聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
2011 考研英语真题完整版
Section I Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise Use of English
__2short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood
emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌

other types of 10 feedback, that improve an individual’s


psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce

?湖
Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of

考 研 网
for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down.
91
ka
1930’s indicate that laughter__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone
oy
an
laughter apparently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the
.n
et
__6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does,
专 做

benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does.
汉 地

laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5
考 研
vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard

业 课 辅

probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does
9年 品
precious to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing

聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their smiling muscles 18 more exuberantly to funny cartons than did those whose mouths were contracted in a frown, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.[A]among
  2.[A]reflect
  3.[A]stabilizing
  4.[A]transmit
  5.[A]measurable
  6.[A]In turn
  7.[A]opposite
  8.[A]hardens
  9.[A]aggravate [B]except [B]demand [B]boosting [B]sustain [C]despite [C]indicate [C]impairing [C]evaluate [D]like [D]produce [D]determining [D]observe [D]renewable

  12.[A]with
  13.[A]unless
  14.[A]exhausts
  15.[A]into
  16.[A]fetch


  11.[A]Except for


?湖

  10.[A]physical

考 研 网
[B]generate
91
ka
oy
[B]weakens
an
.n
et
[B]impossible
专 做
[C]average

[B]In fact
[C]In addition
汉 地

考 研
[B]manageable
[C]affordable

[C]tightens [C]moderate
业 课 辅
[D]In brief [D]expected [D]relaxes [D]enhance
[B]mental
[C]subconscious [D]internal [C]Due to [D]at [D]because [D]suppresses [D]beyond [D]hold [D]As for
[B]According to [C]in [C]if

[B]on [B]until [B]follows [B]from [B]bite
[C]precedes [C]towards [C]pick
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌

9年 品

聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌

  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited
  18.[A]adapted
  19.[A]suggesting
  20.[A]Eventually [B]catered [B]requiring
[C]joyful [C]turned
[D]indifferent [D]reacted [D]supposing [D]Conversely
[C]mentioning
[B]Consequently [C]Similarly
Section II Part A Directions:
Reading Comprehension
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by
One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌




wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic.
?湖

the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!”
考 研 网
the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part,
91
music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since
ka
oy
an
The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next
.n
et
专 做
Text 1

汉 地
(40 points)

考 研
choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1.

业 课 辅

9年 品

聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
103f ositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere,
performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of
described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into
must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim.

will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they

聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌


nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire
?湖
“a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be the

考 研 网
91
new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has
ka
oy
new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in
an
.n
et
One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive
专 做

classical concert.
汉 地
has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional

考 研
the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings

业 课 辅
and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live

9年 品

but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
[D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest. [C]respectable. [D]talented.
[D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings?
[D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic. [C]confident.
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌


[C]They help improve the quality of music.


?湖
[B]They are easily accessible to the general public.

考 研 网
[A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality.
91
ka
oy
an
.n
et
专 做

汉 地
[C]exaggerate the variety of live performances.

考 研
[B]reject most kinds of recorded performances.

业 课 辅
[A]ignore the expenses of live performances.

9年 品

  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers

聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
[D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking
to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In
turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.”
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌



more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO

?湖
As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be

考 研 网
pronouncements cloud their reputations.
91
ka
business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague
oy
an
executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent
.n
et
scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure,
专 做
with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards

汉 地
recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit

考 研

on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message
业 课 辅
McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect

9年 品
which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29.

for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group,
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to
but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The
[D]impulsive.
[A]their expectation of better financial status. [B]their need to reflect on their private life. [C]their strained relations with the boards. [D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28.The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A]approved of.
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌


by



  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred
?湖

考 研 网
91
ka
[C]self-centered.
oy
an
.n
[B]frank.
et
专 做

[A]arrogant.
汉 地

described as being
考 研


  26.When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be
业 课 辅
people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”

9年 品

leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are,
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌
[B]attended to. [C]hunted for. [D]guarded against.
  29.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that [A]top performers used to cling to their posts. [B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated.
[B]CEOs: All the Way Up?
The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and print advertisements ? still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media.


Text 3
聚焦教育?湖北考研网 91kaoyan.net 专做武汉地区考研专业课辅导 9 年品牌


?湖

考 研 网
[D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers
91
ka
oy
[C]Top Managers Jump without a Net
an
.n
et
专 做

汉 地
[A]CEOs: Where to Go?

考 研

  30. Which of the following is th
 

相关内容

最新完整版新东方考研英语笔记(2011年考研必备,免费下载)1

   1 ?新东方考研英语笔记新东方考研英语笔记,阅读笔记首次暴光!!!诚应广大战友们的热烈要求 #2 ?写作 写作十大困境及对策 一、? ? 滔滔不绝之“意识流”提纲式最高原则 1.? ? #3 ?完型填空 一、? ? 出题特点及测试要点: (一)? ? 特点: 1.? ? 首段首句不出题 #4 ?阅读: 1.? ? 来源:西方的报刊杂志 2.? ? 文体:议论文,说明文,记叙文,应用文 #7 ?补充一些新东方考研笔记全公开新东方考研笔记全公开完  型  填  空1、完形考试的特点 们的热烈要求 ...

