2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)试题 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(
Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and ma rk [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious t o health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influe nce on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But bec ause hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 b enefits the way, say, walking or jogging does. __6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter appar ently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laugh ter__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh di es down. Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feed back, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argu ed at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad b ut they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psycholog ist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their li ps, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their e nthusiastically to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frown, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the ot her way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like
  2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce
  3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining
  4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe
  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable
  6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief

  7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected
  8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes
  9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance
  10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal
  11.[A]Except for [B]According to [C]Due to [D]As for
  12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at
  13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because
  14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses
  15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond
  16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold
  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent
  18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted
  19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing
  20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music d irector has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden annou ncement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been fav orable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is tha t Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’ s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint prais e. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear int eresting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes.
Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performan ce are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, availabl e everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live perfor mances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s c hoosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a c risis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music t hat is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been wi dely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organi zation.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orche stra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim. [D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest. [C]respectable. [D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers [A]ignore the expenses of live performances. [B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. [C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. [D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? [A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. [B]They are easily accessible to the general public. [C]They help improve the quality of music. [D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic.
[C]confident. [D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his expla nation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of runnin g a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee say s. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Fi nancial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29. McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what ki nd of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside worl d about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executiv es at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronoun cements cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willin g to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 2 3% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspi ring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. F or years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attract ive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior p artner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ell en Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a C EO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities e xchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisi s has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The tr aditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally in verted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those w ho’ve stayed too long.”
  26. When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as
being [A]arrogant. [B]frank. [C]self-centered. [D]impulsive.
  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by [A]their expectation of better financial status. [B]their need to reflect on their private life. [C]their strained relations with the boards. [D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28. The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A]approved of. [B]attended to. [C]hunted for. [D]guarded against.
  29. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that [A]top performers used to cling to their posts. [B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated. [C]top performers care more about reputations. [D]it’s safer to stick to the traditional rules.
  30. Which of the following is the best title for the text? [A]CEOs: Where to Go? [B]CEOs: All the Way Up? [C]Top Managers Jump without a Net [D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers Text 3 The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and prin t advertisements ? still play a major role, companies today can exploit many altern ative forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered w ith its Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors bey ond conventional paid media. Paid and owned media are controlled by marketers promoting their own products. For earned media , such marketers act as the initiator for users’ responses. But in some cases, one marketer’s owned media become another marketer’s paid media ? for instance, when an e-commerce retailer sells ad space on its Web site. We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so strong that other organ
izations place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment. This tre nd ,which we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel providers such as airlines and hotels and will no doubt go further. Johnson & Joh nson, for example, has created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that pro motes complementary and even competitive products. Besides generating income, t he presence of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies o pportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ mar keting, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned. The same dramatic technological changes that have provided marketers with more (and more diverse) communications choices have also increased the risk that passi onate consumers will voice their opinions in quicker, more visible, and much more damaging ways. Such hijacked media are the opposite of earned media: an asset or campaign becomes hostage to consumers, other stakeholders, or activists who make negative allegations about a brand or product. Members of social networks, f or instance, are learning that they can hijack media to apply pressure on the busin esses that originally created them. If that happens, passionate consumers would try to persuade others to boycott pro ducts, putting the reputation of the target company at risk. In such a case, the co mpany’s response may not be sufficiently quick or thoughtful, and the learning curv e has been steep. Toyota Motor, for example, alleviated some of the damage from its recall crisis earlier this year with a relatively quick and well-orchestrated socialmedia response campaign, which included efforts to engage with consumers directly on sites such as Twitter and the social-news site Digg.
  31.Consumers may create “earned” media when they are [A] obscssed with online shopping at certain Web sites. [B] inspired by product-promoting e-mails sent to them. [C] eager to help their friends promote quality products. [D] enthusiastic about recommending their favorite products. 32



   年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(二)试题客观题部分参考答案 1-5 ACBDD 6-10 BACCA 11-15 DBACA 16-20 CDACD 21-25BBDAA 26-30DBCBB 31-35BDCDB 36-40DCBAC 41-45EDCFG 46 题翻译: 题翻译: 有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公司产生的一样多?占二 氧化碳总排量的 2%. 很多日常工作对环境造成了让人震惊的破坏作用。 根据你查询正确答 案的尝试次数,谷歌搜索引擎会插手 ...


   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...


   2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲 年考研英语( 年考研英语 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大 纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学 "海文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对 比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 《英语 (一) 考试大纲》 与去年相比没有任何变化。 总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能, 2011年的新大 纲也保持了这一持续性 ...


