考研英语语法全突破
43
(for there to be…在句中做程度状语) There being no further questions, we’ll stop here today. (there being…做原因状语) (
  3)引导主语用 for there to be。如: It is unusual for there to be no late comers today. (
  4)做除 for 外的介词宾语,用 there being。如: He would always ignore the fact of there being such a contradiction in his inner thought. 六、虚拟语气
  1.主从句谓语动词的时态 (
  1)掌握主从句谓语动词的规范搭配 : 主句 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反 would/情态动词过去式+do would/情态动词过去式+have done would/情态动词过去式+do had done should do 从句 were (不分人称)/did
如:If the doctor had been available, the child could not have died. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, should there be a sudden loud noise. (
  2)区分主从句表示的不同时间概念: 主从句谓语动词所指时间不同,这叫做错综时间条件句,动词形式应根据实际情况来调整。如: Had it not been for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is. (主句与现在事实相反,从句与 过去事实相反) Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he would be our chairman now. (主句与现在事实相反,从句与过去事实相反 ) (
  3)识别事实和假设混合句: Your math instructor would have been happy to give you a make-up examination had you gone and explained that your parents were ill at the time. (句子前半部分为假设情况, 而“父母病了”是事实) I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at all possible, but I was fully occupied the whole of last week. (前半部分为假设,后半部分是事实 )
  2.名词性从句的虚拟形式 名词性从句是指宾语从句 、主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句 。从句的谓语动词需用 (should+)动词原形 表示虚拟。 考生应熟悉: (
  1)下列动词做谓语时, that 宾语从句中的动词用虚拟形式 : desire, advise, recommend, command, direct, order, ask, demand, request, require, insist, maintain, move, propose, prefer, urge, vote。 如:In the past men generally preferred that their wives work in the home. I move that he be discharged for his serious mistake. (
  2)下列形容词和分词做表语或补语时, that 主语从句中动词用虚拟形式: advisable, desirable, insistent, preferable, urgent, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, essential, imperative, important, necessary, obligatory, possible, probable, proper, vital, advised, arranged, commanded, demanded, desired, ordered, proposed, recommended, requested, required, suggested。如: The board deem it urgent that these files should be printed right away. It is essential that all these figures be checked twice. (
  3)下列名词接同位语从句或表语从句时,从句中动词用虚拟形式: insistence, preference, recommendation, suggestion, proposal, motion, desire, re-quirement, request, order, necessity, importance, regulation, rule, resolution, understanding。如: John Wagner’s most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it be analyzed in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference. They keep telling us it is of utmost importance that our representative be sent to the conference
43
44
考研英语语法全突破
on schedule.
  3.含蓄虚拟条件句的谓语动词形式 含蓄虚拟语气是指假设条件不通过 if 从句表达,而是暗含在其他结构中。考生应熟悉: (
  1)连词 but, but that, or, or else;副词 otherwise, unfortunately 等表示转折假设。 如:A safety analysis would have identified the target as a potential danger. Unfortunately, it was never done. Victor obviously doesn’t know what’s happened; otherwise he wouldn’t have made such a stupid remark. (
  2)介词短语暗含假设条件,常用的有: without, but for, under more favorable conditions 等。 如:But for the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday. (
  3)intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were + 不 或 成 完 式 定 had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished +不定式一般式暗示虚拟语气。如: I intended to have called on you, but I was busy at that time. (
  4)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气。如: I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t.
  4.常用虚拟形式的句型 (
  1)从句中动词用过去式或过去完成式表示虚拟的句型: would rather would as soon as though suppose… had rather would sooner as if supposing… If only… It is (high) time that…(从句中动词只用过去式 ) 如:His wife would rather they didn’t talk about the matter any more. I’d rather you went by train, because I can’t bear the idea of your being in an airplane in such bad weather. If I were in a movie, then it would be about time that I buried my head in my hands for a cry. My father always talks as though he were addressing a public meeting. (
  2)If it were not for… (与现在事实相反) If it had not been for… (与过去事实相反) 相当于 but for。如: If it had not been for his help (= but for his help), we would not have succeeded. (
  3)If only…谓语动词视情况选用适当的形式。如: If only the committee would approve the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible. (
  4)lest/for fear that/in case 从句谓语用(should+)动词原形。如: The mad man was put in the soft-padded cell lest he injure himself. (
  5)whether…or…有时谓语用 be 的原形,引导让步虚拟从句,这种用法经常采用倒装结构。如: Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, be they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on. The business of each day, be it selling goods or shipping them, went quite smoothly. 七、情态动词 注意情态动词完成式的用法有两方面的含义:
  1.表示已经发生的情况 (
  1)must have +过去分词,表示对已发生情况的肯定推测,译为 “(昨天)一定……” 。如: My pain must have been apparent the moment I walked into the room, for the first man I met asked sympathetically: “Are you feeling all right?” (
  2)can? t/couldn’t have +过去分词,表示对已发生情况的否定推测 ,译为“(昨天)一定没……” 如: 。 Mary couldn’t have received my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now. (
  3)may/might have +过去分词,表示对已发生的事情做不肯定、可能性很小的推测,或事实上根本没发 生,译为“也许……” 。如:At Florida Power’s Crystal River plant, a potentially serious leakage of radioactive water may have been unknowingly caused by an electrician.
44
 

相关内容

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_23

   考研英语语法全突破 45 2.表示虚拟语气 (1)needn’t have+过去分词,表示做了不必做的事,译为 “其实没必要……” 。如: As it turned out to be a small house party, we needn’t have dressed up so formally. (2)should /should not have +过去分词,表示应该做某事但实际上未做,或本不应该做但实际上做了 , 译为“ 本(不)应该……” 如: 。 I regret havi ...

