考研英语语法全突破
43
(for there to be…在句中做程度状语) There being no further questions, we’ll stop here today. (there being…做原因状语) (
  3)引导主语用 for there to be。如: It is unusual for there to be no late comers today. (
  4)做除 for 外的介词宾语,用 there being。如: He would always ignore the fact of there being such a contradiction in his inner thought. 六、虚拟语气
  1.主从句谓语动词的时态 (
  1)掌握主从句谓语动词的规范搭配 : 主句 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反 would/情态动词过去式+do would/情态动词过去式+have done would/情态动词过去式+do had done should do 从句 were (不分人称)/did
如:If the doctor had been available, the child could not have died. There is a real possibility that these animals could be frightened, should there be a sudden loud noise. (
  2)区分主从句表示的不同时间概念: 主从句谓语动词所指时间不同,这叫做错综时间条件句,动词形式应根据实际情况来调整。如: Had it not been for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is. (主句与现在事实相反,从句与 过去事实相反) Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he would be our chairman now. (主句与现在事实相反,从句与过去事实相反 ) (
  3)识别事实和假设混合句: Your math instructor would have been happy to give you a make-up examination had you gone and explained that your parents were ill at the time. (句子前半部分为假设情况, 而“父母病了”是事实) I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at all possible, but I was fully occupied the whole of last week. (前半部分为假设,后半部分是事实 )
  2.名词性从句的虚拟形式 名词性从句是指宾语从句 、主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句 。从句的谓语动词需用 (should+)动词原形 表示虚拟。 考生应熟悉: (
  1)下列动词做谓语时, that 宾语从句中的动词用虚拟形式 : desire, advise, recommend, command, direct, order, ask, demand, request, require, insist, maintain, move, propose, prefer, urge, vote。 如:In the past men generally preferred that their wives work in the home. I move that he be discharged for his serious mistake. (
  2)下列形容词和分词做表语或补语时, that 主语从句中动词用虚拟形式: advisable, desirable, insistent, preferable, urgent, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, essential, imperative, important, necessary, obligatory, possible, probable, proper, vital, advised, arranged, commanded, demanded, desired, ordered, proposed, recommended, requested, required, suggested。如: The board deem it urgent that these files should be printed right away. It is essential that all these figures be checked twice. (
  3)下列名词接同位语从句或表语从句时,从句中动词用虚拟形式: insistence, preference, recommendation, suggestion, proposal, motion, desire, re-quirement, request, order, necessity, importance, regulation, rule, resolution, understanding。如: John Wagner’s most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it be analyzed in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference. They keep telling us it is of utmost importance that our representative be sent to the conference
43
44
考研英语语法全突破
on schedule.
  3.含蓄虚拟条件句的谓语动词形式 含蓄虚拟语气是指假设条件不通过 if 从句表达,而是暗含在其他结构中。考生应熟悉: (
  1)连词 but, but that, or, or else;副词 otherwise, unfortunately 等表示转折假设。 如:A safety analysis would have identified the target as a potential danger. Unfortunately, it was never done. Victor obviously doesn’t know what’s happened; otherwise he wouldn’t have made such a stupid remark. (
  2)介词短语暗含假设条件,常用的有: without, but for, under more favorable conditions 等。 如:But for the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday. (
  3)intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were + 不 或 成 完 式 定 had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished +不定式一般式暗示虚拟语气。如: I intended to have called on you, but I was busy at that time. (
  4)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气。如: I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t.
  4.常用虚拟形式的句型 (
  1)从句中动词用过去式或过去完成式表示虚拟的句型: would rather would as soon as though suppose… had rather would sooner as if supposing… If only… It is (high) time that…(从句中动词只用过去式 ) 如:His wife would rather they didn’t talk about the matter any more. I’d rather you went by train, because I can’t bear the idea of your being in an airplane in such bad weather. If I were in a movie, then it would be about time that I buried my head in my hands for a cry. My father always talks as though he were addressing a public meeting. (
  2)If it were not for… (与现在事实相反) If it had not been for… (与过去事实相反) 相当于 but for。如: If it had not been for his help (= but for his help), we would not have succeeded. (
  3)If only…谓语动词视情况选用适当的形式。如: If only the committee would approve the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible. (
  4)lest/for fear that/in case 从句谓语用(should+)动词原形。如: The mad man was put in the soft-padded cell lest he injure himself. (
  5)whether…or…有时谓语用 be 的原形,引导让步虚拟从句,这种用法经常采用倒装结构。如: Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, be they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on. The business of each day, be it selling goods or shipping them, went quite smoothly. 七、情态动词 注意情态动词完成式的用法有两方面的含义:
  1.表示已经发生的情况 (
  1)must have +过去分词,表示对已发生情况的肯定推测,译为 “(昨天)一定……” 。如: My pain must have been apparent the moment I walked into the room, for the first man I met asked sympathetically: “Are you feeling all right?” (
  2)can? t/couldn’t have +过去分词,表示对已发生情况的否定推测 ,译为“(昨天)一定没……” 如: 。 Mary couldn’t have received my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now. (
  3)may/might have +过去分词,表示对已发生的事情做不肯定、可能性很小的推测,或事实上根本没发 生,译为“也许……” 。如:At Florida Power’s Crystal River plant, a potentially serious leakage of radioactive water may have been unknowingly caused by an electrician.
44
 

相关内容

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_25

   考研英语语法全突破 49 5.让步从句的倒装 (1)as 引导让步状语从句,必须采用倒装结构,但不是主谓倒装,而是将被强调的内容置于句首。如: Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone to equal her, in thoroughness, whatever the job. (2)出现在句型 be+主语+其他, come what may 中。如: While it’s true that we all need a care ...

