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Passage
1
Some houses designed to be smart. Others have smart designs. An example of the second type of house won an Award of Excellence from the American Institute of Architects.
Located on the shore of Sullivan's Island off the coast of South Carolina,the award-winning cube-shaped beach house was built to replace one smashed to pieces by Hurricane Hugo 10 years ago.In September 1989, Hugo struck South Carolina ,killing 18 people and damaging or destroying 36,000 homes in the state.
Before Hugo,many new houses built along South Carolina's shoreline were poorly constructed and enforcement of building codes wasn't strict, according to architect Ray Huff, who created the cleverly-designed beach house. In Hugo's wake,all new shoreline houses are required to meet sricter, better-enforced codes. The new beach house on Sullivan's Island should be able to withstand a Category 3 hurricane with peak winds of 179 to 209 kilometers per hour.
At first sight,the house on Sullivan's Island looks anything but hurricane-poor.Its redwood shell makes it resemble "a large party lanntern" at night, according to one observer.But looks can be deceiving.The house's wooden frame is reinforced with long steel rods give it extra strength.
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To further protect the house from hurricane damage, Huff raised it
  2.7meters off the ground on timber pilings-long, slender columns wood anchored deep in the sand. Pilings might appear insecure, but they are strong enough to support the weight of the house .They also elevate the house aboe storm surges. The pilings allow the surges to run under the house instead of running into it. "These swells of water come ashore at tremendous speeds and cause most of the damage done to beach-front buildings," said Huff.
Huff designed the timber pilings to be partially concealed by the house's ground-to-roof shell."The shell masks the pilings so that the house doesn't look like it's standing with its pant legs pulled up,"said Huff. In the event of a storm surge,the shell should break apart and let the waves rush under the house, the architect explained.

  1. After the tragedy caused by Hurricane Hugo,new houses built along South Carolina's shoreline are required .
A. to be easily reinforced.
B. to look smarter in design.
C. to meet stricter building standards.
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D. to be designed in the shape of cubes.

  2. The award-winning beach house is quite strong because.
A. it is strengthened by steel rods.
B. it is made of redwood.
C. it is in the shape of a shell.
D. it is built with timber and concrete.

  3. Huff raised the house
  2.7 meters off the ground on timber pilings in order to.
A. withstand peak winds of about 200km/hr.
B. anchor stronger pilings deep in the sand.www .kaoyee .com
C. break huge sea waves into smaller ones.
D. prevent water from rushing into the house.
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  4. The main function of the shell is.
A. to strengthen the pilings of the house.
B. to give the house a better appearance.
C. to protect the the wooden frame of the house.
D. to slow down the speed of the swelling water.

  5. It can be inferred from the passage that the shell should be.
A. fancy-looking.
B. waterproof.
C. easily breakable.
D. extremely strong.
Passage 2
When school officials in Kalkaska, Michigan , closed classes last week, the media flocked to the story, portraying the town's 2,305 students as victims of stingy (吝啬的)taxpayers .There is some truth to that: the property-tax rate here is
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one-third lower than the state average.But shutting their schools also allowed Kalkaska's educators and the state's largest teachers' union,the Michigan Education Association, to make a political point.Their aim was to spur passage of legislation Michigan lawmakers are debating to increase the state's share of school funding.
It was no coincidence that Kalkaska shut its schools two weeks after residents rejected a 28 percent property-tax increase.The school board argued that without the increase it lacked the $
  1.5 million needed to keep schools open.
But the school system had not done all it could to keep the schools open .Officials declined to borrow against next year's state aid ,they refused to trim extracurricular activities and they did not conisder seeking a smaller-perhaps more acceptable-tax increase.In fact,closing early is costing Kalkaska a significant amount, including $600,000 in unempolyment payments to teachers and staff and $250,000 in lost state aid .In February,the school system promised teachers and staff two months of retirement payments in case schools colsed early , a deal that will cost the district $275,000 more.
Other signs suggest school authorities were at least as eager to make a political statement as to keep schools open .The Michigan Education Association hired a public relations firm to stage a rally marking the school closings,which attracted 14 local and national television stations and networks.The president of the National Education
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Association,The MEA's parent organization, flew from Washington, D.C., for the event. And the union tutored school officials in the art of television interviews.School supervisor Doyle Disbrow acknowledges the district could have kept schools open by cutting programs but denies the moves were politically motivated.
Michigan lawmakers have reacted angrily to the closings .The state Senate has already voted to put the system into receivership(破产管理)and reopen .schools immediately;the Michigan House plans to consider the bill this week.

