2011 考研英语阅读理解全文翻译及完全解析 考研英语阅读理解全文翻译及 Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. "Hooray! At last!" wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. 纽约爱乐乐团决定聘请 Alan Gilbert 作为下一任的音乐总监, 这从 2009 年任命被 宣布之日起就在古典音乐界引起了热议。别的不说,大部分人的反应是积极的。 "好啊,终于好了!" Anthony Tommasini 写道,他可是一个以严肃著称的古典音 乐评论家。 One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert's appointment in the Times, calls him "an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him." As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. 但是, 这个任命之所以一起人们惊讶的原因却是 Gilbert 相对而言并不是很有名。 甚至在时代杂志上发文支持 Gilbert 任命的 Tommasini 都称其为: 低调的音乐家, 在他身上找不到那种飞扬跋扈的指挥家的气质。 纽约爱乐乐团迄今为止都是由像 Gustav Mahler(古斯塔夫?马勒)和 Pierre Boulez 布列兹那样的音乐家领导的。
这样去描述这个乐团的下一位指挥,至少对于时代的读者而言,这是一种苍白的 表扬。 For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. 就我看来,我不知道 Gilbert 是否是一个伟大的指挥家或者是一个好的指挥。但 是我能确定的是, 他能表现出很多有趣的乐章, 但是我却应该不会去 Avery Fisher Hall 或者其他地方去听一场有趣的交响乐演出。 我要做的事情就是去我的 CD 架 上,或者打开的我的电脑从 ITUNES 上下载更多的唱片。 Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today's live performances; moreover, they can be "consumed" at a time and place of the listener's choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. 那些忠实的音乐会观众会讲唱片并不能代替现场的演出, 但是他们忽略了一些事 情。当下为了获得艺术爱好者的钱,时间,关注度,古典音乐的演奏家们(其实 就是指交响乐团,同意复述)不仅要和剧院,舞蹈队,演出公司和博物馆竞争, 而且还需要和那些记录了 20 世纪的伟大的古典音乐演奏者表演的唱片竞争。唱 片很便宜,那里都能买到,并且比现在很多现场音乐会的艺术质量要高。进一步 的讲,听众能选择听唱片的时间和地点。这些到处可以获得的唱片给传统的演出 机构带来了危机。 One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert's own interest in new music has been widely
noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into "a markedly different, more vibrant organization." But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra's repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America's oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract. 对于古典音乐演奏者而言,他们可能的一个回应就是排练出唱片上没有的曲目。 Gilbert 对新音乐兴趣已经被广泛的关注了:Alex Ross,一名古典音乐的批评家, 就这样描述道:他能够把爱乐乐团变成一个完全不同,更加有活力的组织。但是 那种不同的性质也是什么呢?可能仅仅增加乐团演出的曲目是不够的,如果 Gilbert 和他的乐团要进步的话, 他们就必须首先改变美国最古老的乐团 (就是纽 约爱乐乐团)同他们想吸引的新观众间的关系。 语篇分析: 语篇分析: 这篇文章来自 Commentary 2007 年 9 月刊的一篇文章 Selling Classical Music by TERRY TEACHOUT.这个杂志可以说知名度并不高,这可以看出命题人的出题 指向性,反反命题的倾向很严重。以前的经济学人,今年只有在 B 节入选。 这篇文章的体裁就是议论文。第一二段都是一个引入。3 段提出了作者的观点。 4 段和 5 段是对于 3 段观点进一步的递进和展开。而在第一个第二段中是不同的 人对于新任指挥的看法。所以阅读考研文章没有什么复杂的就是关注观点!分清 论点和论据!