   上百度,输入 沈阳高分英语家教"查询 输入"沈阳高分英语家教 查询! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度 输入 沈阳高分英语家教 查询 2008 年普通高校招生统一考试安徽卷 英语 年普通高校招生统一考试安徽卷(英语 英语) 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节, 满分 30 分) 回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上.听力部分结束前, 你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案 转涂到客观题答题卡上. 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 ...


   初中英语学习室 http://www.trjlseng.com 2009 年北京市中考英语试题 年北京市 一、听对话,从下面各题所给的 A、B、C 三幅图片中选择与对话内容相符的图 听对话, 、 、 每段对话读两遍。 (共 片。每段对话读两遍。 共 4 分,每小题 1 分) ( 1. A 2. B C A 3. B C 4. 二、听对话或独白,根据对话或独白的内容,从下面各题所给的 A、B、C 三个 听对话或独白,根据对话或独白的内容, 、 、 选项中选择最佳答案 每段对话或独白读两遍。 选 ...


   免费英语资源下载, 中学英语之家 免费英语资源下载,无需注册 无需点数 http://www.hsehome.net 座号 2008 年河南省初中毕业生学业暨高级中等学校招生考试试卷 英 注意事项: 语(有答案 word 版) 1.本试卷共 10 页.满分 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟. 2.请用钢笔或圆珠笔直接答在试卷上. 3.答卷前请将密封线内的项目填写清楚. 题号 分数 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 总分 得分 评卷人 一,听力理解(20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) 第一 ...


   江苏省苏北四市 2011 届高三第三次模拟考试 英 语 试 题 ( 14:30?16:30 20110401) 满分 120 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、班级、考号写在答题纸的密封线内。 2. 请将所有答案按题号填涂或填写在答题卡/纸的对应题目的答处,否则不得分。 第一卷(三部分, 共 85 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节; 满分 20 分) 做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到 答题卡上。 ...


   绿色听力 www.cetmp3.cn 整理提供 2008 年 12 月英语六级试题 月英语六级试题 Part I writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上 Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15 minutes) Supersize surprise Ask anyone why there is an obesity epidemic and they will tell you ...


   VI.单项填空(共 28 小题,每小题 1 分) 在下列各题的四个答案中选择一个最佳答案。 36. The boys arrived late at the cinema, and the start of the film. A. caught B. missed C. got D. lost 37. ?Guess, how much does it cost? ?I think it costs 15 and 20 dollars. A. from B. between C. among ...


   万学 万学海文第一时间深入分析 2011 年考研英语(一)命题趋势及规律 年考研英语( 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年相比,没有任何本质变化,这说明,考研英语出题方向 和出题难度跟 2010 年相比具有较好的稳定性。回顾历史,考研英语(一)自从 2005 年作出 一次重大调整之后,考研英语试卷结构就稳定下来,分为三大部分,英语知识运用部分 10 分,阅读部分分为 Part A(传统阅读) 、Part B(新题型)和 Part C ...



   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...


   永州职业技术学院商务英语专业 2009 届 毕业生论文撰写安排及要求 一,撰写毕业论文的目的 是要进一步巩固和加强对学生的基本知识和基本技能 训练,加强对学生的多学科理论,知识与技能的综合应用能力的训练,加强学生 创新意识,创新能力和获取新知识能力的培养.培养其严谨,求实的治学方法和 刻苦钻研,勇于探索的精神. 二. 论文提交时间安排 1,所有同学在规定时间内提交论文提纲 所有同学在规定时间内提交论文提纲,用电子邮件形式发送至外语系邮箱 所有同学在规定时间内提交论文提纲 (…@163.com ...


   仁爱版九年级上册期中短语总归纳 Unit1 topic1 句型 Have/has done. 现在完成时 短语 There goes the bell.=That’s the bell.=The bell is ringing. 铃响了 Social activities 社会实践活动 Describe sth. In detail 详细地描述 Go abroad 出国 Leisure activities 业余活动 Living conditions 生活条件 See sth. Onese ...


   2010 学年第二学期三年级英语期终考试试题 (完卷时间:40 分钟) 班级 姓名 学号 成绩 听力:40% 一. 选出你听到的单词,把字母编号填在前面的括号内:10% ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 1. A. hear ) 2. A. doll ) 3. A. too ) 4. A. sea ) 5. A. warm ) 6. A. wet ) 7. A. grow ) 8. A. boat ) 9. A. blue )10. A. quilt B. ear B. ball ...


   英语作文经典句型 一 、 ...the + ~ est + 名 词 +(that)+ 主 词 + have ever + seen ...the ...the (known/heard/had/read, etc) ;...the most + 形容词 + 名词 +(that)+ 主词 + have ever + seen(known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. ...