the last paragraph about the current newspaper business? [A]Distinctiveness is an essential feature of newspapers. [B]Completeness is to blame for the failure of newspaper. [C]Foreign bureaus play a crucial role in the newspaper business. [D]Readers have lost their interest in car and film reviews.
  30. The most appropriate title for this text would be . [A]American Newspapers: Struggling for Survival [B]American Newspapers: Gone with the Wind [C]American Newspapers: A Thriving Business [D]American Newspapers: A Hopeless Story Text 3 We tend to think of the decades immediately following World War II as a time of prosperity and growth, with soldiers returning home by the millions, going off to college on the G. I. Bill and lining up at the marriage bureaus. But when it came to their houses, it was a time of common sense and a belief that less could truly be more. During the Depression and the war, Americans had learned to live with less, and that restraint, in combination with the postwar confidence in the future, made small, efficient housing positively stylish. Economic condition was only a stimulus for the trend toward efficient living. The phrase “less is more” was actually first popularized by a German, the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who like other people associated with the Bauhaus, a school of design, emigrated to the United States before World War II and took up posts at American architecture schools. These designers came to exert enormous influence on the course of American architecture, but none more so thatMies.
Mies’s signature phrase means that less decoration, properly organized, has more impact that a lot. Elegance, he believed, did not derive from abundance. Like other modern architects, he employed metal, glass and laminated wood-materials that we take for granted today buy that in the 1940s symbolized the future. Mies’s sophisticated presentation masked the fact that the spaces he designed were small and efficient, rather than big and often empty. The apartments in the elegant towers Mies built on Chicago’s Lake Shore Drive, for example, were smaller-two-bedroom units under 1,000 square feet-than those in their older neighbors along the city’s Gold Coast. But they were popular because of their airy glass walls, the views they afforded and the elegance of the buildings’ details and proportions, the architectural equivalent of the abstract art so popular at the time. The trend toward “less” was not entirely foreign. In the 1930s Frank Lloyd Wright started building more modest and efficient houses-usually around 1,200 square feet-than the spreading two-story ones he had designed in the 1890s and the early 20th century. The “Case Study Houses” commissioned from talented modern architects by California Arts & Architecture magazine between 1945 and 1962 were yet another homegrown influence on the “less is more” trend. Aesthetic effect came from the landscape, new materials and forthright detailing. In his Case Study House, Ralph everyday life ? few American families acquired helicopters, though most eventually got clothes dryers ? but his belief that self-sufficiency was both desirable and inevitable was widely shared.
  31. The postwar American housing style largely reflected the Americans’ . [A]prosperity and growth [B]efficiency and practicality [C]restraint and confidence [D]pride and faithfulness
  32. Which of the following can be inferred from Paragraph 3 about Bauhaus?
[A]It was founded by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. [B]Its designing concept was affected by World War II. [C]Most American architects used to be associated with it. [D]It had a great influence upon American architecture.
  33. Mies held that elegance of architectural design . [A]was related to larg
 

相关内容

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2011年考研英语作文万能好模板

   金状元考研网 金状元考研网 2011 年考研英语作文万能模板 考研英语作文万能模板:一共写十七个句子 所谓万能这个概念,如果大家都去这么用的话,就等于没有用了。PartB 部分是有的,但是 partA 没有,PartB 可以基本上把这个文章全写完的一个模板 方式。万能模板,你这么想,大家告诉我,只要一个题目能够转变成一社会现象 之后,最好准备两到三套大的万能无敌模式。关于万能模式的几个问题: 一、我们选用的句子的灵活性强,经过了精心的选择 二、句型都是五星级,并在开头和长短句子方面有设计,并 ...

2011年考研英语大纲

   指导:按照具体题型解析 指导:按照具体题型解析2011年考研英语大纲 年考研英语大纲 指导:按照具体题型解析 指导:按照具体题型解析2011年考研英语大纲 年考研英语大纲 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学海 文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说,研究 ...

2001年考研英语翻译真题解析

   2001年 年 71) There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend. 句子分析: 句子分析: 第一、 句子可以拆分为三段: There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, / and cars with pollution m ...

2011年考研英语作文十大热点范文

   2011 年考研英语作文十大热点预测 一、低碳与环保 低碳与环保 构思点拨 图片中一个小男孩,早已进入甜蜜的梦乡,电视却依然在播放,这时候妈妈走过来帮他 关了电视,还责备他为什么总是忘记关电视。显然,直观看来,这幅图是在告诉我们要节约 用电。但是,我们如果从更宏观,更深层次的角度去思考,这幅图正是在告诉我们一个流行 的生活理念:低碳生活。所以本文旨在倡导一种低碳环保的生活方式。因此本文的内容和结 构可如下: 第一段:描述图画;第二段:列举现象,分析影响;第三段:建议措施,展望未来。 思维拓展 ...

02-08年考研英语二历年真题及答案

   2002 Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. Since 1981,farmers in Holland have been encouraged to adopt“green”farming techniques that were thought to benefit plant and bird life.Farmers ...