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert's appointment has . [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim. [D]aroused curiosity. 解析: 这个题目相对简单, 各家也没有什么争议, 只需要读懂:For the most part, the 解析: response has been favorable, to say the least.就可以了,其实考生只需要读懂:For the most part, the response has been favorable.这就是核心。acclaim 就是表示 favorable。 当然, 后面那个人说的话一定是为了说明这个结论的读不读都无妨了。

  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest. [C]respectable. [D]talented. 解析: 解析:这个题目关键就是要学会对论点和论据的敏感:Tommasini 是个具体的人 提他是有目的的。 问他的看法, 你可以直接看这样一句: unpretentious musician "an with no air of the formidable conductor about him."但是这样的句子中的: unpretentious 和 formidable 能有几个同学认识? 那么就看看这个句子在段落中 的地位吧:论据,且和第一句是一个递进的关系,他是进一步说明第一句的: One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known.这个句子该懂了吧。这个人相对来讲名气不 大。A,C,D 都无从谈起了。只有 modest 和这个名气大不大能相关。
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers [A]ignore the expenses of live performances. [B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. [C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. [D]overestimate the value of live performances. 解析: 作者的观点: author believes, The 这个是在关注定位词 devoted concertgoers 解析: 后的另外一个关键点;作者认为 concertgoers miss the point;但具体是什么,需要 看选项了。A ,忽略了现场演奏的费用,B,拒绝大多数的唱片演奏。这两个是没 有根据的属于未提及选项。C 有一定的干扰性:the variety of live performances, 二段中是有 variety 这个单词的,并且在段落中出现了好多并列的成分,这样对 于很多没有读懂原文的同学其实是会产生视觉干扰的。 做一个主干的分析你会发 现 the value of live performances 这个宾语和动词是没有原文依据的。最后一个选 项之所以正确是由于:作者在一直说唱片的好,而前面又说 concertgoers 认为现 场演奏不会被唱片代替。这样就是论点上的正话反说了。答案就应该是最后一个 了。高估了现场表演的价值。这就是对于观点的把握,多么重要啊!!!
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? [A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. [B]They are easily accessible to the general public.
[C]They help improve the quality of music. [D]They have only covered masterpieces. 解析: 解析:抓住关键词:recordings 根据行文顺序与题目基本一致的原则,停在倒数 第二段:There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today's live performances; moreover, they can be "consumed" at a time and place of the listener's choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert.一连串的描述就是 B.干扰项是 C : They help improve the quality of music.分析主谓宾,回文章中定位你会发现,文章中说的是唱片中的表演的质 量要比现在的好,但是并没有说:help improve the quality of music.分析选项主谓 宾,和原文一一对应就一定能消除这样的视觉干扰。[A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality.和原文表诉相反。[D]They have only covered masterpieces. 原文没有提及。读者不要自作聪明的觉得,嗯,老师讲过的出现过 often 和 only 的选项太绝对了,不能选。这样的排除是有风险的。教育部命题中心可不可以哪 天就用一个 only 做正确选项。当然可以了!所以从小啊打好基础!
  25. Regarding Gilbert's role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic. [C]confident. [D]puzzled. 解析: 解析:问作者的态度,主体是作者,对象是 Gilbert's role in revitalizing the Philharmonic 从具体表述出发寻找相应的态度表达词:But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra's repertoire will not be enough.一 个 but ,一个?,一个 not 就把这种不确定性给出来了。于是这就是选 A doubtful. 记得技巧派曾经有这样的总结:puzzled 和 doubtful 都是所谓的永陪词汇,这样 的技巧还是不要的好啊。 Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving "to pursue my goal of running a company." Broadcasting his ambition was "very much my decision,"
McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29. 当八月份,Liam McGee 以总裁的身份从美国银行离职的时候,他的解释出人意 料的直白。他没有忸怩的用平常的模糊的理由来遮掩他的离开,他很坦诚的讲他 离开就是为了去追求他经营一家公司的目标。McGee 说宣扬自己的目标就是自 己的决定。两周后,他第一次和 Hartford Financial Services Group 的董事会第一 次会谈,这家公司在 9 月 29 日提名他为董事会主席和 CEO. McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn't alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don't get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations. 他说在离开的时候并没有找好后面的职位(下家),使他有时间去反思他到底想 去经营一家什么样的公司。这同时也就他的激情和决心,给了外界一个清晰的信 号。这样做的并不只是 McGee 一个人。最近几周,Avon and American Express 的一些高级经理离职并解释说想需找一个 ceo 的职位。 当董事会迫于股东的压力 对一系列的计划进行审查的时候,那些计划被否定掉的经理们也会想离开。激烈 的商业环境同样使得高级经理很小心,模糊的表态可能会破坏他们的声誉。 As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. 当经济复苏的标志开始确定的时候,二把手们可能更愿意在没有网(新的工作) 情况下换工作。
 

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