2011年考研英语小作文题目和范文

   2011 年考研英语小作文题目和范文: 51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to 1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET2. Do not sign your own name at the end ...

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_7

   考研英语语法全突破 13 Love me tender,love me true; All my dream ful fill, For my darling, I love you. And I always will. 歌词大意: 温柔地爱我,甜甜蜜蜜,不要让我离开你。 你丰富了我的生命,我是如此爱你。 温柔地爱我,情真意切,我所有的梦想都已实现,亲爱的,我爱你,直至永远。 温柔的爱我,天长地久,让我进入你的心扉,你是我心所属,我们将永不分离。 sunshine in rain 风雨中的 ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_14

   考研英语语法全突破 27 8.I love you more than I've ever loved any woman. And I've waited longer for you than I've waited for any woman. 此句只可意会不可言传。 。。 。。 9.If I have to lie, steal, cheat or kill, as God as my witness, I'll never be hungry again! 即使让我撒谎,去偷,去骗 ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_10

   考研英语语法全突破 19 And when I spread my wings,you'll teach me how to fly. 当我展开翅膀,却是你教会我如何去飞翔 Although your heart will break the day we say goodbye. 尽管知道在我们道别之时你会那么的伤心 God only knows where I am going. 上帝只知道我的去向 What kind of man will become. 知道我将成为什么样的人 Bu ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_15

   考研英语语法全突破 29 要用心去爱你的邻居, 不过不要让她的老公知道。 5. Behind every successful man, there is a man. And behind every unsuccessful man, there are two. 每个成功男人的背后, 都有一个女人. 每个不成功男人的背后, 都有两个。 6. Every man should marry. After all, happiness is not the only thing in lif ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_44

   考研英语语法全突破 87 confuse v.一般用语,使混乱,使糊涂,强调因混淆而使人产生迷乱。 He sent the wrong reports because he confused them with other ones.他发错了报告,因为他 把它们同另外一些报告混淆在一起了。 embarrass v.使窘迫,使为难,使困惑,有令人不快、难为情和内心混乱的意味。 Her boyfriend embarrassed her by teasing her about her new ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_41

   考研英语语法全突破 81 affirm, assert, allege, claim, announce, proclaim 这一组动词都有"声称"的意思。 affirm v.坚信不疑地肯定或宣称,是 deny 的反义词。 He affirmed his love for her.他发誓爱她。 assert v.指不管事实如何,主观自信地宣称,或者清楚有力地坚持某个情况为事实。 She asserted that she was innocent .她宣称自己是无辜的。 ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_45

   考研英语语法全突破 89 As an artist he didn't consider himself constrained by the same rules of social conduct as other people.他认为自己是艺术家,不必象一般人那样要受到社会行为准则的约束。 force v.强迫,迫使,暴力威胁的意味较浓,常用于被动语态。 The thief forced her to hand over the money.强盗逼迫她把钱交出来。 oblige v. ...

热门内容

福师10秋学期《大学英语(1)》在线作业二

   福师 10 秋学期《大学英语(1) 》在线作业二 一、单选题(共 50 道试题,共 100 分。) 1. I didn't see the minister, did I see the secretary. ( B ) A. so B. nor C. either D. none 2. If you refuse to go to the party,. ( C ) A. so would she B. so does she C. so will she D. neither will ...

英语专业《英国文学》复习要点

   第一章 古英语和中古英语时期 1、古英语时期是指英国国家和英语语言的形成时期。最早的文学形式是诗歌,以口头形式 流传,主要的诗人是吟游诗人。到基督教传入英国之后,一些诗歌才被记录下来。这一时期 最重要的文学作品是英国的民族史诗《贝奥武夫》 ,用头韵体写成。 2、古英语时期(1066?1500)从 1066 年诺曼人征服英国,到 1500 年前后伦敦方言发展成 为公认的现代英语。文学作品主要的形式有骑士传奇,民谣和诗歌。在几组骑士传奇中,有 关英国题材的是亚瑟王和他的圆桌骑士的冒险故事,其中《 ...

每日一句英语

   每日一句英语 (Learning English every day.) All the credit goes to you. 这完全都得归功于您呀! 这完全都得归功于您呀! 今天的几个句子是有关表扬的: 1.I got a promotion today. 今天我被提升了。 2.My teacher praised me today. (今天老师表扬我了。 ) 3.What a nice dress! 多漂亮的裙子呀! 4.You deserve all the credit. 非常出色 ...

人教版初一英语上期末试卷

   七年级上册期末考试(1) I. 单项选择题(25)分 1.I think it is interesting book. Aa B an C 不填 D the 2.Is this dictionary?No, it isn't.. It is dictionary. A you,he B your , he C you ,his D your , his 3.Please these things your classroom. A bring , to B take , to C brin ...

英语口语8000句-节日纪念日

   英语口语 8000 句-节日,纪念日 ●新年 祝贺新年! Here's to the New Year! Here's to the New Year! (祝贺新年!) Cheers! (干杯!) 新年快乐! Happy New Year! Happy New Year! (新年快乐!) Happy New Year to you, too! (新年快乐!) ●情人节 情人节快乐. Happy Valentine's Day! *2 月 14 日是情人节. Happy Valentine's ...