来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(一)试题
Section I Use of English
Directions:
Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points)
Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise preciou s to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little inf luence on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of t he heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because ha rd laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 benefits th e way, say, walking or jogging does.
__6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter appa rently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laught er__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies dow n.
Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stres s. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotio n, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at th
第 1 页
TEL: 010?88877745 ?
FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
e end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they bec ome sad when the tears begin to flow.
Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __ 15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen eit her with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their enthusiasticall y to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frown, 19 t hat expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.

  1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like

  2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce

  3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining

  4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe

  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable

  6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief

  7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected

  8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes
第 2 页
TEL: 010?88877745 ?
FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: http://tk.zzyjs.com 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com

  9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance

  10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal

  11.[A]Except for [B]According to [C]Due to [D]As for

  12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at

  13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because

  14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses

  15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond

  16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold

  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent

  18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted

  19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing

  20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely
Section II Reading Comprehension
Part A
Directions:
第 3 页
TEL: 010?88877745 ?
FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points)
Text 1
The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music dire ctor has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic.
One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appoint ment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable cond uctor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hithe rto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise.
For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not ne cessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download s till more recorded music from iTunes.
Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater compan
第 4 页 TEL: 010?88877745 ? FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
ies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical mu sicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very ofte n much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “co nsumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical con cert.
One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be th e nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship bet ween America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.

  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has
[A]incurred criticism.
[B]raised suspicion.
[C]received acclaim.
[D]aroused curiosity.

  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is
第 5 页
TEL: 010?88877745 ?
FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
[A]influential.
[B]modest.
[C]respectable.
[D]talented.

  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers
[A]ignore the expenses of live performances.
[B]reject most kinds of recorded performances.
[C]exaggerate the variety of live performances.
[D]overestimate the value of live performances.

  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings?
[A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality.
[B]They are easily accessible to the general public.
[C]They help improve the quality of music.
[D]They have only covered masterpieces.

  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels
[A]doubtful.
第 6 页 TEL: 010?88877745 ? FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
[B]enthusiastic.
[C]confident.
[D]puzzled.
Text 2
When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation wa s surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambiti on was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first ti me with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29.
McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of co mpany he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronounceme nts cloud their reputations.
As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to mak e the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as
第 7 页
TEL: 010?88877745 ?
FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the econ omy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders.
The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years e xecutives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are th e ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a sin gle search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.”
Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marra m quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution th ree years later.
Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has ma de it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s saf er to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The peop le who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”

  26. When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as being
[A]arrogant.
[B]frank.
[C]self-centered.
第 8 页
TEL: 010?88877745 ?
FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: http://tk.zzyjs.com 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
[D]impulsive.

  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by
[A]their expectation of better financial status.
[B]their need to reflect on their private life.
[C]their strained relations with the boards.
[D]their pursuit of new career goals.

  28. The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means
[A]approved of.
[B]attended to.
[C]hunted for.
[D]guarded against.

  29. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that
[A]top performers used to cling to their posts.
[B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated.
[C]top performers care more about reputations.
[D]it’s safer to stick to the traditional rules.
第 9 页 TEL: 010?88877745 ? FAX: 010?62685871 ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com

  30. Which of the following is the best title for the text?
[A]CEOs: Where to Go?
[B]CEOs: All the Way Up?
[C]Top Managers Jump without a Net
[D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers
Text 3
The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and print advertisements ? still p lay a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers passio nate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media.
Paid and owned media are controlled by marketers promoting their own products. For earned media , such marketers act as the initiator for users’ responses. But in some cases, one marketer’ s owned media become another marketer’s paid media ? for instance, when an e-commerce retailer sells ad space on its Web site. We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so s trong that other organizations place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment. This trend ,which we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel prov iders such as airlines and hotels and will no doubt go further. Johnson & Johnson, for example, h as created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that promotes complementary and even compe
第 10 页 62685871 TEL: 010?88877745 ? FAX: 010? ?
来源: 来源:中国在职研究生网统考专题 http://tk.zzyjs.com
titive products. Besides generating income, the presence of other marketers makes the site see m objective, gives companies opportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ marketing, and may h
 

相关内容

2011年考研英语复习指南

   2011 年考研英语复习指南 2011 年考研英语复习指南 距离 2011 年考研只有几个月的时间了,很多考生开始着手准备考研英语复习。针对考研英语的最新 要求及考生现状,列出如下复习指南,供考生参考。 2010 年 5?6 月:攻克词汇 词汇和语法是考研英语的基石。考研英语虽已不再单独考查词汇和语法部分,但无论是完形填空、阅 读理解、新题型、翻译,还是写作,对词汇和语法的考查均贯穿题目始终。词汇量太小或对词汇掌握不到 位,将直接导致考研失败。现推荐攻克词汇的 3 大要点: 要点一:通过三个 ...

2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲

   2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲 年考研英语( 年考研英语 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大 纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学 "海文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对 比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 《英语 (一) 考试大纲》 与去年相比没有任何变化。 总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能, 2011年的新大 纲也保持了这一持续性 ...