2010年考研英语真题

   普特英语听力网,免费英语学习网 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Directions: Use of English Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) In 1924 America's National Research C ...

2011年考研英语小作文题目和范文

   2011 年考研英语小作文题目和范文: 51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to 1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET2. Do not sign your own name at the end ...

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2011年大学英语四级词汇表(免费下载)

   本文由zhenshi420贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 英语四级词汇 英语四 英语四级词汇 abbreviation abide abolish absent absorption abstract absurd abundance accessory accord acknowledge acquaint action adhere adjacent adjoin adjustable administration a ...

2011年考研英语大纲

   指导:按照具体题型解析 指导:按照具体题型解析2011年考研英语大纲 年考研英语大纲 指导:按照具体题型解析 指导:按照具体题型解析2011年考研英语大纲 年考研英语大纲 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学海 文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说,研究 ...

2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲

   2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲 年考研英语( 年考研英语 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大 纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学 "海文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对 比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 《英语 (一) 考试大纲》 与去年相比没有任何变化。 总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能, 2011年的新大 纲也保持了这一持续性 ...

2001年考研英语翻译真题解析

   2001年 年 71) There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend. 句子分析: 句子分析: 第一、 句子可以拆分为三段: There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, / and cars with pollution m ...

2011年考研英语写作范文100篇(何钢)

   2/9 大家网 WORD 模版.doc TopSage.com 考研英语资料大全 首先来点音乐吧 O(∩_∩)O~: 每天记忆 3000 单词:罗扎夫高效记忆音乐+巴洛克超级学习音乐 1986-2009 年历年英语真题及解析音频下载汇总: 2010考研英语万能作文MP31992-2009 年下载 1986-2009 年历年考研英语真题音频阅读+完型+英译汉+写作下载 2010 夏倚荣考研英语历年真题解析(1992-2009)音频下载 2006-2009 经济学家双语阅读汇总下载 2009 年 ...

英语学习_2011考研英语大纲_免费下载_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 2011 年考研英语大纲 2011 年大纲内容与 2010 年大纲基本一致,仅词汇部分的要求有所增加。以下是大纲内 容要求 考 试 说 明 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的。其 中, 英语实行全国统一考试。 它的评价标准是高等学校非英语专业优秀本科毕业生能达到的 及格或及格以上水平, 以保证被录取者具有一定的英语水平, 有利于各高等学校和科研机构 在专业上择优选拔。 一、评价目标 ...

热门内容

2010考研英语真题来源报刊阅读100篇2

   2010 考研英语真题来源报刊阅读 100 篇 2 Tracking your every move Some families in America and elsewhere have started buying child  friendly mobile phones outfitted with GPS (Global Positioning System) technology. These phones and their related tracking services ...

小学英语语法要点及习题atta4697

   一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-e ...

英语复试口语

   复试中的口试要求从以下三个方面进行评价: 1、语言准确性(语法和用词的准确性、语法结构的复杂性、词汇的丰富程度、发音的准确性) 2、话语的长短和连贯性(内容的连贯性、寻找合适词语而造成的停顿频率及长短、表达思想的语言长短等)3、语言的灵活性和适合性(语言表达是否灵活、自然,话语是否得体,语言能否与语境、动能和目的适应) 评价成绩为: a优秀--能用外语就指定的话题进行口头交流,基本没有困难 b良好--能用外语就指定的题材进行口头交流,虽有些困难,但不影响交流 c及格--能用外语就指定的话题进 ...

英语学习4

   二年级语文( 二年级语文(上)一日一练 内容: 内容:4、乡下孩子 一、写出下列汉字的声母及它们的大写字母。 写出下列汉字的声母及它们的大写字母。 尖 歪 猫 铁 喊 老 句 二、选择正确的读音,用“??”标出。 选择正确的读音, ??”标出。 串(cuàn chuàn) à à ) 编(biān ā piān) ā ) 撑(chēn chēn?) ē ē ? 旷(kuàn kuàn?) à à ? 猪(zū zhū) ū ū 嘴(zuǐ ziǔ) ǐ ǔ 三、看拼音,写词语。 看拼音,写词 ...

大学英语四级听力必考60个习语详解4

   大学英语四级听力必考60个习语详解4-英语四级考试-考试大划词翻译 - Dict.CN ©2003-2008 Dict.CN 海词 首页 在线考试 在线课程 论坛交流 付款方式 更多 考试报名 成绩查询 QQ群联盟 试题库 帮助中心 资料下载 用户登录 没有帐号? 注册 设英语四级考试为主页 | 注册 | 登录 财会类 财会类 会计从业 初级会计 会计师 注册会计师 银行从业 经济师 资产评估 统计师 税务师 更 ...