2011年考研英语小作文题目和范文

   2011 年考研英语小作文题目和范文: 51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to 1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET2. Do not sign your own name at the end ...

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_9

   考研英语语法全突破 17 The people far below are sleeping as we fly 远方的人们在我们脚下沉睡 I’m holding very tight 我紧握着 I’m riding in the midnight blue 在蓝色的星空中全速前进 I’m finding I can fly so high up with you 原来,我们能够飞得这么高 On across the world 飞过这个世界 The villages go by like ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_14

   考研英语语法全突破 27 8.I love you more than I've ever loved any woman. And I've waited longer for you than I've waited for any woman. 此句只可意会不可言传。 。。 。。 9.If I have to lie, steal, cheat or kill, as God as my witness, I'll never be hungry again! 即使让我撒谎,去偷,去骗 ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_12

   考研英语语法全突破 I'm alive... I'm alive I'm alive... 我是永生的 我是永生的 我是永生的 23 all out of love i'm lying alone with my head on the phone 独自躺着,头靠在电话上 thinking of you till it hurts 想你想到心痛 i know you hurt too but what else can we do 我明白你也受到伤害,但又能如何 tormented and ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_10

   考研英语语法全突破 19 And when I spread my wings,you'll teach me how to fly. 当我展开翅膀,却是你教会我如何去飞翔 Although your heart will break the day we say goodbye. 尽管知道在我们道别之时你会那么的伤心 God only knows where I am going. 上帝只知道我的去向 What kind of man will become. 知道我将成为什么样的人 Bu ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_49

   考研英语语法全突破 97 The boy imitates his father's way of talking.那个男孩模仿他父亲说话的样子。 intimate a.亲密的;温馨的,舒适的。 We have had an intimate friendship since we were young.我们自年轻时代起就建立了亲密的友 谊。 intimidate v.恐吓,威胁。 An older boy intimidated the little children when he to ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_41

   考研英语语法全突破 81 affirm, assert, allege, claim, announce, proclaim 这一组动词都有"声称"的意思。 affirm v.坚信不疑地肯定或宣称,是 deny 的反义词。 He affirmed his love for her.他发誓爱她。 assert v.指不管事实如何,主观自信地宣称,或者清楚有力地坚持某个情况为事实。 She asserted that she was innocent .她宣称自己是无辜的。 ...

2011年考研英语学习专用_split_45

   考研英语语法全突破 89 As an artist he didn't consider himself constrained by the same rules of social conduct as other people.他认为自己是艺术家,不必象一般人那样要受到社会行为准则的约束。 force v.强迫,迫使,暴力威胁的意味较浓,常用于被动语态。 The thief forced her to hand over the money.强盗逼迫她把钱交出来。 oblige v. ...

热门内容

2012年考研英语大纲词汇全

   考研大纲词汇表 a 一(个);每一(个);(同类事物中)任一个 abandon 离弃,丢弃;遗弃,抛弃;放弃 abdomen 腹,下腹(胸部到腿部的部分) abide (abode,abided)(by)遵守;坚持 ability 能力;本领;才能,才干;专门技能,天资 able 有(能力、时间、知识等)做某事,有本事的 abnormal 反常的,不正常的,不规则的 aboard 在船(飞机、车)上; 上船(飞机) abolish 废除(法律、习惯等);取消 abound 大量存在;(in, ...

高考英语短文改错解题指导

   高考英语短文改错解题指导 以往, 短文改错题是高考英语全国试卷和绝大多数单独命题省市试卷的基本题型. 由于 其综合了对于高中生英语语法, 阅读和写作能力的综合考察, 所以一直以来都是学生们颇感 棘手的难题.我们认为,经过合理的指导和科学的训练,学生们完全可以熟悉其核心的命题 思路和解题技巧,从而取得理想的成绩. 一,高考英语改错题的命题特点分析 短文改错题共计 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分.高考的改错题以完整篇章的方式 出现, 所以需要学生首先建立整体把握和连贯思索的审题模 ...

新编实用英语unit 6 passage I

   Unit 6 Managers And CEOS Passage I One Minute Manage Related Information Common business titles in English: a. CEO: chief executive officer 首席执行官, 总裁 b. chairman of the board of directors 董事长 c. general manager 总经理 d. deputy general manager 副总经理 e. ...

2010.06英语六级听力

   Section A Short Conversation 11. M: Oh, I’m so sorry I forgot to bring along the book you borrowed from the library. W: What a terrible memory you have! Anyway, I won’t need it until Friday night. As long as I can get it by then, OK? Q: What do we ...

小学英语

   小学《英语》 第一册精讲 第一册的结构 九个单元 每三个单元一个复习 一个故事 英语字母书写总表 p 91 英语字母表 p 96 图画词典p 98 单词表(A-Z) p 100 单词表 (Unit 1-Unit 9) p 103 单元结构 每个单元一个话题 每个单元由两课组成 每个单元有主要句型,语 法,歌曲和童谣. 每个单元一个听音练习 每个单元学习2-3个字母 每个单元一个自我评估 Unit 1 Hello 话题:介绍自己 语法:I am… I What's your name? 功 ...