2011年考研英语小作文题目和范文

   2011 年考研英语小作文题目和范文: 51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to 1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET2. Do not sign your own name at the end ...

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2011年考研英语(一)命题趋势与规律

   万学? 万学?海文第一时间深入分析 2011 年考研英语(一)命题趋势及规律 年考研英语( 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年相比,没有任何本质变化,这说明,考研英语出题方向 和出题难度跟 2010 年相比具有较好的稳定性。回顾历史,考研英语(一)自从 2005 年作出 一次重大调整之后,考研英语试卷结构就稳定下来,分为三大部分,英语知识运用部分 10 分,阅读部分分为 Part A(传统阅读) 、Part B(新 题型)和 P ...

2011年考研英语(一)命题趋势与规律

   万学? 万学?海文第一时间深入分析 2011 年考研英语(一)命题趋势及规律 年考研英语( 万学教育? 万学教育?海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年相比,没有任何本质变化,这说明,考研英语出题方向 和出题难度跟 2010 年相比具有较好的稳定性。回顾历史,考研英语(一)自从 2005 年作出 一次重大调整之后,考研英语试卷结构就稳定下来,分为三大部分,英语知识运用部分 10 分,阅读部分分为 Part A(传统阅读) 、Part B(新题型)和 Pa ...

2011年考研英语(一)命题趋势与规律

   万学 万学海文第一时间深入分析 2011 年考研英语(一)命题趋势及规律 年考研英语( 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年相比,没有任何本质变化,这说明,考研英语出题方向 和出题难度跟 2010 年相比具有较好的稳定性。回顾历史,考研英语(一)自从 2005 年作出 一次重大调整之后,考研英语试卷结构就稳定下来,分为三大部分,英语知识运用部分 10 分,阅读部分分为 Part A(传统阅读) 、Part B(新题型)和 Part C ...

2011年考研英语金牌贴

   年考研英语金牌贴】 【2010 年考研英语金牌贴】09 年考研英语 82 分 经验分享 版主提示: 学习方法因人而异,请大家结合个人实际情况 :-) ========================================================================= 09 年是我第二次参加考研了.08 年第一次考研时,英语考了 74 分,这次本以为会分数下降, 因为真的没怎么复习,没想到考了 82 分.我之前在论坛发过一篇帖子,是写我 08 年考 74 分 那次 ...

2011年考研英语成功法则

   2011 年考研英语成功法则 主讲介绍: 主讲介绍: 肖克老师: 肖克老师: 我国考研英语实力派和激情派旗帜,学术底蕴深厚,擅长英美文化思维模式,口语发音纯正, 我国考研英语实力派和激情派旗帜,学术底蕴深厚,擅长英美文化思维模式,口语发音纯正, 成功在所讲的考研班上预测今年考试的大作文"网络问题" 小作文建议信.阅读主张" 成功在所讲的考研班上预测今年考试的大作文"网络问题" 小作文建议信.阅读主张"宏观 , 语篇分析" ...

2011年考研英语大作文及范文

   2011 考研英语 英语 1)真题大作文 (海天考研范文 考研英语(英语 真题 真题大 海天考研范文) 海天考研范文 Part B 52、Directions: 、 Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing.In your essay,you should 1) describe the drawing briefly. 2) explain its ntended meaning,and 3) give y ...

热门内容

新东方考研英语写作--汪海涛(补充)

   考研英语写作补充讲义 汪江涛老师编写 说明:本讲义跟面授班发的补充讲义一样,页码也一样 一、 1、Introduction: 1) General description 2) Details 1, 2, 3 3) Caption/Symbolic meanings 2、Body: 1)Topic sentence/Symbolic meanings 2)Argument:background, facts, others’ opinions, reasons, consequence (1 ...

英语趣味故事

   源于名校, 源于名校,成就所托 英语趣味故事 1.. Second language A mother mouse was out for a stroll with her babies when she spotted a cat crouched behind a bush. She watched the cat, and the cat watched the mice. Mother mouse barked fiercely, "Woof, woof, woof!&q ...

新概念英语第三册 13

   Lesson 13 ‘It’s only me’ “是我,别害怕” 一、【Text】课文 After her husband had gone to work, Mrs Richards sent her children to school and went upstairs to her bedroom. She was too excited to do any housework that morning, for in the evening she would be going t ...

2011年高考英语听力模拟试题54[重庆卷]

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

pep小学英语五年级下册Unit 6 lesson4 说课稿

   小学英语五年级下册 Unit 6 lesson4 说课 一、教学目标与要求: 能够听说读写短语:counting insects,collecting leaves, writing a report, playing chess, having a picnic。 在情景中使用对话中的句子,并能恰当的替换句中的动词短语。 在小组活动中,学会与人合作,运用所学英语进行交流,共同完成学习任务。乐于 参加活动,热爱大自然。 二、教学重点: Let’ learn 部分的动词短语的 ing 形式: ...