  6. We learn from the passage that schools in Kalkaska,Michigan,are funded.
A) by both the local and state governments
B) exclusively by the local government
C) mainly by the state government
D) by the National Education Association

  7. One of the purposes for which school officials colsed classes was.
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A) to avoid paying retirement benefits to teachers and staff
B) to draw the attention of local taxpayers to political issues
C) to make the financial difficulties of their teachers and staff known to the public
D) to pressure Michigan lawmakers into increasing state funds for local schools

  8. The author seems to disapprove of.
A) the Michigan lawmakers' endless debating
B) the shutting of schools in Kalkaska
C) the involvement of the mass media
D) delaying the passage of the school funding legislation

  9. We learn from the passage that school authorities in Kalkaska are more concerned about.
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A) a raise in the property-tax rate in Michigan
B) reopening the schools there immediately
C) the attitude of the MEA's parent organization
D) making a political issue of closing of the schools

  10. According to the passage, the closing of the schools developed into a crisis because of.
A) the complexity of the problem
B) the political motives on the part of the educators
C) the weak response of the state officials
D) the strong protest on the part of the students' parents 答案及解析
Passage1
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  1.答案为 C。细节题。文章第三段第二句话指出:all new shoreline houses are required to meet stricter,better enforced codes。选项 C 中的 standard 与文中的 code 是一个意思, 都是说要依照更严格的标准, 所以 C 正确。 文中提到的 enforced 是指 better enforced codes,修饰的是 code,而不是 house,所以 A 不对;文章列举 的例子指的是第二类的房子,而第二类的房子是 smart designed,而不是 looks smart,所以 B 不对;文中只是说这所房子看上去像立方体,但没有强调所有的 房子都要这样,所以 D 也不对。

  2.答案为 A。细节题。文章第四段最后一句话指出,这些房子的木结构还 用钢筋进一步加固了。这与 A 项符合。文中只是说房子是用红木做的,并没有说 这是房子坚固的原因,所以 B 不对。文中说房子像一个壳,也没有说这是原因, 所以 C 也不对; 文中只是说房子用钢筋进行了加固, 没有提到房子是用了混泥土, 所以 D 也不对。

  3.答案为 D。细节题。根据第四段中的"The pilings allow the surges to run under the house instead of running into it"可知,这种设计使浪潮不会冲向房子,这 与 D 项意思相符。 抵抗飓风是房子的特点,但文中没有说这是因为抬高房子的设 计所带来的, 所以 A 不对; 只是文中陈述的一个事实, B 并不是文中指出的原因; 文中没有提到 C。

  4.答案为 B。细节题。最后一段建筑师指出:shell 让房子显得更漂亮、更 好看一些。这说明 B 正确。A、C、D 都是文中提到的内容,但与题目的意思不
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符。

  5.答案为 C。 归纳题。 文章最后一句话指出: 在出现风暴时, shell 会分开, 让风浪在房子下面冲过。 这与选项 C 中的 easilybreakable 意思相符。 项"看起来 A 花哨"、B 项"防水"以及 D 项"极为坚固"都与文章的意思不符。
Passage2

  6.选 A
细节题。题干大意:从文章归纳出 Kalkaska 地区的学校是由谁提供资金 的。可在文章的第一段定位,即"Their aim was to spur passage of legislation Michigan lawmakers are debating to increase the state's of school funding."由此可知, 当地的学校资金一半是由州政府提供的,另一半资金则是通过税收。因此答案为 A。

  7.选 D
细节题。题干大意是:学校官员关闭学校的目的之一是什么。定位信息 是 "Their aim was
tospurpassageoflegislationMichiganlawmakersaredebatingtoincreasethestate'sshareofs choolfunding."D 项是本句的同义转述, 他们的目的是施加压力迫使 Michigan 的立
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法者增加对当地学校的资金投入。因此答案为 D。

  8.选 B
作 者 观 点 题 。 在 文 章 的 第 三 段 定 位 , 即 "Buttheschoolsystemhadnotdoneallitcouldtokeeptheschoolsopen."可以推断出作者对 关闭当地学校这一举措不赞成。因此答案为 B。

  9.选 D
细节题。题干大意是:Kalkaska 学校当局更关心什么,在文章的第四段 定 位 , 即
"Othersignssuggestschoolauthoritieswereatleastaseagertomakeapolitifalstatementastok eepschoolsopen."也就说学校官方的真正用心是政治性的。因此答案为 D。

  10.选 B
推理题。题干大意是:根据全文内容推断出为什么学校关闭演变成一场 危机的原因所在。综观全文,我们可以推断出学校当局并没有真正的从学校、学 生、 当地财政状况第?多方面考虑, 而是具有政治动机, 从而使该事件变成危机。 因此答案为 B。 Passage 3
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Lead depoits,which accumulated in soil and snow during the 1960’s and 70’ s, were primarily the result of leaded gasoline emissions originating in the United States. In the twenty years that the Clean Air Act has mandated significantly unleaded gas use in the United States,the lead accumulation worldwide has decreased significantly.
A study pu
 

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