2011年考研英语成功法则

   2011 年考研英语成功法则 主讲介绍: 主讲介绍: 肖克老师: 肖克老师: 我国考研英语实力派和激情派旗帜,学术底蕴深厚,擅长英美文化思维模式,口语发音纯正, 我国考研英语实力派和激情派旗帜,学术底蕴深厚,擅长英美文化思维模式,口语发音纯正, 成功在所讲的考研班上预测今年考试的大作文"网络问题" 小作文建议信.阅读主张" 成功在所讲的考研班上预测今年考试的大作文"网络问题" 小作文建议信.阅读主张"宏观 , 语篇分析" ...

2011年考研英语大作文及范文

   2011 考研英语 英语 1)真题大作文 (海天考研范文 考研英语(英语 真题 真题大 海天考研范文) 海天考研范文 Part B 52、Directions: 、 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing.In your essay,you should 1) describe the drawing briefly. 2) explain its ntended meaning,and 3) give y ...

2011年考研英语翻译技巧汇总

   2011 年考研英语翻译技巧汇总 导读: 导读:2011 年考研英语翻译技巧汇总囊括了以下翻译技巧:技巧一、词性转换;技 巧二、省略法;技巧三、增词法;技巧四、词义引申;技巧五、词义选择。 名师指导: 名师指导:考研英语翻译技巧之词性转换 一、转译成动词 例如:I admire your decision to fight for the difficulties in preparing the examination. 译文:你决定战胜复习考试中的困难,这一点我很羡慕。 (一)名词转译成 ...

2011年考研英语(一)命题趋势与规律

   万学? 万学?海文第一时间深入分析 2011 年考研英语(一)命题趋势及规律 年考研英语( 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年相比,没有任何本质变化,这说明,考研英语出题方向 和出题难度跟 2010 年相比具有较好的稳定性。回顾历史,考研英语(一)自从 2005 年作出 一次重大调整之后,考研英语试卷结构就稳定下来,分为三大部分,英语知识运用部分 10 分,阅读部分分为 Part A(传统阅读) 、Part B(新题型)和 Pa ...

热门内容

英语口译二级精讲班第1讲课件讲义

   英语口译二级精讲班第 1 讲课件讲义(环球职业教育在线) 英语口译二级精讲班第 1 讲讲义 二级口译实务考试介绍 l 二级口译实务考试介绍 英语口译二级考试分《口译综合能力》 和《口译实务》测试两部分,旨在检测应试者的口译实践能力是否达到专业译员水 平。合格的应试者应能熟练运用口译技巧,完整准确地译出原话内容,无错译漏译。 英语口译实务(二级)考试含“英汉交替传译”和“汉英交替传译” 。题量各占 50%, 含总量约 1000 单词的英语讲话两篇和总量约 1000 汉字的汉语讲话两篇, 时间约 ...

服装专业英语PROFESSINAL ENGLISH FOR APPAREL

   1 服装英语词典 [新手必背]常用服装英语词汇 颜色 纱线 面料 针织布 裁床 车缝 服装部位名词 服装标准术语 常用服装英语缩写 服装专业名词国粤英语对照 度尺部位词汇 服装机械词汇 常用包装物料和车缝物料 常见的洗水方法 各种样板(Sample,样办) 服装品质控制(QC)词汇 织疵(布疵)的英文表达 针织基础知识 纺织品与服装测试项目 皮革 帽子 其它 使用方法:按“Ctrl+F”键打开查找对话框来查找你要找的单词。或者单击“编辑”菜单??“查找”。 [新手必背]常用服装英语词汇 新手 ...

山东省师大附中2010届高三第二次模拟(英语)

   本资料来源于大家网高考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-136-1.htm 山东师大附中 2010 届高三第二次模拟考试 英 语 试 题 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 105 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选 项,标在试卷的相应 ...

2010年高考英语试题及答案-陕西卷(完美版)

   www.zgxzw.com 中国校长网 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(陕西卷 2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(陕西卷) 英 第一部分 英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出所给单词的正确读音,并在答题卡 上将该选项涂黑. 1. taste (A) A./teist/ B. /t???? C. /tist/ D./ta:st/ 2. touch ( C) B. /????? ...

英语必修4文段(广东)

   Unit 1 Women of achievement 汉斯是一个有成就的人 成就的人。他的一生都奉献 奉献给了 成就的人 奉献 无家可归的儿童。他的行为赢得了所有人的尊 重。最近,汉斯被邀请在哈佛大学毕业典礼上 发表演讲。汉斯说,“照顾孩子是平凡的工作 照顾孩子是平凡的工作, 发表演讲 照顾孩子是平凡的工作 但是不要瞧不起平凡的工作。一旦开始做一件 事情,你就必须坚持下去,否则你将一事无成 一事无成。 一事无成 只有当你60岁回首往事时,你才会意识到你是 否已经全力以赴,也只有当你能够说你 ...